• Title, Summary, Keyword: rail joint

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Evaluation of Dynamic Behavior of Rail Joints on Personal Rapid Transit Track (소형무인경전철(PRT)궤도 레일이음매의 동적거동 분석)

  • Choi, Jung-Youl;Kim, Jun-Hyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.89-94
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    • 2016
  • The objective of this study was to estimate the dynamic behavior of a personal rapid transit(PRT) track system using a rail of rectangular tube section and a rail joint of sliding type, and to compare the results with the normal rail and rail joint of a PRT track system by performing field measurements using actual vehicles running along the service lines. The measured vertical displacement of rail and sleeper, and vertical acceleration of rail for the normal rail and rail joint section were found to be similar, and the rail joint of sliding type satisfied the design specifications of the track impact factor for a conventional railway track. The experimental results showed that the overall dynamic response of the rail joint were found to be similar to or less than that of the normal rail, therefore the rail joint of sliding type for PRT track system was sufficient to ensure a stability and safety of PRT track system.

A Study on Optimum Spacing of Rail Joint for Personal Rapid Transit(PRT) Track System (소형무인경전철 레일이음매의 적정 간격 산정 연구)

  • Choi, Jung-Youl;Kim, Pil-Soo;Chung, Jee Seung
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.213-220
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this study was to estimate the optimum spacing of rail joint for a personal rapid transit(PRT) track system, and to compare the results with the normal rail and rail joint by performing the finite element analysis(FEA) and field measurements using actual vehicles. Based on the FEA and field measurement results compared, the optimum spacing of the rail joints was calculated to be maximum of 1.20m based on the rail displacement. The vertical displacement of the normal rail was higher than that of the rail joint at a spacing of 1.0m, but it was considered that the vehicle riding performance and serviceability of track would be improved in terms of the stability of the train due to similar to rail defection between normal rail and rail joint. Also, because of the proposed rail joint spacing in this study was longer than the current rail joint spacing, the economic effect would be expected by decreasing the amount of sleepers.

A Study on the Railway noise reduction according to improvement of rail joint (레일 이음매 개선에 따른 철도 연변소음 저감 연구)

  • 조준호;이덕희;정우성;신민호
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 2001
  • There are three examples of noise reduction test by joint improvement. One of them is tested for electric car at joint rail and another is tested at expansion joint and long welded rail and the third is tested at open deck bridge. We can know from the result that the noise reduction effect of rail welding is very different to the type of track and the car. The condition of the test has some differences, but it may be useful reference of noise reduction

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A Study on the dynamic behavior of rail due to dipped joints (레일이음매의 동적거동에 대한 연구)

  • Kang, Yun-Suk;Yang, Shin-Chu
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.328-333
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    • 2002
  • When vehicle travelling along the track which has irregularity such as vertical profile, dynamic forces arise at the Wheel/Rail contact patch by wheel/rail interaction. In particular short wavelength irregularities on dipped joint and small stiffness of connecting rail bring about intense wheel/rail dynamic effects at higher speed. In the paper, a new model for dipped joint rail is developed to study dynamic behavior of track. A cusp behavior on dipped joint was defined by its amplitude and decay factor, which was presented by FRA track classes. The result of case study are presented, which show wheel rail contact force in each track classes, train operation speed and bending flexible rigidity ratio of fishplates which are connecting the rail.

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The Effect of the Tied Sleeper on the Maintenance Work in the Rail Expansion Joint Zone (레일신축 이음부 유지보수 작업에 대한 침목결속의 영향)

  • Bae, Hyun-Ung;Kang, Tae-Ku;Choi, Jin-Yu;Jeong, Won-Ik;Lim, Nam-Hyoung
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.2125-2128
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    • 2011
  • The continuous welded rail(CWR) track without the rail expansion joint has many advantages over the conventional track in a variety of fields including the speed-up and the ride comport. However, due to the excessive axial force in the CWR and the track-bridge interactive behavior, inevitably, the rail expansion joint must be installed at the vulnerable zone such as the bridge end zone, etc. In this rail expansion joint zone, the frequency of the maintenance work to repair the track irregularity is on the rise. This is because that the creep of the sleeper is occurred in the moveable zone of the rail expansion joint. In this study, among the several options for reducing the track irregularity on the rail expansion joint zone, the application and efficiency of the tied sleeper is investigated. Field test construction has been conducted, then the progress of the track irregularity and the frequency of the maintenance work are analyzed before and after the filed test construction.

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The Characteristics of Rail Temperature for Track Maintenance (궤도 관리를 위한 레일 온도의 특성)

  • 구봉근;서사범
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2000
  • The rail temperature is important to preserve the joint gap for standard length of rail and to determine the installation temperature which has direct influence on the rail buckling and failure in welded part for continuous welded rail(CWR), Therefore, we have measured and investigated various characteristics of rail temperature for each kind of rail. As the results of this, the correlation between the atmosphere temperature and the rail temperature which is commonly used by Korean Railway should be reconsidered. Also, the daily highest '||'&'||' lowest rail temperature was occurred when each temperature is higher and when it's lower. For the light rail, the rail temperature by the sun-light increases quickly and decreases late. But the time where the highest temperature is attained is same. There are some differences between the shade and sunny place about 3.0∼4.0$\^{C}$. The temperature of rail web is almost close to the conversion rail temperature for rail expansion. The wind of 1 m/s has an influence on the rail temperature around 5$\^{C}$.

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Field Test: Effects of a Rail Joint on the Dynamic Behavior of Railway Bridge (철도차량의 동적거동에 대한 레일이음매의 영향)

  • Kim Hyun-Min;Oh Ji-Taek;Hwang Won-Sub;Cho Eun-Sang
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1174-1179
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    • 2004
  • Field tests were conducted to investigate effects of a rail joint on the dynamic behavior of railway bridge. A four-span simpled supported plate girder bridge which has a rail joint on the third span was selected for tests. At the operating train loading, the induced vibration of the first and third span has been examined. The dynamic magnification ratio was used for quantitative analysis of impact effects caused by rail joint. The result of tests show that dynamic behavior of railway bridge picked up considerably due to a rail joint.

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Application of High Damping Alloys for Vibration Reduction in Rail Joint Bar (방진합금을 적용한 철도레일 이음매판의 진동저감 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Baik, S.H.;Kim, J.C.;Han, D.W.;Baik, J.H.;Kim, T.H.;Kim, Y.S.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.570-573
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    • 2004
  • Conventional methods for reducing vibration in engineering designs may be undesirable in conditions where size or weight must be minimized, or where complex vibration spectra exist. Some alloys with a combination of high damping capacity and good mechanical properties can provide attractive techanical and economical solutions to problems involving seismic, shock and vibration isolation. In this paper, it showed the noise and vibration characteristic was compared conventional rail joint to improved rail joint(damping alloy) for reducing noise and vibration. Its applicability to rail joint is discussed.

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The Methods of Rail Joint Detection and Gap Signal Compensation for Levitation Control of Urban Maglev (도시형 자기부상열차 부상제어를 위한 궤도 이음매 검출 및 공극 신호의 보상 방법)

  • Kim, Haeng-Koo;Lee, Jong-Min;Kang, Byung-Kwan;Kim, Kuk-Jin;Kim, Chun-Kyung
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.922-927
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    • 2007
  • The present urban maglev which has been developed in Korea is controlled by 4-edge control method over each bogie. The control output which is derived from two gap sensors and one vertical acceleration sensor controls magnet to maintain a nominal gap. But, the gap signal acts as a big disturbance in rail joint though two gap sensors are used and finally result in unstable response and poor ride comfort. This paper treats of a method to compensate the gap signal in rail joint for the levitation control of urban maglev. The physically abnormal change of gap is detected when one gap sensor passes a rail joint, the disturbance of gap in rail joint is estimated. Finally the disturbance in gap signal is eliminated by processing the information of vehicle speed and estimated disturbance in when the other gap sensor passes a rail joint.

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Effective Methods Reducing Joint Vibration and Elongation in High speed Rail Bridge (고속철도교 신축부의 진동 및 신축의 효율적인 저감 방안)

  • Min, Kyung-Ju;Kang, Tae-Ku;Lim, Nam-Hyoung
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.800-806
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    • 2011
  • Thermal expansion which occurs at the high speed rail joint is proportional to the free length from the point of fixity. This thermal expansion behaves similar to free expansion because the girder longitudinal stiffness is much larger than longitudinal resistance of rail pads. But the longitudinal displacement in the long rail is nominal because the longitudinal support condition of the girder is normally MFM(movable-fix-movable) system. Due to these girder expansion characteristics, there is longitudinal relative displacement at the rail pad and rail fastener spring which connects rail and girder. If the relative displacement between rail and girder is beyond the elastic limit for the rail pad, rail fastener system shall be applied using sliding fastener to prevent rail pad damage and fastener separation resulting from slip. On the other hand, train vertical vibration and tilting can occur due to the lack of fastener vertical force if the sliding fastener is applied at the girder joint. In the high speed rail bridge, vibration can occur due to the spring stiffness of the elastomeric bearing, also both vertical downward and upward displacement can occur. The elastomeric bearing vertical movement can cause rail displacement and finally the stability of the ballast is reduced because the gravel movement is induced.

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