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Quality Characteristics of Muffins with added Dukeum (pan-fired) Ramie Leaf (Boehmeria nivea) Powder using Response Surface Methodology (반응표면분석에 의한 덖음 모시풀잎 가루 첨가 머핀의 품질특성)

  • Lee, Yu-Jin;Woo, Koan-Sik;Jeong, Heon-Sang;Kim, Woon-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.810-819
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    • 2010
  • The objective of this study was to produce muffins with added dukeum ramie leaf powder and to compare them to a control. We used two different optimal composition ratios to produce muffins. The physical and sensory characters were varied by changing the ratio of dukeum ramie leaf powder, butter, and sugar to identify a critical value using response surface regression analysis. The ranges for the added dukeum ramie leaf powder, sugar, and butter were 15-35, 60-100, and 60-100 g, respectively. Muffins with added dukeum ramie leaves had comparable mineral and antioxidant vitamin compositions to those of dried ramie leaves. Muffins with added dukeum ramie leaf powder satisfied the suitability of the model, showing a p-value within 5% of significance level (p<0.05) for every aspect Volume and height differed without any association to ingredients. Lightness increased when less dukeum ramie leaf powder was added with more butter and sugar, redness increased when more dukeum ramie leaf powder and sugar were added with 70-80 g of butter, whereas yellowness increased when less dukeum ramie powder was added. Texture and toughness increased when less dukeum ramie leaf powder was added. The degree of gumminess and chewiness depended hugely on the amount of sugar. Cohesiveness, decreased with more dukeum ramie leaf powder and butter, whereas hardness increased with a medium range of ingredients. Sensory character increased with less dukeum ramie powder, and overall quality increased with more butter and sugar, but depended on the amount of added dukeum ramie power. The critical values from the sensory characteristics showed that 27 g of dukeum ramie powder, 72 g of sugar, and 86 g of butter was optimum.

The Quality Characteristics of Soybean Dasik Added with Ramie Leaf Extract Powder (Boehmerianivea)Powder (모시 잎 분말 콩다식의 품질 특성 연구)

  • Choi, Young-Sim;Um, Young-Ho
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2013
  • This study investigates the quality characteristics of soybean dasik made by mixing roasted beans with ramie leaf(Boehmeria nivea) extract powder. The results are as follows. For soybean dasik not including(0%) ramie leaf(Boehmeria nivea) extract powder, its moisture contents has appeared the lowest to $8.39{\pm}0.98%$, while soybean dasik with 10% ramie leaf extract powder the highest moisture contents to $14.71{\pm}0.02%$. As the content of ramie leaf(Boehmeria nivea) extract powder increased, the L-value, the a-value and b-value of soybean dasik with ramie leaf(Boehmeria nivea) extract powder significantly decreased(p<0.05). Among the texture measurement items of soybean dasik with ramie leaf(Boehmeria nivea) extract powder, the hardness, the gumminess, and the chewiness significantly increased as more amount of ramie leaf(Boehmeria nivea) extract powder added, whereas the adhesiveness and the cohesiveness significantly decreased(p<0.05%). The sensory evaluation, color and taste, softness and overall acceptability of soybean dasik with ramie leaf(Boehmeria nivea) extract powder showed that the one with 8% ramie leaf(Boehmeria nivea) extract powder were the most highly preferred, and there was no significant difference in the flavor. In conclusion, the soybean dasik added with 8% ramie leaf(Boehmeria nivea) extract powder is considered the most desirable in all of color, taste, flavor, and overall acceptability.

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Effect of Freeze Dried Ramie Leaf Powder on the Quality Characteristics of Pork Patties (동결건조 모시잎 분말 첨가가 돈육패티의 품질특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Ahn, Su Mi;Jang, Seri;Park, Inshik
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.478-485
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of ramie leaf powder on the quality characteristics of pork patties. The moisture, crude protein, crude fat, and crude ash in freeze-dried ramie leaf powder were found to be 4.67% (w/w), 25.61% (w/w), 6.66% (w/w), and 16.88% (w/w), respectively. Pork patties were prepared by adding varying amounts of ramie leaf powders up to 1.5% (w/w) of the pork patty formulation. The moisture contents of meat patties containing ramie leaf powder were lower than that of the control patty, but there was no significant difference in pH values between the patties. With increasing amounts of ramie leaf powder, chromaticity decreased in brightness ($L^*$) and redness ($a^*$), but increased in yellowness ($b^*$) in the raw patties. In texture analysis, hardness, springiness, cohesiveness, and chewiness of the pork patties increased as more ramie leaf powder was added to the pork patties. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) values increased during storage in pork patties without ramie leaf powder, but those formulated with ramie leaf powder showed lower TBARS values than those in the control groups. Sensory panels determined that pork patties containing 0.5% ramie leaf powder had higher scores for overall acceptability.

The Quality Characteristics and Antioxidative Activity of Sulgidduk Supplemented with Ramie Leaf Powder (모시풀잎 분말 첨가 설기떡의 품질특성 및 항산화 활성)

  • Park, Seong-Soon;Kim, Sun-Im;Sim, Ki-Hyeon
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.763-772
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    • 2011
  • This study evaluated the antioxidative activity and quality characteristics of Sulgidduk (traditional rice cakes) prepared with ramie leaf powder, in order to measure the antioxidative activity of ramie leaves, which are a potentially useful antioxidant food. Antioxidant activities were measured by total phenolic contents, the scavenging activities of DPPH radicals and ABTS+ radicals, and the reducing power. The total phenolic content of freeze dried ramie leaves was estimated at $58.70{\pm}11.42mg$ GAE/g. The $IC_{50}$ values for DPPH radicals and the ABTS+ radical scavenging activity of the ramie leaves were $23.76{\pm}1.41ug/mL$ and $174.82{\pm}6.4ug/mL$, respectively. The leaves also showed a high reducing power of $1.1057{\pm}0.03$ (O.D). To increase the utilizability of ramie leaf, we made Sulgidduk with added ramie leaf powder. Re-grading the quality characteristics of the altered Sulgidduk, the 3% and 5% addition levels most satisfied texture profile analysis and sensory evaluation. The antioxidative effect of the Sulgidduk significantly increased as the addition level increased, compared to the original Sulgidduk. In term of DPPH radical scavenging activity, the 5% or more addition level Sulgidduk showed an antioxdative effect increase of more than 50%. At the 3% or higher addition level, there was higher antioxidant activity than in the positive control group, which included vitamin C and BHT additions. We thus concluded that Sulgidduk with added ramie leaf power can be manufactured as a food that can satisfy sensory preferences as well as boosting antioxidant activity, at both the 3% and 5% addition level.

Effects of Ramie Leaves on Improvement of Lipid Metabolism and Antiobesity Effect in Rats Fed a High Fat/High Cholesterol Diet (모시잎이 고지방-고콜레스테롤 식이 흰쥐의 지질대사 개선 및 항비만 효과에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jae-Joon;Park, Mi-Ran;Kim, Ah-Ra;Lee, Myung-Yul
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.83-90
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    • 2011
  • This study was performed to investigate the effects of ramie (Boehmeria nivea) leaf powder on improvements in lipid metabolism in serum, liver and adipose tissue, and the anti-obesity effect in rats fed a high fat/high cholesterol diet for 4 weeks to induce a hyperlipidemic and obese model rat. Male Sprague-Dawley rats weighting 210 g were divided into four groups; a normal diet group (N), a high fat/high cholesterol diet group (HFC), a high fat/high cholesterol diet with 5% ramie leaf powder group (HFC-RL), and a high fat/high cholesterol diet with 10% ramie leaf powder group (HFC-RH). The body weight gain increased with a high fat/high cholesterol diet, but gradually decreased in the ramie leaf powder fed groups compared with the HFC group. The liver index in the HFC group was highest among the four groups, although the difference was not significant compared with the ramie leaf powder fed groups. The adipose tissues weight in the HFC group was heavier than that of the N group, whereas those of groups fed ramie leaf powder decreased gradually. Alkaline phosphatase activity was not different between the HFC groups, but serum alkaline aminotransferase and lactate dehydrogenase activities decreased significantly after ramie leaf powder feeding. Levels of serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, atherogenic index and cardiac risk factors tended to decrease in the ramie leaf powder fed groups compared with the HFC group, whereas serum HDL-cholesterol level decreased in the HFC group and markedly increased in the ramie leaf powder fed groups. Levels of triglyceride and total cholesterol in the liver were significantly lower in the ramie leaf powder fed groups than in the HFC group. Levels of triglyceride and total cholesterol in adipose tissues were also lower in the ramie leaves powder fed groups than in the HFC group. The activities of heparinreleasable lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and total-extractable LPL in adipose tissues increased in the HFC group compared to that of the N group, but those of the ramie leaf powder fed groups decreased significantly. These results suggest that ramie leaf powder may improve lipid metabolism in serum, liver and adipose tissue and potentially reduce lipid storage.

Investigation for Processing Conditions of Porridge with Addition of Ramie Leaf (Boehmeria nivea L) Powder Using a Response Surface Methodology (반응표면 분석법을 이용한 모시분말 첨가 비단죽 제조조건 조사)

  • Lee, Young-Tack;Im, Ji-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.841-848
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    • 2012
  • Response surface methodology was applied to the processing conditions to investigate the physicochemical properties of ramie porridge. In the processing conditions based on the central composite design with the addition of ramie leaf powder (0-4 g) and water (700-1100 g), the coefficients of determination (R2) of the models were above 0.9141 for the physicochemical properties, above 0.7627 for the Hunter color parameters, and above 0.8975 for the rheological properties. The soluble solid content, viscosity, and gumminess of the sample decreased significantly with an increase in the water added, whereas the spreadability and adhesiveness increased significantly. The Hunter color L value of the sample decreased significantly with an increase in the amount of ramie leaf powder added, whereas the Hunter b value increased significantly. The estimated maximum viscosity of the ramie porridge was shown to be 24,643 cp when 1.90 g ramie leaf powder and 700.24 g water were added; the estimated maximum lightness of the ramie porridge was shown to be 59.11 when 0.02 g ramie leaf powder and 869.30 g water were added; and the estimated maximum gumminess of the ramie porridge was shown to be 21.46 g when 2.12 g ramie leaf powder and 700.35 g water were added.

Treatment of ramie leaf β-amylase for preliminary purification

  • Dang, Nguyen Dang Hai;Lee, Jin-Sil
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.542-547
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    • 2016
  • The thermal properties of ramie leaf ${\beta}$-amylase (RBA) were examined to develop a novel process for enzyme purification. The thermostability of RBA extract prepared from ramie leaf powder was examined at various temperatures. RBA activity decreased slightly, whereas other carbohydrate-active enzymes, such as $\small{D}$-enzyme, were rapidly inactivated during 30 min incubation at $60^{\circ}C$. When the heat-treated extract was incubated with various substrates, maltose was produced exclusively as the major product, whereas the untreated crude extract produced maltose and other maltooligosaccharides. In sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis, fewer protein bands were observed for the heat-treated extract than the untreated extract, indicating that the thermostable RBA was partially purified and other thermolabile enzymes were eliminated. Thus, the treatment of the RBA extract at $60^{\circ}C$ for 30 min resulted in 5.4-fold purification with a recovery yield of 90%.

Component Content, Antioxidant and ACE Inhibitory Activity of Ramie (Leaf Boehmeria nivea M.) according to Breeding Lines (모싯잎의 육성 계통별 성분 함량, 항산화 및 ACE 저해 활성)

  • Lee, Jong-Kug;Lee, Jeong;Cho, Hui-Je;Yoon, Hye-Kyung;Kim, Myung-Seok
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.229-235
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    • 2018
  • Ramie (Boehmeria nivea M.) has been used for fiber materials in Korea traditionally, but in recent years, the concern with ramie leaves for the food industry such as tteok (a kind of Korean rice cake) industry has been increasing, so a study for eatable ramie is required for the expansion of ramie consumption. Moreover, the ramie varieties for the food industry are not established, so the natural species are cultivated in general; therefore, it is very important to select the ramie varieties for the food industry such as rice cakes, tea, beverage and so on. This study was undertaken to compare the physiochemical properties among 9 ramie lines selected in the Yeonggwang-gun Agricultural Technology Center to select the eatable ramie varieties for the food industry. The contents of the protein among 9 ramie lines was 6.21~7.56% and had the highest content in the YG55. The folic acid (folate) and vitamin C content had varying differences among the 9 lines; the content of folate showed $771.52{\sim}1,978.84{\mu}g%$, that of vitamin C showed 149.42~275.34 mg%. The ACE inhibitory activity appeared to be the highest in YG88 (21.5%) among the 9 ramie varieties tested.

Effects of Ramie Leaf according to Drying Methods on Antioxidant Activity and Growth Inhibitory Effects of Cancer Cells (건조방법에 따른 모시잎의 항산화 활성 및 암세포 증식 억제효과)

  • Kim, Ah-Ra;Kang, Su-Tae;Jeong, Eun;Lee, Jae-Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.682-689
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    • 2014
  • This study was carried out to discriminate the effects of the ramie leaf according to the drying methods (hot air drying and freeze drying) on antioxidative activity in vitro and antiproliferation in human cancer cells. There were no significant differences in total polyphenol content of ramie leaf ethanol extracts depending on the drying methods, but total flavonoid content was significantly higher in hot air dried ramie leaf (HR) than in freeze dried ramie leaf (FR). The DPPH radical scavenging activity of HR and FR ethanol extracts were found to be 77.74%, and 77.29% in 1000 ppm, respectively. Antioxidative index of HR and FR ethanol extracts measured by Rancimat were lower than those in BHT, BHA, and ascorbic acid, but were higher than that in control. The antiproliferation effect of 80% ethanol extracts of HR and FR on liver cancer cell line (H460), stomach cancer cell line (AGS), and lung cancer cell line (A549) were increased with a dose-dependent manner. The cancer cell growth inhibition activities of HR and FR ethanol extracts at the concentration of $800{\mu}g/mL$ showed greater than 80% on Hep G2 and A549 cell line, and greater than 75% on AGS cell line. These results suggest that HR and FR ethanol extracts possess potential antioxidative effect and antiproliferation in human cancer cells, and those activities of ramie leaf ethanol extracts depending on the drying methods were similar.

Ramie Leaf Extracts Suppresses Adipogenic Differentiation in 3T3-L1 Cells and Pig Preadipocytes

  • Lee, Joomin;Kim, Ah-Ra;Lee, Jae-Joon
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.29 no.9
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    • pp.1338-1344
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    • 2016
  • The present study was carried out to evaluate the anti-obesity effect of different concentrations of extracts of hot air-dried ramie leaf (HR) and freeze-dried ramie leaf (FR) in 3T3-L1 cells and pig preadipocytes. To analyze the effect on cell proliferation, cells were treated with $25{\mu}g/mL$ or $100{\mu}g/mL$ HR or FR extract for 2 days. Cell differentiation was evaluated by measuring glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activities and intracellular triglyceride content. Treatment with either HR or FR extracts inhibited the proliferation of 3T3-L1 cells and pig preadipocytes in a dose-dependent manner. HR extract treatment inhibited the differentiation of both cell types more effectively than FR treatment. The extent of triglyceride accumulation decreased significantly in both cells following either HR or FR treatment. Furthermore, LPL activity significantly decreased after treatment with HR or FR extract. These results indicated that HR and FR extracts may inhibit proliferation and differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells and pig preadipocytes. Further studies are needed to explore the anti-obesity effect of HR and FR extracts.