• 제목, 요약, 키워드: rectangular walls

검색결과 138건 처리시간 0.052초

콘크리트 압축강도와 웨브길이 변화에 따른 T형 벽체의 거동에 관한 실험적 연구 (Experimental Studies on Behaviors of T-Shaped Structural Walls with Different Concrete Compressive Strengths and Aspect Ratios)

  • 양지수;이리형
    • 한국구조물진단유지관리공학회 논문집
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.201-208
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    • 2003
  • In domestic, bearing wall apartment building have not rectangular walls but irregular walls which are designed at walls of various cross-sectional shapes such as H-shaped, T-shaped, Box-shaped and L-shaped. In these irregular walls connected with rigid joint each other, one side walls of irregular walls is expected to show effective behavior for rigid-jointed the other side walls. Moreover, previous studies have focused on simplifying irregular walls into rectangular walls because of the complication in structural design and analysis. So studies for variables affecting behaviors of irregular walls, such as aspect ratios and compressive strength of concrete, are insufficient. The objective of this study is to evaluate the behaviors of T-shaped structural walls with different concrete compressive strengths and aspect ratios by experimental works. Results of this experimental study show that flange wall is contributed to increase the flexural strengths by the variation of concrete strengths and aspect ratios, and that it is needed to evaluate the effect width of flange wall for rational wall design.

소규모 철근콘크리트 건축물을 위한 비선형해석 프로그램 비교 I (Comparison of Nonlinear Analysis Programs for Small-size Reinforced Concrete Buildings I)

  • 유창환;김태완
    • 한국지진공학회논문집
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.219-228
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    • 2015
  • For small-size reinforce-concrete buildings, Midas Gen, OpenSees, and Perform-3D, which are structural analysis programs that are most popularly used at present, were applied for nonlinear static pushover analysis, and then difference between those programs was analyzed. Example buildings were limited to 2-story frames only and frames with one or more rectangular walls. Analysis results showed that there was not much difference for frames only based on capacity curves. There were some differences for frames with rectangular walls, but it was not so significant. The global behaviors represented by the capacity curve were not so different, but the feature of each analysis program appeared when the results were analyzed in more detail. Therefore, the program users should understand the feature of the program well, and then conduct performance assessment. The result of this study is limited to low-story frames only and frames with rectangular walls so that it should be noted that it is possible to get different results for frames with non-rectangular walls or mid- to high-rise buildings.

Seismic tests of RC shear walls confined with high-strength rectangular spiral reinforcement

  • Zhao, Huajing;Li, Qingning;Song, Can;Jiang, Haotian;Zhao, Jun
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2017
  • In order to improve the deformation capacity of the high-strength concrete shear wall, five high-strength concrete shear wall specimens confined with high-strength rectangular spiral reinforcement (HRSR) possessing different parameters, were designed in this paper. One specimen was only adopted high-strength rectangular spiral hoops in embedded columns, the rest of the four specimens were used high-strength rectangular spiral hoops in embedded columns, and high-strength spiral horizontal distribution reinforcement were used in the wall body. Pseudo-static test were carried out on high-strength concrete shear wall specimens confined with HRSR, to study the influence of the factors of longitudinal reinforcement ratio, hoop reinforcement form and the spiral stirrups outer the wall on the failure modes, failure mechanism, ductility, hysteresis characteristics, stiffness degradation and energy dissipation capacity of the shear wall. Results showed that using HRSR as hoops and transverse reinforcements could restrain concrete, slow load carrying capacity degeneration, improve the load carrying capacity and ductility of shear walls; under the vertical force, seismic performance of the RC shear wall with high axial compression ratio can be significantly improved through plastic hinge area or the whole body of the shear wall equipped with outer HRSR.

사각공동내 자연대류에서 측면 단열벽에 의한 영향 (Effect of Adiabatic Sidewalls on Natural Convection in a Rectangular Cavity)

  • 허정환;정범진
    • 대한기계학회논문집B
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    • v.34 no.9
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    • pp.825-834
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    • 2010
  • 사각공동내 자연대류 열전달 실험에서, 단열벽에 의해 열전달이 저하가 관찰되는 영역을 실험적으로 그리고 수치해석적으로 평가하였다. $Gr_H$$1.53\times10^7$부터 $1.01\times10^{10}$까지 변화시키며, 단열벽이 존재할 때와 그렇지 않을 때를 구분하여 열전달률을 측정하였다. FLUENT 실험의 결과를 예측할 수 있는지 확인하고 실험으로 수행하기 어려운 매우 좁은 영역에 대해 FLUENT를 수행하였다. 실험과 FLUENT의 결과를 다른 연구와 비교한 바 일치함을 보였다. 단열벽이 전체 열전달에 미치는 영향은 예상과 같이 단열벽 근처의 매우 좁은 영역에 국한하여 나타남을 확인하였다. 본 연구는 유사성(Analogy) 원리를 이용하여 열전달계를 전기도금계의 물질전달계로 모사하는 방법론을 개발하는 과정에서 실험을 효율화하고자 하는 방안을 강구하기 위하여 추진되었다. 본 연구를 통하여 단열벽간 거리(전극의 폭)를 매우 줄일 수 있는 이론적 근거를 확보하였다.

강재 경계요소를 갖는 콘크리트 벽체의 내진 성능 (Seismic Response of Concrete Walls with Steel Boundary Elements)

  • 조순호
    • 한국지진공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.290-297
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    • 2000
  • A new form of construction utilizing structural steel as the boundary elements in ductile flexural concrete walls is proposed to solve the bar congestion problems associated with such a heavily reinforced region. Two wall specimens containing rectangular hollow structural sections(HSS) and channels at their ends respectively were constructed rectangular hollow structural sections(HSS) and channels ar their ends respectively were constructed and tested under reversed cyclic loading to evaluate the construction process as well as the structural performance. One companion standard reinforced concrete wall specimen was also tested for the comparison purpose At an Initial stage all three specimens were carefully detailed to have the approximately same flexural capacity. Analysis and comparison of test results indicated that the reversed cyclic responses of the three walls showed similar hysteretic properties but in those with steel boundaries local bucking of the corresponding steel elements following significant yielding of structural steel was prominent. Design procedures considering local instability of the structural steel elements and the interaction between steel chord and concrete web members in such composite walls are presented.

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A New Resonance Prediction Method of Fabry-Perot Cavity (FPC) Antennas Enclosed with Metallic Side Walls

  • Kim, Dong-Ho;Yeo, Jun-Ho
    • Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.220-226
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    • 2011
  • We have proposed a new method to accurately predict the resonance of Fabry-Perot Cavity (FPC) antennas enclosed with conducting side walls. When lateral directions of an FPC antenna are not blocked with metallic walls, the conventional technique is accurate enough to predict the resonance of the FPC antenna. However, when the FPC antenna has side walls, especially for case with only a short distance between the walls, the conventional prediction method yields an inaccurate result, inevitably requiring a tedious, time-consuming tuning process to determine the correct resonant height to provide the maximum antenna gain in a target frequency band using three-dimensional full-wave computer simulations. To solve that problem, we have proposed a new resonance prediction method to provide a more accurate resonant height calculation of FPC antennas by using the well-known resonance behavior of a rectangular resonant cavity. For a more physically insightful explanation of the new prediction formula, we have reinvestigated our proposal using a wave propagation characteristic in a hollow rectangular waveguide, which clearly confirms our approach. By applying the proposed technique to an FPC antenna covered with a partially reflecting superstrate consisting of continuously tapered meander loops, we have proved that our method is very accurate and readily applicable to various types of FPC antennas with lateral walls. Experimental result confirms the validness of our approach.

Seismic deformation demands on rectangular structural walls in frame-wall systems

  • Kazaz, Ilker
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.329-350
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    • 2016
  • A parametric study was conducted to investigate the seismic deformation demands in terms of drift ratio, plastic base rotation and compression strain on rectangular wall members in frame-wall systems. The wall index defined as ratio of total wall area to the floor plan area was kept as variable in frame-wall models and its relation with the seismic demand at the base of the wall was investigated. The wall indexes of analyzed models are in the range of 0.2-2%. 4, 8 and 12-story frame-wall models were created. The seismic behavior of frame-wall models were calculated using nonlinear time-history analysis and design spectrum matched ground motion set. Analyses results revealed that the increased wall index led to significant reduction in the top and inter-story displacement demands especially for 4-story models. The calculated average inter-story drift decreased from 1.5% to 0.5% for 4-story models. The average drift ratio in 8- and 12-story models has changed from approximately 1.5% to 0.75%. As the wall index increases, the dispersion in the calculated drifts due to ground motion variability decreased considerably. This is mainly due to increase in the lateral stiffness of models that leads their fundamental period of vibration to fall into zone of the response spectra that has smaller dispersion for scaled ground motion data set. When walls were assessed according to plastic rotation limits defined in ASCE/SEI 41, it was seen that the walls in frame-wall systems with low wall index in the range of 0.2-0.6% could seldom survive the design earthquake without major damage. Concrete compressive strains calculated in all frame-wall structures were much higher than the limit allowed for design, ${\varepsilon}_c$=0.0035, so confinement is required at the boundaries. For rectangular walls above the wall index value of 1.0% nearly all walls assure at least life safety (LS) performance criteria. It is proposed that in the design of dual systems where frames and walls are connected by link and transverse beams, the minimum value of wall index should be greater than 0.6%, in order to prevent excessive damage to wall members.

Effective torsional stiffness of reinforced concrete structural walls

  • Luo, Da;Ning, Chaolie;Li, Bing
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.119-127
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    • 2019
  • When a structural wall is subjected to multi-directional ground motion, torsion-induced cracks degrade the stiffness of the wall. The effect of torsion should not be neglected. As a main lateral load resisting member, reinforced concrete (RC) structural wall has been widely studied under the combined action of bending and shear. Unfortunately, its seismic behavior under a combined action of torsion, bending and shear is rarely studied. In this study, torsional performances of the RC structural walls under the combined action is assessed from a comprehensive parametrical study. Finite element (FE) models are built and calibrated by comparing with the available experimental data. The study is then carried out to find out the critical design parameter affecting the torsional stiffness of RC structural walls, including the axial load ratio, aspect ratio, leg-thickness ratio, eccentricity of lateral force, longitudinal reinforcement ratio and transverse reinforcement ratio. Besides, to facilitate the application in practice, an empirical equation is developed to estimate the torsional stiffness of RC rectangular structural walls conveniently, which is found to agree well with the numerical results of the developed FE models.

메소 스케일 사각 채널 내 예혼합 화염의 거동에 미치는 벽면 물성의 영향에 관한 실험적 연구 (Experimental Study of Material Effects on the Flame Behaviors in Meso-scale Rectangular Channels)

  • 곽영태;이대근;고창복
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.97-98
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    • 2013
  • Flame behaviors in meso-scale rectangular channels are largely influenced by heat recirculation through wall. In order to investigate the effects of wall thermal property on the heat recirculation and flame behaviors, meso-scale rectangular channels, of which upper and lower walls are made of quartz, stainless steel and silicon carbide and front and rear walls of quartz for flame visualization, were fabricated in this study. As a result, characteristic mixture velocities of propane-air flame, such as transition, stationary, and instability onset velocities, were measured for each channel and various mixture conditions. The results show that thermal conductivity has a close relationship to the characteristic velocities.

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형상비가 다른 T형벽체의 유효폭 산정을 위한 비선형 FEM 해석 (A Study on Nonlinear FEM Analysis for the Effective Widths of T-shaped Structural Walls with Different Aspect Ratios)

  • 조남선;하상수;오영훈;이리형
    • 한국전산구조공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2001
  • In domestic, irregular walls such as T, L, H and Box shapes are considered as rectangular wall in the design of bearing wall apartment building. The strengths of walls, therefore, can be underestimated in case of using the current design process. Irregular walls are connected to each other as rigid joint so that part of the load can be resisted by the wall perpendicular to the load direction. This resistance can be caused by the effective width of perpendicular wall. This additional resistance by the perpendicular wall increases the strength of structural walls. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effective widths of flanged walls with different aspect ratios by using FEM analyses. the results from finite element method are compared with effective flange widths of some code provisions.

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