• Title, Summary, Keyword: rectus femoris

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Complete Rupture of the Origins of Rectus Femoris Occurred During Relay Race - A Case Report - (릴레이 경주 중에 발생한 대퇴직근 기시부의 완전 파열 - 증례보고 -)

  • Jeon, Seung-Ju;Jeon, Ho-Seung;Moon, Chan-Sam;Noh, Haeng-Kee;Ha, Seung-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.151-155
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    • 2008
  • During sports activity, rectus femoris muscle can be commonly injured as the quadriceps contracts forcefully to extend the knee and flex the hip, and rectus femoris muscle has a high percentage of type II muscle fibers which enable it to produce rapid forceful activity and the muscle is the only biarticular muscle of the quadriceps. Avulsion fractures by the traction of rectus femoris from the anterior inferior iliac spine in children are often reported. Rarely, complete rupture of proximal musculotendinous junction of rectus femoris muscle in adult may occurs by chronic repetitive stimulation and may mimic soft tissue neoplasm in the case of no history of antecedent trauma. However, there has been no report of acute complete rupture of origins of the rectus femoris muscle during relay race till now. So, we report a case of acute complete rupture of origins of the rectus femoris muscle occurred during relay race in middle-aged man, diagnosed by magnetic resonance image and treated by surgical repair with review of current literature.

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The Effects of Mental Practice about Leg Exercise Muscle Activities of the Rectus Femoris

  • Kim, Tae-Hoon;Kim, Kyung-Hun;Kim, Ju-O
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.39-47
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effects of mental practice about leg exercise muscle activities of the rectus femoris. Method: 20 subjects were participated in this study. The values before the experiment were measured and those after the mental performance from the first experiment to the fifth experiment were measured. Electromyography (EMG) was used to measure the muscle activity of rectus femoris. Result: The muscle activity of the both rectus femoris after mental practice increased steadily and showed significant differences. Conclusion: In the present study, it was found that the muscle activity of both legs was increased during the mental practice. It can be seen that there was a difference before and after mental practice, and muscle activity of rectus femoris was increased.

Effects of Bridge Exercise with Pelvic Compression Belt on Electromyographic Activities of Selected Lumbopelvic Muscles in Young Adults with Lumbar Instability

  • Cha, Hyun-Gyu;Choe, Yu-Won;Wu, Yan-Ting;Kim, Myoung-Kwon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2017
  • PURPOSE: This study assessed the effect of the pelvic compression belt on the electromyographic activity of erector spinae (ES), internal oblique (IO), rectus femoris (RF), and biceps femoris (BF) after bridge exercise with pelvic belt compression in subjects with lumbar instability. METHODS: Forty subjects with lumbar instability volunteered for this study. We asked them to perform the bridge exercise while wearing a pelvic belt compression for 30 minutes five times weekly over a six week period. The pelvic compression belt was adjusted just below the anterior superior iliac spines with stabilizing pressure using elastic compression bands during bridge position. Surface electromyographic data were collected from the erector spinae (ES), internal oblique (IO), rectus femoris (RF) and biceps femoris (BF). RESULTS: After the six week intervention, the experimental group improved significantly. Muscle activation significantly decreased in the erector spinae, rectus femoris, and biceps femoris, and increased in the internal oblique muscle in bridge position while wearing a PCB (P <.01). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that the bridge exercise with pelvic belt compression is helpful to reduce activation in superficial muscles and lower extremity muscles such as erector spinae (ES), rectus femoris (RF), biceps femoris (BF) and increase activation in deep trunk muscle such as the internal oblique (IO).

The Effects of Kinesio-Taping of Lower Limbs on Muscle Activity for Taekwondo Athletes (키네시오 테이핑이 태권도 선수의 하지 근활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Dae-Jung;Choi, Eun-Young;Park, Dong-Soo;Park, Seung-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.35-39
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    • 2011
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to determine changes in muscle activity due to elastic taping at the rectus femoris, biceps femoris and tibialis anterior muscles using surface electromyography analysis. Methods : In this study 10 healthy university students in the Department of Taekwondo Studies were screened and individuals with a history of previous injury or surgery to their nerve, muscle, and skeletal systems, such as paresthesia and motor disorder, were excluded. Subjects were taped over the rectus femoris, biceps femoris, and tibialis anterior and their muscle activities were analyzed using the surface electromyography method during maximal voluntary isometric contraction. Results : The results of this study were as follows: muscle activities indicated a significant increase after elastic taping than before at the rectus femoris, biceps femoris, and tibialis anterior muscle. These results lead us to the conclusion that muscle activity were influenced by elastic taping at the rectus femoris, biceps femoris, and tibialis anterior muscles. Conclusion : The results of this study show that muscle activity can be improved by elastic taping at the lower limbs. These results suggest that elastic taping of muscles in the lower extremities has the capability to increase muscle activity in the body.

The Effect of Load and Speed of Treadmill Exercise Impact on Muscle Strength and Muscle Activity (트레드밀 운동 시 속도와 부하가 하지 근활성도와 근력에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Suhyun;Kim, Dong-Hoon;Lee, Kyu-Lee
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of load and speed of treadmill exercise impact on muscle activity and muscle strength. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Methods: The study was conducted for 12 female student from G University. Treadmill exercise was divided into four groups (ULS, LLS, UHS, LHS). Results: 1) There was significant difference in muscle activity of tibialis anterial, medial head of gastrocnemius, rectus femoris, biceps femoris muscle in ULS, UHS (p<0.05). 2) There was significant difference in muscle activity of tibialis anterial, medial head of gastrocnemius, rectus femoris, biceps femoris muscle in LLS, LHS (p<0.05). 3) There was significant difference in muscle activity of tibialis anterial, medial head of gastrocnemius, rectus femoris, biceps femoris muscle in ULS, LLS (p<0.05). 4) There was significant difference in muscle activity of tibialis anterial, medial head of gastrocnemius, rectus femoris, biceps femoris muscle in UHS, LHS (p<0.05). 5 There was significant difference in muscle strength in LHS (p<0.05). Conclusion: Exercising with high speed and load has more influence on the muscle activity and muscle strength of the lower extremities.

Effects of Elastic Taping on the Power and Velocity Error of Rectus Femoris after Muscle Fatigue Occurred (탄력성 테이핑이 근 피로를 적용한 넙다리곧은근의 파워오차와 속도오차에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoon, Junggyu
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2018
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of elastic taping on the power and velocity error of rectus femoris after muscle fatigue occurred. Method : The subjects of this study were 15 healthy students. The Primus RS was used to measure the power and velocity error of rectus femoris after muscle fatigue occurred. The power and velocity error were measured 3 times which are consist of pre-fatigue, after-fatigue and after 24 hours applied elastic tape on rectus femoris. A elastic tape was attached to rectus femoris between the antero inferior iliac spine (AIIS) and the tibia tuberosity. The collected data was analyzed using one-way repeated-measures ANOVA for comparison of the power and velocity error according to the measured time and Pearson test for correlation between the power and velocity error according to the measured time. Level of significance was set at 0.05. Result : No significant differences of the power and velocity error were found between $1^{st}$ and 2nd, 3rd measurements (p>.05). The power and velocity error, after 24 hours, of the applied elastic tape with muscle fatigue was significantly lower than muscle fatigue with no taping(p<.05). No significant correlations were found between the power and velocity error according to the measured time(p>.05). Conclusion : After applying the elastic tape on the rectus femoris, muscle fatigue occurred, which improved proprioception by decreasing movement error. It will be an important intervention to prevent musculoskeletal injuries and to enhance the motor control in exercise.

Differences in Rectus Femoris Activation Among Skaters Wearing Fabric Speed Skating Suits with Different Levels of Compression

  • Moon, Young-Jin;Song, Joo-Ho;Hwang, Jinny
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.421-426
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate how different levels of compression exerted on the femoral region (known as the power zone) by coated fabric influences the activation and anaerobic capacity of the rectus femoris. Method: Three different levels of compression on the rectus femoris of the participants, namely 0% (normal condition), 9% (downsize), and 18% (downsize), were tested. The material of the fabric used in this study was nonfunctional polyurethane. Surface electromyography test was used to investigate the activation of the rectus femoris, while the isokinetic test (Cybex, $60^{\circ}/sec$) and Wingate test were used to investigate the maximum anaerobic power. Results: The different compression levels (0%, 9%, and 18%) did not improve the strength and anaerobic capacity of the knee extensor. However, knee flexor interfered with activation of the biceps femoris, which is an agonist for flexion, during 18% compression. Conclusion: Compression garments might improve the stretch shortening cycle effect at the time of eccentric contraction and during transition from eccentric to concentric contraction. Therefore, future studies are required to further investigate these findings.

Effects of DMTU, SOD and Ischemic Preconditioning on the Ultrastructural Changes of the Rectus Femoris Muscles in Rats after Ischemia and Reperfusion (SOD, DMTU및 허혈양상화 처치가 허혈 및 재관류에 의한 흰쥐 넙다리곧은근의 미세구조 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Paik, Doo-Jin;Lim, Jae-Hyun;Chung, Ho-Sam
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.333-346
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    • 1997
  • The ischemia and reperfusion injury of the skeletal muscles is caused by generation of reactive oxygen during ischemia and reperfusion. It is well known that over 4 hours of ischemia injures the skeletal muscles irreversibly. The author has demonstrated the effects of SOD (superoxide dismutase), DMTU (dimethyl thiourea) and ischemic preconditioning on ultrastructural changes of the muscle fibers in the rectus femoris muscles after 4 hours of ischemia and 1 day and 3 days of reperfusion. A total of 72 healthy Sprague-Dawley rats weighing from 200 gm to 250 gm were used as experimental animals. Under urethane(1.15 g/kg, IP, 2 times) anesthesia, lower abdominal incision was done and the left common iliac artery was occluded by using vascular clamp for 4 hours. The left rectus femoris muscles were obtained at 1 and 3 days after the removal of vascular clamp. The SOD (15,000 unit/kg) or DMTU (500 mg/kg) were administered intraperitoneally at 1 hour before induction of ischemia. The ischemic preconditioned group underwent three episodes of 5 minutes occlusion and 5 minutes reperfusion followed by 4 hours of ischemia and 1 day and 3 days of reperfusion. The specimens were sliced into $1mm^3$ and prepared by routine methods for electron microscopic observation. All specimens were stained with uranyl acetate and lead citrate and then observed with Hitachi-600 transmission electron microscope. The results were as follows: 1. SOD or DMTU alone did not affect the ultrastructure of muscle fibers in the rectus femoris muscles. The electron density of mitochondrial matrix was decreased by ischemic preconditioning. 2. Dilated cisternae of sarcoplasmic reticulum, triad, mitochondria and the loss of myofilament in the sarcomere were observed in the 4 hours ischemia and 1 day reperfused rectus femoris muscles. Markedly changed sarcoplasmic reticulum, triad, disordered or loss of myofilament, indistinct A-band and I-band, and irregular electron lucent M -line and Z-line are seen in the 4 hours ischemia and 3 days reperfused rectus femoris muscles. 3. SOD reduced the changes of organelles in the muscle fibers of the 4 hours ischemia and 1 day reperfused rectus femoris muscles of the rats, but SOD did not affect the changes of muscle fibers in the 4 hours ischemia and 3 days reperfused muscles. On the other hand, DMTU markedly attenuated considerably the ultrastructural change of the 4 hours ischemia and 1 day or 3 days reperfused rectus femoris muscles. 4. By the ischemic preconditioning, the change was attenuated remarkably in the 4 hours ischemia and 1 day reperfused rectus femoris muscles. As the ischemic reperfused changes of muscle fibers were regenerated or recovered by ischemic preconditioning, the ultrastructures of them were similar to those of normal control in the 4 hours ischemia and 3 days reperfused rectus formoris muscles. Consequently, it is suggested that DMTU is stronger inhibitor to ischemic reperfused change than SOD. The ischemia and reperfusion-induced muscular damage is remarkably inhibited by ischemic preconditioning.

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Anatomic Analysis of Rectus Femoris Functional Flap in Korean (대퇴직근 기능성 유리 피판술을 위한 신경 및 혈관에 대한 해부학적 고찰)

  • Han, Kyoung-Jin;Lee, Young-Kil;Kim, Joon-Yong;Han, Seung-Hwan;Lee, Du-Hyoung;Cho, Jae-Ho
    • Archives of Reconstructive Microsurgery
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this article to evaluate the availability of the rectus femoris flap in Korean subjects. Material and Methods is that Cadaveric dissections were done on 51 femoral triangles of 26 cadevers. We measured the length of the direct head of rectus femoris from anterior superior iliac spine to patella upper pole, ASIS to lateral border of femoral nerve, and entry point of femoral nerve and vessel branches to rectus. Usually, there were three terminal branches to rectus femoris from the femoral nerve. The entry point of the first branch was at the proximal $17.5{\sim}31.4%$ portion of the rectus femoris. The second and the third branch entered at the proximal $22.5{\sim}40.7%$ and $26.3{\sim}42.3%$, respectively. The vessel entry was at $20.2{\sim}37.3%$. The length from ASIS to femoral nerve was $3.5{\sim}8.5\;cm$. Among the 51 rectus femoris muscles, 44 had one nutrient artery, and 7 had 2 nutrient arteries. The nutrient artery originated from the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery in 18(40.9%) cases, directly from the lateral femoral circumflex artery in 8(18.0%) cases, and from proximal(6 cases, 13.6%) and distal(12 cases, 27.3%) portion of the deep femoral artery. The average length of the nutrient artery was 29.8 mm and the width was 2.14 mm. The point where it meets the main feeding artery of the rectus femoris was $9.0{\sim}15.0\;cm$ from the ASIS. In all cases, the main artery's entrance was proximal to the first nerve branch. Conclusion is that rectus femoris has available data for functional flap.

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Quality Attributes of Cooked Pork Hams Manufactured with Major Hind Leg Muscles and Longissimus dorsi (돼지 뒷다리 주요 근육과 등심근육으로 제조된 햄의 품질 특성)

  • Seong, Pil-Nam;Cho, Soo-Hyun;Kim, Jin-Hyoung;Hah, Kyoung-Hee;Park, Beom-Young;Kim, Dong-Hoon;Lee, Jong-Moon;Ahn, Chong-Nam
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.160-164
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    • 2008
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the quality attributes of cooked hams made with four hind leg muscles (Biceps femoris, Semimembranosus, Rectus femoris, Gluteus medius) and Longissimus dorsi. Muscles were prepared from three market-weighted crossbreeds ($L{\times}Y{\times}D$) and the pH, proximate chemical composition, color, texture attributes, and sensory properties of cooked pork muscle hams were evaluated. In the raw state, no significant differences in pH were found among the five muscle hams. However, Rectus femoris ham had the highest pH, while Longissimus dorsi ham had the lowest pH (p<0.05). All muscle hams had similar moisture, fat, and ash contents. The protein content (%) was highest in Longissimus dorsi ham (p<0.05). The Hunter L value was highest for Longissimus dorsi ham while Rectus femoris and Gluteus medius hams had the lowest Hunter L values (p<0.05). The Hunter a values were similar in Rectus femoris, Biceps femoris, and Gluteus medius hams, and lowest for Longissimus dorsi ham (p<0.05). Texture attributes were not significantly different among the five muscle hams (p>0.05). The results of sensory evaluation showed that Semimembranosus hams had the highest flavor score, but there were no significant differences among five muscle hams with regard to color, taste, and texture (p>0.05).