• Title, Summary, Keyword: red pepper seed

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The Antimutagenic and Antioxidant Effects of Red Pepper Seed and Red Pepper Pericarp (Capsicum annuum L.)

  • Sim, Ki-Hyeon;Han, Young-Sil
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.273-278
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    • 2007
  • In this study, we examined the antimutagenicity of red pepper seed and red pepper pericarp ethanol extracts using the standard Ames test in the presence and absence of S9 mix. The extracts showed inhibitory effects on both the TA98 and TA100 Salmenella Typhimurium strains against the mutagenic activity of promutagen 2-aminoanthracene, and were also protective against the directly acting mutagens sodium azide and 2-nitrofluorene. The red pepper seed elicited stronger antimutagenicity than the red pepper pericarp. Both the red pepper seed and red pepper pericarp directly quenched nitric oxide to different degrees and the scavenging activities increased with increasing concentrations. Nitric oxide scavenging activity ranged from $22{\sim}77%$ in the red pepper seed, and from $36{\sim}49%$ in the red pepper pericarp. The TEAC values for red pepper seed extract were $47.89{\pm}1.64mg\;g^{-1}$ in the ABTS radical scavenging assays, while those of red pepper pericarp extract were $94.18{\pm}1.61mg\;g^{-1}$. Therefore, we conclude that red pepper seed and red pepper pericarp have antimutagenic activities as well as antioxidant activity.

Quality properties of Pak-choi Baikkimchi with Red Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Seed during Storage (고추씨를 첨가한 청경채 백김치의 저장 중 품질 특성)

  • Jung, Hyun Sook
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.588-595
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    • 2014
  • To develop a variety of salted vegetables, this study investigated the quality properties and sensory characteristics of pak-choi Baikkimchi with 0, 1, 3, 5 and 7% (w/w) red pepper seed during 50 days at $10^{\circ}C$. The pH of pak-choi Baikkimchi decreased little for the first days but decreased significantly after day 20. The larger amount of the red pepper seed kept pH the less affected. The total acidity of pak-choi Baikkimchi increased within 20 days. Lactic acid bacteria count, pak-choi Baikkimchi with 0% red pepper seed decreased after 30 days' increase, while pak-choi Baikkimchi with 3% and 5% red pepper decreased significantly after 20 days' increase. Hunter's color L value increased during storage but a and b value decreased. Pak-choi Baikkimchi with 0%, 5% and 7% red pepper seed on day 10, pak-choi Baikkimchi with 1% 3% red pepper seed on day 20. Flavor preference was higher on day 20 of storage. In taste analysis, pak-choi Baikkimchi with 3% and 7% red pepper seed higher preference on day 10 and with 5% on day 30. Appearance preference was higher for pak-choi Baikkimchi with 0% and 3% red pepper seed on day 10 and with the others on day 20. Texture preference decreased as the storage time. Overall preference of pak-choi Baikkimchi with 0%, 1% and 7% were higher on day 10, pak-choi Baikkimchi with 3% and 5% red pepper seed were higher on day 20. In conclusion, the quality properties and sensory characteristics of pak-choi Baikkimchi were optimal on day 20 of storage and 3% red pepper seed.

The Effects of Red Pepper Seed on Kimchi Quality During Fermentation

  • Sim, Ki-Hyeon;Kim, Soon-Im;Cho, Yun-Kyung;Cho, Young Sim;Han, Young-Sil
    • Food Quality and Culture
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 2007
  • In this study, we examined the effects of different concentrations of red pepper seed (0%, 1%, 3%, 5%, and 7%) on pH, total acidity, color, reducing sugar content, total microbes, lactic acid bacteria, and sensory quality, in terms of prolonging the shelf-life of kimchi. The additions of red pepper seed resulted in higher pH levels, while total acidity was lower than that of the control. The kimchi with red pepper seed had higher reducing sugar contents than the control. Furthermore, the kimchi with red pepper seed showed higher b-values than the control. During fermentation, the amounts of lactic acid bacteria and total microbes were higher in the kimchi with red pepper seed than in the control, and the higher ratios resulted in higher quality kimchi. The additions of red pepper seed also resulted in changes of color, flavor, taste, and texture, having a large influence on overall product quality. In conclusion, in terms of preservation and consumption, the 3% and 5% red pepper seed concentrations offered enhanced shelf-life and better quality kimchi products.

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Quality Characteristics of Instant Gochujang added with Red Pepper Seeds Powder (고추씨를 첨가한 즉석 고추장의 품질특성)

  • Lee, Keum-Ok;Kim, Ki-Bbeum
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.15-24
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    • 2018
  • This study produced instant Gochujang(red pepper paste) with enhanced convenience by increasing nutritional value and palatability, and by reducing production period, adding in the red pepper seed in the red pepper paste production in order to increase the use of the red pepper seed that is not used often as a food ingredient even though its nutrition value when producing red pepper paste was proven. Moisture content, pH, L-value, a-value, b-value, sugar contents, and salinity of instant Gochujang tended to increase as the amount of red pepper seed increased, while viscosity manifested the opposite trend. Sensory evaluations were conducted on instant Gochujang to assess differences in characteristics, which demonstrated that as the amount of red pepper seeds powder increased, the intensity of redness for the red pepper paste's external appearance, luster, spicy flavor and taste, and savory taste were evaluated strong. Meanwhile, fermentation value, which is red pepper paste's foremost weakness was evaluated as weak. Moreover, there was no difference in the size of the grain when compared to the contrast group consisting of regular red pepper paste. The results of preference test demonstrated that the RG3 with 30% of red pepper seed is optimal in terms of the external appearance, taste, texture and overall preference.

Development of Restructured Chicken Thigh Jerky Added with Red Pepper Seed Powder (고추씨 분말을 첨가한 닭다리살 재구성 육포 개발)

  • Lee, Jeong-Ah;Kim, Hack-Youn
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.45 no.9
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    • pp.1333-1337
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    • 2016
  • This study aimed to investigate the effects of red pepper seed powder on the physicochemical properties (pH, CIE color value, water holding capacity, dry yield, proximate composition, and shear force) of restructured chicken thigh jerky. The restructured chicken thigh jerky samples were prepared with the following amounts of red pepper seed powder [0% (control), 1%, 2%, and 3%]. Moisture contents of samples containing red pepper seed powder were significantly higher than those of control (P<0.05). The lightness, redness, and yellowness of samples an increased with an increase in red pepper seed powder. Water holding capacity and dry yield of samples increased with increasing concentration of red pepper seed powder. However, shear force of samples showed a downward trend with increasing red pepper seed powder level. The sensory evaluation of samples containing 3% red pepper seed powder were highest. The results indicate that red pepper seed powder could be enhance the physicochemical properties of restructured chicken thigh jerky.

Effect of Red Pepper Seed on Kimchi Antioxidant Activity During Fermentation

  • Sim, Ki-Hyeon;Han, Young-Sil
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.295-301
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    • 2008
  • In this study, the antioxidant activities of red pepper seed kimchi extracts were examined. The extracts were evaluated by various antioxidant assays that included determinations of total phenolic and flavonoid contents, DPPH radical scavenging, superoxide anion radical scavenging, nitric oxide scavenging, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, metal chelating activity, and reducing power. All the kimchi extracts showed strong antioxidant activities by the tested methods. The 7% red pepper seed kimchi that was fermented for 6 days possessed the highest activity according to the performed tests. Yet, the highest scavenging activity was exhibited against nitrite, by extracts from kimchi for 0 day of fermentation rather than 6 days. All the activities for the kimchi fermented for 0 day with the addition of 7% red pepper seed increased markedly with an increase in concentration. With the exception of metal chelating and SOD activities, for the antioxidant properties assayed, the red pepper seed kimchi extracts were found to be highly effective.

Effect of Red Pepper Seeds Powder on Lipid Composition in Rats Fed High-Fat.High-Cholesterol Diets

  • Song, Won-Young;Chun, Sung-Sik;Ku, Kyung-Hyung;Choi, Jeong-Hwa
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.184-188
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of red pepper seeds powder on lipid metabolism in rats fed high fat high cholesterol diet. Rats were divided into five experimental groups: normal diet group, high fat high cholesterol diet group, high fat high cholesterol diet with 5% red pepper seeds powder supplemented group (SA group), high fat high cholesterol diet with 10% red pepper seeds powder supplemented group (SB group) and high fat high cholesterol diet with 15% red peeper seeds powder supplemented group (SC group). The serum triglyceride (TG) and cholesterol contents, and LDL-cholesterol and atherogenic index (AI) of the red pepper seed powder supplemented groups were significantly decreased compared to the HF group. The serum HDL-cholesterol contents of the red pepper seed powder supplemented groups were increased compared to the HF group. However, there was no significant difference in the serum HDL-cholesterol among all experimental groups. The hepatic TG and cholesterol contents of the red pepper seed powder supplemented groups were significantly decreased compared to the HF group. The fecal total cholesterol and triglyceride contents of the red pepper seeds powder supplemented groups were significantly increased compared to the HF group. These results suggest that supplementation of red pepper seed powder may have a pronounced impact on markers of lipid metabolism in serum and liver of rats fed high fat high cholesterol diets.

The Physico-Chemical Properties of Korean Red Pepper Seed Oil by Species and Dried methods (품종 및 건조방법에 따른 고추씨 기름의 이화학적 특성)

  • 김복자;안명수
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.375-379
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    • 1998
  • Some Physico-chemical properties of korean red pepper seed oil were evaluated to find available method to utilize red pepper seeds used as useful cooking oil resources. Samples of red pepper seeds used as oil meterials were native, improved species and they were named such as NS (native spicies dried under sunlight), IS (improved spicies dried under sunlight), NF (native spicies dried by heating), and IF(improved spicies dried by heating), respectively. Moisture, ash, crude protein and crude fat contents of all red pepper seeds were 6.6%∼7.7%, 3.3∼3.5%, 18.25∼19.4% and 26.8∼27.5% in all samples, showing the specially high crude fat and crude protein content in NS. Capsaicin contents in crude red pepper seed oils were shown from 0.06 to 0.08% but after refining process, capsaicin contents were mostly tossed as 0∼0.006%. The types of tocopherol found in crude and refined red pepper seed oils were ${\gamma}$-, ${\alpha}$-, $\delta$-analogues, the amount of total tocopherol in IF was 2.10 mg/g oil which were the highest value of all red pepper seeds. In all red pepper seeds oils main fatty acids were linoleic acid (68∼70%), palmitic acid (14∼16%), oleic acid (10∼11%), and linolenic acid were extemely small amounts. The specific gravity (SG) 0.916∼0.919, refractive index (RI) 1.4724, acid value (AV) 0.26∼0.36, peroxide value (POV) 0.73∼1.19 and Iodine value (IV) 134.35∼134.92 were measured in all red pepper seed oils.

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Red Pepper Cultivation Using a Native Legume Cover Crop in Korea

  • Cho, J.L.;Choi, H.S.;Lee, Y.;Lee, M.H.;Kim, C.S.
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.19 no.spc
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    • pp.247-250
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    • 2011
  • Four seed vetch (Vicia tetrasperma), a biennial native leguminous plant, was used for a cover crop with different quantity of sowed seeds. Weed suppression and yield were evaluated for the red pepper cultivation in the following year of the vetch seeding. Seeding of 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.5, and 6.0 kg 10 $a^{-1}$ suppressed weed occurrences until late in the growing season of the red pepper. Consequently, red pepper in the cover cropping system with seeding of 3.0, 4.5, and 6.0 kg 10 $a^{-1}$ had a similar yield to the conventional red pepper. The ideal seed rate in four seed vetch was 3.0 and 4.5 kg 10 $a^{-1}$ in terms of reducing weed occurrence as well as increasing growth and yield in red pepper.

Antioxidative Effect of Ethanolic Extracts of Some Tea Materials on Red Pepper Seed Oil (고추씨 기름에 대한 다류 에탄올 추출물의 항산화 효과)

  • 정해정
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.1316-1320
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    • 1999
  • Antioxidative effect of ethanolic extracts of various tea materials(Camellia sinensis, Cassia tora, Lyc ium chinense, Polygonatum odoratum, Schizandrae chinensis) on red pepper seed oil was investigated. Ethanolic extracts were added to red pepper seed oil at a concentration of 0.05%(w/v). Two experimental conditions were employed : 50$\pm$0.1oC for 45 days and 150$\pm$3oC for 24 hours. Oxidation of red pepper seed oil was determined by measuring peroxide value and acid value. Electron donating ability(EDA) and total phenolic contents of each extract were also determined. The result showed that the extracts possess an antioxidative activities. The effectiveness of them was in the following order: C. sinensis>C. tora>P. odoratum>S. chinensis >L. chinense. Ethanolic extracts of C. sinensis showed substantially higher EDA value and total phenol contents than other tea materials. These results indicate that the antioxidative effect was strongly related with EDA and total phenol contents.

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