• Title, Summary, Keyword: red wine making

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Effect on Wine Quality of Pre-treatment of Grapes prior to Alcohol Fermentation (포도주 품질에 미치는 알코올 발효전 포도 전처리 효과)

  • Chang, Eun-Ha;Jeong, Seok-Tae;Roh, Jeong-Ho;Yun, Hae-Keun;Park, Kyo-Sun;Choi, Jong-Uck
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.824-831
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    • 2008
  • This study was conducted to determine the influence of heating and carbonic maceration (CM) pre-treatments prior to alcohol fermentation on wine quality from the main Korean grape variety, Campbell Early. Wine fermented with CM treatment had lower total acidity than control and heated wines. Wine fermented with heat treatment contained higher concentrations of anthocyanin and tannin than control wines, while CM-treated wine had the lowest concentrations. The red coloration of the wine was highly correlated with the polyphenol content, as a high content of anthocyanin and tannin resulted in increased red color intensity. The significant differences found in wine quality as a consequence of the use of pre-treatment techniques (heating and CM treatments) suggest their potential application in wine making.

Wine Quality Assessment Using a Decision Tree with the Features Recommended by the Sequential Forward Selection

  • Lee, Seunghan;Kang, Kyungtae;Noh, Dong Kun
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.81-87
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    • 2017
  • Nowadays wine is increasingly enjoyed by a wider range of consumers, and wine certification and quality assessment are key elements in supporting the wine industry to develop new technologies for both wine making and selling processes. There have been many attempts to construct a more methodical approach to the assessment of wines, but most of them rely on objective decision rather than subjective judgement. In this paper, we propose a data mining approach to predict human wine taste preferences that is based on easily available analytical tests at the certification step. We used sequential forward selection and decision tree for this purpose. Experiments with the wine quality dataset from the UC Irvine Machine Learning Repository demonstrate the accuracies of 76.7% and 78.7% for red and white wines respectively.

Wine Making using Campbell Early Grape with Different Yeasts (효모의 종류를 달리한 캠벨 얼리 포도 발효주의 제조)

  • Kim, Kyeong-Hwan;Han, Gi-Dong
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.43-48
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    • 2011
  • Physicochemical and organoleptic characteristics of Campbell Early red wines made by traditional method were investigated. The pH values of all Campbell Early red wines were ranged 3.0~3.3 during fermentation. The acidity value of Campbell Early red wine made by traditional method was 0.4~0.9%. Sucrose and alcohol contents were 6~7 Brix and 13.2~14.4% at the end of fermentation, respectively. Campbell Early red wine had the high sensory scores for color, aroma, taste, sharpness, after taste, and overall balance. Because Campbell Early red grapes are well fermented due to the rich fermentative sugar content, Campbell Early red wines made by adding EC-1118 yeast were shown to be the most appropriate.

A Literature Review of Traditional Foods in Korean Festivals in the Joseon Dynasty (조선시대 세시음식(歲時飮食)에 대한 문헌적 고찰)

  • Oh, Soon-Duk
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.32-49
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    • 2012
  • This paper reviews 14 studies of the Joseon Dynasty(1392~1909) to examine the traditional Korean foods in Korean festivals. A total of 12 studies mentioned Seollal, Daeboreum, Dongji, Nappyeng as festivals involving. Traditional foods 10, Yudu, 9, Sambok and Junggujeol, 8, Chuseok and Seotdalgeummeum, 7, Samjinnal, Chopail, and Dano, 5, Jungwon, and 4, Hansik. In terms of the types of traditional foods, 13 studies mentioned red bean gruel, 12, Yaksik, 11, Tteokguk, 10, sudan and dog meat, 8, the custom of cracking the outer shell of different types of nuts, 7, Guibagisul(an ear-quickening wine), rice cakes(azalea hwajeon, zelkova rice cake, bean and turnip rice cake), 6, a chrysanthemum cakes, 5, Songpyeon, charunbeung(wagon-wheel rice cake), chrysanthemum wine, and sparrow meat, 4, Gangjeong, red bean grue, wine and snack, Jeonyak, 3, rice cakes, the making of soy sauce, Nabyak, roasted hare meat, foods for guests during, New Year festivities and rice cakes. The most frequently recorded festival foods were rice cakes and wine in various forms. This paper's review of ancient documents from the Joseon Dynasty provides a better understanding of Korea's folk customs, particularly traditional foods. In addition, this paper's findings are expected to help sustain Korea's traditional customs and foods and facilitrate the spread of Korea's food culture worldwide.

Improvement in Sensory Characteristics of Campbell Early Wine by Adding Dual Starters of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Oenococcus oeni

  • Yoo, Ki-Seon;Kim, Ji-Eun;Seo, Eun-Young;Kim, Yu-Jin;Choi, Hwa-Young;Yoon, Hyang-Sik;Kim, Myoung-Dong;Han, Nam-Soo
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.1121-1127
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    • 2010
  • This study was performed to investigate the effects of adding a dual starter on the chemical and sensory characteristics of red wine made of Campbell Early grape. The yeast starter, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and lactic acid bacteria (LAB) starter, Oenococcus oeni, were used for inoculation in the winemaking process for alcoholic fermentation and malolactic fermentation (MLF), respectively. After 200 days of incubation, the chemical compositions of yeast/LAB-added wine (YL-wine) were compared with those of no-starter-added wine (control) and yeast-added wine (Y-wine). The results show that no significant differences were observed in pH, total sugar, and alcohol content among the wine samples, but the malic acid content in YL-wine was significantly reduced, and various esters and higher alcohols were synthesized. The sensory test revealed that the addition of dual starters resulted in improved overall acceptability in wine. This study emphasizes the importance of O. oeni in addition to yeast in making Campbell Early wine.

Studies on the Grape Variety and the Selection of Yeast Strain for Wine-making in Korea (국내포도주(國內葡萄酒) 생산(生産)을 위(爲)한 포도(葡萄)의 품종(品種) 선택(選擇) 및 최적(最適) 효모(酵母) 균주(菌株)의 선발(選拔)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Park, Yun-Hee
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.219-227
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    • 1975
  • In order to investigate the possibility of wine-making with the grape variety cultivating in Korea, the basic analysises were carried out; analysis of the grape maturity during ripening period, the composition of grape juice, and the chemical components of wine from different varieties. Also the yeasts existing naturally on the grape were isolated and identified. For the selection of strain, the characteristics of 6 strains were studied. The results obtained were summarized as follows. 1. The reducing sugar content increased considerably during two weeks after the ordinary grape-gathering period. 2. The sugar content was highest in Muscat bailey A, which could be fermented naturally. The other varieties, Campbell Early, Steuben, and Alden needed chaptalisation for wine-making. 3. The permanaganate number and the methanol content of wine from all varieties were lower than french wine. 4. The sensory evaluation of wine showed that the pink wine was appreciated better than the red wine of same variety and the foxy taste of wine from hybrid grape influenced little to Korean. 5. The selected 6 strains were identified as Saccharomyces chevaliers, Saccharomyces capensis and Saccharomyces globosus. The strain No. 3 and No. 4 showed the most excellent characters for wine-making.

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Wine quality grading by near infrared spectroscopy.

  • Dambergs, Robert G.;Kambouris, Ambrosias;Schumacher, Nathan;Francis, I. Leigh;Esler, Michael B.;Gishen, Mark
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Near Infrared Spectroscopy Conference
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    • pp.1253-1253
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    • 2001
  • The ability to accurately assess wine quality is important during the wine making process, particularly when allocating batches of wines to styles determined by consumer requirements. Grape payments are often determined by the quality category of the wine that is produced from them. Wine quality, in terms of sensory characteristics, is normally a subjective measure, performed by experienced winemakers, wine competition judges or winetasting panellists. By nature, such assessments can be biased by individual preferences and may be subject to day-to-day variation. Taste and aroma compounds are often present in concentrations below the detection limit of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy but the more abundant organic compounds offer potential for objective quality grading by this technique. Samples were drawn from one of Australia's major wine shows and from BRL Hardy's post-vintage wine quality allocation tastings. The samples were scanned in transmission mode with a FOSS NIR Systems 6500, over the wavelength range 400-2500 ㎚. Data analysis was performed with the Vision chemometrics package. With samples from the allocation tastings, the best correlations between NIR spectra and tasting data were obtained with dry red wines. These calibrations used loadings in the wavelengths related to anthocyanins, ethanol and possibly tannins. Anthocyanins are a group of compounds responsible for colour in red wines - restricting the wavelengths to those relating to anthocyanins produced calibrations of similar accuracy to those using the full wavelength range. This was particularly marked with Merlot, a variety that tends to have relatively lower anthocyanin levels than Cabernet Sauvignon and Shiraz. For dry white wines, calibrations appeared to be more dependent on ethanol characteristics of the spectrum, implying that quality correlated with fruit maturity. The correlations between NIR spectra and sensory data obtained using the wine show samples were less significant in general. This may be related to the fact that within most classes in the show, the samples may span vintages, glowing areas and winemaking styles, even though they may be made from only one grape variety. For dry red wines, the best calibrations were obtained with a class of Pinot Noir - a variety that tends to be produced in limited areas in Australia and would represent the least matrix variation. Good correlations were obtained with a tawny port class - these wines are sweet, fortified wines, that are aged for long periods in wooden barrels. During the ageing process Maillard browning compounds are formed and the water is lost through the barrels in preference to ethanol, producing “concentrated” darkly coloured wines with high alcohol content. These calibrations indicated heaviest loadings in the water regions of the spectrum, suggesting that “concentration” of the wines was important, whilst the visible and alcohol regions of the spectrum also featured as important factors. NIR calibrations based on sensory scores will always be difficult to obtain due to variation between individual winetasters. Nevertheless, these results warrant further investigation and may provide valuable Insight into the main parameters affecting wine quality.

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Studies on the Production of Elderberry Wine (Elderberry Wine 제조(製造)에 관(關)하여)

  • No, Hong-Kyoon;Kim, Dong-Seok;Yu, Tai-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.242-253
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    • 1980
  • This experiment was carried out to evaluate the possibility of wine-making with Elderberry cultivated in Korea. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. The Elderberry fruits were composed of 82.8% moisture, 0.82% crude fat, 3.73% crude protein and 0.83% crude ash. 2. The Elderberry juices were composed of 9.2% sugar, 0.62% total acidity (as tartaric acid), pH 4. 46 and the percentage juice extraction ratio from fruits was 61.4%. 3. In fermentation experiments carried out with two strains, Saccharomyces cerevisiae ellipsoideus showed better characteristics for wine-making than Saccharomyces cerevisiae montrachet. 4. In fermentation experiments carried out with Saccharomyces cerevisiae ellipsoideus under different storage conditions, frozen fruits showed better characteristics for wine-making than dried fruits. 5. In fermentation experiments carried out with Saccharomyces cerevisiae ellipsoideus under different pressing times, red wine and pink wine showed little difference. 6. The results of organic acid contents determined by gas chromatography showed that citric acid was the main acid for frozen fruit, and lactic acid for both dried fruit and wines. 7. Sensory evaluation showed that the wine pressed at the 3rd day had the best palatability but the wine fermented with the dried fruits had the worst among the tested.

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The Fermentation Properties of Red Wine using Active Dry Yeast Strains (활성건조효모를 이용한 포도주의 발효 특성)

  • Moon Young-Ja;Lee Myung-Soon;Sung Chang-Keun
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.450-457
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    • 2004
  • In wine making, to perform yeast culture effectively, which is the most important factor, 5 strains of representative active dry yeasts were selected : Montrachet, Pasteur Champagne, Epernay II, Prise do Mousse, Lalvin W15. The results about fermentation properties were as follows. After 1 day of fermentation, the ethanol contents of Lalvin W15 wine and Montrachet wine were 5.4% and 4.0%. After 2 days of fermentation, the ethanol content of Lalvin W15 wine was 9.2%, which is the highest degree among all experimental groups. As for the content of sugar solution, the wine fermented by Lalvin W15 was the highest one. In acidic solution, fermentation activity of Prise de Mousse, Lalvin W15, Montrachet were highest degrees and Red wine fermentation activity of Prise de Mousse has shown the highest degree in its fermentation activity, if only initial SO$_2$ amounts were 200 ppm. In regard to the foaming tendency during fermentation, the size of foams in Montrachet was big and the amount of foams was a lot. The change in Brix during the fermentation became evident after two days. The Brix of Montrachet wine and Lalvin W15 wine was 3.0, a high initial fermentation speed. After 10 days of fermentation, total acidity of Lalvin W15 wine was 0.99g/100m1, the highest degree. After 3 days of fermentation, the ethanol content of Lalvin W15 wine was 7.4%, the highest degree. But after 9 days of fermentation Epernay II showed the higher ethanol concentration to 13.8%.

Physicochemical Properties of Red Wine using Active Dry Yeast Strains (활성건조효모를 이용한 양조주의 이화학적 특성)

  • 이명순;문영자;성창근
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.203-208
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    • 2003
  • In wine making, to perform yeast culture effectively that is the most important factor, 5 (Montrachet, Pasteur Champagne, Epernay II, prise de Mousse, Lalvin W15) representative active dry yeasts were selected. These are results about physicochemical properties. As a consequence of examining the survival rate in both 17% ethanol solution and 200ppm sulfite solution after 72 hours, Lalvin W15 strain was the highest among the 5 representative active dry yeasts. Moreover, in 1% citric acid solution, the survival rate of Pasteur Champagne after 72 hours was the highest one. As a result of experiment of red wine that is fermented by 5 different active dry yeasts, the highest one of total acidity was must of Lalvin W15. And then, the must of the Epernay II contains the highest ethanol content. Regarding of the content of organic acid, the wine that is fermented by Prise de mousse was the highest one and the order could be explained by Tartaric > Malic > Citric.