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Effects of Fresh Yellow Onion Consumption on CEA, CA125 and Hepatic Enzymes in Breast Cancer Patients: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

  • Jafarpour-Sadegh, Farnaz;Montazeri, Vahid;Adili, Ali;Esfehani, Ali;Rashidi, Mohammad-Reza;Mesgari, Mehran;Pirouzpanah, Saeed
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.17
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    • pp.7517-7522
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    • 2015
  • Onion (Allium cepa) consumption has been remarked in folk medicine which has not been noted to be administered so far as an adjunct to conventional doxorubicin-based chemotherapy in breast cancer patients. To our knowledge, this is the first study aimed to investigate the effects of consuming fresh yellow onions on hepatic enzymes and cancer specific antigens compared with a low-onion containing diet among breast cancer (BC) participants treated with doxorubicin. This parallel design randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 56 BC patients whose malignancy was confirmed with histopathological examination. Subjects were assigned in a stratified-random allocation into either group received body mass index dependent 100-160 g/d of onion as high onion group (HO; n=28) or 30-40 g/d small onion in low onion group (LO; n=28) for eight weeks intervention. Participants, care givers and laboratory assessor were blinded to the assignments (IRCT registry no: IRCT2012103111335N1). The compliance of participants in the analysis was appropriate (87.9%). Comparing changes throughout pre- and post-dose treatments indicated significant controls on carcinoembryonic antigen, cancer antigen-125 and alkaline phosphatase levels in the HO group (P<0.05). Our findings for the first time showed that regular onion administration could be effective for hepatic enzyme conveying adjuvant chemotherapy relevant toxicity and reducing the tumor markers in BC during doxorubicin-based chemotherapy.

Characteristics of Flavor and Functionality of Bacillus subtilis K-20 Chunggukjang (Bacillus subtilis K-20에 의한 청국장의 향미성분 및 기능성식품에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Sook;Jung, Hyuck-Jun;Park, Young-Sook;Yu, Tae-Shick
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.475-478
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    • 2003
  • Bacillus subtilis K-20 chunggukjang is widely used in making soy sauces and bean pastes which are Korean traditional fermented foods. Bacillus subtilis K-20 chunggukjang was cultured, and fermented at $40^{\circ}C$ and 90% humidity for 96 hr after homogenizing with garlic, garlic and onion, and garlic, onion, and ginger. As a result, a product with pizza flavor and taste was obtained from Bacillus subtilis K-20. This product could be used as a functional food to promote immunity.

Flavor Profile of French Type Sald Dressings (프렌치 타입 샐러드 드레싱의 향미 프로필)

  • Kim, Hye-Young
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.238-241
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    • 1994
  • Flavor profiles on regular and low-calorie French type salad dressings were carried out in the two different temperatures(5$^{\circ}C$ and 25$^{\circ}C$). Data collected through consensus discussion. Panelists found less oil flavor and after-taste in the low-calorie dressing, which was to be expected, since water has been substituted for oil to reduce the calories. The two salad dressing had a moderate aroma and flavor of cider venegar, with a slight taste of distilled vinegar. It was balanced by a tomato flavor consisting of tomato paste, tomato sauce, and tomato juice. There were slight aroma and flavor of spices, including onion and galic, and a moderateamount of oil in the regular dressing. The overall sweet and sour flavor impression were in the low-moderate range, and were well balanced. The amplitude of the low calorie dressing was moderate, being slightly higher than that of the regular dressing. Temperature effects seemed to influence more one the low-calorie samples than regular samples.

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A Exploratory Study on the Development of Star Menus in the Western Restaurants of the Hotels Focused on the Tourism Hotels in Seoul (호텔 양식당의 스타메뉴 개발에 관한 탐색적 연구 -서울지역 특1급 호텔을 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Eun-Jung;Lee, Jong-Kil
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.629-637
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    • 2006
  • This exploratory study is to analyze the status of star menus and suggest the development strategy of star menus in the western restaurants of the tourism hotels in Seoul. The data was collected from the chefs who have been working over 15-years in tourism hotels in Seoul by judgement sampling. The questionnaire was composed of Miller and Pavesic's 'Fifty tips for a successful menu' and Khan's 'The evaluation of menu item development', The 30-menu items were selected from the 1st survey on the menu items that were high in both popularity and contribution margin by menu engineering method. The selected menu items were analyzed by 14 lists: simplicity, ready availability of ingredients, quality, flavor, presentation, preparation, service method, nutrition quality, preference, profitability, serving temperature, descriptive copy of menu and publicity. As a result of the study, appetizer category was recorded the highest score by 4.09. Smoked salmon, Tomato and mozzarella cheese, Cream of mushroom, Cream of asparagus, French onion soup, Grilled beef tenderloin, Grilled rib-eye steak, Roasted lamb rack, King prawn, Seafood spaghetti, Chef's salad, Caesar salad, Organic salad, Fruit plate, Italian tiramisu and Yogurt ice cream were recorded high score. The development strategy of star menu is belows : the menu writer must consider the productivity, effectiveness, popularity and profitability, the regular customers want varieties and creativity in the menu and the operators have to include the star menu items in the set menu.

A Historical Study of Korean Traditional Radish Kimchi (한국의 무김치에 관한 역사적 고찰)

  • Cho, Woo-Kyoun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.428-455
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    • 2010
  • Radish kimchi is a typical side-dish in Korean traditional food and is a way of keeping vegetables for a extended period using fermentation. This study examined the classification, usage, eating history, variety, and recipes of Korean radish kimchi through ancient and modern era literature. The Korean radish kimchi were categorized into six groups: kkakttugi, seokbakji (or nabakkimchi), dongchimi, jjanji, jangachi, and jangkwa. According to the record, the eating history of radish kimchi comes from before the age of the Three Kingdom period. Radish was preserved in salt, vinegar, soybean paste or lees of fermented liquor in the early times. This pickled radish was not supposed to be watery. Radish kimchi was divided into watery kimchi (dongchimi) during the period of United Silla and the Koryo Dynasty. Kimchi was mixed with Chinese cabbage to make seokbakji or nabakkimchi. Up to the early Chosun Dynasty, the key ingredient of kimchi was radish. After the middle of the Chosun Dynasty, kimchi was mixed with red pepper powder, salted fish, soybean sauce, and various ingredients. There were many kinds of radish kimchi during the late Chosun Dynasty. In the 11 Korean recipe books published within the past 100 years, there are nine kinds of kkakttugi, three kinds of seokbakji, four kinds of dongchimi, three kinds of jjanji, nine kinds of jangachi, and five kinds of jangkwa. Kkakttugi (cubed, sliced or julienne radish) was pickled with salt, red pepper powder, garlic, green onion, oyster, sugar, salted fish, and more. Seokbakji and nabakkimchi were not as salty, so they could not be preserved as long. Dongchimi (watery radish kimchi without red pepper powder) was made of radish, water, salt, 18 side ingredients, 13 condiments, and seven garnishes. Jjanji was pickled to be very salty and was eaten during summer. Jangachi can be used as a regular side dish and is made of radish or dried radish slices pickled or seasoned with salt, soy sauce, vinegar, soybean paste, lees of fermented liquor, and spices. Jangkwa is used as a stir-fry method and has been segregated from jangachi relatively recently.

Examination about the Television's Role of Nutrition Education through Content Analysis of Nutrition-related Programs (영양관련 프로그램의 내용분석을 통한 텔레비전의 영양교육적 역할의 검토)

  • 이정원;이보경
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.642-654
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    • 1998
  • In order to examine the television(TV)'s role of nutrition education and the nutritional interests and problems of the general public in the 1990s, a comtents analysis was done on two nutrition-related TV programs, a regular round-table talk show and a newscast. Broadcast from January 1993 to July 1997 and from January 1997 to July f1997, respectively. Nutrition-related information was classified into five categories. Food and nutrient(39.5%) and diseases(34.7%) were most frequently telecasted, which were followed by food habits and general health(13.0%), traditional dishes and cookery(8.2%), and food sanitation and safety(4.6%). In becoming the latest year, some trends in the issues displayed increased telecasts about disease, dish and cookery, and food safety, while the telecasting of food and nutrient decreased. The contents about the relations hip between life-style(including diet) and chronic degenerative diseases and the importance of balanced diets and regualr meals for health promotion became particularly emphasized. Overall, two TV programs provided the public with positive, practical, and sometimes practive nutrition education messages for improving eating life and health care. They also raised the public's awareness of the nutritional importance of Korean staple foods such as rice, kimchi, seaweed, and soysauce, and they sometimes satified the audience's curiosities by introducing Korean food culture or foods of Buddhist priests. When the accident of food toxicity occurred concrete information about how to manage it was rapidly given to the public. In addition they played a role in food balance policy by telecasting over-product foods such as garlic and onion. However some negative points appeared. Telecasts on milk and its products and diabetes mellitus showed the least frequently. These shows should be broadcast more often considering the present nutrition and health problems in Korea. Some functions or effects of foods were mostly explained by only physicians of Chinese medicine. Sometimes misinformed, unclear, overemphasized, biased, or unfair information was televised to the public. If these problems could be solved through the sincere cooperation between nutrition faculty and TV produces, become televison could a more complete and effective medium for educating the public about nutrition.

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Residual Activity and Effect of Soil Applied Herbicides on Succeeding Crops in Vegetable Field - 1. Residual Activity and Effect of Applied Herbicides on Succeeding Crops in Winter Crops - (주요(主要) 채소용(菜蔬用) 제초제(除草劑)의 토양중(土壤中)에서의 잔효(殘效)와 후작물(後作物)에 미치는 영향(影響) - 제(第)1보(報) 월동작물(越冬作物)에 처리(處理)한 제초제(除草劑)의 잔효(殘效)와 후작물(後作物)에의 영향(影響) -)

  • Ryang, H.S.;Moon, Y.H.;Choi, E.S.;Jang, M.S.;Lee, J.H.
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.32-49
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    • 1991
  • Residual period and carry-over effect of some herbicides were determined using a bioassay method in five winter crops (chinese cabbage, radish, spinach, onion and garlic). The effects were measured at regular time intervals after applling different rates of the herbicides. There were no great differences in residual period and carry-over injury between the soils and kinds of crops used. However, the residual period varied with the herbicides studied and the carry-over injury was rate of the herbicide application, sampling depth of soil, and kind and seeding date of the test plant. When the residual herbicides were applied, the carry-over injury could be minimized by selecting tolerant crops, delaying seeding of the crops after application of the herbicides, and regulating the cultivation depth. Herbicides which showed no residual effect by the end of the cropping period (200-240 days for winter crops) and no carry-over effect were alachlor, trifluralin, ethalfluralin and prometryn. When pendimethalin, metolachlor, linuron and methabenthiazuron were applied at the recommended rate or less, there was no carry-over injury at harvesting time. With doubling the recommended rate, however, the carry-over effect was found in sensitive crops. Napropamide applied in winter crops at rate of 150-300g a.i./10a brought about carry-over injury for such Gramineae as Italian ryegrass, direct-seeded rice and barley, whereas the injury was not found in lowland-transplanted rice, Cruciferae, Cucurbitaceae and Solanaceae. Long residual herbicide nitralin applied at the rate of 75g a.i./10a caused the carry-over injury for Italian ryegrass, direct-seeded rice, baley and lowland-transplanted rice at 275 days in winter crops. In addition, a slight injury occurred in sesame, perilla and spinach, However, there was no injury for Cruciferae, Cucurbitaceae and Solanaceae.

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