• Title, Summary, Keyword: removal rate of residual pesticides

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Removal Efficiency of Residual Pesticides During Processing of Perilla Jangachi preparation (깻잎장아찌 제조과정 중의 잔류농약 제거 효과 연구)

  • Nam, Sang-Min;Lee, Hye-Ran;Lee, Jong-Mee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.562-568
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    • 2003
  • This study was performed to study the removal efficiency of residual organophosphorus pesticides with process for making Perilla Jangachi. Two organophosphorus pesticides(chlorpyrifos-methyl and fenitrothion) were artificially attached to Perilla leaves. Then Perilla leaves were washed with detergent solution for 1minute and rinsed 2 times each for 1 minutes. After washing with neutral detergent solution, Perilla Jangachi was made with 2 steps of optimal condition. As a pretreatment, when soaked with 2% salt concentration solution for 42hours, the removal rate of residual pesticides was 81.75% of chlorpyrifos-methyl and 76.82% of fenitrothion. When Perilla leaves were steamed for 72 seconds after soaking, it became 88.94% and 82.19%, respectively. Finally, after making optimal Perilla Jangachi with 27% onion contents, removal rate was 89.12% of chlorpyrifos-methyl and 82.76% of fenitrothion. Consequently, it appeared that the process for making Perilla Jangachi effectively removed the residual pesticides of Perilla leaves.

A Study on Removal Effect of Residual Pesticide on Adsorbent (흡착제에 의한 잔류농약 제거효과에 관한 연구)

  • An, Jung-hyeok;Kim, Joon-bum;Kwon, Young-du;Jeon, Choong;Park, Kwang-ha
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.537-544
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    • 2007
  • This study was carried out to investigate adsorption characteristics of residual pesticides on an adsorbent. $Bauxsol^{TM}$ and mackban-stone as adsorbent were used. Analytical method for residual pesticides was established by GC/NPD and $GC/{\mu}ECD$. Pesticides used in this study were ${\alpha}$-endosulfan, ${\beta}$-endosulfan, pendimethalin and chlorpyrifos-methyl, fenitrothion, and recovery rates were more than 97%. Adsorption rate on an adsorbent was decreased in order of endosulfan, chlorpyrifos-methyl, pendimethalin, fenitrothion. Organochlorine pesticides showed higher removal rate than the other pesticides. $Bauxsol^{TM}$ gave both chemical decomposition and physical adsorption. Mackban-stone gave only physical adsorption on the other hand. The high pH and chloric ions structure of eluted solution have greatly affected at chemical resolution. The removal rate of pesticides was increased due to the physical property of adsorbent, i.e. high porosity. The above adsorbent is to be a candidate to remove residual pesticides in water and pond of links.

Removal Study of Residual Pesticides Existing in Vegetables Using Ozone (오존을 이용한 채소류내 잔류농약 제거연구)

  • 박영규;안준수
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.27-32
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    • 2000
  • The hydrolysis of pesticides by ozone was studied using the ozone generator manufactured for home appliance. Ozone was treated to remove the residual pesticides in the vegetables such as lettuce, cabbage, spinach and Japanses parsely. The experimental results were optimistic with removal efficiency of more than 50%, but its achievement depends on the operational hours of zone generator and chemical structures of pesticides. This report was determined as an optimal conditions for the removal rate of pesticides as follows: ozone input concentration in the contactor was $2mg/{\ell}$, ozone contact time was at least 30 min without washing vegetables, but it was OK at 10 min in case that number of washing increases.

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Optimized Washing Method for Performance Improvement of a Washing Machine for Boxthorn Berries (구기자 세척기의 세척성능 향상을 위한 최적 세척방법 구명)

  • Kim, Woong;Lee, Seung-Kee;Jo, Hee-Jae;Han, Jae Woong
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.187-194
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to define the optimal boxthorn berries washing method for developing the boxthorn berries cleaner. We analyzed the rate of removal of residual pesticides according to washing methods; 1st - habitual washing method, 2nd - drum rotation washing method, 3th - drum rotation and air bubble washing method, 4th - drum rotation and nozzle spray washing method, 5th - drum rotation and air bubble and nozzle spray washing method. A rate of removal of residual pesticides of 88% was detected in the drum rotation and air bubble and nozzle spray washing method, and a rate of 82% was detected in the habitual washing method. The drum rotation and air bubble and nozzle spray washing method appeared to be the best good washing effect compared to the habitual washing method(about 6% compared to 82.0% higher). Clothianidin Triadimefon, Triforine ingredients, the drum rotation and air bubble and nozzle spray washing method efficiency was lower compared to the habitual washing method removal efficiency.

Removal Rate of Residual Pesticides in Perilla Leaves with Various Washing Methods (수세 방법에 따른 깻잎의 잔류농약 제거율 연구)

  • Lee, Jong-Mee;Lee, Hye-Ran;Nam, Sang-Min
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.586-590
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    • 2003
  • Removal rates of residual organic phosphorous pesticides (chlorpyrifos-methyl and fenitrothion) in Perilla leaves by various washing methods were determined. The removal rates using stagnant tap water were 20.05 and 17.70% for chlorpyrifos-methyl and fenitrothion, whereas 44.28 and 39.10% using flowing tap water, and 19.14 and 15.43% using activated carbon-added stagnant tap water, respectively. Activated carbon-added flowing stagnant tap water removed 25.29 and 15.43% of chlorpyrifos-methyl and fenitrothion, and removal rates were 53.51 and 50.62% with alkaline solution and 30.25 and 28.09% with acidic solution, respectively. With neutral detergent solution, removal rates were 81.52 and 76.56% for chlorpyrifos-methyl and fenitrothion, respectively. Results revealed washing method using neutral detergent solution was most effective for removing residual pesticides.

Effect of Aqueous Chlorine Dioxide Treatment on the Decomposition of Pesticide Residues (이산화염소수 처리에 의한 잔류농약 분해 효과)

  • Kim, Kyu-Ri;Song, Kyung-Bin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.601-604
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to examine the effect of aqueous chlorine dioxide treatment as a washing method on removal of pesticide residues. Three pesticides of chlorpyrifos, diazinon, and metalaxyl, which are commonly used in vegetable crops, were treated with 10, 50, and 100 ppm of aqueous chlorine dioxide and decomposition of the pesticides was determined using gas chromatography. Three pesticides used in this study were decomposed by aqueous chlorine dioxide treatment and removal rate was proportional to treatment time as well as concentration of aqueous chlorine dioxide. In particular, 100 ppm of aqueous chlorine dioxide treatment decreased the pesticides efficiently. In addition, lettuce was treated by dipping in distilled water and 100 ppm aqueous chlorine dioxide, respectively, and was compared regarding removal efficiency of the pesticides. The results revealed that washing with 100 ppm aqueous chlorine dioxide for 10 min was the most effective for removing the pesticides. These results suggest that aqueous chlorine dioxide can be used as a washing method of fresh produce to remove the residual of pesticides.

Phytoremediation of the pesticides, endosulfan (${\alpha}$ and ${\beta}$) and fenitrothion, using aquatic plants (수생식물을 이용한 엔도설판(${\alpha},\;{\beta}$) 및 페니트로치온의 제거)

  • Kim, Jong-Hyang;Lee, Bang-Hee;Hur, Jong-Sou;Lee, Geun-Seon;Koh, Sung-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.249-256
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    • 2010
  • A phytoremediation study has been conducted to see if some known aquatic plants can remove the pesticides, endosulfan-${\alpha},\;{\beta}$ and fenitrothion which are frequently used in the crop protection and golf course management, and are likely to exist as residual pollutants in the aquatic ecosystems. Among the five aquatic plants tested in the microcosms, water lily Nymphaea tetragona Georgi showed the highest degradation efficacies (85~95%) for the three pesticides as opposed to the control(13~26%). The efficacies for the other plants were in the range of 46~80% in the order of Pistia stratiotes, Cyperus helferi, Eichhornia crassipes, and Iris pseudoacorus. Fenitrothion, an organo-phosphorus pesticide, was much more vulnerable to the phytoremediation than the organo-chlorine pesticides, endosulfan-${\alpha}$ and endosulfan-${\beta}$. The kinetic rate constants ($min^{-1}$) for removal of the three pesticides were more than 10 times higher than the control (non-planting) in case of Nymphaea tetragona Georgi. This aquatic plant showed kinetic rate constants about 2 times as much as the lower kinetic rate constants shown by Iris pseudoacorus. The reason for the highest degradation efficacy of water lily would be that the plant can live in the sediment and possess roots and broad leaves which could absorb or accumulate and degrade more pollutants in association with microbes. These results indicate that some of the selected aquatic plants planted near the agricultural lands and wetlands could contribute to remediation of pesticides present in these places, and could be applicable to protection of the aquatic ecosystems.

Studies on the Residues of Diazinon, Fenitrothion, and EPN in apple and removal of Pesticide Residues by Storing, Peeling and Washing (사과 중 Diazinon, Fenitrothion, EPN의 잔류량과 저장, 각피 및 세척에 의한 잔류농약 제거에 관한 연구)

  • 김순희;정규철
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.89-108
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    • 1991
  • Organophosphorus pesticide residues such as Diazinon, Fenitrothion and EPN in apple and effect of storage peeling and washing on removal of the residues from apple soaked in 3 kinds of pesticides solutions for 20 seconds were studed with gas chromatography-nitrogen phosphorus detecter(GC-NPD). Result obtained are as follows : 1) Average concentrations of DiaEinon, Fenitrothion, and EPN detected in apple of control group were 0.022, 0.007 and 0.008 ppm respectively. 2) Decreasing rates of Diazinon on 7 th, 14 th, 21 st, 28 th, and 35 th day after soaking apple on the pesticide solution were 41.3% , 68.6% , 87.0%, 96.9% and 99.5% respectively. In case of Fenitrothion were 46.9%, 66.3%, 84.9%, 93.2% and 97.3% and EPN were 45.7 %, 76.2%, 85.4%, 95.7% and 99.4% respectively. 3) The removal rate of Diazinon, Fenitrothion and EPN by washing with water alone were 93.7%, 70.6% and 51.5% respectively, and 97.1% , 78.4% ailed 76.5% by washing with 0.2% detergent solution respectively. The results obtained in this study have show that 3 kinds of pesticides detected in app- les were below the Korean standard for residual pesticides and pesticides contaminated in apples were decreased in considerable degree by washing with water and 2% detergent solution and removed almost completely after storage for 35 days (5 weeks). Therefore, it would be concluded that washing and peeling will be the most effective way for safely because more than 90% of pesticide exist in peel.

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A Study on Residual Pesticides in Commercial Fruits & Vegetables (시중 유통 과채류 중의 잔류농약에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Gook;Lim, Tae-Gon;Park, Sang-Su;Heo, Nam-Chil;Hong, Suk-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.763-771
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    • 2000
  • The 88 kinds of pesticide residues were analyzed in 12 kinds(289 samples) of fruits and vegetables brought at department store & mart in Kwangju from Feburary to September in 1999. The detection rate of pesticide residue in 12 kinds(289 samples) of fruits and vegetables was 21.1%, and the rate exceeds standard was 5.2%. The order of highly exceed rate in fruits and vegetables were perilla leaf, lettuce, spinach and chickery. The order of pesticide which founded frequently in fruits and vegetables were procymidone, endosulfan, vinclozoline, chlorpyrifos, cyprermethrin, pirimiphos-M, fenvalerate, fenarimol, and monocrotophos. And that of pesticide which exceed highly standard were procymidone, vinclozolin, endosulfan, pirimiphos-M, fenarimol, monocrotophos, etc. Eight different washing methods were compared for removal efficiencies of residual pesticides(procymidone, vinclozoline) on the perilla leap, the lettuce, the spinach, the strawberry, and the minitomato. Residual pesticides such as procymidone and vinclozoline were removed most efficiently by ultrasonic washing.

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Removal Effects of Organic-Phosphorus Pesticide Residue in lettuce by washing methods (세척방법에 따른 상추중 유기인 잔류농약의 제거효과)

  • Ko, Bok-Sil;Jeon, Tae-Hwan;Jung, Kyu-Saeng;Lee, Sung-Kook
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.159-171
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    • 1996
  • It is investigated to determine the removal efficiency of organic - phosphorus insecticide residues in lettuce by washing processes, the 5 washing solution (stagnant tap water, flowing tap water, alkaline solution, acidic solution) were used with the washing time(10, 30, 50sec) and frequencies(1, 2, 3 washing, 2 rinsing). The removal efficiency of residual pesticides by 5 washing methods was increased on the more washing time and frequency, and also was the highest on the 3 times washing for each 50 sec. The removal rate with stagnant tap water was 33.7% of Diazinon, 45.7% of Dimethoate and 24.6% of Fenitrothion, but 29.4% of Diazinon, 37.7% of Dimethoate and 24.5% of Fenitrothion with flowing tap water. Therefore, the former was significantly higher effective than the latter one. The removal rate of residual pesticides with alkaline solution showed 32.1% of Diazinon, 49.5% of Dimethoate and 29.9% of Fenitrothion, and 30.4% of Diazinon, 36.4% of Dimethoate and 21.0% of Fenitrothion with acidic solution. The washing efficiency of neutral detergent showed the most effective result than others with 47.1% of Diazinon, 58.0% of Dimethoate and 39.5% of Fenitrothion. Consequently, it's appeared that the neural detergent washing was the most effective method on the 3 times washing for each 50 sec.

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