• Title, Summary, Keyword: research methods

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Research Methods and Library & Information Spence Education (연구방법론 과목의 교육내용 및 현황분석)

  • 박소연
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.259-326
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    • 2002
  • Research methods is an integral component of a field and plays a crucial role for the development of a field. Three areas are explored to assess research methods in Korean library and information science (US) graduate programs: (1) comparison of research methods'courses across Korean LIS graduate programs; (2) content analysis of the trend of research methods education; (3) comparison of research methods'courses between the U.S. and Korean library and information science graduate programs.

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The library & information science research in Korea and ethnographic method (한국문헌정보학 연구와 문화기술적 방법)

  • 김정근;이용재
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.24
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    • pp.107-161
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    • 1996
  • This study aims at introducing 'ethnography' which is one of the most representative qualitative research methods into Library and Information Science research in Korea.. Ethnography, derived from anthropology, helps researchers to understand the whole and deep aspect of the research object. That is because the researcher puts himself into the life-world of the research object and observes it for a long time. Ethnography can be used as an alternative method to quantitative research methods. Until now, Library and Information Science research in Korea has used quantitative research methods in almost every case. From the 1980s so-called 'scientific methods' using hypotheses testing, have provided the major premise for research methodology in Library and Information Science of Korea. And the researchers have seen their research object(Korean Libraries) not in the native perspective but largely in the western(especially American) perspective. There is a need in Korea for more culturally relative research. So the desirability of introducing ethnography and other qualitative research methods into Library and Information Science research in Korea can be summarized as follows : I. Ethnography and other qualitative methods are needed for the researchers to overcome the limitation of quantitative methods which have formed the main methodological paradigm in Library and Information Science research in Korea. While those quantitative scientific methods can be a n.0, pplied to the social sciences, they are not adequate for the social sciences. It is because the research objects of the social sciences are human and social phenomena. II. It is needed that Library and Information Science research in Korea pay more attention to the speciality of Korean libraries. To do researches based on the viewpoint of cultural-relativism, researchers should consider the cultural context of Korean libraries. During the past years researchers in other social science fields in Korea, especially sociology and pedagogy, have gradually a n.0, pplied the methods of ethnography to their fields. These social scientists have attempted to escape from ethnocentrism, a problem which has greatly influenced past and present research methods. To get a holistic and in-depth understanding of Korean libraries on the present stage, and to solve their problems radically, it seems imperative that Library and Information Science research in Korea pay more attention to qualitative research methods such as ethnography.

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Analysis on Mixed Methods Research in Mathematics Education: A Qualitative Approach (초등수학교육에 적용된 혼합연구법의 특성 및 시사점에 대한 연구)

  • Na, Janghaum;Kim, Jinho
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.177-192
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    • 2017
  • In theory, mixed methods that incorporate both quantitative and qualitative approaches can maximize strengths of each method while minimize the short comings of each. Mixed methods research is a feature of educational research nowadays, and the number of studies applied mixed methods research has been gradually increasing. This study investigates how mixed methods research was applied in the field of mathematic education, especially focusing on how qualitative and quantitative methods are combined to best address their research questions. With this in mind, this study carefully selects and analyzes 4 research articles that used mixed methods and were published by Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea in 2015. This study provides detailed result of qualitative analysis on mixed methods research while other a few previous analysis on mixed methods research were tend to focusing on quantitative analysis, producing numeric quantitative information. The result of this study provides practical and in-depth analysis on how to improve validity and possibility of mixed methods research, addressing alternative ways to combine two different research methods and key elements to take into account.

Research Methods in Korean Social Welfare Research: Analysis of the Trend and Discussion for Promoting Application of Qualitative Research Methods (한국 사회복지학 연구방법론에 대한 분석과 고찰 - 질적 연구방법의 유용성 제고를 위한 논의 -)

  • Kang, Chul-Hee;Kim, Mi-Ok
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.55
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    • pp.55-81
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    • 2003
  • This paper attempts to analyze the trend of research methods in Korean social welfare research and discuss utilities of qualitative research methods in broadening and deepening social welfare knowledge body in Korea. First, this paper examines research methods of 538 research articles published in Korean Journal of Social Welfare from the volume one in 1979 to the volume 51 in 2002. It has the following results: (1) non-empirical research articles were dominant in the 1980s; (2) empirical research articles have been dominant since the middle of the 1990s; and (3) research articles utilizing qualitative methods have appeared rarely since the end of the 1990s. Second, this paper examines the characteristics and the types(phenomenology, grounded theory, ethno-graphic approach, narrative inquiry etc.) of qualitative research methods. Third, this paper discusses (1) fitness between practice in social welfare discipline and qualitative research methods and (2) utilities of qualitative research methods in broadening and deepening knowledge body of Korean social welfare. In discussing the fitness, this paper focuses that qualitative research methods fits with the needs of social welfare discipline regarding broadening and deepening our understandings about social phenomena related to practice, and (2) qualitative research methods fits the needs of social welfare discipline regarding developing endogenous knowledge. In discussing the utilities, this paper focuses that qualitative research methods can be more properly utilized for social welfare research because there are coincidences in basic assumptions and perspectives of both qualitative research methods and social welfare practice. Finally, this paper highlights that 'many ways of knowing' exist in social science and it should be considered more sincerely in the arena of Korean social welfare research in order to more solidly develop the knowledge body of social welfare and practice in Korea.

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A Study on the Application of Qualitative Research Methods in the Field of Family Therapy (가족치료 분야에서의 질적 연구방법의 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Moon, Sung-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.35
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    • pp.157-177
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this paper is to examine the important characteristics of the qualitative research methods and to analyze application of these methods in the field of family therapy. First, general characteristics of qualitative research methods and typical features of qualitative research designs are described. Second, contents related with meanings, adequacy, and application process of qualitative research methods in the field of family therapy are discussed. Third, cardinal issues that could hinder the development of qualitative family therapy research are reviewed. Qualitative research methods provide a scientific and systematic way of looking at family therapy holistically. These methods may add new dimensions to qualitative research in the field of family therapy and thus increase its diversity. The versatility of qualitative research methods is a good match for examining the complexity and the diversity of family forms and experience. Therefore, qualitative research methods has the potential to advance the science and practice of family therapy and that family therapy researchers have the potential to advance qualitative research methods. Implications for the development of qualitative research methods in the field of family therapy in Korea are suggested.

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A Classification of Research Types and Trend Analysis of Research Methods in Korean for Academic Purposes (학문 목적 한국어교육의 연구 유형 분류와 연구 방법의 동향 분석)

  • Na, Wonju;Joo, Hyunha;Kim, Youngkyu
    • Journal of Korean language education
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.79-111
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    • 2017
  • This study is a trend analysis study that discusses the current status and directions of research methods of KAP research. The existing trend ana lysis studies dealing with research methods have problems in that the classification criteria of the studies used are rough and different from each other, rendering comparison between studies being difficult, and do not comprehensively cover research methods of diversified KAP research. Therefore, this study examined the research methods of KAP research from a critical point of view and suggested a set of classification criteria and an analysis framework that can be used consistently in classification and analysis of future KAP research methods. Based on the theoretical background of second language studies and applied linguistics, this study revised and supplemented Brown (2015)'s research method types and selected 289 journals and theses/dissertations from 2012 to 2016 and classified them into a new analysis framework. The primary and secondary studies, which are the major categories, were 219 and 70, respectively, so it was confirmed that there were much more primary studies. The primary studies then were subdivided into 128 qualitative research studies, 142 survey research studies, and 23 quantitative research studies, pointing to the trend that survey and qualitative research methods were preferred. In the qualitative research approaches, there were 21 action research studies, which were used the most. In addition, such qualitative research approaches as case studies and narrative inquiries which were difficult to find in the past, have gradually increased, confirming that the diversification of research methods is becoming common. However, there were still many studies that did not explicitly put forward research questions and there were many studies that did not report reliability and effect sizes in quantitative research. Of the 23 quantitative studies, only 50% reported reliability, and only three reported effect sizes. In order to enable systematic reviews (meta-analysis) of quantitative research and expect quality improvement of research in future KAP research, reporting of quantitative research should be done more systematically. This study is meaningful in that a systematic and detailed analysis framework was proposed to classify various research methods in the future and that the problems and directions for improvement of the KAP research methods were discussed through the analysis of the research trend of the KAP studies for the last 5 years.

An Analysis on Research Trends in Korean Language Education: Focusing on Quantitative Research Methods (한국어교육 연구방법론에 대한 동향분석 -양적연구를 중심으로-)

  • Shin, Jiwon;Oh, Rosie
    • Journal of Korean language education
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.87-119
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to classify research methods used in Korean language education studies with a focus on identifying how and what quantitative research methods are utilized in these studies. Analyzing articles published in the Journal of Korean Language Education from 2005 to 2016, we found a trend that as a replacement for secondary research, primary research played a more prominent role after 2010, as the number of quantitative studies and studies using mixed methods increased. We also found that within quantitative studies of Korean language education, research themes and statistical analyses became diversified after 2010. In order for quantitative research to contribute continuously to Korean language education, the quality of research has to improve. In particular, quantitative researchers in this area should: (a) increase their general understanding of statistical methods, (b) conduct "power analysis" to determine the appropriate sample size for hypothesis testing, and (c) be aware of measurement issues such as measurement equivalence and DIF when measuring latent psychological constructs. It is also important to notice that these points above should be considered carefully in the planning and designing stage for researchers.

Use and Misuse of Statistical Methods in the Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration (간호행정학회지 게재논문의 통계학적 방법 사용과 오류)

  • Song, Kijun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.146-154
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: To do nursing research effectively requires an understanding of fundamental principles of statistical methods. In this article, some key statistical methods which are commonly used in nursing research are identified and summarized. Methods: Ninety-two original articles from the Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration were reviewed. Statistical methods were classified and summarized for usage in research and occurrence of common errors. Results: Among the original articles reviewed, 58 statistical usages contained errors. Most errors were found in linear regression analysis, Pearson correlation analysis, and chi-square test. From the detection of statistical errors in usage, suggestions for appropriate statistical methods were made. Conclusion: In order to improve validity of original articles in the Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration, clearly stated statistical usage and close editorial attention to statistical methods are needed. Understanding statistical methods is part of the process that researchers must use to determine both quality and usefulness of the research. Research findings will be used to guide nursing practice and reduce uncertainty in decision making. However, to understand how to interpret research results, it is important to be able to understand basic statistical concepts. Researchers should also choose statistical methods that match their purposes.

Trends of Mathematics Education Research and Mixed Methods - Focusing on Domestic Mathematics Education Journals for the Last 10 years (수학교육연구 및 혼합 연구방법 동향 - 최근 10년간 발표된 국내 학술지 논문을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Dong-Joong;Bae, Sung-Chul;Kim, Won;Lee, Da-Hee;Choi, Sang-Ho
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.303-320
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of research is to analyze research trends and methods in a total of 709 studies published in five domestic mathematics education journals issued by Korea Citation Index (KCI) for the last 10 years (2003-2013) and strands in stages of research methods among mixed methods studies. As a result, the majority of articles in the five journals used either qualitative or quantitative methods and mixed methods research was less than 10 % of the total number of studies. The majority of mixed methods was research equally mixing qualitative and quantitative methods. The mixed methods research consisted primarily of quantitative with descriptive statistics and very little qualitative with conceptual framework based on theoretical background. Our results provide not only trends of the current research methods, but also implications for various future research paradigms in mathematics education.

Analysis on Qualitative Research in the Field of Elementary Mathematics Education (초등 수학교육 관련 연구에서 활용된 질적 연구 방법에 대한 분석)

  • Na, Jang Ham;Kim, Jinho
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.43-61
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    • 2016
  • This qualitative study investigates how qualitative research methods are applied into educational journals, especially focusing on research articles in the field of mathematics education. Since the mid 90s, there has been growing interest in qualitative research in Korea. As a result, qualitative research methods are becoming one of the main research methods in education, quite different from before the mid 90s that quantitative research methods themselves alone were undispute d research methods. However, such change in research methods also lead to a matter of concern, the rigor and quality of qualitative research. In order to identify how qualitative research methods are applied, this study carefully selects an d analyzes 5 article that used qualitative methods and were published by Education of Primary School Mathematics Journal in 2012. Several leading scholars' ideas and theories of qualitative research are used in the analytical process, with careful attention paid to every detailed element of 5 selected articles. In sum, this study concludes with practical implications for qualitative researchers and discusses future directions for improving qualitative research practice.