• Title, Summary, Keyword: residue on foliage

Search Result 7, Processing Time 0.067 seconds

Honeybee Toxicity by Residues on Tomato Foliage of Systemic Insecticides Applied to the Soil (침투이행성 농약의 토양처리 후 토마토잎에서의 잔류에 의한 꿀벌 독성)

  • Bae, Chul-Han;Cho, Kyung-Won;Kim, Yeon-Sik;Park, Hyun-Ju;Shin, Kwan-Seop;Park, Yeon-Ki;Lee, Kyu-Seung
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.178-184
    • /
    • 2013
  • Residual toxicity test to honeybee was conducted to evaluate an indirect effects on honeybee after planting hole application of systemic insecticides which were highly toxic to honeybee (Apis mellifera). In this study, It was applied three application rates in the planting hole by three systemic insecticides, dinotefuran GR, imidacloprid GR and clothianidin GR at planting time of tomato. Residual analysis of foliage was carried out after periodic sampling the foliage and investigated the effects of exposed honeybee on the tomato foliage. The honeybee mortality by dinotefuran residues on the foliage was shown almost 100% at 7 days after treatment and decreased 17 days after treatment. The maximum mortality of honeybee by imidacloprid residues on the foliage was 44 ~ 72%. But the effect of pesticide lasted for 18 days and then decreased. The honeybee mortality by clothianidin residues on the foliage was 100% at 7 days after treatment and decreased 14 days after treatment. A tendency of the honeybee mortality and residue in foliage showed a similar character as time goes by. The residues in tomato foliage decreased gradually after 14 days by vigorous growth of tomatoes and the toxic effect of honeybee was significantly decreased after 21 days in actual usage of the treatment.

Effect of MH and FA on the Change of Several Metabolites in Flue-cured Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) I. MH Absorption Ratio, Change of MH Residues and Alkaloid contents (MH 및 FA이 황색종 잎담배의 몇가지 대사산물 변화에 미치는 영향 I. MH 흡수율과 잔류량 및 Alkaloid함량의 변화)

  • 한상빈;육창수;조성진
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.145-151
    • /
    • 1993
  • Using a flue - cured tobacco variety, KF lH9, recently bred and released to farming, effect of growth regulators(fatty alcohol and C - MH) on the change of alkaloid contents and dynamics of MH uptake and distribution were investigated. An efficient sucker control method was also pursued. Treatment of fatty alcohol at button stage remarkably increased the rate of C - MH uptake. However, except in the plants treated with 2- fold volume of C - MH, residue of C -MH was kept under maximum residue level(80 ppd). C - MH residue in stalk was higher than in foliage in general. Compared to untreated control, leaf weight per unit area was increased by the treatment even in lower leaves where vigorous transfer of C - MH from treated tips was indicated and sucker control higher than 94.9% was achieved with all treatments except for sole half volume C - MH treatment at topping stage. Alkaloid content in foliage was reduced by dual treatment of fatty alcohol and C - MH but increased in stalk and root.

  • PDF

Risk Assessment of Fipronil on Honeybee (Apis mellifera) (Fipronil의 꿀벌 (Apis mellifera)에 대한 위해성 평가)

  • Kim, Byung-Seok;Yang, Yu-Jung;Park, Yeon-Ki;Jeong, Mi-Hye;You, Are-Sun;Park, Kyung-Hun;Ahn, Young-Joon
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
    • /
    • v.13 no.1
    • /
    • pp.39-44
    • /
    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the actual risk of fipronil on worker honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) through acute contact toxicity test, acute oral toxicity test, toxicity of residues on foliage test, and small scale field test. The $48h-LD_{50s}$ of fipronil SC on honeybee were $0.005{\mu}g$ a.i./bee in acute contact toxicity test and $0.004{\mu}g$ a.i./bee in acute oral toxicity test, respectively. In toxicity of residues on foliage test, fipronil showed over 90% of mortality during 28days after treatment at recommended application rate. The $DT_{50}$ of dislodgeable foliar residue was 9 days. Finally, In small scale field test, fipronil showed similar toxicity in the residues on foliage test. It was concluded that fipronil has very high acute toxicity and long residual toxicity to honeybee. Therefore, fipronil is highly toxic to bees exposed to direct treatment or residues on blooming crops or weeds. Do not apply this product or allow it to drift to blooming crops or weeds if bees are visiting the treatment area. To protect honeybee and wild pollinators from outdoor use of fipronil, ultimately it should need to limit for only indoor use to prevent pollinators from unintentionally exposure of fipronil.

Residual Toxicity of Bifenthrin and Imidacloprid to Honeybee by Foliage Treatment (Bifenthrin과 Imidacloprid의 작물잎에서의 잔류량과 꿀벌에 대한 독성)

  • Cho, Kyung-Won;Park, Hyun-Ju;Bae, Chul-Han;Kim, Yeon-Sik;Shin, Dong-Chan;Lee, Seung-Yeol;Lee, Suk-Hee;Jung, Chang-Kook;Park, Yeon-Ki;Kim, Byung-Seok;Lee, Kyu-Seung
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
    • /
    • v.14 no.3
    • /
    • pp.226-234
    • /
    • 2010
  • Foliage residue toxicity experiment was performed against honeybee (Apis mellifera) with bifenthrin, a synthetic pyrethroid insecticide with strong acute contact toxicity and imidacloprid, a neo-nicotinoid insecticide with strong acute oral toxicity to know the honeybee toxicity at the residue level on the leaves of alfalfa and apple. Also, the formulation differences to honeybee toxicity were investigated with WP (2%) and EC (1%) of bifenthrin and WP (10%) and SL (4%) of imidacloprid. Generally, foliage residual toxicity of honeybee and residual amounts of tested insecticides was higher in alfalfa leaves with large leaf area per unit weight than in apple leaves. While on the other hand, the only bifenthrin WP treatment showed higher honeybee toxicity on apple leaves than alfalfa. Although imidacloprid showed higher residue amounts ranged $4.9{\sim}25.4\;mg{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ than bifenthrin ranged $0.6{\sim}12.7\;mg{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ on the leaves, the residual toxicity to honeybee was lower than bifenthrin because of its strong penetration character. In conclusion, the residual toxicity of insecticide to honeybee could be affected by the contact and vaporized toxicity of chemical, the residual amounts on the surface of leaves, and the leaf area per unit weight and formulation differences.

Honeybee Acute and Residual Toxicity of Pesticides Registered for Strawberry (딸기용 농약의 꿀벌에 대한 급성독성 및 엽상잔류독성)

  • Kim, Byung-Seok;Park, Yoen-Ki;Lee, Yong-Hoon;Joeng, Mi-Hye;You, Are-Sun;Yang, Yu-Jung;Kim, Jin-Bae;Kwon, Oh-Kyung;Ahn, Young-Joon
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.229-235
    • /
    • 2008
  • Lack of honey bee toxicity data for most pesticide products used for strawberry restricts to predict the adverse effects to foraging honey bee after treatment of pesticide in plastic house. This study was conducted to evaluate the actual risk of worker honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) through acute contact toxicity test, acute oral toxicity test and toxicity of residues on foliage test with 21 pesticide products. The mortality of honeybee sprayed with 6 pesticides including dichlofluanid WP showed significantly different from control at recommended application rate in acute contact toxicity test at 24 hours after treatment. Fenpropathrin EC and milbemectin EC treatment groups showed more than 25% mortalities at recommended application rate in acute oral toxicity test. In toxicity of residues on foliage test, only fenpropathrin EC treatment group showed more than 25% mortalities at 10 days after treatment at recommended application rate. It was concluded that the most toxic route to exposure for honey bee is direct contact exposure to sprayed pesticides. Safety interval for honey bee was established by concerning the results of these tests.

Effect of Feeding Head Lettuce, Water Spinach, Ruzi grass or Mimosa pigra on Feed Intake, Digestibility and Growth in Rabbits

  • Nakkitset, Supharoek;Mikled, Choke;Ledin, Inger
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.21 no.8
    • /
    • pp.1171-1177
    • /
    • 2008
  • The performance of growing rabbits fed Ruzi grass (Brachiaria ruziziensis), head lettuce (Lactuca sativa) residue, Mimosa pigra and water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) was studied in an experiment using 64 rabbits (4 males and 4 females per treatment) of 2 breeds, New Zealand White and a crossbred between New Zealand White and native breed. The rabbits had an average initial weight of 668 g, were about 6 weeks old and were housed in individual pens. The foliages were fed ad libitum and a commercial concentrate was fed at a restricted level of 2% of body weight on a dry matter (DM) basis. In the digestibility experiment, the rabbits, 4 per foliage and males only, were fed the same foliages as in the growth experiment but without concentrate. Daily weight gain was lower in the group fed Ruzi grass, 14.8 g/d (p<0.001) compared to 17.6, 18.5 and 18.4 g/d for head lettuce, Mimosa pigra and water spinach, respectively. Feed intake and feed conversion ratio were lowest for the rabbits fed water spinach, 66 g DM/d and 3.6 kg DM/kg live weight, respectively. The New Zealand White breed had a higher daily gain than the crossbred rabbits (p<0.05), 18.0 and 16.7 g/d, respectively. There were no significant differences in feed intake, growth or feed conversion ratio due to sex. The digestibility coefficients of DM, organic matter, crude protein, crude fiber, neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber were significantly lower (p<0.001) in the rabbits fed Ruzi grass. Breed and sex had no effect on digestibility. In conclusion, feeding head lettuce residue, Mimosa pigra and water spinach resulted in higher growth rate and digestibility than feeding Ruzi grass and can be recommended as alternative feeds.

Residual Characteristics of Insecticide Acetamiprid in Asparagus under Greenhouse Condition (시설재배 아스파라거스 중 살충제 acetamiprid의 잔류특성)

  • Kim, Jiwon;Lee, Jungmin;Lee, Doseung;Kang, Seungtae;Kim, Dae-Woon;Lee, Dong-Sun;Riu, Key-Zung;Boo, Kyung Hwan
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
    • /
    • v.19 no.3
    • /
    • pp.204-209
    • /
    • 2015
  • This study was carried out to investigate residual characteristics of insecticide acetamiprid in asparagus under greenhouse condition from July to August and consequentially to obtain basic data for guideline on safe use of this pesticide in asparagus. Residues of acetamiprid in young stem of asparagus before and after removing foliage were analyzed from samples harvested at 0, 1, 3, 5 and 7 days after single application before harvest. As a result, residues of acetamiprid in young stem of asparagus before and after removing foliage at 0 day were 0.27 mg/kg and 0.14 mg/kg, respectively, which were higher than tentative limit (0.1 mg/kg). However, 3 days later residues of acetamiprid were lower than the tentative limit, representing 0.08 mg/kg and 0.03 mg/kg in the asparagus before and after removing foliage, respectively. Acetamiprid was undetectable in both samples at 5 days since the concentrations were less than detection limit (0.02 mg/kg) in this study. In summary, the half-life of acetamiprid in asparagus regardless of removing foliage was quite short under greenhouse condition from July to August, in the range of 1-3 days, and single application of acetamiprid water dispersible granule in/on asparagus at 7 days before harvest would have no problem on safety issues about pesticide residue. This result might be basic information to construct guideline for safe use of acetamiprid in asparagus.