• Title, Summary, Keyword: resources-based view

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The Influence of Competitive Advantage on Hospital Performance: Focused on Resource-based View(RBV) (경쟁우위와 의료기관 경영성과 -자원기반관점을 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Ye Jin;Suh, Won Sik
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.53-64
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    • 2016
  • The study empirically examines the classic hypothesis on resource-based view(RBV) theory, which is the possible relationship between competitive advantage and performance. For the study, we have surveyed 198 hospital administrators in Korea. By testing the hypotheses at conceptual level, a more robust approach, we found that (1) if a hospital possesses and exploits resources and capabilities that are both valuable and rare, it will attain a competitive advantage, and (2) the attaintment of such advantage will enable the hospital to improve its performance. The results may be interest to both academics and practitioners. From an academic standpoint, the study more accurately captures the dynamics of the theory by pairing resources-capabilities as opposed to individual resources or capabilities. From a practitioner perspective, it is suggested that hospital managers need no necessarily seek out novel resources and capabilities, but rather develop novel ways in which to combine those resources and capabilities to which they do have access.

A Theoretical Review and Trial Application of the 'Resources-Based View' (RBV) as an Alternative Cognitive Theory (대안적 인지 이론으로서 '자원 기반 관점'에 대한 이론적 고찰과 시험 적용)

  • Oh, Phil Seok
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.971-984
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is twofold: to theoretically review the 'resources-based view' (RBV) developed by D. Hammer and his colleagues as an alternative cognitive theory and to illustrate the usefulness of the theory by applying it to interpret a science learning activity in which undergraduate students worked together to construct a model of the seasons. The theoretical review was based on the exploration of relevant literature and dealt mainly with three types of resources: conceptual, epistemological, and practical resources. The trial application revealed that scientific models have been developed through the combination of different pieces of conceptual resources activated from participants, rather than emerging as unitary wholes. However, all the activated resources were not included into a model, and some of the conceptual resources acted as constraints to constructing a scientific model. The implications included that science educators should be attentive and responsive to students' resources and help them use the resources productively to learn science.

The Effects of Project-Based Organizational Resources on the Business Performance (프로젝트 조직자원이 경영성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Jin, Sangjoon;Oh, Minjeong;Park, Sohyun
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.30-40
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of project-based organizational resources on the business performance in the resource-based view (RBV) and dynamic capability one and analyze their relationship through an integrated model. The RBV argues that firms get competitive advantages when they have VRIN characterized resources but dynamic capability view argues that RBV has its limitation under volatility so it enables them to obtain competitive advantages in ever changing environments. This study analyzes data collected from 270 survey questionnaires on the project management related staff at the project-based organization among major companies in Korea. The result demonstrates that two project organizational resources on strategic and executional management with VRIN characteristics are found to bring positive effects on the organizational dynamic capabilities and also the dynamic capabilities such as integration & reconfiguration, organizational learning are verified to bring meaningful positive effects on the business performance. On the other hand, unlike previous studies, ambidexterity has quite a weak effect on the business performance. Therefore, we expect that the resources of the project-based organization with VRIN lead to strengthen the firm's business performance through organizational dynamic capabilities and produce high performance through the integrated model of RBV and dynamic capability one. The study has academic meanings that widely confirm the effects and characteristics of main elements of VRIN project organizational resources on the business performance of competitive advantage through the dynamic capabilities of the organization by the regression on the precedent studies regarding the project management resources and their relationship with the VRIO characteristics. The practical implication is that it is preferentially necessary for the organization to obtain VRIN resources and organizational dynamic capabilities, especially organizational learning to have sustainable competitive advantages.

The Effects of Mobile Smart-Work IT Resources of Resource Based View on the Work Efficiency : based on moderating effects of the perceived usefulness (자원기반관점(RBV)에서 모바일 스마트워크 IT자원이 업무효율성에 미치는 영향 - 지각된 유용성의 조절효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Min-Woo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.93-102
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the Mobile Smart-Work IT resources on the work efficiency based on moderating effects of the perceived usefulness in the Resource Based View. The study has academic meanings and practical implications that studied widely based on moderating effects of the perceived usefulness through the Hierarchical regression furthermore on the existing study on hypothesis by standard multiple regression. The results showed that IT Infrastructure in the Mobile Smart-work IT resources by moderating effects of the perceived usefulness was found to bring positive effect on individual work efficiency and teamwork efficiency. On the other hand Business Application was found to bring positive effect on teamwork efficiency. Therefore, we expect that business firm and employees actively use the effects of the perceived usefulness with the trust that Mobile Smart-work IT resources bring positive effects on the work efficiency. It can improve this work efficiency and lead to strengthening the firm competitiveness.

The Effects of Home Country Government Support on International Business Performance: Evidence from Chinese Firms (본국 정부지원이 기업의 국제화 성과에 대한 효과: 중국기업을 대상으로 한 실증적 연구)

  • Zhang, Ruo-Nan;Oh, Han-Mo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.91-106
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    • 2018
  • An appreciable number of Chinese firms have successfully expanded their businesses into foreign economics although they have limited resources. Advocating that home country government supports can mitigate firms' resource-disadvantages in international expansions, we attempted to investigate whether and how the Chinese government's support enables Chinese firms to compete in foreign markets. Based heavily on the knowledge-based theory of the firm and the resource-based theory of the firm, we developed a model that explain and predicts the effects of home-country government-supports on superior financial performance. The model was empirically tested using a accounting dataset regarding Chinese firms' 323 international expansion events from 2008 to 2015. Empirical evidence presents that the Chinese government's support has a positive effect on Chinese firms' international success and that these firms' marketing, technological, and managerial resources positively moderate the effect of the government support on the firms' international success. Nonetheless, because we employed an event-study method, the limitations of the method can be applied to the current research. In addition, because of the empirical context, the results of the research might lack generalizability. We, however, provided an understanding how firms from emerging countries can succeed in international expansions specifically when they have lack of resources for international competition.

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A Case Study on Urban Scenic View Protection Methods in U.S.A. for the Management of Urban Scenic View in Korea (한국 도시의 조망경관 관리를 위한 미국 도시 조망경관 관리기법 사례연구)

  • Mok Jeong-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.58-70
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    • 2005
  • Management practices and ordinances for urban scenic view protection are varied by cities because they have their distinctive nature and social environment. Therefore landscape management methods for urban scenic views are generally varied by the characteristics of city landscape and ordinance. This case study for scenic view protection practices in U.S.A. is very meaningful and appropriate because cities initiate a plan and/or an ordinance to manage urban scenic view in Korea. Urban scenic view protection methods were analyzed based on followings: 1) how to select scenic view resources and define spatial areas for preserving them, 2) how to control building height, open view corridor and guide landscaping and 3) how to carry out view protection methods and organize them in laws or ordinances. Findings of this study will be applied usefully in the development of urban scenic view protection methods in Korea.

Mechanism-based View of Innovative Capability Building in POSCO (메커니즘 관점에서 본 조직변신과 포스코의 혁신패턴 연구)

  • Kim, So-Hyung
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.59-65
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    • 2013
  • Purpose - Studies of mechanism as a competitive strategy, a relatively new field in the study of strategic management research, has recently drawn the attention of the business management scholars. The literature has so far proposed the subjective-based view, environment-based view, and the resource-based view in its analyses of firm management. Hence, it is highly likely for the firm management to be reasonably thought of as a combination of and interaction among the three key elements of subject, environment, and resources this is the mechanism-based view (MBV). It is reasonable to consider firm management to be the combination of and interaction among the three key elements of subject, environment, and resources. The overall dynamic process that integrates these three elements and creates functional harmony is identified as the mechanism, the principle of firm management. Much of the extant literatures on MBV has mainly focused on case studies, a qualitative approach prone to subjectivity of the researcher, although the intuition from the study may lead to meaningful insights into a firm-specific mechanism. This study's focus is also on case analysis, but it still attempts a quantitative approach in order to reach a scientific and systematic understanding of the MBV. Research design, data, and methodology - I used both a qualitative and quantitative approach to a single model, given the complexity of the innovation processes. I conducted in-depth interviews with POSCO employees-20 from general management, two from human resources, eight from information technology, five from finance and accounting, and five from production and logistics management. Once the innovative events were selected, the interview results were double-checked by the interviewees themselves to ensure the accuracy of the answers recorded. Based on the interview, I then conducted statistical validation using the survey results as well. Results - This study analyzes the building process of innovation and the effect of the mechanism pattern on innovation by examining the case of POSCO, which has survived over the past 21 years. I apply a new analytical tool to study mechanism innovation types, perform a new classification, and describe the interrelationships among the mechanism factors. This process allows me to see how the "Subject"factor interacts with the other factors. I found that, in the innovation process of the adoption stage, Subject had a mediating effect but that the mediating effect of resource and performance was smaller than the effect of Subject on performance alone. During the implementation stage, the mediating effect of Subject increased. Conclusion - Therefore, I have confirmed that the subject utilizes resources reasonably and efficiently. I have also advanced mechanism studies: whereas the field's research methods have been largely confined to single case studies, I have used both qualitative and quantitative methods to examine the relationships among mechanisms.

Multi-View Supporting VR/AR Visualization System for Supercomputing-based Engineering Analysis Services (슈퍼컴퓨팅 기반의 공학해석 서비스 제공을 위한 멀티 뷰 지원 VR/AR 가시화 시스템 개발)

  • Seo, Dong Woo;Lee, Jae Yeol;Lee, Sang Min;Kim, Jae Seong;Park, Hyung Wook
    • Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.428-438
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    • 2013
  • The requirement for high performance visualization of engineering analysis of digital products is increasing since the size of the current analysis problems is more and more complex, which needs high-performance codes as well as high performance computing systems. On the other hand, different companies or customers do not have all the facilities or have difficulties in accessing those computing resources. In this paper, we present a multi-view supporting VR/AR system for providing supercomputing-based engineering analysis services. The proposed system is designed to provide different views supporting VR/AR visualization services depending on the requirement of the customers. It provides a sophisticated VR rendering directly dependent on a supercomputing resource as well as a remotely accessible AR visualization. By providing multi-view centric analysis services, the proposed system can be more easily applied to various customers requiring different levels of high performance computing resources. We will show the scalability and vision of the proposed approach by demonstrating illustrative examples with different levels of complexity.

The Effect of Innovativeness, Technology Resources, and Market Orientation on Individual Task Performance : Mediating Role of Information Technology Use (관광산업에서 혁신성, 기술자원, 시장지향성이 개인의 업무성과에 미치는 영향 : 정보기술사용의 매개적 역할)

  • Koo, Chulmo;Lee, Chang Seok;Chung, Namho
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.99-126
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    • 2014
  • Tourism industry increasingly rely on information technology (IT) to improve the task performance. Many studies suggested that the evidence of IT showed not only task performance improvement but also organizational performance. Drawing from the resource-based view, technology and task fitness, and marketing orientation theories, this study proposes that IT use influences directly the task performance and proved the effectiveness of IT in the organizations of tourism industry. Further, the innovativeness, resources, and marketing orientation are identified as main determinants of IT use. The use of IT can serve as a catalyst in improving task performance for organizations in tourism industry. Based on data collected from surveying people who work in the tourism industry, the present study shed light on these issues. The findings provide a new perspective of IT effectiveness in the tourism industry. Then, we discussed the theoretical and practical implications.

Implementation of Acoustic Properties Measurement System Based on LabVIEW Using PXI for Marine Sediment (PXI를 이용한 LabVIEW기반 해양퇴적물의 음향특성 측정시스템 개발)

  • Park, Ki-Ju;Kim, Dae-Choul;Lee, Gwang-Soo;Bae, Sung Ho;Kim, Gil Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.216-222
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    • 2015
  • A previous velocity measurement system for marine sediment had several problems such as the errors occurred when picking first arrival time and the inconvenient measurement procedure. In order to resolve these problems, we developed a new acoustic properties measurement system by using PXI (PCI eXtentions for Instrumentation) module based on LabVIEW. To verify the new system, we measured the velocity and attenuation of sediment using the new system in a parallel with the previous system under the same experimental environment. The result of measurement showed 1~2% margin of error for the velocity as well as similar attenuation values. We concluded that the new system can efficiently measure the acoustic properties of marine sediment. It also has an advantage to construct the database of acoustic data and raw signal.