• Title, Summary, Keyword: reverse osmosis retentate

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Physico-chemical Properties of Soybean Curd Whey Concentrated by Reverse Osmosis (역삼투법으로 분리, 농축한 두부순물의 이화학적 특성)

  • Kim, Dong-Man;Baek, Hyung-Hee;Jin, Jae-Soon;Lee, Sei-Eun;Kim, Kil-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.311-314
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    • 1992
  • Several Physico-chemical properties of the retentate obtained from reverse osmosis of soybean curd whey were studied. The contents of sucrose, raffinose and stachyose in the retentate were 32.59%d.b., 4.76%d.b. and 9.99%d.b., respectively. Potassium (5.23%d.b.), in the retentate was a dominant element in ash. Protein content (18.69%d.b.), amino acid composition and subunit pattern of protein in PAG-electrophoresis were somewhat different from those of the soybean protein. Emulsification activity, emulsification stability and viscosity of protein isolated from soybean curd whey (WPI) were slightly inferior compared to protein isolated from soybean (SPI), with the exception of solubility that depended on the pH of WPI.

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Treatment of natural rubber wastewater by membrane technologies for water reuse

  • Jiang, Shi-Kuan;Zhang, Gui-Mei;Yan, Li;Wu, Ying
    • Membrane Water Treatment
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.17-21
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    • 2018
  • A series of laboratory scale experiments were performed to investigate the feasibility of membrane separation technology for natural rubber (NR) wastewater treatment and reuse. Three types of spiral wound membranes were employed in the cross-flow experiments. The NR wastewater pretreated by sand filtration and cartridge filtration was forced to pass through the ultrafiltration (UF), nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) membranes successively. The UF retentate, which containing abundant proteins, can be used to produce fertilizer, while the NF retentate is rich in quebrachitol and can be used to extract quebrachitol. The permeate produced by the RO module was reused in the NR processing. Furthermore, about 0.1wt% quebrachitol was extracted from the NR wastewater. Besides, the effluent quality treated by the membrane processes was much better than that of the biological treatment. Especially for total dissolved solids (TDS) and total phosphorus (T-P), the removal efficiency improved 53.11% and 49.83% respectively. In addition, the removal efficiencies of biological oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) exceeded 99%. The total nitrogen (T-N) and ammonia nitrogen (NH4-N) had approximately similar removal efficiency (93%). It was also found that there was a significant decrease in the T-P concentration in the effluent, the T-P was reduced from 200 mg/L to 0.34 mg/L. Generally, it was considered to be a challenging problem to solve for the biological processes. In brief, highly resource utilization and zero discharge was obtained by membrane separation system in the NR wastewater treatment.

Soy-oligosaccharide Production from Yeast Fermented Bean Cooking Water: Effects of Ultrafiltration and Reverse Osmosis (효모발효한 대두침출액으로부터의 대두올리고당 생산: 한외여과 및 역삼투 처리효과)

  • Ku, Kyung-Hyung;Park, Dong-June;Mok, Chul-Kyoon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.680-686
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    • 1997
  • Ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis were applied to produce soy-oligosaccharides from yeast fermented bean cooking water (BCW). The recovered total sugar by the ultrafiltration of bean cooking water on a cutoff molecular weight membrane of 20,000 and 5,000 was over 80%. The protein was removed up to 38% from the non-fermented BCW, 31% by S. cerevisiae KCTC 7039 and 21% by H. anomala KFRI 626. The recovery of oligosaccharides was above 70%, although fermented or non fermented bean cooking water was different on the recovery of oligosaccharides. The ultrafiltrated BCW was concentrated by reverse osmosis with respect to the volume concentration ratio (VCR). Total solid, total sugar, ash and protein contents increased up to VCR of 3.5 and then levelled off, showing that the optimum VCR was 3.5.

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Concentration of Persimmon Juice by Revers Osmosis System (역삼투 시스템을 이용한 감 과즙의 농축)

  • Kang, Hyun-Ah;Chang, Kyu-Seob
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.279-283
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    • 1997
  • Membrane separation technology was applied to prepare high quality persimmon juice from persimmon, which is produced in large quantities in Korea. The influences of time, pressure, and temperature on permeate flux were studied during concentration by reverse osmosis. The chemical components of retentate were also analyzed. The permeate flux was higher as the operating temperature and pressure were increased, and was influenced more strongly by operating pressure than temperature. Maximum concentration by reverse osmosis employed in this study in the oBrix scale was about 30. Retention percentage of sugar in the persimmon juice which was concentrated by membrane separation system was more than 90% and was not influenced by operating conditions. Retention percentage of volatile components in the same process was more than 60%; it was increased as operating temperature was decreased and pressure was increased.

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Oxidation of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals Using Sodium Persulfate (과황산나트륨을 이용한 내분비계장애물질 산화제거)

  • Lim, Chan Soo;Yun, Yeo Bog;Kim, Do Gun;Ko, Seok Oh
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.609-617
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    • 2013
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the oxidation method to remove endocrine disrupting chemicals in reverse osmosis(RO) retentate for the reuse of wastewater effluent. Oxidation of organic pollutants was induced by the persulfate catalyzed by Fe(II). Affecting factors such as initial pH and ionic strength on the Fe(II) catalyzed persulfate oxidation were evaluated. $17{\alpha}$-ethynylestradiol (EE2) degradation efficiency decreased as pH and ionic strength increased. However, the efficiency increased as chloride ion concentration increased due to the influence of radical transfer.