• Title, Summary, Keyword: rice

Search Result 14,619, Processing Time 0.06 seconds

Milling and Rice Flour Properties of Tempering Condition on Moisture Content of Rice (쌀의 수분함량별 Tempering에 따른 제분 및 쌀가루의 특성)

  • 김형열;이병영;유효숙;함승시
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.6 no.1
    • /
    • pp.76-80
    • /
    • 1999
  • Power consumption, mesh size, moisture content, color difference, amylogram of rice flour milled with the water soaked rice were compared with that of rice using dry pin mill process. The rice was soaked in 23, 24, 25, 26% of water for 10hr, independently. The more rice had moisture content, the less power consumption was needed. Power consumption to mill the rice soaked in 25% of water was less than that of dry rice by 6.8kW/100Kg. Moisture content of rice flour from the rice soaked with 25% of water was 2% higher than that of rice flour from the rice soaked with 23% of, water. Population of flour particle from the rice soaked with 24-25% of water was 45.7∼46.25 of 60 mesh, 9.7∼10.4% of 80∼100 mesh and 7.7∼8.1% of 100 mesh. Gelatinization temperature of rice flour from the rice soaked with 23% and 24∼25% of water was 65.70C and 64.50C, independently. Temperature of rice flour from the rice soaked with 23% 24∼25% of water sith minimum viscosity was 85.50C and 88.4∼88.70C, independently. Brightness and whiteness of the rice flour from the rice soaked with 24∼25% of water were 95.90∼95.95 and 905.82∼95.94, independently. Brightness and whiteness of the rice flour from the soaked rice were 1.2 and 1.7 higher than that of rice flour from the dry rice, independently.

  • PDF

Interrelation between Physicochemical Properties of Milled Rice and Retrogradation of Rice Bread during COld Storage (쌀의 이화학적 특성과 저장 쌀빵의 노화성과의 관계)

  • 강미영;최영희;최해춘
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.26 no.5
    • /
    • pp.886-891
    • /
    • 1997
  • The interrelation between physicochemical properties of milled rice and retrogradation of rice bread during cold storage was examined to compare the varietal difference in maintenance of rice bread quality. Twelve rice materials showed big varietal difference on physicochemical properties of rice starch such as amylose content(0.0~29.2%), gel consistency(20~98mm), and alkali digestion value(2.0~7.0). Rice bread made from milled rice of Jungwonbyeo, AC 27 and IRAT 177 exhibited soft texture and late retrogradation of rice bread during cold storage(4$^{\circ}C$). The amylose content of milled rice was closely associated with gel consistency negatively and with springiness of rice bread positively. The retrogradation of rice bread texture during cold storage was correlated with gel consistency of rice flour positively and with alkali digestion value of milled rice negatively.

  • PDF

Development of a Coating System for Producing Clean Enriched Rice (청결 영양강화미 제조를 위한 코팅시스템 개발)

  • 정종훈;이양봉;엄천일
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
    • /
    • v.29 no.4
    • /
    • pp.307-316
    • /
    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to develop a coating system for producing clean enriched rice. The nutritional components of such as brown rice, white rice, clean white rice, enriched rice of US, black rice of China, and rice with perfume of China, were analyzed and compared. Total protein lipid md minerals in brown rice were higher than those in the other rices. A nutrition premix with lysine, thiamine, niacine, calcium lactate, ferrous lactate, and rice starch was made for enriching white rice. A coating device consisted of a tumbler, two spraying nozzles, a rice mixer, etc was developed with the capacity of 1 ton/h. And far-infrared dryers of batch and continuous types were developed to dry hygienically the wet enriched rice. The percentages of lysine, thiamine, amino acid nitride, and Ca and Fe of the enriched rice samples produced in this study were, respectively, 4, 3, 3. 2, and 10 times higher than those of white rice, respectively.

Descriptive Sensory Profiles for Cooked Rice by Various Rice Cookers (묘사분석에 의한 취반기기별 밥맛의 관능 프로필)

  • Kim, Dong-Hee;Kim, Hee-Sup
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.23 no.5
    • /
    • pp.777-784
    • /
    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to provide the descriptive sensory profiles for cooked rice by various rice cookers, losing descriptive analysis. The rice samples cooked in an electric pressure cooker, and in pressure cooker B, were separated by roasted flavor, sweetness, burnt flavor, cooked rice flavor, moistness, cohesiveness, and chewiness using PCA. The rice cooked in pressure cooker A was harder and rougher, and showed grain wholesomeness, but it still had a cooked and burnt flavor. The rice cooked in a stone cooker and an electric rice cooker was less hard, and showed less grain wholesomeness, but it had a burnt, cooked rice, and less raw rice type of flavor. Finally, the RTE (ready-to-eat) rice showed more grain wholesomeness, and had more raw rice and sour flavor.

The Effect of Medium-Cooked Rice on the Production of Korean Traditional Yakju (한국 전통 약주의 제조시 반숙미의 사용효과)

  • 소명환;유태종
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.6 no.3
    • /
    • pp.189-198
    • /
    • 1993
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of medium-cooked rice on brewing of yakju which was a traditional rice wine in Korea. The influences of cooking temperature of rice on hydrolysis of rice starch and rice protein were tested, and experimental brewings were done according to the traditional brewing method of Bangmunju in which some medium-cooked rice was used. The results obtained were as follows The hydrolysis of starch and protein in medium-cooked rice at 60~$65^{\circ}C$ was easier than that of full-cooked rice at 80~10$0^{\circ}C$. The amounts of saccharides, total amino acids and extracts In Yakju brewed with the combined use of medium-cooked rice and full-cooked rice were twice as much as those brewed with full-cooked rice only. The results of sensory test of Yakju brewed with the combined use of medium-cooked rice and full-cooked rice were better in taste, color and flavor than those brewed with full-cooked rice only. It was thought that our ancestor's traditional brewing method of Yakju in which medium cooked rice and full-cooked rice were used combinedly was excellent Judging from zymological point of views.

  • PDF

Changes in pasting properties and free fatty acids of different brown rice cultivar during storage

  • Choi, Induck;Kwak, Jieun;Yoon, Mi-Ra;Chun, Areum;Choi, Dong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.24 no.4
    • /
    • pp.491-496
    • /
    • 2017
  • Paddy rice is typically stored during postharvest until rice grain is processed into brown rice and milled rice by hulling and milling procedure, respectively. Recently, instead of storing paddy rice, storage of brown rice has been in the spotlight because it is more convenient and economically feasible. Different brown rice cultivars with varying amylose contents including waxy rice, medium-waxy rice, and non-glutinous rice were stored in room temperature storage for four months, and the changes in grain qualities of brown rice were evaluated. Amylose content significantly affected pasting properties in which rice cultivar with higher amylose content showed longer pasting time and higher peak viscosity. Storage also affected pasting viscosities, showing an increase in peak viscosity, but a decrease in breakdown viscosity. The changes in pasting viscosity during storage could be an important starch property for aged brown rice utilization. Waxy brown rice showed the weakest aging property in terms of free fatty acids (FFA) accumulation, whereas non-glutinous rice was more substantial grain quality against aging. The FFA values of two months storage were not significantly different from the initial FFA contents, suggesting that brown rice stored in room temperature for two months could be feasible for direct consumption of brown rice.

Optimization of Cooked Brown Rice by Controlling the Ratio of Grain Cereal Blends to Improve Palatability (현미밥의 식미 향상을 위한 곡류 혼합비의 최적화)

  • Han, Gyusang;Chung, Hae-Jung;Yoon, Jihyun;Baek, Man-Kee
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.22 no.6
    • /
    • pp.782-794
    • /
    • 2012
  • The objective of this study was to determine the optimal conditions for preparation of cooked brown rice by blending brown rice, white rice and glutinous rice to improve the palatability. Formulations composed of brown rice (10~100%), white rice (0~90%) and glutinous rice (0~90%) were generated from an extreme-vertices of mixture experimental design, which showed ten experimental points for brown rice, with white rice and glutinous rice as the independent variables. The sensory evaluation, color, and texture profile analysis (TPA) of cooked brown rice and pasting characteristics of blending cereals flour were measured as response variables. Regression analysis showed that all responsible variables fit linear, quadratic or special cubic models (p<0.1), except for the cohesiveness of TPA. The goals of optimization of the blending ratio of brown rice, white rice and glutinous rice were given as appearance, flavor, texture and overall acceptability (lower: 5.50, target: 6.62). The optimal conditions were determined to be 34.55% brown rice, 42.71% white rice and 22.74% glutinous rice.

Varietal Variations in Physicochemical Characteristics and Amylopectin Structure of Grain in Glutinous Rice

  • Choi, Hae-Chune;Hong, Ha-Cheol;Kim, Yeon-Gyu;Nahm, Baek-Hie
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
    • /
    • v.44 no.3
    • /
    • pp.207-213
    • /
    • 1999
  • Thirty-eight glutinous rice varieties were classified into nine groups on the scatter diagram by the upper two principal components (56% contribution to the total information) based on eleven physicochemical characteristics including the viscograms and physical properties of cooked rice. The first principal component was the factor mainly associated with the viscogram characteristics of rice flour emulsion and the second was the factor chiefly related to the physical properties of cooked rice and water absorbability of rice grain. Indica glutinous rices were clearly distinguished from japonica ones by the first principal component score. Javanica glutinous rices were widely distributed on the intermediate zone between indica and japonica or on several japonica rice groups. Significant positive or negative correlations were found among water absorption rates of rice grain, physical properties of cooked rice, and viscogram characteristics of rice flour. Especially in japonica glutinous rices, the breakdown and setback viscosities of rice flour were closely associated with the alkali digestion value of milled rice and the stickiness of cooked rice. The frequency ratio of short glucose chains (A-chain) to intermediate glucose chains (B-chain), the ratio of B- chains to long glucose chains (C-chain) and the relative frequency of A- or B-chain fractions representing the amylopection structure of rice starch was closely associated with the breakdown and setback viscosities of rice flour.

  • PDF

Physicochemical and Cooking Characteristics of Non-waxy Soft Brown Rice (연질현미의 이화학적 및 취반 특성)

  • Park, Jihye;Shin, Malshick
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.32 no.5
    • /
    • pp.531-540
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose: To improve the cooking quality of brown rice, newly inbred soft rice cultivars were investigated. Methods: The physicochemical properties of brown rice flour and water absorption patterns and cooking characteristics of brown rice grain were compared to Ilmi white and brown rice. Results: General composition and total dietary fiber contents of five rices were significantly different with higher ash, protein, and total dietary fiber contents in soft brown rice than white rice. The hardness of raw rice grain was higher in Ilmi brown rice than in soft brown rice. The water absorption increased rapidly in 30 min of white rice and in 4-6 h of brown rices. The apparent amylose content of soft brown rice was lower than that of Ilmi rice. The initial pasting temperature and all viscosities were significantly different, but the trend was not similar. The textural properties of hardness and roughness were higher, but adhesiveness, cohesiveness, and stickiness were lower in Ilmi brown rice than white and soft brown rices. In sensory preference test, not only textural properties, hardness, adhesiveness, cohesiveness, stickiness, and roughness, but also color, glossiness, and roasted flavor were higher in soft brown rices. Especially soft brown rice B showed the best cooking quality among all rices. Conclusion: The results of the study suggested that soft brown rice is developed for cooking with high nutritional and functional quality.

Optimal Design and Development of a Rice Mill Pilot Plant by Computer Simulation -Simulation of a Rice Mill Pilot Plant- (컴퓨터 시뮬레이션에 의한 미곡 도정공장의 적정설계 및 개발(I) -미곡 도정 시스템의 시뮬레이션-)

  • 정종훈;김보곤
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.47-57
    • /
    • 1995
  • Rice Processing Complex(RPC) have being constructed with a rice mill plant and a facility of drying and storage to overcome problems caused by UR and to produce good quality of rice. An optimal design of a rice mill plant was required to successfully construct and operate it. The development of a simulation model was essential to the design of a rice mill plant. So, all the objectives of this study were to develop a simulation model for the design of a rice mill plant and to develop and evaluate the rice mill system. In this study the simulation model was developed to design a rice mill plant using SLAMSYSTEM, one of simulation languages. The results of this study were as followings. 1. A simulation model was developed with SLAMSYSTEM to represent the processes of a rice mill plant. The simulation model was used to design a rice mill pilot plant with the capacity of 0.5 ton per hour. The rice mill pilot plant was analyzed by the model with alternatives. 2. In the simulation the rice mill system was much influenced by the separating efficiency of a brown rice separator. Especially, the bottleneck of grain flow occurred at the buffer tank for brown rica. separator under 50% separating efficiency of brown rice separator. Hence, as the alternative simulation was conducted under 60% , 70% separating efficiency of brown rice separator, the bottleneck of the system could be minimized at the 60% separating efficiency of brown rice separator. 3. In the alternative simulation the bottleneck of the system was minimized under the hulling capacity of 1 t/h and 60% separating efficiency of brown rice separator with the capacity of 1 t/h. Under such a condition the max. weight of waiting entities at buffer tanks was less 250kg. So, the capacities of the buffer tanks were determined in the basis of simulation results. 4. The milled rice recovery and head rice recovery of the milling system were 74% and 92% in the simulation, respectively. These results of simulation almost corresponded to those of actual rice mill plants. The developed simulation model could be well applied to design a rice mill plant.

  • PDF