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A comparative study on quality characteristics of Baiksulgi(traditional Korean rice cake) made of imported and domestic rices(Chuchung byeo) (수입쌀과 국산쌀(추청벼)로 제조한 백설기의 품질 특성 비교)

  • 한승희;오명숙
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.548-555
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    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to investigate the quality characteristics of Baiksulgis made of imported rice(Thai and Chinese rice, harvested in 1998) and domestic rice(Chuchung byeo, harvested in 1998 and 1997). Moisture content, color value, yields of reducing sugar by $\beta$-amylase reaction, texture and sensory properties of Baiksulgis were measured. Moisture contents of rice flour and Baiksulgi made of Korean rice harvested in 1997 were highest and those of Thai rice were lowest among the samples. This tends were also seen during storage. Lightness and redness of Baiksulgi made of Thai rice were lowest and yellowness of Baiksulgis made of Korean rice harvested in 1997 and Chinese rice were higher than those made of other rices. Yield of reducing sugar by $\beta$-amylase reaction was highest in Baiksulgi made of Korean rice harvested in 1998 and lowest in Baiksulgi made of Thai rice. And the value decreased less than half of initial value after 24 hour storage. Adhesiveness of Baiksulgi made of Thai rice was zero and cohesiveness, chewiness and gumminess of that were very low. This results showed that Baiksulgi made of Thai rice was lack of chewy texture and this trend was more apparent as the storage time increased. In sensory tests, Baiksulgi made of Chinese rice had most yellowish color and that made of imported rice such as Chinese and Thai rice had more coarse texture than that made of domestic rices. off odor was lowest in Baiksulgi made or Korean rice harvested in 1997 and sweet taste was lowest in that made or Thai rice. Hardness adhesiveness, moistness and chewiness of Baiksulgi made of domestic rices were much higher than those made of impoted rices, and these results showed that Baiksulgi made of domestic rices had acceptable texture. Baiksulgi made of Thai rice showed the lowest acceptability due to lack of above textural characteristics and it was needed to add the material to modify the texture of that.

The Development of Rice Education Program for University Students through Expert Delphi Method (전문가 델파이 기법을 통한 전공 대학생 대상 쌀 교육 프로그램 개발)

  • Kim, Ji-Hyun;Kim, Soo-Min;Paik, Jin-Kyoung;Hong, Wan-Soo
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.153-160
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a rice education program and rice cooking practice for university students majoring in foodservice and nutrition. To achieve this purpose, 2 rounds of delphi survey was used by convenience sampling including total of 27 experts in the food and nutrition industry. Below are the findings. First, both the importance and suitability for macro-theme of theory education were in the following order: 'nutrition and health of rice', 'characteristics of rice in food science', 'history and culture of rice' and 'the consumption of rice. Second, the history and culture of rice(traditional culture related to rice, and the origin & history of rice), nutrition and health of rice(main nutritive components and efficacy of rice and prevention of disease), characteristics of rice as food(processed-products of rice and storage, the structure of rice), and the consumption of rice(current status of rice production and consumption) were found to be suitable for the micro-theme of theory education. Third, the education theme for rice cooking practice was determined. Barley sprout song-pyeon and beet song-pyeon were chosen for rice cake. For bread, coconut & walnut muffin, tofu & bean muffin, citron bread, red bean & sweet persimmon pound cake, and sweet potato bread were selected. Dong-rae-pa-jeon, Kimch-jeon-byeong, fried sweet potato fried shrimp were developed for the main dishes.

Sensory Quality of Rice-Wheat Bread (쌀가루 혼합빵의 관능적 품질)

  • 조숙자;정은희
    • Korean Journal of Rural Living Science
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.91-97
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    • 1995
  • The sensory quality and the baking property of blonds containing 10-50% of rice flour with wheat flour were analysed by QDA. As sensory characteristics, color, air cell size, air cell distribution, flavor, softness, chewiness and overall quality were evaluated. Bread could be made successfully even using up to 50% rice flour. The color, flavor, softness and chewiness were increased in rice-wheat bread especially using 10∼30% of rice flour, but in case of using 40∼50% of rice flour those characteristics were not significantly different from those of wheat bread. The size of air cell in 10∼30% rice-wheat bread was not significantly different but in 40∼50% rice-wheat bread it was increased. The distribution of air cell was more even in 10∼30% rice-wheat bread than in wheat bread, but not in 40∼50% rice-wheat bread. The overall quality of rice-wheat bread was shown to be better in 10∼30% rice-wheat bread than in wheat bread.

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Latent Heat of Water Vapor of Rough Rice, Brown Rice, White Rice and Rice Husk

  • Lee, Hyo-Jae;Kim, Dong-Chul;Kim, Oui-Woung;Han, Jae-Woong;Kim, Woong;Kim, Hoon
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.267-272
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    • 2011
  • The latent heat of vaporization in rough rice, brown rice, white rice and rice hull was calculated by Clausius-Clapeyron equation, which does not require complex constraints as in Othmer method. Equilibrium relative humidity and ratio of the latent heat of vaporization with ln$P_{\upsilon}$ and ln$P_S$ were estimated with moisture contents ranging from 10% (d.b.) to 36% (d.b.) with 2% (d.b.) increment and temperatures ranging from $10^{\circ}C$ to $50^{\circ}C$ with $2.5^{\circ}C$ increment. An empirical equation for calculating the latent heat of vaporization in rice was developed as a function of moisture content and temperature. The equation agreed well with the calculated results. The ratio for latent heat of vaporization were the greatest for white rice while they were similar among rough rice, brown rice and rice hull.

Influence of Cultivar on Rice Cooking Properties (품종별에 따른 쌀밥의 제조에 관한 연구)

  • 민경찬;김평재
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.330-334
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    • 1995
  • A various aseptic packaged cooked rice prepared In Korean rice was developed for extending shelf-life at room temperature. Data of proximate composition showed no significant difference between cultivars except moisture of cooked rice. The optimal condition of added water content for aseptic packaged cooked rice was 1.3 times of rice while 1.5 times for cooked rice and microwave heating. Hardeness of cooked rice was decreased in order of Dongjin, Odae, Chuchung, Kyaehwa, Ilpoom. Sensory evaluation results showed that Ilpoom had a best result while Odae for storage time (7 days).

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Effects of the Type and Percentage of a Lipid on the Quality Characteristics of Rice Bread Depending on the Use of Wet and Dry Rice Flour (습식 및 건식 쌀가루의 유지 종류 및 첨가 비율에 따른 쌀빵 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Sang Sook;Chung, Hae Young
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.511-519
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    • 2018
  • The baking properties of rice bread with different percentages of butter and oil in wet and dry rice flour were investigated. The moisture, damaged starch, mean diameter, pasting properties by amylogram and RVA (Rapid Visco Analyzer), as well as thermal properties by DSC (Differential Scanning Calorimetry) of wet and dry rice flour were analyzed. The specific gravity and color (L, a, b) of the dough, as well as the appearance, color (L, a, b) and texture of the rice bread with different percentages of butter and oil in wet and dry rice flour were also analyzed. As a result, the wet rice flour were composed of a noted higher content in moisture, compared to the dry rice flour (p<0.001). The wet rice flour had lower values of damaged starch, higher values of mean diameter and a higher peak viscosity than was noted in the dry rice flour (p<0.001). The wet rice flour showed a higher degree of hydration and gelatinization than was seen in the dry rice flour (p<0.001). The prevailing principle to utilize the replacement of wet rice flour with oil had a significant effect on the volume, specific volume and hardness of the rice bread (p<0.001). The hardness of the rice bread also showed a decreasing trend as the amount of the added oil was increased into the mixture. These results suggest that the replacement of wet rice flour with 5.8% oil is effective for the production of rice bread.

Review of Rice: Production, Trade, Consumption, and Future Demand in Korea and Worldwide

  • Jeong, Jong-Min;Kim, Eun Chong;Venkatanagappa, Shoba;Lee, Jeom-Sig
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.62 no.3
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    • pp.157-165
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    • 2017
  • Being a staple food for more than half of the population of the world and South Korea, rice is an important crop. For the past 20 years, global paddy rice cultivation area and production have shown an annual growth of 0.46% and 1.61%, respectively. Global rice consumption for food and processing has increased by 1.37% and 3.68%, respectively. Due to the main reason for such increasing human population, it is expected that from 439 million tons in 2010, additional 116 million tons will be needed in 2035. Global rice imports and exports have doubled in the last 20 years. However, in spite of such increment, global rice exports in 2013 were 8.4% of the total production. It is thought that rice protection policies in the producing countries are the main reason for such small scale of rice trading. In the past 5 years, India recorded the largest growth rate in rice exports (51.4%), whereas China showed the largest growth rate in imports (61.0%). For global utilization of milled rice during the same period, approximately 79.4% was used as food, 7.2% as animal feeds, and 1.4% for processing. Regionally, Asia has shown a similar pattern to the global rice usage, whereas utilization for processing in America, for food in Africa, and for animal feed in Europe was relatively higher than the global rice usage. Korea's cultivation area and production since the last 5 years, are 0.5% and 0.8% of those of the world, respectively. Its annual rice export is approximately 3,000 tons, which is 0.01% of the global rice export. Korea's rice utilization is high for food and low for feed and for processing relative to global rice utilization. Therefore, a review must be conducted to increase Korea's utilization of rice for processing and for feed production.

Effect on Rice Growth and Change of Inorganic Nitrogen Content in Soil by Application with Rice Bran and Mixed Expeller Cake Fertilizer on Machine Transplanting Rice Paddy Field

  • Kim, S.;Yang, C.H.;Lee, S.B.;Lee, J.H.;Kim, J.D.;Kim, S.J.;Im, I.B.
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.19 no.spc
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    • pp.157-160
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to find a method using the application of rice bran and mixed expeller cake at machine transplanting rice paddy field. Different ratios of rice bran and mixed expeller cake were sprayed as substitute of chemical fertilizer (nitrogen 90kg $ha^{-1}$) before transplanting. Nitrogen content was highest in 30th day after transplantation, and in relation to treatments the order was the following: Rice bran 1,000kg $ha^{-1}$ + Mixed expeller cake 1,374kg $ha^{-1}$ > rice bran 2,000kg $ha^{-1}$ + Mixed expeller cake 948kg $ha^{-1}$ > rice bran 3,000kg $ha^{-1}$ + Mixed expeller cake 522kg $ha^{-1}$. Number of panicle and spikelets per $m^{-2}$ was higher in rice bran 1,000kg $ha^{-1}$ + Mixed expeller cake 1,374kg $ha^{-1}$ and rice bran 2,000kg $ha^{-1}$ + Mixed expeller cake 948kg $ha^{-1}$ than in rice bran 3,000kg $ha^{-1}$ + Mixed expeller cake 522kg $ha^{-1}$ and the yields was the highest in rice bran 1,000kg $ha^{-1}$ + Mixed expeller cake 1,374kg $ha^{-1}$.

Characteristics and development of Rice Noodle Added with Isolate Soybean Protein (분리대두단백질을 첨가한 쌀국수의 제면특성 및 개발)

  • Park Hee-Kyung;Lee Hyo-Gee
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.326-338
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of isolate soybean protein (ISP) and rice flour on the characteristics of rice noodles. As the levels of ISP and rice flour increased, water binding capacity, swelling power of rice noodle increased. In RVA, pasting temperature, Set back showed an increasing tendency with peak viscosity, holding viscosity, break down, final viscosity of rice noodle increased as the level of rice flour by decreasing. Peak time was not significant. The weight, water absorption and volume of the cooked noodles were decreased. The turbidity of rice noodle increased. The Hunter color L, a-values of the dried rice noodle decreased. Cooked rice noodle quality increased with by decreasing the level of rice flour level. B-values of dried rice noodle and cooked rice noodle increased. Texture profile analysis of cooked rice noodle showed an increase of hardness. Adhesiveness, cohesiveness of cooked rice noodles decreased with by decreasing the level of ISP and rice flour. Gumminess, springiness, chewiness were increased. Sensory evaluation, showed gloss was increased. Hardness and chewiness of the cooked ice noodles were increased. Adhesiveness was not significant. Color and overall- acceptability were increased. Relationship between sensory and mechanical examinations (The overall quality of sensory examination for gloss) had a negative correlation with the mechanical examination for b-value (p.0.05). Mechanical examination for b-value had a positive correlation of sensory evaluation for hardness, chewiness, which had negative correlation of sensory evaluation for color. Scanning Electron, Microscopes observation of rice noodle was showed that the size of the hole grown was increased with by increasing the level of rice flour. From the above results, the most advisable mixture ratio of rice noodle evaluation was can be derived as follows: 171g rice flour, 114g wheat flour, 15g soybean protein isolate, 120ml water, and 6g salt.

Effect of retrograded rice on weight control, gut function, and lipid concentrations in rats

  • Ha, Ae-Wha;Han, Gwi-Jung;Kim, Woo-Kyoung
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.16-20
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    • 2012
  • The effects of retrograded rice on body weight gain, gut functions, and hypolipidemic actions in rats were examined. When the retrograded rice was produced by repetitive heating and cooling cycles, it contained significantly higher amounts of resistant starch ($13.9{\pm}0.98%$) than is found in common rice ($9.1{\pm}1.02%$) (P < 0.05). Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either common rice powder or retrograded rice powder, and mean body weight gain was significantly lower in the retrograded rice group (P < 0.05). The liver weight of the retrograded rice group ($14.5{\pm}0.5\;g$) was significantly lower than that of the common rice group ($17.1{\pm}0.3\;g$, P < 0.05). However, the weights of other organs, such as the kidney, spleen, thymus, and epididymal fat pad were not significantly affected by rice feeding. Intestinal transit time tended to be lower in rats fed retrograded rice when compared to rats fed the common rice, but the difference was not significant. The retrograded rice diet significantly increased stool output when compared to that in the common rice powder diet (P < 0.05), whereas fecal moisture content (%) was significantly higher in the retrograded rice group ($23.3{\pm}1.2$) than that in the common rice group ($19.1{\pm}1.2$) (P < 0.05). The retrograded rice group had significantly lower plasma cholesterol (P < 0.05), liver cholesterol (P < 0.05), and triacylglycerol contents in adipose tissue (P < 0.05) when compared to those in the common rice group. In conclusion, retrograded rice had higher resistant starch levels compared with those of common rice powder, and it lowered body weight gain and improved lipid profiles and gut function in rats.