• Title, Summary, Keyword: rice bran protein hydrolysate

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Characteristics of Enzymatic Hydrolysates of Rice Bran and Rice Protein by Mixing Ratio and Hydrolysis Times (미강과 쌀 단백질의 비율과 분해 시간에 따른 효소분해물의 품질 특성)

  • Seon, Yoo Kyung;Goo, Hoo Mo;Park, Kwang Kun;Yang, Eun Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.45 no.10
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    • pp.1460-1466
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to develop a savory ingredient using rice material. We made hydrolysates with ratios of rice bran and rice protein of 4:0, 3:1, 2:2, and 1:3 (w/w) using commercial enzymes, and then investigated their quality properties. At a ratio of 3:1, nitrogen degradation ratio (NDR), savory taste, and overall acceptability were the highest compared to other ratios. Rice bran and rice protein with a ratio of 3:1 were hydrolyzed for 13 days, and characteristics of the hydrolysate were investigated after 3, 5, 7, 10, and 13 days. Total nitrogen, amino nitrogen, and NDR of the hydrolysate after 10 days were higher than those of other hydrolysates. SDS-PAGE showed that the molecular weight of the hydrolysate peptide became smaller as hydrolysis time increased. Glutamic acid content was highest among all amino acids in the hydrolysate for 13 days. Amino acids related to bitter taste decreased from 5 to 13 days, whereas amino acids related to sweet taste substantially increased over time. Sensory evaluation showed that the hydrolysate after 10 days was best. These results suggest that rice bran and rice protein at a mixing ratio of 3:1 and hydrolysis for 10 days were optimal hydrolysis condition for development of natural savory ingredients.

Nutritional and Functional Properties of Rice (쌀의 영양학적.기능적 우수성)

  • 하태열
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Postharvest Science and Technology of Agricultural Products Conference
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    • pp.64-71
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    • 2002
  • Rice(Oryza stiva L.) is a major cereal food providing nourishment to over half of the world's populations and was considered only as a source of energy. However, The recent many researches have been made to suggest that rice may relate to prevention chronic disease and health-promoting properties such as postprandial glucose response, hypocholesterolemic effect and blood pressure-lowering effect. There has been numerous observation supporting that rice has hypocholesterolemic effect. Rice, rice bran, rice bran oil and unsaponifiable matter of rice bran oil reduced plasma cholesterol in rat, hamster as well as human. Components of rice showing hypocholesterolemic effect include dietary fiber(hemicellulose, phytic acid). protein, ${\gamma}$-oryzanol, $\beta$-sitosterol, and tocotrienols. Crapo et al has been studied that the effect of various of starchy foods on the postprandial blood glucose and insulin responses in healthy and diabetic humans. The results showed that rice had lower blood glucose and insulin responses compared to potato, bread and dextrose. The different physical forms in the same starch also produce the different postprandial glucose and insulin responses. In recent years, several studies have shown that some components of rice have potent antioxidant activity against Fe$^{2+}$ -ascorbate induced lipid peroxidation in rat liver microsomal membranes. Cell culture and animal studies have shown that some components of rice have inhibitory effect on the growth and proliferation of several types of human cancer cell. It was also reported that the methanol extract of brown rice has antimutagenic activity against various mutagens. In addition, the pepsine hydrolysate from rice protein is reported to inhibit angiotensin converting enzyme activity. GABA (${\gamma}$ - aminobutyric acid) and GABA enriched rice germ is also effective for lowering blood pressure and triglyceride levels.s.

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Isolation and Partial Physicochemical Characterization of Bile Acid-Binding Fraction from Rice Bran Protein Hydrolysates (미강 단백질 가수분해물에서 담즙산 결합 획분의 분리 및 특성구명)

  • Cho, Wan-Il;Moon, Tae-Wha
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.417-426
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    • 1997
  • Rice bran protein hydrolysates were prepared and some of their physicochemical properties were investigated to utilize rice bran as starting material for functional food ingredient. Rice bran proteins (RBP) were prepared from defatted rice bran by alkaline extraction and isoelectric precipitation. The enzyme for hydrolysis of RBP was selected through measuring relative activity by pH-drop method and comparing the degree of hydrolysis (DH) of hydrolysates. The enzymatic hydrolysates prepared by $Esperase^{\circledR}$ treatment were partitioned into two fractions by ultrafiltration(UF) with a 10 kDa molecular weight cut-off membrane. Each fraction was applied to a cholic acid-conjugated ${\omega}-aminohexyl$ Sepharose 4B column and the bile acid-binding components were obtained by eluting with deoxycholate. Gel permeation chromatography on a Sephadex G-50 column revealed that molecular weight of the bile acid-binding fraction of UF permeate was distributed in ranges of $2\;kDa{\sim}10\;kDa$ and $0.2\;kDa{\sim}0.6\;kDa$. Three peaks (R-1, R-2 and R-3) were obtained by prep-HPLC of bile acid-binding fraction of UF retentate and analyzed for total and free amino acid composition. The results showed that proline content of the bile-acid binding polypeptides and peptides was four times as much as that of rice bran protein and that the peak corresponding to higher average hydrophobicity had a higher free amino acid content. Average hydrophobicity slightly increased with enzymatic hydrolysis.

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Purification and Evaluation of Rice Bran Hydrolysates with Antimutagenicity

  • Heo, Seok;Hettiarachy, Navam;Park, Jong-Seok;Kim, Hyung-Il;Paik, Hyun-Dong;Yun, Mi-Suk;Lee, Si-Kyung
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.285-289
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    • 2007
  • A 3% suspension of heat-stabilized defatted rice bran was treated with papain, followed by inactivating the enzyme by heat, and centrifuged. The supernatant was subjected to ultrafiltration, and fractions with various molecular sizes, F1 (>30 kDa), F2 (10-30 kDa), F3 (5-10 kDa), F4 (3-5 kDa), and F5 (3 kDa<), were freeze-dried, and evaluated for antimutagenicity by Ames test using Salmonella typhimurium TA 100 against phenazine methosulfate. The F3 fraction containing highest antimutagenicity from ultrafiltration was separated into 6 fractions by DEAE-Sephadex A-25 ion-exchange column chromatography (F3-1-F3-6). Each fractions having protein contents were pooled, dialyzed, freeze dried, and evaluated for antimutagenicity. Among the six fractions, the F3-1, F3-2, and F3-6 fractions showed antimutagenicity, which were 80.2, 53.4, and 58.6% at concentration of $100\;{\mu}g/plate$, respectively. These F3-1, F3-2, and F3-6 fractions were subjected to Sephadex G-50 gel filtration column chromatography for further purification. Among the purified fractions, the F3-1-1, F3-2-2, and F3-6-1 fractions showed antimutagenicity of 84.5, 58.6, and 69.8% at concentration of $100\;{\mu}g/plate$, respectively. It is thought that these peptides can find application for nutraceutical and pharmaceutical products.