• Title, Summary, Keyword: rice cooking

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Changes of physicochemical characteristics of various rice cooking by using milk and in vitro digestibility (취반과정중 조리수가 우유일 때 이화학적 특성과 in vitro 소화도)

  • 김경자
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.28-37
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    • 1987
  • The changes of various cooking experiment (gelatinization, swelling, texture, water absorbance) and amino acid, fatty acid composition and the effect of digestibility on glucose examination (in vitro) were investigated at various rice during cooking by using milk. The results are summarized as follows. 1) In the effect of various water-to-rice ratios on the degree of absorbance of rice, Rice (using water) always showed higher absorbance than rice. (using milk) optimum water absorbance time were shown to be 40 minute for rice (using water) and 50 minute for rice (using milk). 2) The degree of gelatinization (D.G) by iodine colorimetric method increased proportionally according to the increase of water-to-rice ratio and rice cooking always showed higher D.G than rice milk cooking. When the same D.G rice milk cooking food required 40~50% higher water-to-rice ratios than rice cooking food. 3) Various rice cooking food, the palatability were best food by rice bean milk cooking food. 4) The main Amino acid composition of using milk rice cooked food were Glutenine, Leusine, Asparagine, Valine, Arginin above 42% of the Total Amino acid. The contents of Lysine and Methionine were 476.50mg, 412.16mg in using Milk rice cooking food. 5) Using rice Milk cooking food ana Rice bean Milk cooking food, rice cooking, rice bean cooking in phosphate Buffer, in vitro Enzymatic glucose were carried out in dialysis bag. During 90 minute of incubation at $37^{\circ}C$, reducing sugar were analyzed from dialysate. Starch digestibility measured from human Saliva, Sali a, Pencreatic Amylase treatment was high in Rice Milk cooking food, Rice bean Milk cooking food and rice cooking food and rice bean cooking food but remarkely low.

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Study on Cooking Properties of 'Bodeurami' Rice Cultivar (보드라미 쌀 품종의 취반특성에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Hee Nam;Choi, Ok Ja
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.209-217
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the cooking properties of Bodeurami and Ilmi to promote consumption of rice. Methods: The properties of Bodeurami and Ilmi such as proximate composition, Hunter's color value, water absorption rate, and cooking properties as well as Hunter's color value, texture properties, and sensory evaluation of cooked rice were analyzed. Results: Crude protein, crude fat, and crude ash contents of Bodeurami and Ilmi were higher in brown rice than in white rice. Regardless of rice cultivars, L-value was lower, whereas a and b-values were higher in brown rice than in white rice. The water absorption rate of rice grains was higher in white rice than in brown rice and increased rapidly to 75 min for white rice and 4 hr for brown rice. Cooking properties, water absorption, and expansibility of white rice were higher than those of brown rice, and there were significant differences between Bodeurami and Ilmi. Immediately after cooking and after storage at warm ($70^{\circ}C$) and room temperatures ($25^{\circ}C$), hardness of cooked rice increased after storage, but was not significantly different between Bodeurami white rice and Ilmi brown rice. The sensory evaluation shows that Bodeurami brown rice scored the highest for taste, texture and overall preference. Conclusion: Thus, the results of this study shows that Bodeurami brown rice is characterized by high cooking quality without any mixed white rice, and Bodeurami white rice could be used for the rice processing industry as well as cooked rice.

Eating Qualities of Frozen Cooked Rice on the Thawing Condition (해동조건에 따른 냉동밥의 밥맛 비교)

  • 오명숙
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.147-157
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    • 1997
  • It attempted to determine the effect of various thawing methods, such as pressure cooking, conventional cooking, microwave heating and thawing at room temperature, on the quality of frozen cooked rice using Nongan variety of rice. These effects were analysed at three different periods-after 10 days, 30 days and 90 days. It conducted a physico-chemical analysis(moisture content, dehydration rates, color value and texture) and sensory evaluation o the frozen-thawed cooked rice. The study showed that there were no significant differences on the frozen-thawed cooked rice. The study showed that there were no significant differences on the quality characteristics of frozen-thawed cooked rice during the storage of 90 days. However, the thawing method of pressure cooking caused high moisture content and decrease in hardness on the cooked rice, the desirability for the rice didn't diminish compared with the cooked rice just after cooking. the quality characteristics of the cooked rice after frozen-thawing by conventional cooking and microwave heating were similar with that of the cooked rice just after cooking. thawing at room temperature caused a significant decrease in quality characteristics.

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Cooking Characteristics and Firming Rate of Cooked Parboiled Rice (파보일미(Parboiled rice)의 이화학적 특성 -III. 파보일미(추청벼)의 취반 및 노화특성-)

  • 이명선;조은자
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.46-53
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    • 1996
  • To investigate physicochemical and cooking properties of parboiled rice, choochung paddy processed to parboiled rice by three methods (PL, PT, PA) milled and examined hydration, cooking qualities and firming rate of cooked parboiled rice. The results were obtained as follows. The longer the steaming time during parboiling the larger EMC of soaked parboiled rice. Water uptake rate constants (k) of all the parboiled rice during soaking except for PT rice were generally increased than those of raw rice. The longer the steaming time during parboiling the greater volume increase rate constants ( $k_{v}$) of parboiled rice samples. The glelatinization temperature of parboiled rice flour by DSC was more increased than that of raw rice flour. Gelatinized entalpy was decreased and gelatinization content (%SG: degree of starch gelatinization) was increased by parboiling process. In cooking tests, parboiled rices were harder than raw rice and softness (reciprocal of hardness) was greater PT30, PA, PL30 in turns the cooking time of the parboiled rice took longer 3-10 min than that of raw rice, PL30 took longer time than anyother rices. Cooking water of parboiled rices could be observed lighter turbidities than that of raw rice. Firming rate constants of cooked rice during storage 24 hours were generally decreased by parboiling-processing. The time constants, reciprocal of firming constants of cooked PL30 rice were 2 times slower than those of cooked raw rice.e.

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Physicochemical and Cooking Characteristics of Non-waxy Soft Brown Rice (연질현미의 이화학적 및 취반 특성)

  • Park, Jihye;Shin, Malshick
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.531-540
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: To improve the cooking quality of brown rice, newly inbred soft rice cultivars were investigated. Methods: The physicochemical properties of brown rice flour and water absorption patterns and cooking characteristics of brown rice grain were compared to Ilmi white and brown rice. Results: General composition and total dietary fiber contents of five rices were significantly different with higher ash, protein, and total dietary fiber contents in soft brown rice than white rice. The hardness of raw rice grain was higher in Ilmi brown rice than in soft brown rice. The water absorption increased rapidly in 30 min of white rice and in 4-6 h of brown rices. The apparent amylose content of soft brown rice was lower than that of Ilmi rice. The initial pasting temperature and all viscosities were significantly different, but the trend was not similar. The textural properties of hardness and roughness were higher, but adhesiveness, cohesiveness, and stickiness were lower in Ilmi brown rice than white and soft brown rices. In sensory preference test, not only textural properties, hardness, adhesiveness, cohesiveness, stickiness, and roughness, but also color, glossiness, and roasted flavor were higher in soft brown rices. Especially soft brown rice B showed the best cooking quality among all rices. Conclusion: The results of the study suggested that soft brown rice is developed for cooking with high nutritional and functional quality.

A Study on Changes in the Cooking Process of Red Beans Used to Prepare Bab in Cooking Books Written during Last 100 Years (팥을 이용한 밥의 조리과정 변화 연구 - 근대 이후 조리서를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Kyung-Ran
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.678-686
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in the cooking process of red beans used to prepare Bab (cooked rice) in cooking books published from late 19th century to the present. There are 3 different types of Bab that use red beans; Jungdeungbab, Patbab and Patsura, and cooking process vary between different cooking books. For making Jungdeungbab, one method is to cook the red beans in the water first, and then only the water, after draining the cooked red beans, is used to cook rice. The other method is to smash the cooked red beans and collect the water that passes through the smashed red beans to cook the rice. For Patbab, 2 cooking methods were found. One is to cook the whole red beans first and then to add them to the rice for cooking. Another method is to break the red beans into two pieces and mix them with rice and cook them together. Patsura is the red bean used to prepare the Bab offered to Kings during the Chosun dynasty(1392~1910). The cooking process of Patsura is similar to both Jundeungbab and Patbab. In Ijogungjeongyoritonggo(1957), the cooking method of Patsura is similar to that of Patbab; breaking red beans into two pieces and then mixing them with rice and cooking them together. Another method, which is similar to Jungdeungbab, is found in Ijogungjeongyoritonggo(1957) and Hangukyoribaekguasajeon(1976). In Ijogungjeongyoritonggo(1957), the cooking method is to cook the red beans first and then squeeze them after putting them into a sack and then using the extract to cook rice. In Hangukyoribaekguasajeon(1976), the red bean is prepared by first cooking red beans in water, and then only the water, after draining the cooked red bean, is used to cook rice. In further studies, the cooking procedures used in the previous period of the late 19th century should be examined.

Quality and antioxidant characteristics of cooked rice the mixture of glutinous rice and cooking methods

  • Woo, Koan Sik;Lee, Kyung Ha;Kim, Mi-Jung;Ko, Jee Yeon;Sim, Eun-Yeong;Lee, Choon Ki;Jeon, Yong Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.248-248
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    • 2017
  • This study was carried out to compare the cooking and antioxidant characteristics of cooked rice added at various rate of glutinous rice addition and treated with two cooking methods. Cooked rice added with glutinous rice was cooked by general and high pressure cooking method with and without fermented alcohol. Pasting characteristics of cooked rice were decreased as increasing the amounts of glutinous rice. Water binding capacity and swelling power were significant decreased with the amounts of glutinous rice increasing, however water solubility indices were significant increased. Palatability characteristics of cooked rice added with glutinous rice showed similar results to cooked rice without glutinous rice. Total polyphenol contents of cooked rice added with glutinous rice and fermented alcohol were significantly distinct, but there was no significant difference. Total flavonoid contents were increased as increasing the amounts of glutinous rice. Total flavonoid contents by general cooking method of cooked rice added with 20% glutinous rice and fermented alcohol were $23.20{\pm}0.61{\mu}g\;CE/g$. DPPH radical scavenging activities added with and without glutinous rice were 2.97~5.19 and 3.19~5.45 mg TE/100 g, respectively. ABTS radical scavenging activities by high pressure cooking method of cooked rice added with 20% glutinous rice and fermented alcohol were $19.48{\pm}0.63mg\;TE/100g$. In this study, cooking and antioxidant characteristics of cooked rice added with glutinous rice were expected to be used as basic data on manufacturing processed products.

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Cooking Techniques to Improve the Taste of Cooked Rice;Optimal Cooking Conditions for Top Rice Cultivars (우리 쌀의 밥맛 향상을 위한 취반기술 개발 연구;제2보 탑라이스 쌀 품종의 취반특성 연구)

  • Han, Gwi-Jung;Park, Hee-Joeng;Lee, Hye-Yoen;Park, Young-Hee;Cho, Yong-Sik
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.188-197
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    • 2008
  • This study was carried out to determine the optimal cooking conditions for various rice cultivars (Ilpoom, Saechucheong, Sindongjin, and Sura-top rice) using trial preparations with different soaking times (0, 30, and l20min) and cooking equipment (electric pressure cookers, electric cookers, gas pressure cookers, iron pots, and stone pots). In adddition, the texture and sensory characteristics of the rice prepared with the electric pressure cookers, gas pressure cookers, and stone pots were analyed. The results showed that the moisture, amylose and physicochemical compositions of the four rice varieties were similar. According to RVA, the Sura, cultivar had generally high viscosity, and the Ilpoom, cultivar presented the highest hot and peak viscosities. Saechucung had the highest initial gelatinizing temperature and Sindongjin showed the greatest setback. The optimal amounts of added water as well as heating conditons were dependent on the rice varieties, soaking times, and cooking equipment. A longer soaking time reduced the hardness of the cooked rice, amount of added water, and the heating time. The pressure cooking equipment provided the best cooked rice texture, reduced the affect of the soaking time, and decreased the heating time. In general, all the variaties of cooked rice had high overall acceptability, which tended to increase when the rice was soaked for 30min prior to cooking, had a 1.2-fold amount of water to rice added, and was cooked in the pressure equipment.

Effect of Thawing Methods and Storage Periods on the Quality of Frozen Cooked Rice

  • Oh, Myung-Suk
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.234-240
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    • 1998
  • This study attempted to determine the effect of various thawing methods and storage periods on the quality of froen cooked rice. Frozen cooked rice was thawed at four different methods, such as pressure cooking, conventional cooking, microwave heating and thawing at room temperature after 10 days, 30days and 90 days frozen storage. We conducted a physico-chemical analysis (moisture content, dehydration rates, degree of gelatinization, color value and texture) and sensory evalution on the frozen-thawed cooked rice. The study showed that there were no significant differences on the quality characteristics of frozen-thawed cooked rice during the storage period of 90 days. However, the thawing method of pressure cooking caused high moisture content, rapid dehydration rates, and a high degree of gelatinization on the cooked rice. Thus, the desirabililty for the rice diminished becaused of the excess moisture content and the change of appearance and testure in the rice due to the high temperature. There were similiar quality characteristics to the cooked rice after forzen-thawing whether by conventional cooking or by microwave heating and just after cooking. Thawing at room temperature also caused a significant decrease in quality characteristics.

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Vitamin Retention in Rice Bran during Extrusion Cooking (Extrusion Cooking처리가 미당(米糖)에 함유하는 비타민의 잔존율에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Bok-Nam;Cheigh, Hong-Sik;Lee, Kyu-Han
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.187-191
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    • 1986
  • Vitamin retention in rice bran during the extrusion cooking adapted for the rice bran stabilization was studied. The rice bran of different moisture content (9.5% and 15.6%) were extruded with cooking extruder (screw dia: 100mm. strew rpm:900. L/D ratio: 10.0) under the given conditions of specific power consumption(42.1 67.9 W/Kg) and extrusion temperatures $(99-135^{\circ}C)$. The affected retention rates of thiamine, riboflavin and niacin in extruded rice bran were determined. The extruded rice bran with higher moisture level had a lower or similar vitamin retention rate at lower specific power consumption and extrusion temperatures, relatively. The vitamin retention in extruded rice brail with the same moisture level were gradually decreased by the increased specific politer consumption and extrusion temperatures. The vitamin retention of rice bran during the extrusion cooking for the rice bran stabilization were observed as 89.9-97.0% for thiamin, 83.4- 97.3% for riboflavin and 94.0 - 97.7% for niacin, respectively.

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