• Title, Summary, Keyword: rice fermentation

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Study on the Dextran and the Inside Structure of Jeung-Pyun of Adding Soybean (콩 첨가 증편의 Dextran과 내부구조에 관한 연구)

  • 신광숙;우경자
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.121-130
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    • 2001
  • Jeung-Pyun Is a traditional fermented Korean food made with rice flour, water, sugar salt and unrefined rice wine(Tak-ju). In order to investigate how the addition of soybean and dextran have an influence on Jeung-Pyun fermentation and forming structure of Jeun-Pyun, adding soybean 20% and dextran 1%based on rice weight, we measured physicochemical properties. Also we measured dextran content of Jeung-Pyun batter according to the fermentation time and observed the inside of Jeung-Pyun by SEM in order to find out air pore condition. The dextran content of rice Jeung-Pyun and Jeung-Pyun adding soybean 20% was gradually increased as fermentation time was longer and Jeung-Pyun adding soybean 20% was higher than rice Jeung-Pyun. The specific volume of rice Jeung-Pyun and Jeung-Pyun adding soybean 20% was increased up to a fermentation time of 7~ 10 hours but it was decreased as fermentation time was longer. In the inside structure of Jeung-Pyun observed by SEM, the fermentation condition of Jeung-Pyun fermented for 3 and 7 hour was better and air pore size became larger, the number of it was decreased as fermentation time was longer. The air pore size of soybean 20% Jeung-Pyun is smaller more uniform than that of rice Jeung-Pyun. In conclusion. it can be suggested that the audition of soybean improves the quality of Jeung-Pyun and dextran has an influence on fermentation and forming structure of Jeung-Pyun.

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Bifidobacterium Fermentation of Rice and Apple Pomace Mixture (쌀과 사과박 혼합물을 이용한 Bifidobacterium발효제품의 개발)

  • 이주연;박종현;장학길;목철균
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.333-338
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    • 1999
  • This study was aimed to develop a value-added fermented products from rice and apple pomace using Bifidobacterium fermentation. The Bifidobacterium fermentation system of the mixture of rice and apple pomace was developed, and the physicochemical properties of the products were investigated. After 4 different bifidobacteria were compared for their fermentation capability and sensory properties of the fermented product, Bifidobacterium FBD-13 and FBD-22 were selected as appropriate strains for the fermentation of saccharified rice solution(SRS). The optimum inoculation level was 2% and the optimum fermentation time was 42 hrs. When wet apple pomace(WAP) was added to SRS, it contributed to the improvement of sensory properties of the fermented products and the optimum mixing ratio was 40% WAP and 60% SRS in weight. For the fermentation of the mixture of WAP and SRS, Bifidobacterium FBD-27 and FBD-22 were selected as suitable strains.

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Production of Pigment by Liquid Culture and Monacolin K in Red Mold Rice by Solid State Fermentation of Monascus ruber Strains (Monascus ruber의 액체배양을 통한 색소 생산 및 고체발효를 통한 홍국쌀의 monacolin K 생산 특성)

  • Park, Youn-Je
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.400-407
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    • 2013
  • The growth characteristics and production of color pigments by Monascus strains were investigated during liquid culture, and production of monacolin K in red mold rice was carried out by solid state fermentation. Four different Monascus ruber strains were cultured in potato dextrose yeast extract broth (PDYB) media at $25^{\circ}C$ for 15 days. The high producing strain for red pigment was not corresponded to the strain for yellow pigment. Production of red pigment was high in the strain causing the fast pH change in culture broth. Production of monacolin K in red mold rice by solid state fermentation was influenced by a combination of wet cell weight and spore density in inoculum by liquid culture. Most strains showed the high production of monacolin K in red mold rice, when submerged fermentation was carried out for 5 days as inoculum for solid state fermentation. These results suggest that submerged fermentation period of inoculum have an effect on the production of monacolin K in red mold rice by solid state fermentation, and monacolin K in red mold rice could be increased by controlling the condition of submerged fermentation for inoculum.

Physicochemical and Microbial Properties of Korean Traditional Rice Wine, Makgeolli, Supplemented with Black Garlic Extracts during Fermentation

  • Jeong, Yoon-Hwa
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.142-149
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to elucidate the physicochemical and microbiological properties of Korean traditional rice wine, Makgeolli, supplemented with black garlic extract during fermentation. Black garlic extract was diluted with distilled water to produce 0.5% and 1.0% black garlic solutions. Those solutions were then used to make rice solutions which included 2 kg rice, 40 g Nuruk (a fermentation starter), and 14 g yeast. After being mixed, the rice solutions were fermented for 7 days in a water bath at $28^{\circ}C$. The alcohol contents of the control, 0.5% and 1.0% black garlic Makgeolli were 16.9, 16.0, and 16.2%, respectively. Total acidity, total soluble solids, and color increased throughout the fermentation process. There was an increase of microorganisms throughout the fermentation period in all the samples. Glucose was the highest free sugar, and succinic acid was the highest organic acid detected in all the samples. Thirty nine volatile compounds were detected in black garlic Makgeolli.

Effect of Different Rice Treatments on Fermentation Characteristics of Baikhaju (a Korean Traditional Alcoholic Beverage) (백하주의 발효 특성에 대한 원료 쌀의 처리 효과)

  • Park, Wan-Soo;Kim, In-Ho;Koo, Young-Jo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.601-608
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    • 1996
  • Fermentation characteristics of Baikhaju (a typical Korean traditional alcoholic beverage) were investigated during fermentation with differently treated rice samples, which were steamed rice (SR), plain steamed rice bread (RB), rice porridge (RP) and roasted rice (RR). The RB sample showed an excellent fermentation efficiency with the highest alcohol production (20.84%). The SR and RR samples showed 17.79% and 17.31% of alcohol production, respectively. The RP sample was the lowest alcohol production (11.47%). The pH values of all the beverage samples were similar and were ranged from 3.6 to 3.9. The fermentation periods of RB and RR samples were longer than the SR and RP. The inner temperature and microbial growth in all the beverages increased at each of input steps of the rice and Nuruk (a Korean-style bran koji). Fusel oil content of the SR and RP samples (613.6 ppm) was higher than that of RR (482.7 ppm). The RB sample with the best fermentation efficiency had the lowest fusel oil content (341.8 ppm). The RP sample showed the highest score in sensory evaluation and RB sample showed the lowest. The results on sensory evaluation were contrary to those on the fermentation efficiency.

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Improvement of Fermentation Quality of Rice Straw Silage by Application of a Bacterial Inoculant and Glucose

  • Li, Jing;Shen, Yixin;Cai, Yimin
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.23 no.7
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    • pp.901-906
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    • 2010
  • The improvement of the fermentation quality of rice straw silage by application of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and glucose was investigated in this study. Sixteen rice varieties were harvested at the maturity stage and the rice straw was ensiled with LAB inoculant ($1{\times}10^5$ cfu/g of fresh weight) and glucose (2% of fresh weight). Inoculation with LAB improved the fermentation as reflected in reductions in pH, acetic acid (by 3.7 to 78.3%), butyric acid (by -6.0 to 100.0%) and ammonia nitrogen (by 1.0 to 71.7%) concentrations, and increases in lactic acid (by 43.9 to 282.9%) and crude protein concentrations compared with the control. Application of LAB plus glucose was more effective in improving fermentation quality than LAB alone. The variety of rice straw which contained relatively high levels of water soluble carbohydrates (WSC) tended to obtain better fermentation quality. The results suggested that LAB application and selection of rice varieties whose straw contained high levels of WSC were effective in improvement of the fermentation quality of rice straw silage.

Studies on the Standardization of Fermentation and Preparation Methods for Steamed Rice Bread(II) -Effects of Cooking Conditions on the Acceptability of Steamed Rice Bread- (증편 제조법 표준화 연구 (II) -발효조건이 증편의 식미에 미치는 영향 -)

  • 강미영;최해춘
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.165-173
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    • 1993
  • Jung-Pyun is a traditional steamed rice bread made of fermented rice dough. A series of the Jung-Puyn samples were prepared according to the experimental design of five factors. Factors were fermentation sources(milky rice wine, activated yeast), weight of added water(60, 65, 70, 75% of rice powder), fermentation temperature(30$^{\circ}C$, 40$^{\circ}C$), fermentation times(2,3,4,5,6,12hours) and weight of added baking powder(1, 2% of rice powder). Trained panels judged the steamed rice bread samples to determine the effects of these factors on the sensory characteristics. The results of sensory evaluation revealed that the most preferable steamed rice bread on the overall eating quality was at the 70% adding water and 1% baking powder, 30$^{\circ}C$ for 5 hours incubation made by 1% addition of yeast.

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Comparison of Alcohol Fermentation from Husked Rice and Barley Cooked by Hot Air Puffing and Steaming (열풍팽화 및 자숙한 벼와 보리의 알코올 발효성 비교)

  • Kim, Dong-Han;Baek, Seung-Hwa;Choi, I-Seub;Kim, Joong-Man
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.297-301
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    • 1995
  • The saccharification ratio and efficiency of alcohol fermentation from hot air puffed and steamed flour of husked rice and barley varieties were compared. Enzymatic hydrolysis of husked rice flour was improved by puffing, and that of glutinous rice was higher than that of nonglutinous one. By puffing of husked rice and barley, alcohol production was slightly increased, but fermentation period was reduced comparing with steam cooked husked rice and barley. Fermentation efficiencies of husked rice by puffing and rice by steam cooking were 90.72% and 87.77%, respectively. Residual reducing sugar of barley mash was higher than that of rice mash. The pH of mash was gradually increased during fermentation and was high in case of puffing treatment.

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Fungal Diversity of Rice Straw for Meju Fermentation

  • Kim, Dae-Ho;Kim, Seon-Hwa;Kwon, Soon-Wo;Lee, Jong-Kyu;Hong, Seung-Beom
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.23 no.12
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    • pp.1654-1663
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    • 2013
  • Rice straw is closely associated with meju fermentation and it is generally known that the rice straw provides meju with many kinds of microorganisms. In order to elucidate the origin of meju fungi, the fungal diversity of rice straw was examined. Rice straw was collected from 12 Jang factories where meju are produced, and were incubated under nine different conditions by altering the media (MEA, DRBC, and DG18), and temperature ($15^{\circ}C$, $25^{\circ}C$, and $35^{\circ}C$). In total, 937 strains were isolated and identified as belonging to 39 genera and 103 species. Among these, Aspergillus, Cladosporium, Eurotium, Fusarium, and Penicillium were the dominant genera. Fusarium asiaticum (56.3%), Cladosporium cladosporioides (48.6%), Aspergillus tubingensis (37.5%), A. oryzae (31.9%), Eurotium repens (27.1%), and E. chevalieri (25.0%) were frequently isolated from the rice straw obtained from many factories. Twelve genera and 40 species of fungi that were isolated in the rice straw in this study were also isolated from meju. Specifically, A. oryzae, C. cladosporioides, E. chevalieri, E. repens, F. asiaticum, and Penicillium polonicum (11.8%), which are abundant species in meju, were also isolated frequently from rice straw. C. cladosporioides, F. asiaticum, and P. polonicum, which are abundant in the low temperature fermentation process of meju fermentation, were frequently isolated from rice straw incubated at $15^{\circ}C$ and $25^{\circ}C$, whereas A. oryzae, E. repens, and E. chevalieri, which are abundant in the high temperature fermentation process of meju fermentation, were frequently isolated from rice straw incubated at $25^{\circ}C$ and $35^{\circ}C$. This suggests that the mycobiota of rice straw has a large influence in the mycobiota of meju. The influence of fungi on the rice straw as feed and silage for livestock, and as plant pathogens for rice, are discussed as well.

Effect of Fermentation on the Antioxidant Activity of Rice Bran by Monascus pilosus KCCM60084

  • Cheng, Jinhua;Choi, Bong-Keun;Yang, Seung Hwan;Suh, Joo-Won
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.59 no.1
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    • pp.57-62
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we optimized fermentation conditions for the solid state fermentation of rice bran with Monascus pilosus KCCM60084, and the antioxidant activities were investigated. Optimal fermentation conditions were determined by the production of Monacolin K, a functional secondary metabolites with cholesterol lowering activity. The highest Monacolin K production were 2.88 mg/g observed on day 10 with 45% moisture content in the substrate when inoculated with 5% inoculum (w/w). Reducing power, iron chelating activity and $ABTS^+$ radical scavenging activity were significantly enhanced after fermentation by 60, 80, and 38% respectively. Furthermore, the content of total flavonoid were found to be increased by 4.58 fold. Based on these results, Monascus-fermented rice bran showed strong possibility to be used as a natural antioxidant agent due to its enhanced antioxidant activity.