• Title, Summary, Keyword: roadbed response

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Tilting Train-induced Roadbed Response on the Conventional Line (틸팅열차 주행시 기존선 흙 노반의 응답특성)

  • Koh, Tae-Hoon;Kwak, Yeon-Suk;Hwang, Seon-Keun;SaGong, Myung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.433-441
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    • 2011
  • It is a fact that the straightening of track alignment is one of the undoubted ways to improve the train speed on conventional lines, while that requires huge investment resources. Therefore, the operation of a tilting train as well as the minimum improvement of track is suggested as an effective and economical alternative way for the speed-up of conventional lines. Since a driving mechanism of tilting train is different from those of existing trains, in order to make sure its operation safety and stability on conventional line, the performance of track and roadbed must be preferentially evaluated on the conventional line. Furthermore, it is necessary to estimate the tilting-train-induced roadbed response in detail since the roadbed settlement can lead to the track deformation and even derailment. In this research, the patterns of wheel load and lateral force were monitored and analyzed through the field tests, and the derailment coefficient and degree of wheel off-loading were calculated in order to evaluate the tilting train running safety depending on the running speeds (120km~180km) on the conventional line. Moreover, roadbed pressure, settlement and acceleration were also observed as tilting-train-induced roadbed responses in order to estimate the roadbed stability depending on the running speeds. Consequently, the measured derailment coefficient and degree of wheel off-loading were satisfied with their own required limits, and all of the roadbed responses were less than those of existing high-speed train (KTX) over an entire running speed range considered in this study. As a result of this study, the tilting train which will be operated in combination with existing trains is expected to give no adverse impact on the conventional line even with its improved running speed.

A Study on the Criteria of Settlement in Concrete Slabtrack (토노반상 콘크리트궤도의 노반허용침하기준설정에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Chul-Kee;Yang, Shin-Chu;Kim, Yun-Tae
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.355-364
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    • 2007
  • Recently a concrete slab tracks are being constructed on roadbed in the Gyoeng-bu 2nd phase high speed railways. In respdnding to this trend, new design standards and track materials maintenance systems, based on the slab track material safety and usage perspective, are needed. This research provides a roadbed design criteria and the maintenance system. The proposed roadbed design criteria and the maintenance system are based on the developed analysis meathod of train/slab-track interaction. where the roadbed settlement and train speed are utilized as mediating variables. In the analysis, the dynamic response of train/slab-track interaction apply to various speeds and settlements. the roadbed settlement is shown in a sinusoidal shape of wave, the scope of the settlement occurrence presented in its wavelengths, include 6meters, 10meters, 15merwes, 20meters, 30meters. The train speeds involved are 50, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, 350, 400kilometers per hour.

Theoretical Study for the Resonance Speed and Frequency in Roadbed on the Base Rock (암반상 토노반 구간에서의 공진 속도 및 주파수에 대한 이론적 연구)

  • Lee Il-Wha;Hwang Seon-Keun;Lee Su-Hyung;Choi Chan-Young
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.443-447
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    • 2005
  • When the high-speed train running on the track, there is a speed band which track distortion is unusually increased according to the condition of track and roadbed. This speed is called critical velocity and physical parameter value increased greatly. These phenomenon happened as high-speed train were developed, studied regularly through TGV 100 running test in France. As research result until now, the main reason is soft roadbed's capacity. Wave propagation and track support capacity is varied by the site characteristics. This paper achieved theoretical examination about resonance band(speed and frequency) that occurred in roadbed on the base rock in point of geotechnical engineering. The examination of resonance divides with ground response analysis, critical band analysis by the shear wave velocity of roadbed, train critical speed through the ground stratum.

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Study of the Long-Term Behavior Characteristics of Roadbed on Concrete Track of High-speed Railway (고속철도 콘크리트 궤도상 토공노반의 장기거동 특성 연구)

  • Choi, Chan-Yong;Jung, Jae-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.8-16
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    • 2018
  • This study examined the long-term behavior of a roadbed using high-speed railway concrete track and roadbed measurement data and evaluated the long-term performance of the track and roadbed. Recently, high-speed railway track type has been adopted as a concrete slab. On the other hand, the concrete track is vulnerable to roadbed settlement. In the case of gravel tracks, it is easy to restore the original state by maintenance even if the roadbed settles. On the other hand, in the case of the concrete track, if excessive settlement of the roadbed occurs, cracks are generated continuously on the slabs and sleepers, resulting in greatly reduced usability. For this reason, it is difficult to restore the original state only by partial maintenance. In this paper, a long-term performance evaluation was carried out on a concrete track during operation by monitoring the measurement data of sensors buried from the beginning of construction for approximately 3 years after the high-speed railway opened. Performance evaluation methods include a performance evaluation of track/roadbed when the train passes, long-term track and roadbed performance evaluation, analysis of the track/roadbed effect on long-term settlement and analysis of the factors influencing long-term settlement. The trail response of KTX-Sancheon was greatest in the track/roadbed performance evaluation by train. The results of the long-term track and roadbed performance evaluation were measured within the standard values. The track and roadbed performance impact assessment with long-term settlement was strongly related to TCL settlement. The influences of the water content and groundwater level were verified by analyzing the external factors of long-term settlement. Through such a method, the stability of a track/roadbed can be secured.

Study on the Resonance in Trackbed of High-Speed Railway Considering Ground Condition (지반조건에 따른 고속철도 토공노반의 공진에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Il-Wha;Hwang, Seon-Keun;Choi, Chan-Young
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.1320-1325
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    • 2006
  • When the train running on the high-speed track, there is a speed band which track distortion is unusually increased according to the condition of track and roadbed. This speed is called critical velocity and physical parameter values are increased greatly. These phenomenon happened as high-speed train were developed, studied regularly through TGV 100 running test in France. As research result until now, the main reason is soft roadbed's bearing capacity. Wave propagation and track support capacity is varied by the ground characteristics. This paper achieved theoretical examination about resonance band(speed and frequency) that occurred in roadbed on the base rock in point of geotechnical engineering. The examination of resonance divides with ground response analysis, critical band analysis by the shear wave velocity of roadbed and train critical speed through the ground stratum.

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Development of the Cement Mortar Grouting type Paved Track for Existing Line (기존선용 시멘트 모르터 충진형 포장궤도의 개발)

  • Lee Il-Wha;Lee Hee-Up;Lee Jun-Seok;Lee Jin-Wook
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.389-393
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    • 2005
  • When the high-speed train running on the track, there is a speed limit which track distortion is unusually increased according to condition of track and roadbed. This speed limit is called critical velocity, and physical parameter value increased very greatly. These phenomenon happened as high-speed train were developed, studied regularly through TGV 100 running test in France. As research result until now, the main reason is soft roadbed's capacity. Wave propagation and track support capacity is varied by the site characteristics. This paper achieved theoretical examination about resonance band(speed and frequency) that occurred in roadbed on the base rock in point of geotechnical engineering. The examination of resonance divides with ground response analysis, critical band analysis by the shear wave velocity of roadbed, train critical speed through the ground stratum.

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The Dynamic Interactive Analysis of track and train system with Roadbed Displacement in Subgrade Concrete Slabtrack

  • Hong, Chul-Kee;Yang, Shin-Chu;Kim, Youn-Tae
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.379-386
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    • 2007
  • Recently the concrete slab tracks are being constructed on roadbed in the Kyong-bu 2nd stage high speed railways. In responding to this trend, new design standards and track materials maintenance systems, based on the slab track material safety and usage perspective, are needed. This research provides the design standards and the maintenance system. The proposed standards and the maintenance system are based on the track theory and the track-train interaction program developed, where the roadbed displacement and train speed are utilized as mediating variables. In the analysis, the dynamic response of track-train interaction apply to various speeds and displacements. the roadbed displacement is shown in a sine curve, the scope of the displacement occurrence, presented in its wavelenths, include 6meters, 10meters, 15meters, 20meters, 30meters. the train speeds involved are 50,100, 150,200,250,300,350,400 kilometers per hour.

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Determination Method of Reinforced Roadbed Thickness based on Design Chart (설계지표를 이용한 철도강화노반 두께 산정에 관한 연구)

  • Yoo, Chung-Hyun;Choi, Chan-Yong;Kim, Dae-Sang
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1279-1286
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of a railway track is to provide a smooth surface for safe and economical train transportation. The performance of the track results from a complex interaction of the track and subgrade components in response to train loading and environmental actions. In the past, the role of subgrade as the track foundation were not recognized adequately. There are insufficient information and inadequate methods for subgrade design, assessment and improvement. This situation has survived for a long time largely because a subgrade defect can often be adjusted by adding more ballast under the ties or applying more frequent track maintenance. Therefore, the application of reinforced roadbed technology will be expected to increase in the future. The reinforced roadbed thickness is set depending on subgrade reaction modulus($K_{30}$) in the condition of upper subgrade through PBT in both conventional railroad and KTX railroads. As train velocity (V), train passing tonnage (N), and train axial load (P) are not considered in design, the roadbed thickness could be overestimated (or underestimated). Therefore, in this study has proposed a determination method of reinforced roadbed thickness using design chart made by resilience modulus and properties of earthwork materials.

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Sensitivity Analysis of the Factors Influencing for Decision of Reinforced Roadbed Thickness (강화노반 두께 결정을 위한 영향인자 민감도 분석)

  • Choi, Chan-Yong;Lee, Jin-Wook;Bae, Jae-Hoon;Shin, Eun-Chul
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1827-1832
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of a railway track is to provide a smooth surface for safe and economical train transportation. The performance of the track results from a complex interaction of the track and subgrade components in response to train loading and environmental actions. In the past, the role of subgrade as the track foundation were not recognized adequately. There are insufficient information and inadequate methods for subgrade design, assessment and improvement. This situation has survived for a long time largely because a subgrade defect can often be adjusted by adding more ballast under the ties or applying more frequent track maintenance. Therefore, the application of reinforced roadbed technology will be expected to increase in the future. The reinforced roadbed thickness is set depending on subgrade reaction modulus$(K_{30})$ in the condition of upper subgrade through PBT in both conventional railroad and KTX railroads. As train velocity (V), train passing tonnage (N), and train axial load (P) are not considered in design, the roadbed thickness could be overestimated (or underestimated). Therefore, In this study, the computer model, GEOTRACK, was analyzed the influence of reinforced roadbed thickness factors on track modulus and the characteristics of stress pulses in track and subgrade generated by repeated axle loading.

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Study on the dynamic response characteristics of the concrete track and roadbed during the speed up tests of Gyungbu high_speed rail (경부고속철도 콘크리트궤도에서의 속도대역별 궤도 및 노반 동적응답특성 연구)

  • Kim, Dae-Sang;Shin, Ki-Dae;Na, Sung-Hoon;Kim, Ki-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1616-1623
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    • 2011
  • The concrete track was applied for Gyungbu 2nd phase high_speed railroad line as a basic track structure. Two track structures, ballasted track and non_ballasted concrete track, have a different train load transfer mechanisms. However, it's rare to see about research results related with it. So, to understand dynamic response characteristics of the concrete track and roadbed, we measured accelerations of carbody and bogie, vertical and lateral load, stress and displacement of rail, and earth pressures of subgrade at ${\bigcirc}{\bigcirc}{\bigcirc}$k930 station of Gyungbu high_speed line during speed up tests before opening it. Based on these measured results, we could evaluate the level of dynamic responses of the track quantitatively.

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