• Title, Summary, Keyword: salicylic acid

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Manipulating Isoflavone Levels in Mungbean Sprouts by Chemical Treatment (대사유도물질 처리에 의한 발아녹두의 아이소플라본 생합성 양상)

  • Lee Ji-Hyun;Chung Il-Min;Park Sei-Joon;Kim Wook Han;Kim So-Yeun;Kim Jin-Ae;Jung Soosuk
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.49 no.6
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    • pp.528-532
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    • 2004
  • We have studied physiological responses of mung bean sprout to the treatment of elicitors. Chemicals such as salicylic acid and methyl jasmonic acid are not only the intermediates found in plant defense system but also could affect plant secondary metabolism. We found that mild treatment of salicylic acid and acetyl salicylic acid (aspirin) increase isoflavone production dramatically in mung bean sprout which has very low level of isoflavones compared with soybean sprout. The isoflavone content in salicylic acid treated- and acetyl salicylic acid treated-mung bean sprout was about 2.3 and 2.2 times higher than that of control, respectively. However, the increasing patterns of isoflavone in cotyledon and hypocotyl and root were not identical. The major increase among isoflavone fractions in cotyledon was led by the increase in malonylglycitin and malonyldaidzin level. Whereas, the increase in hypocotyl and root was led by malonyldaidzin. Methyl jasmonic acid did not show statistically significant increase in mung bean sprout. With this result, we were able to propose the non-transgenic method, which can control the isoflavone production in germinating mung bean.

Simultaneous Determination of Salicylic Acid and Aspirin in Commercial Aspirin Tablets

  • Kim, Chong-Kook;Hwang, Sung-Joo
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.126-131
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    • 1982
  • A quantitative fluorometric method was developed to determine aspirin and salicylic acid in bulk aspirin and commercial aspirin tablets. The excitation maximum for aspirin was observed at 280 nm and the emission maximum was at 335nm. The lowest energy excitation band for salicylic acid was at 308nm and the fluorescence emission band was at 450nm. Excipients, binders, lubricants and impurities did not interfere. Excellent recoveries were obtained for aspirin and salicylic acid. Results obtained by the KP III procedure and the proposed method were compared.

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Screening of Salicylic acid Producing Rhizobacteria Isolated from Plant Roots and Rhizosphere (식물의 뿌리와 근권으로부터 Salicylic acid를 생성하는 근권세균의 검색)

  • 이민웅
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.598-602
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    • 1998
  • Twenty two rhizobacteria were isolated from the roots and rhizosphere of radish, carnation, potato and tomato. There isolates produced a fluorescent pigment in King's B medium and identified as Pseudomonas spp. These isolates colonized roots and rhizosphere of the host plants. In the study of cultural characteristics of the bacteria, the pH of the culture broth was changed from neutral (7.0) to alkali (8.8∼9.41) and the numbers of cells were increased from 106 to 108 after 40 hr of incubation in basal standard succinate medium. The salicylic acid production identified by pink color reaction were observed in 7 bacteria. Out of these 7 salicylic acid producing bacteria, only 2 strains of bacteria such as Pseudomonas fluorescens RS006, and Pseudomonas sp. EN401 were confirmed as salicylic acid producers by optical density measurement. Therefore, for screening of salicylic acid producing bacteria from the roots and rhizosphere, color reaction of the culture medium should be done in the first step, and then optical density measurement of culture extract should be made for the confirmation of salicylic acid production.

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Production of Salicylic Acid from Naphthalene by Immobilized Pseudomonas sp. Strain NGK1

  • Shinde, Manohar;Kim, Chi-Kyung;Karegoudar, Timmanagouda-Baramanagouda
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.482-487
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    • 1999
  • The Pseudomonas sp. strain NGK1 (NCIM 5120) was immobilized in calcium alginate, agar, and polyacrylamide gel matrices. The salicylic acid-producing capacity of freely suspended cells was compared with immobilized cells in batches with a shake culture and continuous culture system in a packed bed reactor. Freely suspended cells ($4\times10^{10}cfu/ml$) produced 12 mM of salicylic acid, whereas cells immobilized in calcium alginate ($1.8\times10^{11}$cfu/g beads), agar ($1.8\times10^{11}$cfu/g beads), and polyacrylamide ($1.6\times10^{11}$cfu/g beads) produced 15, 11, and 16mM of salicylic acid, respectively, from naphthalene at an initial concentration of 25 mM. The continuous production of salicylic acid from naphthalene was investigated in a continuous packed bed reactor with two different cell populations. The longevity of the salicylic acid-producing activity of the immobilized cells from naphthalene was also studied in semi continuous fermentations. The immobilized cells could be reused 18, 13, and more than 20 times without losing salicylic acid-producing activity in calcium alginate-,agar-, and polyacrylamide-entrapped cells, respectively. The study reveals a more efficient utilization of naphthalene and salicylic acid production by the immobilized Pseudomonas sp. strain NGK1 as compared to the free cells.

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Effect of Salicylic Acid on the Root Growth and the Eleutheroside Accumulation in the Adventitious Root Culture of Eleutherococcus senticosus (가시오갈피나무 불정근(不定根) 배양(培養)에서 불정근(不定根)의 생장(生長)과 Eleutheroside류(類)의 생산(生産)에 미치는 Salicylic Acid 처리(處理)의 영향)

  • Ahn, Jin-Kwon;Lee, Wi Young;Park, Eung-Jun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.100 no.2
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    • pp.178-183
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    • 2011
  • This study was carried out to investigate the dose-dependent effect of salicylic acid on both the adventitious root growth and the accumulation of various eleutherosides in the bioreactor culture of Eleutherococcus senticosus. The highest biomass production (5.4 g DW/L) was observed in the absence of salicylic acid, while the root growth was significantly decreased by increasing the concentration of salicylic acid. Salicylic acid stimulated the production of both eleutheroside B, E and $E_1$. The highest levels of eleutheroside B ($179.5{\mu}g/g$ DW), E ($1169.9{\mu}g/g$ DW) and $E_1$ ($45.4{\mu}g/g$ DW) were obtained by the addition of $80{\mu}M$ of salicylic acid. The maximum eleutheroside production was $4975.8{\mu}g/L$ when salicylic acid was not added. In addition, when the adventitious roots were cultured in the basal medium supplemented with $80{\mu}M$ of salicylic acid, the highest levels of eleutheroside B was observed at the 9th day, while eleutheroside E and $E_1$ were observed at the 6th day, respectively.

Effects of Controlling the Pine Needie Gall Midaes by Salicylic Acid Content in Needles of Some Pinus spp. (소나무류(類) 침엽내(針葉內)의 salicylic acid에 의한 솔잎혹파리의 방제효과(防除效果))

  • Son, Doo-Sik;Eom, Tae-Jin;Choi, Chang-Ok;Zhang, Ruo Ming
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.88 no.1
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 1999
  • The frequency of gall formation by pine needle gall midges ranged from 35% to 40% in both P. densiflora and P. thunbergii species. However, there was no indication of gall development from larva on both P. virgiana and P. rigida species suggesting that some specific compounds might play role in preventing gall formation of larva. The susceptible species to pine needle gall midges including P. densiflora and P. thunbergii contained a little salicylic acid under the free phenolic compound conditions while the resistant species against such insects including P. virginiana and P. rigida species contained about 37ppm to 50ppm of salicylic acid. Thus, this compound might have important roles in insect resistance. The contents of internal salicylic acid in the needles of susceptible pines increased from 9.5ppm to 20.6ppm after direct external irrigation of salicylic acid solution and flour treatment on roots. As a result, the frequency of gall formation decreased dramatically 17~19 times lower when compared with that of control. According to our results, the application of salicylic acid for effective prevention against insect damages should be performed before hatching eggs. The frequency of gall formation in the hybrid pines of P. thunbergii(susceptible) and P. virginiana(resistant) showed approximately 24% as average value of those in both species. In the case of specific individuals, it ranged from 2.8% to 11.5% in hybrids of both species. Therefore, effective production of insect resistant pines can be obtained through hybrids by crossing between susceptible and resistant species including P. thunbergii and P. virginiana by increasing internal salicylic acid contents of the needles.

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A Spectroscopic Study of Hydrogen Bonding between Riboflavin and Salicylic Acid Derivatives

  • Huh, Jae-Wook;Yu, Byung-Sul
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.130-137
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    • 1976
  • Specific association phenomena of riboflayin-2',3',4',5',- tetraacetate and salicylic acid derivatives, such as salicylic acid, aspirin and salicylamide have been measured by infrared and fluorescence spectroscopy. Salicylic acid and riboflavin tetraacetate oxyl group of the former. Asprin and riboflavin tetraacetate form the 1:1 cyclic hydrogen bonded dimer by the same mode. Salicylamide froms the 1:1 cyclic hydrogen bonded dimer with riboflavin tetraacetate by using its amide group and carbonyl group. Salicylic acid derivatives are effective quenchers of the fluorescence of riboflavin tetraacetate. It is appeared that salifylamide is the strongest quencher among them. The quenching effect is attributed to the formation of association dimer.

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Alleviating Effect of Salicylic Acid Pre-treatment on Soil Moisture Stress of Waxy Corn

  • Seo, Youngho;Ryu, Sihwan;Park, Jongyeol;Choi, Jaekeun;Park, Kijin;Kim, Kyunghi
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.213-217
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    • 2015
  • Soil moisture shortage can reduce yield of waxy corn because maize is one of the sensitive crops to the drought stress. Farmers cannot irrigate due to limited water resource and irrigating facilities although applying water is the most effective practice to solve the drought problem. The study was conducted to investigate the pre-treatment effect of salicylic acid on reducing drought damage of waxy corn (Zea mays L.). Salicylic acid at concentration of 0.2 mM was applied at seven-leaf stage or ten-leaf stage three times. Drought stress was imposed by withholding irrigation from 11 days before anthesis to 10 days after anthesis. Application of salicylic acid significantly increased ear length by 11.0~12.3% and yield by 8.8~11.3% compared with non-treated control, indicating that the drought injuries of waxy corn can be alleviated through pre-treatment of salicylic acid at the vegetative stage.

Molecular interaction between a reduced riboflavin derivative and salicylic acid derivatives

  • Yu, Byung-Sul;Sohn, Dong-Hwan;Sohn, Dong-Hwan
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.99-107
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    • 1985
  • The interaction of reduced riboflavin 2', 3', 4', 5'-tetrabutyrate with salicylic acid, aspirin, and salicylamide has been spectroscopically investigated to determine the binding mechanism. Hydrogen-1 and carbon-13 unclear magnetic resonance, infrared, and absoption spectra were measured in chloform-d and chloroform. The association of the reduced riboflavin with salicylic acid derivatives is different from that osidizd one. Salicylic acid and the reduced riboflavin form a cyclic hydrogen bounded complex through the imino (3-N, 5-N) protons and the carbonyl (2-C, 4-C) oxygens of the isolloxazine ring of the latter, and the carboxylic hydroxyl proton and carbonyl oxygen of the former. Aspirin and the reduced riboflavin form a complex by the same mode as salicylic acid. Salicylamide forms a cyclic hydrogen bonded complex with the reduced riboflavin through the imino (3-N, 5-N) protons and the carbonyl (2-C, 4-C) oxygens of the isoalloxazine ring, and the amino proton and the carbonyl oxygen of salic aylmide. It appears that both the oxidized and reduced form of riboflavin are associated with salicylic acid derivatives.

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A study on Resistant Substance to Pine Needle Gall Midge Among Phenolic Compounds in Pine Needles (소나무류(類) 침엽내(針葉內)에 함유(含有)된 phenolic compounds 중 솔잎혹파리의 저항성(抵抗性) 물질(物質) 조사(調査))

  • Son, Doo-Sik;Eom, Tae-Jin;Seo, Jae-Durk;Lee, Sang-Rok
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.85 no.3
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    • pp.372-380
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    • 1996
  • This study was carried out to study the resistant substances to pine needle gall midge and seasonal variation of phenolic compounds in pine needles among susceptible and resistant species to pine needle gall midge. Free and water soluble phenolic compounds contained in pine needles showed seasonal variations among pine species. But, catechol, vanillic acid and syringic acid including phenolic compounds showed no variation between pine species, even the amount of those component varied by the seasons. Salicylic acid in pine needles showed 140ppm in Pinus virginiana, 35ppm in Pinus thunbergii and 72ppm in hybrid pine, Pinus thunbergii${\times}$P. virginiana, but traces in Pinus densiflora on May and June, hatching season in larvae of pine needle gall midge. There was high level of salicylic acid in resistant species to pine needle gall midge but traces in susceptible species. As our previous researches, the necrosis rate of larvae of pine needle gall midge showed high level on the solution of phenolic compounds extracted from needles of P. virginiana and salicylic acid, and there was no gall formation in P. virginiana, so that salicylic acid in pine needles seems to have relation with those results. Therefore, it is estimated that salicylic acid is resistant substance to pine needle gall midge.

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