• Title, Summary, Keyword: saltiness

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Quality Characteristics of Modified Doenjang and Traditional Doenjang (개량된장과 전통된장의 품질 특성)

  • Jeon, Hyeonjin;Lee, Sanghoon;Kim, Sangsook;Kim, Yoonsook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.45 no.7
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    • pp.1001-1009
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between quality factors and palatability of modified Doenjang and traditional Doenjang. Fourteen types of Doenjang, including three modified Doenjang and 11 traditional Doenjang samples, were analyzed to evaluate their physicochemical and sensorial properties. There were differences in e-tongue, which indicates overall acceptability. Water contents, minerals, total sugar contents, salt contents, pH, titratable acidity, and free amino acids of Doenjang did not show significant differences. From the correlation and regression analysis, palatability was closely related to the e-tongue sensor such as $X_1$ (sourness), $X_3$ (saltiness), and $X_4$ (umami) to -0.772, -0.642, and 0.678, respectively. The regression equation for sensorial palatability (Y) was Y=$45.356-0.008X_1-0.010X_3$ with a coefficient of 0.882.

Evaluation of Mixed Probiotic Starter Cultures Isolated from Kimchi on Physicochemical and Functional Properties, and Volatile Compounds of Fermented Hams

  • Kim, Young Joo;Park, Sung Yong;Lee, Hong Chul;Yoo, Seung Seok;Oh, Sejong;Kim, Kwang Hyun;Chin, Koo Bok
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.122-130
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    • 2016
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of mixed starter cultures isolated from kimchi on physicochemical properties, functionality and flavors of fermented ham. Physicochemical properties, microbial counts, shear force, cholesterol contents and volatile compounds of fermented ham were investigated during processing (curing and ripening time). Curing process for 7 d increased saltiness, however, decreased hunter color values (L, a, and b values). Ripening process for 21 d increased most parameters, such as saltiness, color values, weight loss, shear force and cholesterol content due to the drying process. The mixed starter culture had higher lactic acid bacteria than the commercial one. While eight volatile compounds were identified from fermented hams during curing process, total fiftyeight volatile compounds were identified from fermented hams during ripening process. The main volatile compounds were alcohols, esters and furans. However, no differences in volatile compounds were observed between two batches. Fermented hams (batch B) manufactured with probiotic starter culture (LPP) had higher sensory score in texture, color and overall acceptability than counterparts (batch A), while the opposite trend was observed in flavor. Therefore, mixed probiotic starter culture isolated from kimchi might be used as a starter culture to be able to replace with commercial starter culture (LK-30 plus) for the manufacture of fermented ham.

Quality Characteristics of Yangha (Zingiber mioga Rosc) Pickle with Soy Sauce during Storage (간장을 첨가한 양하 피클의 저장 중 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Myung-Hyun;Han, Young-Sil
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.260-270
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    • 2016
  • The quality characteristics of Yangha pickles soaked in different concentrations of soy sauce (0~40%) for 90 days were investigated. As a result, the pH and sweetness levels of pickles significantly increased with an increasing concentration of soy sauce in soaking solution (p<0.05). Saltiness was maintained at levels of approximately J1 0.10~0.30%, J2 0.47~0.90%, J3 0.90~1.60%, J4 1.43~2.30%, and J5 1.77~3.07% during the storage periods. These results show that the saltiness of Yangha pickles was substantially lower than that of commercial pickles. Total cell number decreased until 45 days, after which it gradually increased. We observed no visible changes in reducing sugars during storage. The hardness increased with an increasing amount of soy sauce. J2 pickle (add 10% soy sauce) showed the highest scores for taste, flavor, texture, and overall acceptability.

Degree of Satisfaction on Hospital Foods by Patients according to Age (연령에 따른 환자의 병원음식 만족도)

  • 신민자;서경화
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.542-551
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the patient's satisfaction on hospital foods according to their age. The subjects were selected among the patients treated in the Eulgi University hospital during May of 2003. Two hundred twenty one patients (110 men, 101 women) were surveyed through questionnaires in terms of satisfaction on hospital foods and the food preference. The data were statistically analysed using $\chi$$^2$-test and their correlation. Satisfaction on general taste(p<0.05) and variety of hospital foods (p<0.05) were significantly different according to age. However, saltiness and serving temperature of hospital foods were significantly different according to sex(p<0.05). The preference of cooking method for meat, fist vegetable and the preferred kinds of Kimchi(p<0.05) and milk & milk products(p<0.05) were significantly different according to age.

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Salt Taste Acuity and Menstruation (월경중 염미감각의 변화에 관한 연구)

  • 이혜숙
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1987
  • It was the purpose of this study to determine if the changes in the sense of taste occur with the periods of the menstrual cycle in 14 women aged 20 to 22 years. Results showed that the perceived intensity responses to different suprathreshold salt concentrations and the ad libitum salting level in soybean sprout soup did not differ significantly according to the different periods of the menstrual cycle. But women in the three or five days period previous to menstruation were sensi\ulcornertive at the lower salt concentration of 0.25%, but, on the contrary, were insensitive at the higher concentration of 1.25%, with increasing ad libitum salt preference in soybean sprout soup. Also, they were more or less high in the intensity slopes of perceived saltiness on the linear regression. The data suggests that a physiological mechanism for increasing salt intake may develop during the three or five days right before menstruation.

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A study on KIMI-Theory (I) - The relationship between 'KI' and changes in body temperature - (기미론의 연구(I) - 부제 : 체온과 사기의 관계 -)

  • Lee, Han-Goo;Lee, Mi-Young;Lee, Je-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.419-431
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    • 1995
  • The common KIMI-Theory of Oriental medicine has evaluated clinical effects of herbal-drug based on KI, nature of berbs, and tastes. The KI in the theory consists of hotness, warm, cool and coldnes and also the Mi does five tastes such as sour, bitterness, sweet, spicy hotness and saltiness. However the KI does not mean thermal effect only. Thus we tried to determine skin and rectal temperatures at the same time for evaluating the relationship between KI and berbs. Male, adult Sprage-Dawly rat was chosen and berbal extract, 10g/Kg, was given orally once at 9:00 A.M. changes in rectal and skin temperatures were measured at 10, 30, 60, and 90 mins after the drug administratin. The changes in body temperatures are in greate deal of agreement of KI written in Herbology literatures.

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Effect of Chitosan on Storage Stability of Nabak Kimchi (나박김치의 저장성 향상을 위한 Chitosan 첨가의 효과)

  • 전순실
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.111-117
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    • 1998
  • The effect of chitosan on physicochemical and organoleptic properties of Nabak kimchi was studied during fermentation at 2$0^{\circ}C$ . Viscosity of the juice of Nabak kimchi added with chitosan was lower than that of control group. The viscosity was gradually increased during storage period, especially from 5 days to ,7 days of storage. Initial pH was higher in control group than inchitosan groups. The pH of controlgroup decreased rapidly during 4 days of storage. The pH of chitosan groups was slightly increased during the first 3 days of storage and decreased thereafter. Acidity was rapidly increased from 3 to 5 days. Reducing sugar contents increased up to 3 days and decreased thereafter. Acidity was rapidly increased from 3 to 5 days. Reducing sugar contents increased upto 3 days and decreased therafter. Glutamic acid, alanine, threonine, aspartic acid, proline and valine were the major free amino acids, and as the fermentation preceeded they were increased gradually. There were signigicant differences in saltiness, sourness and aged odor in sensory evaluation of Nabak kimchi solution during fermentation at 2$0^{\circ}C$.

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Evaluation of Physico-chemical and Textural Properties, and Sensory Evaluation of No-fat Sausages Manufactured with Various Salt Levels

  • Lee, Hong-C.;Chin, Koo-B.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources Conference
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    • pp.239-241
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    • 2004
  • pH, proximate analysis and functional properties were not significantly affected by reduced salt levels in NFS which contained 75${\sim}$76% moisture, 14${\sim}$15% protein < 0.5% fat in the final products. However, NFSs had differences in color and EM (%) values as compared to RFS, The results of textural test showed that they were not different with reduced salt levels (0.75${\sim}$1.5%) among the RFS and no-fat treatments (P>0.05). NFS containing 1.0% salt had similar sensory color, flavor and saltiness values to those RFS. These results indicated that NFSs was successfully manufactured with 1.0% salt level and these may contribute to the 'healthier meat products' for consumers due to no-fat and low-salt meat products.

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Spherical Granule Production from Micronized Saltwort (Salicornia herbacea) Powder as Salt Substitute

  • Shin, Myung-Gon;Lee, Gyu-Hee
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.60-66
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    • 2013
  • The whole saltwort plant (Salicornia herbacea) was micronized to develop the table salt substitute. The micronized powder was mixed with distilled water and made into a spherical granule by using the fluid-bed coater (SGMPDW). The SGMPDW had superior flowability to powder; however, it had low dispersibility. To increase the dispersibility of SGMPDW, the micronized powder was mixed with the solution, which contained various soluble solid contents of saltwort aqueous extract (SAE), and made into a spherical granule (SGMPSAE). The SGMPSAE prepared with the higher percentages of solid content of SAE showed improved dispersibility in water and an increase in salty taste. The SGMPSAE prepared with 10% SAE was shown to possess the best physicochemical properties and its relative saltiness compared to NaCl (0.39). In conclusion, SGMPSAEs can be used as a table salt substitute and a functional food material with enhanced absorptivity and convenience.

Korean and Chinese Consumers' Preferences for Sous-Vide Cooked Jabchae according to Sauce Mixing Proportion (Sous-Vide 잡채의 앙념 배합 비율에 따른 한국과 중국 소비자 기호도)

  • Jeon, Yeo Jin;Jang, Jin A;Oh, Ji Eun;Sohn, Kyung Hyun;Cho, Mi Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.45 no.11
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    • pp.1658-1672
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    • 2016
  • This study aimed to investigate preferences for sous-vide cooked jabchae between Korean and Chinese consumers according to sauce mixing proportion. To commercialize sous-vide cooked jabchae and localize it for overseas circumstances in the Korean and Chinese markets, consumers' subjective preferences for sous-vide cooked jabchae were investigated especially in 119 Korean consumers (55 males and 64 females) and 136 Chinese consumers (70 males and 66 females). For jabchae samples, this study set up three different mixture rates of soy sauce and sugar, 8% (LSS), 13% (MSS), and 18% (HSS), and three different salad oil rates, 0% (LO), 12% (MO), and 24% (HO), to propose nine kinds of samples. As a result of consumer preferences, for Koreans, MSS and HSS regardless of oil content were significantly high in overall, appearance, saltiness, sweetness preferences, and purchase intention (P<0.001). In addition, for oiliness preference, LSS, MSS, LO, and MO were significantly high (P<0.001). For Chinese, HSS, MO, and HO were significantly high in overall, flavor preference, and purchase intention (P<0.001). For saltiness and sweetness preference, regardless of oil content, saltiness preference was significantly high in HSS and sweetness in MSS and HSS (P<0.001). For oiliness preference, regardless of content of soy sauce and sugar mixture, LO and MO were significantly higher, and for appearance preference, there was no significant difference among all samples (P<0.01). In general, both Korean and Chinese tended to prefer MS and HO, irrespective of oil content. Especially for Koreans, LSS was the least favorite sample in almost all preference questionnaires. For Chinese, preference scores for LSS and HSS were higher than for Koreans. On the other hand, oil content did not have much effect on consumer preference as compared with contents of soy sauce and sugar mixture.