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Modeling As(III) and As(V) adsorption and transport from water by a sand coated with iron-oxide colloids

  • Ko, Il-Won;Lee, Cheol-Hyo;Kim, Kyoung-Woong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.243-247
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    • 2004
  • Tile development of a porous iron-oxide coated sand filter system can be modelled with the analytical solution of tile transport equation in order to obtain the operating parameters and investigate the mechanism of arsenic removal. The adsorbed amount from the model simulation showed the limitation of adsorption removal during arsenic transport. A loss reaction term in the transport equation plays a role in the mass loss in column conditions, and then resulted into the better model fitting, particularly, for arsenate. Further, the competitive oxyanions delayed the breakthrough near MCL (10 $\mu$g/L) due to the competitive adsorption. This is the reason why arsenate can be strongly attracted in tile interface of an iron-oxide coated sand, and competing oxyanions can occupy the adsorption sites. Therefore, arsenic retention was regulated by non-equilibrium of arsenic adsorption in a porous iron-oxide coated sand media. The transport-limited process seemed to be affect the arsenic adsorption by coated sand.

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Recycling Water Treatment of Aquaculture by Using DynaSand Filter II. Effect of Coating on Removal of Bacteria and Virus in Sand Columns (상향류식 연속 역세 여과를 이용한 양어장 순환수 재리용 II. 여과사의 표면처리에 의한 세균 및 바이러스 처리율 검토)

  • 박종호;조규석;황규덕;김이오
    • Journal of Aquaculture
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.76-83
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    • 2003
  • To improve the efficiency of removal of bacteria and virus with DynaSand Filters used for treatment of recycling wastewater from aquaculture, effect of biofilm formation on bacterial transport through coated sand was estimated. At the neutral pH (pH 7.0), the coated sand was positive of zeta potential (surface charge). Column experiments were also carried out to test the effect of uncoated sand as well as coated sand with Al and Fe. The coated sand influenced more significantly the surface properties, adsorption and transport than the uncoated sand. The leaching batch system investigated for synthetic water showed concentrations of 7.47, 4.80, 20.89 and 7.23 mg/L for the uncoated sand, coated sand with Al, Fe and Al+Fe, respectively. Hence there are significant differences among the tested coatings with reference to bacterial transport and surface properties.

나노 크기 적철석 입자 피복 모래를 이용한 지하수내 비소 3가와 5가의 제거 기술 개발

  • 고일원;이철효;이상우;김주용;김경웅
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.78-82
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    • 2003
  • Development of hematite-coated sand was evaluated for the application of the PRB (permeable reactive barrier) in the arsenic-contaminated subsurface of the metal mining areas. The removal efficiency of As(III) and As(V), the effect of anion competition and the capability of arsenic removal in the flow system were investigated through the experiments of adsorption isotherm, arsenic removal kinetics against anion competition and column removal. Hematite-coated sand followed a linear adsorption isotherm with high adsorption capacity at low level concentrations of arsenic (< 1.0 mg/l). When As(III) and As(V) underwent adsorption reactions in the presence of anions (sulfate, nitrate and bicarbonate), sulfate caused strong inhibition of arsenic removal, and bicarbonate and nitrate caused weak inhibition due to specific and nonspecific adsorption onto hematite, respectively. In the column experiments, high content of hematite-coated sand enhance the arsenic removal, but the amount of the arsenic removal decreased due to the higher affinity of As(V) than As(III) and reduced adsorption kinetics in the flow system, Therefore, the amount of hematite-coated sand, the adsorption affinity of arsenic species and removal kinetics determined the removal efficiency of arsenic in the flow system. arsenic, hematite-coated sand, permeable reactive barrier, anion competition, adsorption.

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Release of Carbofuran from Granular Formulations in Water and Its Degradation Patterns in Soils (Carbofuran 입제(粒劑)의 수중용출(수중용출)과 토양중(土壤中) 분해특성(分解特性))

  • Hong, Moo-Ki;Hong, Jong-Uck
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 1984
  • Experiments were carried out with purified technical grade and two types of impregnated and sand-coated granules of carbofuran, in order to investigate the release patterns in water and the persistence of this chemical in soils. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1) As regards to release velocity in water, impregnated granule was found to be faster than sand-coated granule. The time to reach maximum concentrations of carbofuran in water from technical carbofuran, impregnated granule and sand-coated granule was 0.5, 3 and 5 days, respectively. 2) Degradation rate of carbofuran in soils decreased in the order of technical carbofuran, impregnated granule, sand-coated granule regardless of soil types and application rates. Degradation of carbofuran in flooded soil was faster than in non-flooded soil. Soil flooding appeared to be the main factor in promoting the degradation of carbofuran in the soil. 3) When carbofuran was fortified in soils in the form of technical carbofuran, impregnated granule or sand-coated granule, the persistencies of two terminal residues of carbofuran, that is, 3-hydroxy carbofuran and 3-keto carbofuran decreased in the order of sand-coated granule, impregnated granule and technical form.

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Removal of Copper Ion with Iron-Oxide-Coated Sand (산화철 피복사에 의한 구리이온제거)

  • 곽명화;우성훈;김익성;박승조
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.70-75
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    • 2000
  • The sand particle was coated with $Fe_3O_4$ and then $Fe_2O_3$ that adsorption capacity was more excellent than $Fe_3O_4$ was mostly found in 2nd step for preparation of iron-oxide-coated sand (IOCS). The copper removal rate was 74.9 percent by adding 30 gram per liter iron-oxide-coated sand from the solution with 5 mg/l Cu in 20 minute. Breakthrough time occurred in 23 hours and adsorption capacity 0.87$\cdot$Cu/g$\cdot$IOCS in case of breakthrough copper concentration was 1.0 mg/l in the continuous test.

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Adhesion of Escherichia coli to Quartz and Iron-coated Sands in the Presence of Phosphate (인산염의 존재 하에서 Escherichia coli의 석영 및 철피복 모래에의 부착)

  • Park, Seong-Jik;Lee, Chang-Gu;Kim, Hyon-Chong;Han, Yong-Un;Kim, Song-Bae
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.616-620
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    • 2008
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of phosphate on the adhesion of Escherichia coli to porous media. Column experiments were performed to examine the effect of phosphate on bacterial adhesion to quartz sand and iron-coated sand. Results showed that bacterial mass recovery in quartz sand decreased from 74.5 to 35.4% as phosphate concentration increased from 0 to 16 mg/L. This indicated that bacterial adhesion to quartz sand was enhanced with increasing phosphate concentration. This phenomenon is due to the increase of ionic strength. In contrast, the mass recovery in the coated sand increased from 2.9 to 26.0% as phosphate concentration increased. This indicated that bacterial adhesion to the coated sand was reduced with increasing phosphate concentration, due to the preoccupation of favorable adsorption sites and competitive adsorption by phosphate.

Removal of Manganese(II) from Aqueous Solution Using Manganese Coated Media (망간코팅 여재를 이용한 수용액상의 망간 제거연구)

  • Kim, Seok-Jun;Kim, Won-Gee;Lee, Seung-Mok;Yang, Jae-Kyu
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.454-459
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    • 2010
  • This study investigated the applicability of manganese coated media such as manganese coated sand (MCS), manganese coated sericite (MCSe) and manganese coated starfish material calcined at $550^{\circ}C$ (MCSf) to remove Mn(II) in synthetic wastewater. Manganese coated media prepared at different pH was applied in the treatment of soluble Mn(II) in batch and column experiments at various Mn(II) concentrations. The amount of Mn coated on three different media was approximately 800~1100 mg/kg. From the stability test, negligible dissolution of Mn was observed above pH 3.0. In batch test, more than 40% of Mn(II) was removed by all sand media at various manganese concentrations. In order to see the effect of additional oxidant for the removal of Mn(II), 4 mg/L of hypochlorite was added in Mn(II) solution during column experiment. Breakthrough of Mn(II) was greatly retarded in the presence of hypochlorite in all column reactors packed with different media. Among the manganese coated media, MCSf prepared at pH 4 indicated the highest removal capacity. The removal efficiency of Mn(II) was also increased in the multi-layer system (0.5 g of MCS, MCSe, and MCSf each).

Removal of Arsenite and Arsenate by a Sand Coated with Colloidal Hematite Particl (나노 크기 적철석 입자 피복 모래를 이용한 비소 3가와 비소 5가의 제거)

  • 고일원;이상우;김주용;김경웅;이철효
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.63-69
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    • 2004
  • Hematite-coated sand was examined for the application of the PRB (permeable reactive barrier) to the arsenic-contaminated subsurface in the metal mining areas. The removal efficiency of As in a batch and a flow system was investigated through the adsorption isotherm, removal kinetics and column experiments. Hematite-coated sand followed a linear adsorption isotherm with high adsorption capacity at low level concentrations of As (<1.0 mg/L). In the column experiments, high content of hematite-coated sand enhanced the removal efficiency, but the amount of the As removal decreased due to the higher affinity of As (V) than As (III) and reduced adsorption kinetics in the flow system. Therefore. the amount of hematite-coated sand, the adsorption affinity of As species and removal kinetics determined the removal efficiency of As in a flow system.

Soluble Manganese Removal Using Manganese Oxide Coated Media (MOCM) (산화망간피복여재를 이용한 용존망간 제거)

  • Kim, Jinkeun;Jeong, Sechae;Ko, Suhyun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.813-822
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    • 2006
  • Soluble manganese removal was analyzed as a function of filter media, filter depth, presence or absence of chlorination, and surface manganese oxide concentration in water treatment processes. Sand, manganese oxide coated sand (MOCS), sand+MOCS, and granular activated carbon(GAC) were used as filter media. Manganese removal, surface manganese oxide concentration, turbidity removal, and regeneration of MOCS in various filter media were investigated. Results indicated that soluble manganese removal in MOCS was rapid and efficient, and most of the removal happened at the top of the filter. When filter influent (residual chlorine 1.0mg/L) with an average manganese concentration of 0.204mg/L was fed through a filter column, the sand+MOCS and MOCS columns can remove 98.9% and 99.2% of manganese respectively on an annual basis. On the other hand, manganese removal in sand and the GAC column was minimal during the initial stage of filtration, but after 8 months of filter run they removed 99% and 35% of manganese, respectively. Sand turned into MOCS after a certain period of filtration, while GAC did not. In MOCS, the manganese adsorption rate on the filter media was inversely proportional to the filter depth, while the density of media was proportional to the filter depth.

Preparation of Iron-Coated Sand and Arsenic Adsorption (철코팅 모래흡착제 제조 및 비소흡착)

  • Chang, Yoon-Young;Kim, Kwang-Sub;Jung, Jae-Hyun;Lee, Seung-Mok;Yang, Jae-Kyu;Park, Joon-Kyu
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.27 no.7
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    • pp.697-703
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    • 2005
  • Iron-coated sand(ICS) was prepared with variation of particle size of Joomoonjin sand, primary and secondary coating temperature, coating time, and dosage of initial Fe(III). An optimum condition of the preparation ICS was selected from the coating efficiency, stability of coated Fe(III), and removal efficiency of As(V). Coated amount of Fe(III) increased as primary coating temperature increased with smaller particle size of sand. Coating efficiency was quite similar over the investigated secondary coating temperature and time, while adsorption efficiency of As(V) onto ICS was severely reduced with ICS prepared at higher secondary coating temperature. By considering these results, an optimum secondary coating temperature and time for the preparation of ICS was selected as $150^{\circ}C$ and 1-hr, respectively. Coating efficiency increased us the dosage of initial Fe(III) up to 0.8 Fe(III) mol/kg sand and then no distinct increase was noted. Maximum As(V) adsorption was observed at 0.8 Fe(III) mol/kg sand. Secondary coating temperature and time were important parameters affecting stability of ICS, showing decreased dissolution of Fe(III) from ICS prepared at higher coating temperature and at longer coating time. From anionic type adsorption of As(V) onto ICS, it is possible to suggest the application of ICS for the removal of As(V) contaminated in acidic water system.