• Title, Summary, Keyword: sausage

Search Result 499, Processing Time 0.03 seconds

Effect of Added Drip on Quality and Shelf Life of Pork Sausage (드립 첨가가 돈육 소시지의 품질 및 저장성에 미치는 영향)

  • 문윤희;김종기;정인철
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.133-138
    • /
    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of drip addition on quality and sensory characteristics of pork sausage. The pH of pork sausage was not affected by addition of nitrite or drip. Hunter's "a" value of pork sausage nitrite added was higher than pork sausage none added nitrite. The remained content of nitrite in nitrite added pork sausage was not over the permitted value(70ppm). The hardness, springiness, chewiness and brittleness of pork sausage added drip was higher than pork sausage none added drip. The free amino acid content was higher in pork sausage prepared by addition of nitrite and drip. The sensory value was not different between samples. The VBN, TBARS and total plate count during storage was low in pork sausage prepared by addition on nitrite. There, the drip was desirable to use in preparation of meat product.

  • PDF

Changes in Quality of Sausage Processed with Shrink Discharge during Process of Smoke Meat Products (훈제품 제조시 유출되는 Shrink를 이용하여 제조한 소시지의 품질 변화)

  • 정인철;문윤희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.28 no.4
    • /
    • pp.865.1-870
    • /
    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to use the shrink discharged during process of smoke meat products. Qualities of sausage were grasped, and investigated storage properties during five weeks. The gel strength of pork sausage were 1,461~1,847g.cm, this of chicken sausage were 865~1,733g.cm. The cooking yield of sausage were 81~ 85% in general, contents of salt were 2.5~2.9%. The L value(lightness) of pork sausage were 44.8~47.2, those of chicken sausage were 43.1~48.0, and the L value of the interior was higher than the surface. The remainder contents of nitrite were 3.1~9.4ppm, the sorbic acid contents of all sausage were 0.8g/kg. The amino acid contents of chicken sausage were higher than those of pork sausage. The pH of sausage not changed uniformly during storage. The TBA value and the VBN contents were a slight tendency to increase during storage. The total plate counts of all sausage maintained 104 less than during storage.

  • PDF

The effect of smoking on the quality boiled sausage (훈제 처리가 가열소지에 미치는 영향)

  • 정청송;유상훈
    • Journal of Applied Tourism Food and Beverage Management and Research
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.1-41
    • /
    • 2001
  • The effect of smoking on the quality sausage Sausages were prepared from beef, port, chickens, games, fish and shellfish with polyphosphate salt and spices. Sausage history goes back to 3,000 years of age. The procedure of sausage 1) Meat Curing 2) Meat Control 3) Add Spices 4) Permissible Ingredients 5) Grinding 6) Mixing Emulsion 7) Stuffing 8) Showing 9) Smoking 10) Cooking 11) Drying 12) Packaging Sausage Product to get information on the effect of smoking onto the quality of meat produces. Sausage was smoked under a given conditions. Smoking was conducted as 35f$^{\circ}C$to 6$0^{\circ}C$ the related humidity of smokehouse was still at 60 to 70 percent. Results are as follows: 1. The Penetrated smoke in sausage was prolonged < p.<0.02 when sausage was smoked 2hours at 60~$65^{\circ}C$ the penetrated amount of free acetone in sausage was 0.5mg%. 2. Peroxide value of sausage as heating treatment both at 3$0^{\circ}C$ and at 5$0^{\circ}C$ was prolonged. 3. When sausage was heated at 3$0^{\circ}C$, bacteria of sausage increased In number while at 60~$65^{\circ}C$ bacteria of sausage increased In number fourteen hours. 4. When sausage was treated with smoking the distribution of free amino acids in sausage was changed markedly. 5. The longer smoking time of the products was the higher the content. 6. In case of oak wood smoke flavoring all of test samples. 7. Rapid decrease of does-response mutagenic curve of the smoke flavoring of oak wood and apple wood by in the peak of curve and phenol in the smoke flavoring. Continuous efforts are required to make sausages easily in the butcher shops and in the restaurants. 8. Sausage texture evaluation has 13 rules. It is Elasticity, Surface Moisture, Surface Smoothness, Center Hardness, Skin Toughness, Cohesiveness, Denseness, Moisture Release, Cohesiveness of Mass, Lumpiness, Graininess (of Contents), Skin separation, Oiliness and sensory 11 rules evaluation is color, texture, mold, flavor, sweet test, salty, sourness, bitter, and savory taste. 9. Smoked, component, peroxide value, bacteria, color, free amino acid, tenderness, flavor, shrinkage are important values.

  • PDF

Quality Characteristics of Sausage Prepared with Mugwort Powder and Different Carcass Grade (돈육 도체등급 및 쑥 분말 첨가에 따라 제조된 소시지의 품질 특성)

  • 현재석;문윤희;강세주;김종기;정인철
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.23 no.4
    • /
    • pp.292-298
    • /
    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to clarify the effect of addition of mugwort powder and carcass grade on the quality and palatability of pork sausage. Pork sausage was prepared by four type such as grade B pork sausage without mugwort(A), grade B pork sausage with mugwort(B), grade E pork sausage without mugwort(C) and grade E pork sausage with mugwort(D). The chemical composition, calorie, water holding capacity, pH, residual nitrite, surface color, textural properties, free amino acid and sensory characteristics were evaluated. Moisture and crude ash were not significantly different among sausage. Crude fat of grade B sausage was higher than that of grade E sausage, and crude protein of grade E sausage was higher than that of grade B sausage. The calorie, water holding capacity and pH were not significantly different among four types of sausage, and the residual nitrite of sausage with mugwort powder was significantly lower than that of sausage without mugwort powder. In case of Hunter's L$\^$*/ value, grade B sausage was higher than that of grade E sausage. In case of Hunter's a$\^$*/ value, grade E sausage was higher than that of grade B sausage, and Hunter's b$\^$*/ value was not significantly different among sausage types. Textural properties, hardness, cohesiveness and chewiness were not significantly different among sausage types, but springiness of grade B sausage was higher than that of grade E sausage. The gumminess of grade B sausage with mugwort powder was lowest among sausage types. Free amino acids of A, B, C and D sausage were 0.603, 0.515, 0.618 and 0.531%, respectively. Sensory color, juiciness and palatability were not significantly different among sausage types, but color, taste and texture of grade B sausage were superior to grade E sausage, and those of sausage without mugwort powder were superior to the sausage with mugwort powder.

Effects of Addition of Perilla Leaf Powder and Carcass Grade on the Quality and Palatability of Pork Sausage (깻잎 분말 첨가와 도체등급이 돈육소시지의 품질 및 기호성에 미치는 영향)

  • 정인철;강세주;김종기;현재석;김미숙;문윤희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.32 no.3
    • /
    • pp.350-355
    • /
    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to clarify the effect of addition of perilla leaf powder (PLP) and carcass grade on the quality and palatability of pork sausage. The chemical composition, pH, calorie, water holding capacity, surface color, textural properties and amino acid composition of the samples were determined, and sensory characteristics were evaluated. Moisture and crude ash were not different among sausage of four type. Crude fat of grade B sausage was higher than that of grade E sausage, and grade B sausage added PLP was higher than grade B sausage without PLP. Crude Protein of grade E sausage was higher than that of grade B sausage. The pH of grade E sausage added PLP was highest, and calorie of grade B sausage without PLP was highest among sausage of four type. Water holding capacity of grade B added and free PLP was significantly higher than grade I sausage. The residual nitrite of sausage added PLP was significantly lower than sausage without PLP. In case of Hunter's $L^{*}$, grade B sausage and free PLP sausage were significantly higher than grade E sausage and sausage added PLP, respectively. In case of Hunter' $a^{*}$, grade E sausage and free PLP sausage were significantly higher than grade B sausage and sausage added PLP. Hunter's $b^{*}$ of sausage added PLP was higher than that of free PLP sausage. Textural properties, hardness, springiness, cohesiveness and chewiness were significantly different among sausage of four type, but gumminess of grade E added PLP was lowest among sausage of four type. Total amino acid was not significantly different among sausage of four type. Sensory color and texture of grade B sausage were superior to grade I sausage, palatability of free PLP sausage was superior.sage was superior.

Quality Characteristics of Sausage with Added Pine Needle Powder (솔잎분말을 첨가한 소시지의 품질특성)

  • Kwon, Soon-Yong;Shin, Myung-Eun;Lee, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.357-364
    • /
    • 2012
  • Quality characteristics of sausage with added pine needle powder (0%, 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5%, 2.0%, and 2.5%) as an ingredient. The basic ingredients of sausage consisted of pork meat 60%, olive oil 20%, and ice water 20%. Sensory properties of sausage were analyzed by a sensory test, and the texture and color characteristics were measured using a texturometer and color meter, respectively. In the results of the sensory test, taste, texture, and overall preference were highest in the sample with added 1.5% pine needle powder. The sausage with added 1.5% pine needle powder was moderate in color intensity, pine needle flavor, and astringent taste. Hardness and gumminess of sausage were higher in 1.0% and 1.5% pine needle powder. However, springness and chewiness of sausage showed no significant differences. In terms of color intensity of sausage, L-value and a-value were lower and b-value was higher, depending on the pine needle powder amount. Development of off-flavor of sausage during storage was greater in 0% and 1.5% added sausages than in 2.0% sausage with increasing storage time. As a conclusion, sausages with added 1.5% and 2.0% pine needle powder were the most suitable for making functional sausage with added pine needle powder.

Effects of Addition of Perilla Leaf Powder on the Surface Color, Residual Nitrite and Shelf Life of Pork Sausage (들깻잎 분말 첨가가 돈육소시지의 표면색깔, 아질산 잔류량 및 저장성에 미치는 영향)

  • 정인철;김영길;문윤희
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.12 no.6
    • /
    • pp.654-660
    • /
    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of addition of perilla leaf(PL) powder and carcass grade on the surface color, residual nitrite and shelf-life of pork sausage. Pork sausage was prepared by four type such as grade B pork sausage(A sausage), grade B pork sausage containing perilla leaf(B sausage), grade I pork sausage(C sausage) and grade I pork sausage containing perilla leaf(D sausage) and the surface color, residual nitrite, pH, volatile basic nitrogen(VBN), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances(TBARS) and total bacterial counts of the samples were determined during storage at 4$^{\circ}C$. $L^*$ value of pork sausage showed the highest early stage of storage, pork sausage containing PL was lower than pork sausage without PL. The $a^*$ value of A sausage had the lowest on the storage of 8th week, B sausage had the highest on the storage of 4th week, and the $a^*$ value of C and D sausage were not significantly different during storage. The$a^*$ value of pork sausage containing PL was lower than pork sausage without PL, the $b^*$ value was higher than pork sausage without PL. The residual nitrite of pork sausage containing PL highly decreased until storage for 2 weeks, pork sausage without PL highly decreased until storage for 4 weeks, therefore addition of PL was affected in the reduction of residual nitrite of pork sausage. The pH of A and B sausage decreased until storage at 4 weeks, but increased from 6 weeks. The VBN contents were 6.7~8.4 mg% in the early stage of storage, was 16.1~19.5 mg% on the storage of 8th weeks. The TBARS of pork sausage were increased gradually during storage. Pork sausage containing PL showed lower value than pork sausage non added PL during storage. The total bacterial counts of pork sausage were increased gradually during storage, pork sausage containing PL was lower than that of free PL during storage.

Distribution of Microorganisms in Cheongyang Red Pepper Sausage and Effect of Central Temperature on Quality Characteristics of Sausage

  • Choi, Yun-Sang;Ku, Su-Kyung;Kim, Tae-Kyung;Park, Jong-Dae;Kim, Young-Chan;Kim, Hee-Ju;Kim, Young-Boong
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.38 no.4
    • /
    • pp.749-758
    • /
    • 2018
  • The objective of this study was to provide preliminary data for food industry by investigating the distribution of microorganisms in raw materials and sausage examining the effect of heating temperature on sausage quality. Total microbes in sausage ranged 2.21-3.11 Log CFU/g. Bacillus pumilus, B. licheniformis, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, and Enterococcus faecalis were detected on sausage. Total microbes in raw materials was 1.59-7.16 Log CFU/g. Different types of microorganisms were found depending on raw materials, with B. pumilus and B. subtilis were being detected in both raw materials and sausage. Total microbes in sausage after heating was in the range of 1.10-2.22 Log CFU/g, showing the trend of decrease in total microbe with increasing heating temperature, although the decrease was not significant. With increasing heating temperature, pH and hardness were also increased. The yield of sausage manufactured at $85^{\circ}C$ was 95.42% while that manufactured at $65^{\circ}C$ was 96.67%. Therefore, decreasing heating temperature during sausage production might increase yield and save energy without microbiological effect.

Physical and Sensory Properties of Low Fat Sausage Amended with Hydrated Oatmeal and Various Meats

  • Yang, Han-Sul;Kim, Gap-Don;Choi, Sung-Gil;Joo, Seon-Tea
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.30 no.3
    • /
    • pp.365-372
    • /
    • 2010
  • Low-fat sausages were prepared with various meats to investigate the effect of the addition of oatmeal at 10% as a fat substitute. The sausages were made with beef, pork and chicken after trimming the visible fat, and the physical and sensory properties of the sausages were evaluated. Beef sausage had the lowest cooking yield and the highest hardness, while chicken sausage showed the opposite properties. The addition of oatmeal resulted in sausage products with less cooking loss and softer texture for all types of meat sausages. Such changes were more pronounced for beef low-fat sausage than for the other types of sausages. The results of moisture absorption suggested that the difference in cooking yield and hardness among sausage products was due to the water-retention properties of different meats and the substitute in response to heat treatment. Sensory evaluation indicated that the greatest overall acceptability of the sausage products were obtained from 10% oatmeal-added pork sausage and that the addition of oatmeal led to better acceptability for all types meat sausages.

Studies of Sausages in Korea -Comparison of Nutritive Components of Korean Commercial Sausages and Foreign Sausages- (한국산(韓國産) SAUSAGE에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) (시판(市販) SAUSAGE의 영양성분(營養成分)과 외국(外國) SAUSAGE와의 비교(比較)))

  • Woo, Soon-Ja;Lee, Hye-June
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.10 no.2
    • /
    • pp.173-180
    • /
    • 1978
  • The sensory test and analysis of the proximate composition and hydroxyproline content of 4 kinds of Korean commercial sausage products (Beef, Hamburger, Frank, Hotdog) were carried out and the results were compared one another. The qualities of these sausage products were compared one another. The qualities of these sausage products were compared on the basis of the nutritive value of foreign sausages and according to the Korea Food Law. The results obtained were as follows. 1. The general conclusion drawn from the results of the proximate analysis was that the average composition of commercial sausages was adequate in view of the limits set by the Food Law. 2. The evaluation factors of sausages based on moisture-to-protein and protein-to-fat ratios were proposed tocompare the qualities of Korean commercial sausages with those of foreign commercial sausages. 3. Content of collagen as connective tissues in total protein of Korean commercial sausages were $2.1{\sim}15%$. The results of the present study appeared to suggest that meat contents of Korean commercial sausages used in this study were less than those of foreign sausages. 4. Among the 4 different kinds of sausages studied the qualities of Frank sausages were the best whereas those of Hotdog sausages were of the lowest quality. Beef sausages appeared better than Hamburger sausages from the view point of nutritive components.

  • PDF