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Effects of students' satisfaction with school meal programs on school happiness in South Korea

  • Kwon, Sooyoun;Kim, Oksun;Lee, Youngmi
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.342-347
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    • 2018
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: School meals are not just meals consumed at school, they are part of the culture, education, and life experience at school. Nevertheless, few studies have revealed the influence of school meals on students' school lives. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of satisfaction with the school meal program on students' school happiness. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A survey conducted in December 2015 asked 2,336 students (1,062 elementary school students, 880 middle school students, and 394 high school students) about their satisfaction with the school meal program and their school happiness. Multiple regression analyses were used to examine the relation between the students' school meal satisfaction and their happiness level. RESULTS: The average level of satisfaction with school meals of elementary school students was 4.1 out of 5 points, comparatively higher than that of middle and high school students, with a significant difference between school levels (P < 0.001). In addition, school happiness, as well as overall happiness, of elementary school students was higher than that of middle and high school students (P < 0.001). The school meal operation factor (0.232, P < 0.001) had the most influence on students' school happiness, followed by the school meal environment factor (0.219, P < 0.001) and school meal quality factor (0.136, P < 0.001). Overall satisfaction (0.097, P = 0.001) and school meal hygiene factor (0.095, P = 0.001) also had significant influences on students' school happiness. CONCLUSIONS: Students' satisfaction with the school meal program was related to their school happiness. Therefore, plans to enhance students' satisfaction with a school meal program needs to be implemented, with emphasis on placing a priority on school meal operation and school environment factors, in order to improve students' level of happiness.

"A Evlauation Study on School Health Practice in Chonbuk Area" (전북지역 학교보건사업 개선을 위한 평가연구)

  • Chung, Young Sook;Ahn, Chung Ja
    • The Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.91-107
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    • 1989
  • This study was designed to evaluate current level of school health practice in Chonbuk province and to analyze the relationship between school health practice and variables. All the subjects in this study were 140 schools themselves in Chonbuk province. Survey data was collected through the interviewed checklists from the widly accepted school health responsibilities of administration and practice and the direct observation by the interviewer. It was conducted from 1st of Nov. to 17 th of Dec, 1988. The major findings of this study are as follows: A. Level of school health practice was relatively low in score (Mean=64.5). $\cdot$ Healthful School Living -76.14 $\cdot$ School Health Service -71.29 $\cdot$ School Health Instruction -47.98 B. Strengths and Weakness field in School Health Practice. 1. Healthful School Living: Strengths: Waste disposal, Seating, Playground. Weakness: School site, Safety control. 2. School Health Service : Strenths : Health Appraisal, Follow up and Counseling. Weakness: Dental Health, Prevention and Control of Communicable Disease, Facilities and Equipment of Health Clinic. 3. School Health Instruction : Strength : None, Weakness : Program Organization, Curriculum Planning and Evaluation, Curriculum Content, Instructional Aids. C. Significance between degree of School Health Practice and Variables. 1. Healthful School Living : (1) Toilet : Area (p<0.001), No.of Class (p<0.001), School Nurse (p<0.05) (2) Water Supply : School Nurse (p<0.05) (3) Safety Control : School Nurse (p<0.05) 2. School Health Service : (1) Health Appraisal : School Nurse (p<0.05) (2) Follow up and Counseling : School Nurse (p<0.001) (3) Dental Health : Area (p<0.05), Level of School (p<0.05) (4) Prevention and Control of Communicable Disease : Level of School (p<0.001), School Nurse (p<0.05) (5) Emergency Care : Area (p<0.001), No. of Class (p<0.001), School Nurse(p<0.001) (6) Facilities and Equipment of Clinic : Level of School (p<0.001), No.of Class (p<0.001), School Nurse (p<0.001) 3. School Health Instruction: (1) Program Organization : No. of Class (p<0.05), School Nurse (p<0.001) (2) Curriculum Planning land Evaluation : School Nurse (p<0.001) (3) Instructional Aids : Level of School (p<0.001), School Nurse (p<0.05) Recommendation for the Improvement of School Health Practice are as follows : A. There should be further study to strengthen the school health practice, especially in the field of school health instruction. B. It is strictly required to employ and utilize school nurse at each school level not only for the school health service but also for the school health in struction. C. There should be much considerations about adequate size and easily accessible distance in school site.

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The Difference in School life Satisfaction by Middle School Soccer Club Participation (축구 학교스포츠클럽 참여가 중학교 남학생의 학교생활 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Bong-Mo;Kim, Du-Gyu;Heo, Gyun
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.345-352
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the difference of school life satisfaction of middle school students according to soccer school sports club participation from a practical view. The results were follows; According to the results of analysis of the school life satisfaction between participating in soccer school sports club students and non participating student, significant differences(p<.001) were found in general school life, fellowship, teachers, learning, school rules and school events. As the results of analysis of the school life satisfaction according to the participating period, no significant differences were shown in general school life, fellowship, teachers, learning, school rules and school events. As the results of analysis of the school life satisfaction according to the participating motivation, no significant differences were found in general school life, fellowship, learning, school rules and school events, but significant difference(p<.05) was found in teachers. As the result of analysis of the school life satisfaction according to the engagement time, no significant differences were shown in general school life, teachers, learning, school rules and school events, but significant difference(p<.001) was found in fellowship.

Perception of Nutritional Education among School Administrators, Parents, and School Nutrition Teachers at an Elementary School (초등학교 영양교육에 대한 학교행정관리자, 학부모 및 영양교사의 인식 비교)

  • Kim, Hui-Jin;Kim, Hyun-Ah
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.385-399
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the perception of nutritional education among school administrators, parents, and school nutrition teachers at an elementary school. Questionnaires were distributed to 450 subjects (150 school nutrition teachers, 150 school administrators, and 150 parents) from June 15 to June 30, 2009, and 309 (84 school nutrition teachers, 104 administrators, and 121 parents) were analyzed. The results of this study were as follows. First, school nutrition teachers' perceived level (4.54) of importance of nutritional education was significantly (P<0.001) higher compared to school administrators (4.10) and parents (3.97). Second, demand for revitalization of nutritional education as perceived by parents (3.23) was significantly (P<0.001) higher compared to school nutrition teachers (2.61) and school administrators (2.51). Third, parents' satisfaction level of elementary school nutritional education was 3.23, followed by those of school administrators (2.83) and school nutrition teachers (2.50). There were significant differences in terms of satisfaction of elementary school nutritional education between school administrators, parents, and school nutrition teachers (P<0.001). Fourth, school nutrition teachers' demand for revitalization of nutritional education was significantly (P<0.001) higher at 4.24 compared to both parents (3.76) and school administrators (3.46). Fifth, with regards to bolstering nutritional education in elementary schools, it was deemed necessary for each school to have a school nutrition teacher. In conclusion, perception of nutritional education varied among school administrators, parents, and school nutrition teachers. In conclusion, a communication network between school administrators, parents, and school nutrition teachers should be established for revitalization of nutritional education at elementary schools.

A Study of Students' Knowledge Level of Dental Health Care (초중등학생의 구강보건관리에 대한 인식도 조사)

  • Kim, Kyo-Woong;Nam, Chul-Hyun
    • The Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.295-317
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to prevent oral disease of primary school, middle school, and high school students, providing basic data for the development of oral health education programs. Data were collected from 898 primary school, middle school, and high school students from March 2, 1999 to May 31, 1999. The results of this study are summarized as follows; 1) The subjects of this study were primary school students(32.6%), middle school students(33.0%), and high school students(34.4%). Boy students were slightly more prevalent than girl students. That is, primary school boys were 56.3%, middle school boys were 53.2%, and high school boys were 52.6%. 2) According to the self-judgement of oral health, primary school students were better than middle/high school students and boy students were better than girl students, 63.5% of primary school students and 57.8% of middle/high school students brushed their teeth once or twice a day. 3) 76.3% of middle/high school students and 63.5% of primary school students experienced dental caries. Girl students were higher than boy students in experiencing dental caries, 35.9% of primary school students and 27.6% of middle/high school students experienced periodontal disease. 4) 22.9% of primary school students and 7.9% of middle/high school students received oral examinations periodically. Girl students showed a higher rate than boy students in primary school, while boy students showed a higher rate than girl students in middle/high school. 5) Explaining to the reasons for reluctant visits to dental hospitals and clinics, 'no time to go' was highest(22.9% of primary school students; 27.4% of middle/high school students) and the rate of 'feeling scared' was second highest. Middle/high school students were more reluctant to visit dental hospitals and clinics than primary school students. In case of problematic symptoms in the mouth, the rate of 'feeling painful or cold in teeth when eating cold or hot foods' was highest, 71.3% of primary school students was concerned about oral health, while 68.6% of middle/high school students was concerned about it. 6) In gathering to the sources of information on oral health, the rate of medical institutions was highest(30.0%) in primary school students, while the rate of family members or persons around them was highest in middle/high school students. 7) 54.9% of primary school students received oral health education, while 13.1% of middle/high school students received it. Only 4.7% of middle school and high school girls received it. In relation to dental health education, the rate of 'possibility of prevention of oral caries or disease of the gum' was highest. 79.5% of primary school students and 80.3% of middle school students answered that they would attend oral health education. 8) 60.4% of primary school students and 60.2% of middle/high school students think the purpose of oral health is to prevent dental caries and disease of the gums. In preventing dental caries, 78.8% of primary school students and 71.8% of middle school students thought that periodical oral examination was effective, 88.4% of primary school students and 88.8% of middle/high school thought that brushing one's teeth was effective and 64.1% of primary school students and 50.7% of middle school students thought that the use of toothpaste containing fluoride was effective. In preventing periodontal disease, 91.1% of primary school students and 90.2% of middle/high school students thought that brushing one's teeth was effective, while 72.4% of primary school students and 70.3% of middle/high school students thought that teeth cleaning was effective. 9) 16.0% of middle school students and 12.7% of high school students thought that their oral health condition was healthy. According to individual experiences in dental treatment, the rate of experience of middle school students was higher than that of high school students, 12.7% of middle school students received oral examinations periodically, while only 3.3% of high school students did so. 10) In cases of 'having no problematic symptoms in the mouth' and 'concerns about oral health', the rate of middle school students was higher than that of high school students. In gathering obtaining information on oral health, the rate of obtaining it through broadcast media including TV, Radio, etc. was highest in middle school students, while the rate of obtaining it through family members or persons around them was highest in high school students. 11) 81.7% of middle school students have not received oral health education. In case of girl students, 97.3% have not received it in high school students. 85.6% of middle school students and 151.2% of high school students think that oral health education is necessary. 12) According to the knowledge level of oral health, the point of high school students($26.33{\pm}2.33$) was similar to the point of high school students($26.23{\pm}2.30$). It appeared that the point of primary school students was highest($26.35{\pm}2.50$) The more concerned about oral health the students were the higher the knowledge level of oral health was. In conclusion, the middle/high school students' knowledge level of oral health was lower than primary school students. The rate of middle/high School students' experience in oral health education was too low. Therefore, it is necessary to intensify oral health education for middle/high school students. Especially, the necessity of oral health education to girl students is strongly recommended. Developing an oral health education program for primary school, middle school, and high school students, related public authority and organizations, teachers; and dentists must actively make efforts together in order to maintain healthy teeth through having students prevent dental caries and periodontal disease.

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A Study on the Recent Changes in the Number of School Nurses in Korea (한국 양호교사의 최근 추세에 관한 일 연구)

  • 주채복
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 1979
  • The purpose of the study was undertaken to present transition of school nurses to analyze some factors related to them. 1. Overage increase rate of school nurses the year of 8 years (1970 - 1978) was 4.61% for the primary school, 2.14% for the middle school, and 15.26% for the high school which was the highest. The total number of school nurses was 1289. 2. The percentage of school working school nurses to the total schools was 14.6% for the primary school, 7.1% for the middle school, and 15.2% for the high school in 1918. In Seoul was largest of 66.7% while that of kyongsangnamdo showed the lowest of 1.5%. 3, In 1978, the increase of school nurses was 17.9% for the private school which was highest while that of the nation and public school showed the lowest of 12.4%. 4. Studies for the Primary, middle and high school per school nurses in 1979 were 5,981.14,923.7,655 respectively. 5. Considering the age distribution of the total school nurses for the primary, middle and high schools was the most of 54.1% in 20s. Regarding the, career of school nurses, those who had worked for less than 5 years were 46.4% in 1970, while 51.8% in 1978. And the school nurses who had worked for less than 10 years reduced 71.3% from 82.7%. 6, There were close relationship between the number of school nurses and that of school, and a regression formular made as follow: SNi = -24.497+0.675 Si+ 0,196 Ni (School) (Nurses).

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A Study of the Index Development and Measurement for School Health Promoting Behaviors (학교건강증진 지표개발 및 측정에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young Im
    • The Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.189-201
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    • 1998
  • The objectives of this study are first to develop the index of school health promoting behaviors, two, to measure those, third, to analysis the relative importance of factors that effect on school health promoting behaviors. School health promotion indexes were composed of 60 components of six areas which modify the element of health promoting schools are developed by world health organization. The survey data were collected by questionnaires from June to September in 1998. The number of subjects was 294 school nurses. The SAS-PC program was used for the statistical analysis. The major results were as follows: 1. The six areas of school health promoting behaviors are: school health politics (20 components), the school physical environment (17 component), the school social environment (7 component), community relationships (6 component), personal health skills (7 component) and health services (3 component). 2. The mean of total school health promotion indexes was highest at elementary school as 3.46. The order of area was health services, the school physical environment, school health politics, the school social environment, personal health skills, community relationships. 3. The regression model used in this analysis presented significant relationships between school health promoting behaviors and independent variables. The important variable affecting the area of school physical environment was education level of school nurses. The important variable affecting the area of the school social environment and personal health services were the location of school, credential education program. Age or career also were significant variables affect the community relationships and health services. In summary, The health promoting behavior of elementary school was higher than other school. It is mean that have to perform active promoting behavior at middle school and high school. Health service level was highest among areas of school health promoting behaviors. It is mean also that school nurse teachers is interested in activity for other areas to improve of school health. Furthermore, it is necessary to develop the specific program for school health promoting behavior.

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An Analysis on School Health Education Pattern and Related Factors in Elementary School (서울시 일부 국민학교의 보건교육양상 및 관련요인)

  • Kim, Young Im;Lee, Youn Kyoung
    • The Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this study was to explain the performance pattern of health education and related factors in elementary school. The data were collected from school nurses who have been working elementary school. Sample of 77 were analyzed by percent distribution, ${\chi}^2$-test, discriminant analysis. The performance rates of health education was 74%, Only 19% of total carried out health education of 6 hours per week. Important variables that was showed significant association with health education level were as follows: Perception of importance about health education among personal characteristics of school nurses and size of school c1ass, cooperation level of school administrator, operation method of school health clinic, the difficulty of school health clinic among school organization characteristics. The canonical correlation between the health education (yes or no) and important independent variables was 0.52. Among them, operation method of school health clinic. perceiveness of health education, size of school class represented the significant contribution (canonical coefficient: 0.66, 0.54, 0.52) to school health education. These findings suggest that structure and management variables of school organization are more important than personal variables of school nurses related to activation of school health education. Therefore, it is expected that the quantity and quality improvement of school health education be able to accomplish through the systematic support of school organization and government demension.

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A Study on the Establishment Plan for the SME Specialized Graduate School

  • Bae, Hoyoung
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.42-42
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    • 2017
  • There are lots of specialized graduate schools such as law school, medical school, business school. These specialized graduate schools has been designed to train the special experts practically from 1990s in Korea. For all that, there are no specialized graduate schools supported by the Small and Medium Business Administration(SMBA). So we will research the establishment plan of SME(Small and Medium Enterprise) specialized school for the development of SMEs. Recently, the SMBA supports the 2 types of graduate school such as the entrepreneurship graduate school and consulting graduate school. However, it is clear that these 2 types of schools are yet insufficient in terms of efficiency and redundancy. As the representative specialized graduate schools are law school and MOT(Management of Technology) in Korea, we do the comparative study with law school and MOT school. Through the comparative study, we can find some implication for SME specialized graduate school. As a result, the SME school has to need the training system such as the special master's and doctor's degree, over 3 year course work, daytime class, many practical professors, specialized programs with industry like the MOT school. In conclusion, we suggest that : First, the SME specialized graduate school has to be designed for potential SME consultants. Second, the entrepreneurship graduate school and the consulting graduate school can be integrated into the SME specialized school easily. Third, the SME specialized graduate school can have new educational models.

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