• Title, Summary, Keyword: seasons

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Acupuncture following the four seasons in Maijing (『맥경(脈經)』의 사시자법(四時刺法))

  • Eom, Dong-Myung
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.236-243
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    • 2002
  • Objective : It is called 'Acupuncture following the four seasons', to differ the acupuncturing depth in the skin or the curing region following different seasons on the ground of heaven-person corresponding thought. The method of using five Su points is generally introduced in Yongchu or Nanjing. They only suggest the curing principles and don't mention the concrete location of the points. But definite points is shown in Maijing. Let me introduce Acupuncture following the four seasons in Maijing to you in this study. Methods : In order to study Acupuncture following the four seasons in Maijing, the first we summarise Acupuncture following the four seasons using five Su points in Yongchu and Nanjing. The second, we search for Acupuncture following the four seasons in Maijing, and analyze its contents. Results & Conclusion : According to the examination of Maijing, it succeeded to the theory of Nanjing, suggested Acupuncture following the four seasons with the method of using five Su points and acupuncture applying the principle of reinforcement and reduction. Furthermore, we know that the principle of apply not only acupuncture but also moxibustion to Acupuncture following the four seasons in Maijing.

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A Study on Fashion Style Expressed in Women Magazine Advertisements (여성 잡지 광고에 표현된 패션스타일 연구)

  • Kim Sae Bom;Lee Eun Sook
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.221-239
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to analyse the fashion style expressed in women magazine advertisements. The method of this study was used content analysis with 692 samples in women magazines ('Woman Sense', 'Yeosung Dong-A', and 'Jubu Saeng-hwal') which were issued in March, June, September, and December from 1998 to 2002. The data analysis were divided nine elements: 1. silhouette, 2. color, 3. pattern, 4. length of skirt & slacks, 5. adjustment, 6. breadth of collar lapel, 7. shoes, 8. make-up, 9. hair style. The results of this study were as follows: 1. silhouette : The four seasons were expressed in square silhouette. 2. Color : The spring, summer, and winter seasons were expressed in white color, while the fall season was expressed in neutral color. 3. Pattern : The four seasons were expressed in plain pattern. 4. Length of skirt & slacks : The four seasons were expressed in various length. 5. Adjustment : The four seasons were expressed in single button. 6. Breadth of collar lapel : The spring, summer, and winter seasons were expressed in small breadth, while the fall season was expressed in middle breadth. 7. Shoes : The four seasons were expressed in high-heeled shoes. 8. Make-up : The four seasons were expressed in light tone. 9. Hair style : The four seasons were expressed in up-style.

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The Analysis of Fashion Item Trend Expressed in Fashion Magazine Advertising (패션잡지광고에 표현된 패션 아이템 경향 분석)

  • Lee, Eun-Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.123-140
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    • 2007
  • Fashion magazine advertising is the most excellent source of information in predicting the fashion trend. It plays a pivotal role in setting a direction for the fashion trend in the upcoming season. The purpose of this study was to review by photos of the $pr{\hat{e}}t-{\acute{a}}-porter$ collection shown in LONDON, NEW YORK, MILAN, and PARIS during 2002-2006 A/W and 2003-2005 S/S seasons, being focused on such fashion items published as coat, dress, one-piece, two-pieces(jacket+skirt/pants, blouse+skirt/pants). In the results of this study, designers presented coat(n=144) chiefly, blouse+pants(n=29) were presented few during 2002-2003 A/W seasons. During 2003-2004 A/W seasons one-piece(n=156) was looking bullish, blouse+pants(n=34) were declining. Dress(n=149) was presented mostly, blouse+pants(n=17) was presented few during 2004-2005 A/W seasons. During 2005-2006 A/W seasons coat(n=180) was revived, blouse+pants(n=26) were presented lowly. Therefore designers presented coat(n=605, 28.4%) extremely much during 2002-2006 A/W seasons. Designers presented one-piece(n=109) much, jacket+pants(n=22) were presented few in 2003 S/S. In 2004 S/S seasons one-piece(n=167) was presented vastly different than jacket+pants(n=42). Also one-piece(n=152) was presented mostly, blouse+pants(n=48) was presented few in 2005 S/S seasons. During 2003-2005 S/S seasons one-piece(n=428, 28.2%) was presented most. And designers in these four world fashion centers didn't prefer blouse+pants in A/W seasons and jacket+pants in S/S seasons. Based on the above findings, it could be confirmed that the fashion items trend was almost similar among the four collections of $pr{\hat{e}}t-{\acute{a}}-porter$. The results of this study suggest that the fashion collections are the most reliable information sources for fashion product planning. Lastly, it is hoped that this study will provide for some useful basic data for domestic fashion businesses in producing fashion items.

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A Study on "Due to pathogenic Gi(因於氣)" in "Somun(素問).Saenggitongcheonron(生氣通天論)" ("소문.생기통천론(素問.生氣通天論)"의 "인어기(因於氣)"에 대한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Sun-Hyung;Bang, Jung-Kyun
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.291-297
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    • 2009
  • It is difficult that we understand "Due to pathogenic Gi(因於氣)" in "Somun(素問) Saenggitongcheonron(生氣通天論)", because that is too many comments. We are to interpret Gi(氣) as Wind(風) or Anger(怒). However, the most reasonable explanation is to Yang-Gi weakness(陽氣虛). In other words, pathogenic Gi of four seasons should violate Yang-Gi(陽氣) and become a Yang-Gi weakness. Sayu(四維) can be interpreted as limbs[四肢], the last month of each of the four seasons[四季], four seasons[四時]. It is a logical view of the four seasons. This meaning is that it was already Yang-Gi weakness state by pathogenic-Gi of four seasons which violate Yang-Gi(陽氣), again the pathogenic Gi of four seasons violate Yang-Gi. As a result Yang-Gi will drain.

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EFFECT OF FEEDING CLOMIPHENE CITRATE ON CARCASS COMPOSITION OF BROILER

  • Ali, M.A.;Shingari, B.K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.17-21
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    • 1989
  • Four seasonal trials were conducted to study the effect of feeding clomiphene citrate on carcass composition of broilers. It was fed at 5, 10, 15 mg levels per kg feed for a period of two weeks, 3-4 weeks ($S_1$), 4-5 weeks ($S_2$) and 5-6 weeks ($S_3$) of age. Total carcasses were analysed for moisture, ether extract and protein. Clomiphene citrate significantly decreased the moisture with concomitant increase in ether extract content of the carcasses at all the ages and seasons. Carcass protein was significantly decreased at all the ages and seasons. The responses in the different level of clomiphene citrate is dose dependent. The carcass moisture decreased with age while protein and ether extract contents increased in all seasons. The females had more ether extract and less moisture contents than male. The carcass ether extract was higher in summer and rainy seasons followed by spring and winter seasons, and the differences were significant. A concomitant significant decrease of carcass moisture was observed. The effect of seasons on carcass protein varied at different ages but there appeared to be a trend towards decreasing carcass protein in summer and rainy seasons than winter and spring seasons.

Research on Usages of Herb Medicine Based on the Four Seasons (사시용약(四時用藥)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Shin, Ho-Dong
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.67-79
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : The author studied on criterions and concepts of the four seasons, and also examined about outbreak, rise and decline, remedy and prescription of diseases. Methods : We researched that increase and decrease of vigor and up and down of Yin and Yang in human body are controled by sunlight through the literature. Results : The relationship between the human's five viscera and four seasons has the homeostasis as a result of the compatibility and rivalry process. Between of the human's five viscera and four seasons, the spleen plays important role of four seasons. The reason is that the liver, the heart, the lungs and the kidneys manages the 72 days in spring, summer, autumn and winter, repectively. However, the spleen arranges and regulates the liver, the heart, the lungs and the kidneys through the 18days of each season's ending, respectively. These are the basis of Lee Dong Won's(李東垣) 'The Spleen Strength Theory(補脾論). In four seasons, We make prescription harmonized with the energy such as rising in spring, floating in summer, astriction in autumn, preservation in winter. Conclusions : These results suggest that the criterion and the conception of the four seasons may be important role to remedy for diseases and to prescribe and to use of medicine.

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A Study of Comparison of Temperature Seasons and Biotic Seasons in Jeonnam Region

  • Hwang, Sung Eun;Ryu, Chan Su
    • Journal of the Chosun Natural Science
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.118-123
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    • 2013
  • Korea, which is located in the middle-latitude area of the northern hemisphere, has four seasons. These seasons can be classified based on their months, mean temperatures, biology and natural phenomena. In this study, climatic changes were identified by biotic and temperature seasons, changing trends were compared by season, and the appropriateness of the biotic phenomena for the biotic season classification was examined. The data for this study included the mean temperatures, and biology phenomenon observation dates, which had been observed for 38 years from the ASOSs in seven Gwangju and Jeonnam regions. Limitations were found in the classification of the temperature and biotic seasons. Especially in the case of the biotic season based on a single life, the points of the first sighting and the initial sound fluctuated so much that the accuracy of the results was not guaranteed. Therefore, the life species had to be selected subject to detailed verification and accurate specifications, and to be applied to the meteorological phenomena. In addition, there were lives in the standard biology that could no longer be observed because of environmental pollution and climatic change, which indicates the need to protect the existing standard biology.

Preservice Students Concept형s Change on Change in Seasons through New Models (새로운 계절변화 실험모형이 초등예비교사의 개념 변화에 미치는 효과)

  • 채동현
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.23-32
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    • 1998
  • A good example of the persistence of naive theories about change in seasons is well knowned: A filmmaker carried a camera into the crowd of gowned graduates at the 1987 commencement of Harvard University and asked a simple question, that is, "Why is it hotter in summer than in winter?" to twenty five students chosen at random. All of the answers except two were that the Earth is closer to the Sun in summer, so it is hotter in summer, but the Earth is farther from the Sun in winter, so it is cooler in winter. Until now, naive theories about the cause in seasons have been extensively studied. However, few studies to overcome these naive theories were reported. Author takes two steps: first, a new model on the cause in seasons is developed. Second, preservice students concepts' change on the cause in seasons through the new model is observed. The author concludes that the new model have a good effect on the preservice students concepts' change on the cause in seasons.

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Study on Medical Treatment by the Zang-qi-fa-shi(藏氣法時) (장기법시(藏氣法時)의 관점(觀点)으로 본 치법(治法) 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Hyun-Jung;Kang, Jung-Soo
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.99-107
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    • 2007
  • Keeping in step with four seasons, Spring, summer, autumn, and winter, the heaven and earth(天地) has been born(生), grown(長), coverted(化), gained(收), and kept(藏) by interaction of yiyang and yuqi(五氣: 木火土金水). And according to Naiching, human being is born with energy of heaven and earth(天地之氣) and is grown with the law of four seasons(四時之法). So, we now know that the human's body and nature interact each other. The oriental medical science has been studied the effect that the nature's change influences on human body. Now, I get some idea that using herb medicine and acupuncture should have hanged following the change of four seasons. We know that there is a cycle in nature. Every day sun arise and down, and every month moon gets full and new. And every year, four seasons orderly change, from spring to winter. All of this is the law of nature and human body adapts this law. Man always shows the physiological phenomena which changes under the law of nature, especially the turning of the seasons. Therefore, we should use different medical methods in different seasons.

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Exploring Fashion Trends Using Network Analysis (사회연결망 분석을 활용한 패션 트렌드 고찰)

  • Park, Jisoo;Lee, Yuri
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.611-626
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    • 2014
  • Reading and foreseeing fashion trends is crucial and difficult in the fashion industry due to accelerated and diversified changes in fashion trends. We use network analysis to investigate fashion trends from 2004 to 2013 in order to find the inter-relevance among fashion trends. We extracted words from fashion trend info for women's wear provided by Samsung Design Net, created a 2-mode network of seasons and trend languages, and visualized this network using NodeXl program. Fashion trends repeated a unique pattern during the period. In the first half (2004-2008), retro modern, feminine modern, and ecological modern were dominant trends in consecutive order. The years 2009-2013 witnessed distinctive fashion trends in S/S seasons and in F/W seasons. 11F/W, 12F/W and 13F/W seasons were characterized by artistic creative style. From 2010, natural style dominated S/S seasons. 10S/S and 12S/S seasons were distinguished as a calm natural style that reflected a peaceful and simple life. In 11S/S and 13S/S seasons, soft natural style emerged as a sign of increased importance of inner spirit and natural energy. A seasonal reappearance of trends was observed every two years in S/S seasons that enabled the prediction that 14S/S will see another version of natural style. A macroscopic trend for the last 10 years was represented by the keywords 'modern' and 'natural'. 'Modern' involved the past styles such as 60's, Baroque and the origin of human life. 'Natural' was connected with design elements such as material, silhouette and color. Managerial implications and future study directions are discussed based on the results.