• Title, Summary, Keyword: seismic design

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Seismic Design of Bridges in Low to Moderate Seismic Zones

  • Kook, Seung-Kyu
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.121-127
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    • 1998
  • For the seismic design of bridges in Korea classified as the low to moderate seismic zones, the design concepts provided in the Standard Specification for Highway Bridges, Division I-A: Seismic Design, are adopted, which is basically developed for the strong seismic zones by AASHITO. Accordingly, the design procedures provided for the low to moderate seismic zones are simplified too much to fulfill the purpose of the seismic design. In this paper the design procedures given for the low to moderate seismic zones in the Standard are summarized and discussed in view of the seismic design purpose. From the discussion results some revisions are proposed as conclusions for the reasonable a, pp.ication of the Standard for bridges located in the low to moderate seismic zones.

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Seismic Isolation Design for Bridges on Lead-Rubber Bearings (납-면진받침을 이용한 교량의 면진설계)

  • 이철희
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.161-168
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    • 1999
  • The concept of seismic design was induced in our country which was poor in it for the scarcity of recognition and insufficiency of funds. Recently many specialists are enforcing the provisions of seismic design. But because seismic force of seismic design is very great and all the seismic force are concentrated on the fixed bearings and substructure the bearings are the seismic force are concentrated on the fixed bearings and substructure the bearings are destroyed so that seismic design lose its basic concept. In addition when the earthquake which exceeds seismic design force takes place the bridge is collapsed. For these reasons the developed seismic isolation design concept was appeared which diminishes seismic force itself by period shift and additional damping distributes it to each superstructures evenly. Therefore this study introduced the method which combines PC-LEADeR(design program for L.R.B) with SAP 2000(linear elastic analysis) and performs the seismic isolation design more elaborately and simply verified the propriety of that method and examined the force control of L. R. B.

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Overview of Performance-Based Seismic Design of Building Structures in China

  • Li, Guo-Qiang;Xu, Yan-Bin;Sun, Fei-Fei
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.169-179
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    • 2012
  • The development history, the current situation and the future of the performance-based seismic design of building structures in China are presented in this paper. Firstly, the evolution of performance-based seismic design of building structures specified in the Chinese codes for seismic design of buildings of the edition 1974, 1978, 1989, 2001 and 2010 are introduced and compared. Secondly, in two parts, this paper details the provisions of performance-based seismic design in different Chinese codes. The first part is about the "Code for Seismic Design of Buildings" (GB50011) (edition 1989, 2001 and 2010) and "Technical Specification for Concrete Structures of Tall Building", which presents the concepts and methods of performance-based seismic design adopted in Chinese codes; The second part is about "Management Provisions for Seismic Design of Outof-codes High-rise Building Structures" and "Guidelines for Seismic Design of Out-of-codes High-rise Building Structures", which concludes the performance-based seismic design requirements for high-rise building structures over the relevant codes in China. Finally, according to those mentioned above, this paper pointed out the imperfections of current performance-based seismic design in China and proposed the possible direction for further improvement.

State of Practice of Performance-Based Seismic Design in Korea

  • Lee, Dong-Hun;Kim, Taejin;Kim, Jong-Ho;Kang, Dae-Eon
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.195-201
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    • 2012
  • Today, a great effort to develop PBSD procedure to be utilized in Korea is given by domestic structural engineers, academics, and governmental organizations. After Great East Japan Earthquake (2011) took place, lots of clients in Korea became to concern of their buildings so that requests of seismic performance evaluation and seismic rehabilitation for existing buildings have been gradually increased. Such interests in seismic events initiated a rapid development of a series of guidelines for seismic performance evaluation and seismic performance enhancement. For new buildings, however, design guidelines for PBSD are yet well prepared in Korea and prescriptive design methods are dominant design procedure still. Herein, seismicity demands used in seismic performance evaluation and some important design parameters in NLRH are introduced. Some project examples for seismic performance evaluation and rehabilitation applying passive energy dissipation devices are also described in the latter part of paper.

Can irregular bridges designed as per the Indian standards achieve seismic regularity?

  • Thomas, Abey E.;Somasundaran, T.P.;Sajith, A.S.
    • Advances in Computational Design
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.15-28
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    • 2017
  • One of the major developments in seismic design over the past few decades is the increased emphasis for limit states design now generally termed as Performance Based Engineering. Performance Based Seismic Design (PBSD) uses Displacement Based Design (DBD) methodology wherein structures are designed for a target level of displacement rather than Force Based Design (FBD) methodology where force or strength aspect is being used. Indian codes still follow FBD methodology compared to other modern codes like CalTrans, which follow DBD methodology. Hence in the present study, a detailed review of the two most common design methodologies i.e., FBD and DBD is presented. A critical evaluation of both these methodologies by comparing the seismic performance of bridge models designed using them highlight the importance of adopting DBD techniques in Indian Standards also. The inherent discrepancy associated with FBD in achieving 'seismic regularity' is highlighted by assessing the seismic performance of bridges with varied relative height ratios. The study also encompasses a brief comparison of the seismic design and detailing provisions of IRC 112 (2011), IRC 21 (2000), AASHTO LRFD (2012) and CalTrans (2013) to evaluate the discrepancies on the same in the Indian Standards. Based on the seismic performance evaluation and literature review a need for increasing the minimum longitudinal reinforcement percentage stipulated by IRC 112 (2011) for bridge columns is found necessary.

Progress in Seismic Design Concept in Moderate Seismicity regions (중약진 지역에서의 내진설계 개념의 발전동향)

  • 장승필
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.217-222
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    • 1999
  • Seismic design in low to moderate seismic regions has to be based on the characteristics of seismic risk ground motion and structural response in that region. The characteristics of seismic hazard in low to moderate seismic regions are reviewed briefly. The recent findings on the dynamic behavior subjected to the moderate intensity level of ground motion are summarized. The seismic design considerations in Easterm America China Australia Thailand and Hong Kong will be introduced, . The effort to adopt the limited ductility design in low to moderate seismicity regions will be reported. Finally research works that are required for the implementation of the limited design concept will be proposed.

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Development of Guidelines for seismic isolation Design of LMR (액체금속로 면진설계를 위한 지침서 개발)

  • Yoo, Bong;Koo, Gyeong-Hoi;Lee, Jae-Han
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.147-154
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this paper is to propose the draft guidelines of seismic isolation design of Liquid Metal Reactor (LMR) using high damping laminated rubber bearings. The scopes of guidelines include design requirements of a seismically isolated system and components, seismic isolator, isolation system, interface system between seismic isolation and non-seismic isolation part, qualification and acceptance tests of seismic isolator, seismic isolation reliability, and seismic safety and monitoring system. Proposed guidelines shall be revised to extend to general design guideline for nuclear facilities by further research and discussions.

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Seismic performance of a wall-frame air traffic control tower

  • Moravej, Hossein;Vafaei, Mohammadreza;Abu Bakar, Suhaimi
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.463-482
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    • 2016
  • Air Traffic Control (ATC) towers play significant role in the functionality of each airport. In spite of having complex dynamic behavior and major role in mitigating post-earthquake problems, less attention has been paid to the seismic performance of these structures. Herein, seismic response of an existing ATC tower with a wall-frame structural system that has been designed and detailed according to a local building code was evaluated through the framework of performance-based seismic design. Results of this study indicated that the linear static and dynamic analyses used for the design of this tower were incapable of providing a safety margin for the required seismic performance levels especially when the tower was subjected to strong ground motions. It was concluded that, for seismic design of ATC towers practice engineers should refer to a more sophisticated seismic design approach (e.g., performance-based seismic design) which accounts for inelastic behavior of structural components in order to comply with the higher seismic performance objectives of ATC towers.

Effect of design spectral shape on inelastic response of RC frames subjected to spectrum matched ground motions

  • Ucar, Taner;Merter, Onur
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.69 no.3
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    • pp.293-306
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    • 2019
  • In current seismic design codes, various elastic design acceleration spectra are defined considering different seismological and soil characteristics and are widely used tool for calculation of seismic loads acting on structures. Response spectrum analyses directly use the elastic design acceleration spectra whereas time history analyses use acceleration records of earthquakes whose acceleration spectra fit the design spectra of seismic codes. Due to the fact that obtaining coherent structural response quantities with the seismic design code considerations is a desired circumstance in dynamic analyses, the response spectra of earthquake records used in time history analyses had better fit to the design acceleration spectra of seismic codes. This paper evaluates structural response distributions of multi-story reinforced concrete frames obtained from nonlinear time history analyses which are performed by using the scaled earthquake records compatible with various elastic design spectra. Time domain scaling procedure is used while processing the response spectrum of real accelerograms to fit the design acceleration spectra. The elastic acceleration design spectra of Turkish Seismic Design Code 2007, Uniform Building Code 1997 and Eurocode 8 are considered as target spectra in the scaling procedure. Soil classes in different seismic codes are appropriately matched up with each other according to $V_{S30}$ values. The maximum roof displacements and the total base shears of considered frame structures are determined from nonlinear time history analyses using the scaled earthquake records and the results are presented by graphs and tables. Coherent structural response quantities reflecting the influence of elastic design spectra of various seismic codes are obtained.

The inspection and seismic design method of electrical facility instated in the building (건축물에 시설되는 수변전설비 내진설계 및 검사 방법에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Gi-Hyun;Lee, Sang-Ick;Kang, Min-Hee;Bae, Suk-Myong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of IIIuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers Conference
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    • pp.332-335
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    • 2009
  • Incase of not considered seismic design at transformer vault which is made of many informant electrical facility, facility is damaged, electrical fire breaks out and second damage is able to break out at generating earthquake. But seismic design yet is not applied to at transformer vault in the country. Regard to seismic design method of electrical facility installed in the building internal, we present the seismic design of electrical facility using "Building construction design standard" in internal and "Manual of seismic design and construction for Building Electrical facility" in japan. This paper will be used detail seismic design of pipe and facility. reliability inspection plan for seismic design and construction of electrical facility

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