• 제목/요약/키워드: seismic performance

검색결과 1,710건 처리시간 0.194초

Study of seismic performance and favorable structural system of suspension bridges

  • Zhang, Xin-Jun;Zhang, Chao
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • 제60권4호
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    • pp.595-614
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    • 2016
  • By taking the Runyang Highway Bridge over the Yangtze River with 1490 m main span as example, structural response of the bridge under the horizontal and vertical seismic excitations is investigated by the response spectrum and time-history analysis of MIDAS/Civil software respectively, the seismic behavior and the influence of structural nonlinearity on the seismic response of the bridge are revealed. Considering the aspect of seismic performance, the suitability of employing the suspension bridge in super long-span bridges is investigated as compared to the cable-stayed bridge and cable-stayed-suspension hybrid bridge with the similar main span. Furthermore, the effects of structural parameters including the span arrangement, the cable sag to span ratio, the side to main span ratio, the girder height, the central buckle and the girder support system etc on the seismic performance of the bridge are investigated by the seismic response spectrum analysis, and the favorable earthquake-resistant structural system of suspension bridges is also discussed.

Experimental study on seismic performances of steel framebent structures

  • Liang, Jiongfeng;Gu, Lian S.;Hu, Ming H.
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • 제10권5호
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    • pp.1111-1123
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    • 2016
  • To study seismic performance of steel frame-bent structure, one specimen with one-tenth scale, three-bay, and five-story was tested under reversed cyclic lateral load. The entire loading process and failure mode were observed, and the seismic performance indexes including hysteretic loops, skeleton curve, ductility, load bearing capacity, drift ratio, energy dissipation capacity and stiffness degradation were analyzed. The results show that the steel frame-bent structure has good seismic performance. And the ductility and the energy dissipation capacity were good, the hysteresis loops were in spindle shape, which shape were full and had larger area. The ultimate elastic-plastic drift ratio is larger than the limit value specified by seismic code, showing the high capacity of collapse resistance. It can be helpful to design this kind of structure in high-risk seismic zone.

Evaluation of seismic performance factors for steel DIAGRID structural system design

  • Lee, Dongkyu;Shin, Soomi;Ju, Youngkyu
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • 제10권4호
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    • pp.735-755
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    • 2016
  • This article presents a proposed analytical methodology to determine seismic force-resisting system R-values for steel diagrid framed systems. As current model building codes do not explicitly address the seismic design performance factors for this new and emerging structural system, the purpose of this study is to provide a sound and reliable basis for defining such seismic design parameters. An approach and methodology for the reliable determination of seismic performance factors for use in the design of steel diagrid framed structural systems is proposed. The recommended methodology is based on current state-of-the-art and state-of-the practice methods including structural nonlinear dynamic analysis techniques, testing data requirements, building code design procedures and earthquake ground motion characterization. In determining appropriate seismic performance factors (R, ${\Omega}_O$, $C_d$) for new archetypical building structural systems, the methodology defines acceptably low values of probability against collapse under maximum considered earthquake ground shaking.

Seismic Performance of Wind-Designed Diagrid Tall Steel Buildings in Regions of Moderate Seismicity and Strong Wind

  • Kim, Seonwoong;Lee, Kyungkoo
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • 제14권2호
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    • pp.155-171
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    • 2013
  • This study analytically evaluated the seismic performance of wind-designed diagrid tall steel buildings in regions of moderate/low seismicity and strong winds. To this end, diagrid tall steel buildings with varying wind exposure and slenderness ratio (building height-to-width ratio) conditions were designed to satisfy the wind serviceability criteria specified in the Korean Building Code and the National Building Code of Canada. A series of seismic analyses were then performed for earthquakes having 43- and 2475- year return periods utilizing the design guidelines of tall buildings. The analyses demonstrated the good seismic performance of these wind-designed diagrid tall steel buildings, which arises because significant overstrength of the diagrid system occurs in the wind design procedure. Also, analysis showed that the elastic seismic design process of diagrid tall steel buildings might be accepted based on some wind exposures and slenderness ratios.

Seismic performance of RC-column wrapped with Velcro

  • Kwon, Minho;Seo, Hyunsu;Kim, Jinsup
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • 제58권2호
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    • pp.379-395
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    • 2016
  • A seismic strengthening method using Velcro is proposed to improve the seismic performance of columns in RC frame structures. The proposed method was evaluated experimentally using three fabricated RC specimens. Velcro was wrapped around the columns of the RC-frame specimen to prevent concrete spall falling. The reinforcing performance of the Velcro was determined from comparison of results on seismic performance (i.e., strength, displacement, failure mode, displacement ductility capacity and amount of dissipated energy). As the displacement of the reinforced specimens was increased, the amount of dissipated energy increased drastically, and the displacement-ductility-capacity of the reinforced specimens also increased. The final failure mode of RC frame structure was changed. As a result, it was concluded that the proposed seismic strengthening method using Velcro could be used to increase the displacement ductility of RC columns, and could be used to change the final failure mode of RC-frame structures.

Cyclic testing of weak-axis steel moment connections

  • Lee, Kangmin;Li, Rui;Jung, Heetaek;Chen, Liuyi;Oh, Kyunghwan
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • 제15권5호
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    • pp.507-518
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    • 2013
  • The seismic performance of six types of weak-axis steel moment connections was investigated through cyclic testing of six full-scale specimens. These weak-axis moment connections were the column-tree type, WUF-B type, FF-W type, WFP type, BFP-B type and DST type weak-axis connections. The testing results showed that each of these weak-axis connection types achieved excellent seismic performance, except the WFP and the WUF-B types. The WFP and WUF-B connections displayed poor seismic performance because a fracture appeared prematurely at the weld joint due to stress concentrations. The column-tree type connection showed the best seismic behavior such that the story drift ratio could reach 5%.

역량스펙트럼 및 에너지분석을 이용한 RC교각의 내진성능평가에 관한 연구 (Seismic Performance Evaluation of RC Bridge Piers using Capacity Spectrum and Energy Analysis)

  • 정영수;박종협
    • 한국지진공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국지진공학회 2001년도 춘계학술대회 논문집
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    • pp.361-367
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    • 2001
  • This research aims at evaluating the seismic performance of the R/C bridge piers, which were seismically designed in accordance with the seismic provision of limited ductile behavior of Eurocode 8. Pseudo dynamic test for six(6) circular RC bridge piers has been carried out so at to investigate their seismic performance subjected to experted artificial earthquake motions. The objective of this experimental study is to investigate the hysteretic behavior of reinforced concrete bridge piers. Important test parameters are confinement steel ratio, input ground motion, etc. The seismic behavior of circular concrete piers under artificial ground motions has been evaluated through displacement ductility, energy analysis, capacity spectrum. It can be concluded that RC bridge piers designed in the seismic code of limited ductile behavior of Eurocode 8 have been determined to show good seismic performance even under expected artificial earthquakes in moderate seismicity region.

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내진보강을 위한 변성에폭시 모르터 활용방안 기초연구 (A Basic Study on an Application of the Modified Epoxy Mortar for Seismic Reinforcement)

  • 김부영;양성필;김상호;손기영
    • 한국건축시공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국건축시공학회 2014년도 춘계 학술논문 발표대회
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    • pp.176-177
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    • 2014
  • Although the modified epoxy mortar can be applied to the reinforcement for RC member, the mortar has been little used in construction site. In addition, there is a few studies regarding the experiment as the material improving the seismic performance. Therefore, this study is to propose an effective reinforcement alternative for RC Ordinary Moment Resisting Frame (OMRF) through evaluation of seismic performance and economic analysis. The findings of this study can be utilized as the basic data in construction sites when the modified epoxy mortar is applied for seismic performance reinforcement.

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중력하중으로 설계된 포스트텐션 플랫플레이트 골조의 내진성능 (Seismic Performance of Gravity-Load Designed Post-Tensioned Flat Plate Frames)

  • 박영미;유연호;한상환
    • 한국콘크리트학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국콘크리트학회 2010년도 춘계 학술대회 제22권1호
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    • pp.127-128
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구에서는 기둥을 관통하는 슬래브 하부 철근이 중력하중만으로 설계된 포스트텐션 플랫플레이트 골조의 내진성능에 미치는 영향을 평가하였다. PT 플랫플레이트 골조에서는 슬래브 하부 철근에 대해 ACI 318-08에서는 특별한 언급이 없기 때문에 흔히 생략하고 있다. 대상건물을 비선형 시간이력해석으로 평가한 결과, PT 플랫플레이트 골조의 내진성능은 기둥을 관통하는 슬래브 하부철근이 위치할 때 눈에 띄게 향상되었다.

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관통형 연결재로 연결된 PC 보-기둥 맞댐 접합의 내진성능에 관한 실험적 연구 (Seismic Performance of Precast Beam-Column Joints with Thru-Connectors)

  • 박석준;박순규
    • 한국콘크리트학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국콘크리트학회 2010년도 춘계 학술대회 제22권1호
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    • pp.83-84
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    • 2010
  • 선행연구에서는 새로운 PC접합방식을 고안하여 실험을 실시하였다. 실험결과 비부착 긴장재의 특성 때문에 모든 실험체가 보 단부의 압축파괴 양상을 보였다. 따라서 본 연구는 압축력을 견디기 위하여 콘크리트 횡구속 보강근, 주근의 dog-boned를 변수로 실험체를 설계하였고, 더불어 향상된 내진성능을 확보하기 위한 목표로 실험연구를 수행하였다. 실험결과 주근 항복은 없었으며 횡구속 보강근의 영향으로 선행연구보다 내진성능이 우수한 것으로 나타났다.

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