• Title, Summary, Keyword: selective media

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Comparative Evaluation of Selective Chromogenic Media for Coliforms Bacteria Isolated from Food (식품 유래 대장균군의 발색 배지 분리 효율 비교)

  • Lee, Da-Yeon;Kim, Hee-Eon;Lee, Jin-Sung;Kim, Keun-Sung;Cho, Yong-Sun
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.222-225
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    • 2016
  • In this study, the performance of five selective media for coliform bacteria was evaluated. In total, 83 coliform isolates from ready-to-eat food and 21 reference strains were inoculated in five agar media : Chromocult coliform agar (Merck Millipore), HiCrome coliform agar (Sigma), CHROMagar ECC chromogenic media, Brilliance E. coli/coliform selective agar (OXOID), and endo agar (Merck Millipore). Coliform isolates and reference strains were inoculated on the selective media to test media sensitivity and specificity. The tested media showed the following sensitivities for the isolated strains: Chromocult coliforms agar and HiCrome coliform agar, 94%; Brilliance E. coli/coliform selective agar, 93%; CHROMagar ECC chromogenic media, 92%; and endo agar, 74%. In addition, all media showed 100% specificity, except for endo agar (71%). Moreover Chromocult coliform agar and HICrome coliform agar showed high levels recovery. Taken together, these results identified Chromocult coliform agar and HICrome coliform agar as an effective selective medium for coliforms with higher sensitivity and specificity compared to other media tested in this study.

Selective Media for Isolation and Enumeration of Lactic Acid Bacteria from Kimchi (김치에서 젖산균의 선발 및 계수를 위한 선택배지)

  • 이명기;박완수;강국희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.754-760
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    • 1996
  • Selective media for isolation and enumeration of lactic acid bacteria from kimchi were compared using 36 strains of lactic acid bacteria from kimchi and dairy products. Among the selective media, KF Streptococcus agar showed the best result for the selection of Enterococcus group and Pediococus group, and M-17 agar with pH indicator for Lactococcus group, the m-LBS agar for Lactobacillus group, and PES-3 agar for Leuconostoc group.

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High Hydrostatic Pressure Sterilization of Putrefactive Bacteria in Salted and Fermented Shrimp with Different Salt Content (염농도가 다른 새우젓에 존재하는 유해가능 세균의 초고압 살균)

  • Mok, Chul-Kyoon;Song, Ki-Tae
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.598-603
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to enhance the storage stability and the wholesomeness of salted and fermented shrimp manufactured with different salt levels by high hydrostatic pressure sterilization. The effects of high hydrostatic pressure treatment on the putrefactive bacteria in the fermented shrimps were investigated and the sterilization kinetics was analyzed. The initial microbial counts of the fermented shrimp with 8%, 18% salt aged for 6 weeks at $20^{circ}C$ were $1.6{\times}10^3,\;1.4{\times}10^4$ CFU/g for bacteria grown on Vibrio selective media, $9.3{\times}10^3,\;1.7{\times}10^5$ CFU/g for bacteria grown on Staphylococcus selective media, respectively, and null for bacteria grown on Salmonella selective media. The degree of the sterilization increased with the magnitude of the pressure and the treatment time. The fermented shrimp pressurized at 6,500 atm for 10 min had no detectable bacteria grown on Vibrio and Staphylococcus selective media at $10^2$ CFU/g detecting limit. High hydrostatic pressure sterilization could be analyzed by first order reaction kinetics. The $D_P$ values of the bacteria grown on Vibrio selective media of the fermented shrimp at 18% salt were higher than those at 8% salt, while those of the bacteria grown on Staphylococcus selective media showed an inverse trend. The $z_p$ values of 8% salt fermented shrimp were higher than those of 18% salt for both bacteria grown on Vibrio selective media and Staphylococcus selective media. High hydrostatic pressure treatment could be applied for the sterilization of the fermented shrimp, and the optimum high pressure sterilization condition was 10 min treatment at 6,500 atm.

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Comparison of Selective Media for Isolation and Detection of Shigella spp. from Foods (식품으로부터 쉬겔라 검출을 위한 분리배지 비교)

  • In, Ye-Won;Ha, Su-Jeong;Oh, Se-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.40 no.7
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    • pp.1025-1031
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    • 2011
  • The objective of this study was to compare the performances of conventional microbiological media used in isolation of Shigella spp. from foods. Total of six selective media, including MacConkey agar (MAC), Salmonella Shigella agar (SSA), desoxycholate citrate agar (DCA), xylose lysine desoxycholate agar (XLD), hektoen enteric agar (HEA), and CHROMagar, were tested. MAC showed almost the same colony numbers as compared to tryptic soy agar (TSA) while DCA showed significantly lower colony numbers when cultivated Shigella spp. was counted in each medium. In a food recovery test with beef, pork and shrimp, S. sonnei recovered well on CHROMagar (p<0.05). With lettuce and cabbage, S. sonnei displayed significantly significant recovery (p<0.05) on SSA in comparison with other selective media. Heat-injured cells recovered well on MAC and SSA. In a specificity test using Enterobacteriaceae strains, HEA was identified as having the highest specificity among the tested media. However, Morganella spp. could not be differentiated from Shigella spp. on any of the tested selective media. Shigella spp. precluded the possibility of isolation from foods by a single 'best' selective medium. Consequently, a combination of complementary selective media or selection of appropriate media according to cell conditions must be considered for comprehensive isolation.

Evaluation of Selective Media for Isolation of Foodborne Bacteria (주요 식중독균 분리용 선택배지의 타당성 연구)

  • Jo, Seo-Hee;Ha, Ji-Hyoung;Kim, Keun-Sung;Shim, Young-Hwan;Kwon, Ki-Sung;Han, Jeong-A;Hwang, In-Gyun;Ha, Sang-Do;Oh, Deog-Hwan
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.388-394
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the selective media listed in currently available Food Code in Korea. The 29 different types of media of five different types of foodborne bacteria including Salmonella spp., Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Staphylococcus aureus were tested in the broth and food. The recovery test for five different types of foodborne bacteria was performed in the artificially inoculated into chicken, rice, pork and mackerel. There was no significant differences in isolation capabilities among twenty nine different types of isolation selective media for five different types of foodborne bacteria in broth condition, while there was significantly a little differences in isolation capabilities among those on foods (P<0.05). The higher number of foodborne pathogens were isolated from conventional selective media approved in Food Code than newly developed selective media such as chromogenic media. This results suggest that there was differences of selectivities among currently available isolation selective media in many countries and further studies are needed to be approved by Korean Food and Drug Administration.

Study on Wave Absorption of 1D-/2D-Periodic EBG Structures and/or Metamaterial Layered Media as Frequency Selective Surfaces

  • Kahng, Sung-Tek
    • Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.46-52
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    • 2009
  • This paper conducts a study on the frequency-dependent filtering and blocking effects of a variety of periodic structures, dubbed frequency selective surface(FSS). The periodic structures of interest are 1D and 2D repeated patterns of metal patches or slots sitting on the interface between the two different regions in the layered media which will show the capacitive or inductive behaviors and incorporated with the electromagnetic bandgap(EBG) geometry as another stratified media. Besides the normal substances so called double positive(DPS)-type in the layered media, metamaterials of double negative(DNG) are considered as layering components on the purpose of investigating the unusual electromagnetic phenomena. Frequency responses of transmission(absorption in terms of scattering) and reflection will be calculated by a numerical analysis which can be validated by the comparison with the open literature and demonstrated for the periodic structures embedding metamaterials or not. Most importantly, numerous examples of FSS will present the useful guidelines to have absorption or reflection properties in the frequency domain.

Effect of Reservoirs on Microbiological Water Qualities in a Drinking Water Distribution System

  • Lee Dong-Geun;Kim Sang-Jong;Park Seong-Joo
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.1060-1067
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    • 2006
  • This study was undertaken to determine the effect of reservoirs on water quality and the distribution of pathogenic and indicator bacteria in a drinking water distribution system (total length 14km). Raw water, disinfected water, and water samples from the distribution system were subjected to physicochemical and microbiological analyses. Most factors encountered at each season included residual chloride, nitrate, turbidity, and phosphorus for heterotrophic bacterial distribution, and hardness, heterotrophic bacteria, sampling site, and DOC (dissolved organic carbon) for bacteria on selective media. No Salmonella or Shigella spp. were detected, but many colonies of opportunistic pathogens were found. Comparing tap water samples taken at similar distances from the water treatment plant, samples that had passed through a reservoir had a higher concentration of heterotrophic bacteria, and a higher rate of colony formation with 10 times as many bacteria on selective media. Based on the results with m-Endo agar, the water in reservoirs appeared safe; however, coliforms and opportunistic pathogenic bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa were identified on other selective media. This study illustrates that storage reservoirs in the drinking water distribution system have low microbiological water quality by opportunistic pathogens, and therefore, water quality must be controlled.

Usefulness of microwave to melt rehydrated media and to remove oxygen from anaerobic tube media (Microwave를 이용한 배지 융해와 공기 제거)

  • 정윤섭;이귀녕;이삼열
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.148-152
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    • 1980
  • The microwave of 2450 MHz, generated by a household cooking oven, was evaluated for its applicability to melt various rehydrated media and to remove dissolved oxygen from tubed media for anaerobic culture. The effect on the sterilization of E. coli in selective media was also evaluated. The following results were obtained. 10 The microwave oven was useful in saving time for melting media and in eliminating heat and combustion gas from the laboratory, which were inevitable by-products in the conventional flame method. 2) Dissolved oxygen could be removed without boiling over by exposing the tubes of anaerobic culture medium after putting them in a wire basket in a beaker with water. 30 The count of E. coli during the melting of MacConkey and EMB agar were similar to those treated with open flame. The microwave treatment was not considered a possible mean to replace autoclaving even in these selective media.

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Study on Selective Media for Isolation of Entomopathogenic Fungi

  • Shin, Tae-Young;Choi, Jae-Bang;Bae, Sung-Min;Koo, Hyun-Na;Woo, Soo-Dong
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 2010
  • To determine the optimal isolation conditions of the entomopathogenic fungi from soil, we compared their growth characteristics with non-entomopathogenic fungi on agar media containing various concentrations of cooper (II) chloride ($CuCl_2$) or dodine. The result showed that dodine medium is more selective, and the optimal concentration of dodine is determined with $50{\mu}g$/ml. We could isolate several putative entomopathogenic fungi from soil using this, and identify them using ITS analysis. As a result, 64% fungi were identified as typical entomopathogenic fungi. This selective medium may be useful to the rapid and simple isolation of entomopathogenic fungi from soil.

Development of selective media for Enterococci (장구균 검출 배지 개발)

  • Chang, Dong-Ho;Yoon, Jun-Beom;Lee, Keun Heon;Park, Kyeong Ryang
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 2016
  • An enterococci selective medium was developed to detect the presence of enterococci for use as a fecal contamination indicator. Among several media which have been known to detect enterococci, the following 9 different kinds of media were selected: Enterococci Confirmatory agar, Azide dextrose agar, Bromocresol-purple azide agar, Esculin bile agar, Citrate azide tween carbonate agar, KF Streptococcus agar, BROLACIN agar, Kanamycin esculin azide agar, and Membrane filter Enterococcus selective agar. Various components from the nine media were mixed to develop a more effective enterococcus selective medium. The newly developed medium named as 'Enterococcus Mixed medium' was more effective than the previous 9 media. Enterococci strains (Enterococcus avium KACC 10788, Enterococcus faecium KACC 11954, Enterococcus saccharolyticus KACC 10783, Enterococcus durans KACC 10787, Enterococcus faecalis KACC 11304, and Enterococcus hirae KACC 10779) and non-enterococci strains (Escherichia coli KACC 10005, Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus KACC 10768, and Bacillus subtilis KACC 10111) were used to test the new medium. As a result, the enterococci strains grew well on the Enterococcus Mixed medium whereas the non-enterococci strains did not grow well on it. Additionally, growth of enterococci with freshwater and seawater samples was observed to be good on the Enterococcus Mixed medium. The result of this study confirmed that the Enterococcus Mixed medium was effective in detecting the target enterococci.