• Title, Summary, Keyword: selective media

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Determination of best enrichment media for growth of Salmonella injured from cold temperature during process and storage (저온저장으로 인해 손상된 살모넬라를 배양하기 위한 최적의 배지 선정에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Mi-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.759-764
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    • 2016
  • This purpose of this study was to determine the best enrichment medium for rejuvenating and recovering Salmonella placed in cold temperature prior to the employment of the gold biosensor combined with a light microscopic imaging system. A mixture of nalidixic-resistant Salmonella Typhimurium and Enteritidis were inoculated onto chicken (1,000 CFU/chicken). After cold injury at $4^{\circ}C$ for 24 hr, Salmonella on chicken was enriched for 6 hr with six non-selective media including buffered peptone water broth, lactose broth, brain heart infusion broth (BHI), universal pre-enrichment broth, nutrient broth, and tryptic soy broth, and five selective media including brilliant green broth (BG), rappaport-vassiliadis R10 broth, selenite cystine broth, selenite broth, and tetrathionate brilliant green broth (TBG) for the comparison of Salmonella growth. Various concentrations of Salmonella (10, 50, 100, 500, and 1,000 CFU/chicken) were then enriched for 6 hr in both BHI and BG media to select the best media. BHI was selected as the most effective non-selective enrichment medium, while BG was selected as the most effective selective enrichment medium. Finally, BHI medium was selected as the most efficient enrichment medium for Salmonella growth injured from cold temperature during processing or storage.

The Selective Visualization of Lignin Peroxidase, Manganese Peroxidase and Laccase, Produced by White Rot Fungi on Solid Media

  • Ryu, Won-Youl;Jang, Moon-Yup;Cho, Moo-Hwan
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.130-134
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    • 2003
  • A visual method for the selective screen Eng of lignin degrading enzymes, produced by white rot fungi (WRF), was investigated by the addition of coloring additives to solid media. Of the additives used in the enzyme production media, guaiacol and RBBR could be used for the detection of lignin peroxidase (LiP), manganese peroxidase (MnP) and lactase. Syringaldazine and Acid Red 264 were able for the detection of both the MnP and lactase, and the LiP and laccase, respectively, and a combination of these two additives was able to detect each of the ligninases produced by the WRF on solid media.

The Interaction between Personality Characteristics and Mood States in Media Contents Selection

  • Cho, Seungho;Hur, Junsoo
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to explore the relationship between personality characteristics and mood in the selection of media content. Using meta-analysis, this study analyzed past studies regarding media content selection in television program. The results of this research showed that the preference of a given media content would depend on the viewer's mood, personality characteristics and the interaction between personality characteristics and mood states. The secondary data of television programs supported the association.

Evaluation of Selective Media for Isolation of Staphylococcus aureus from Agricultural Products (농산물 중 Staphylococcus aureus의 분리를 위한 선택배지 평가)

  • Kim, Se-Ri;Lee, Seo-Hyun;Seo, Min-Kyoung;Kim, Won-Il;Park, Kyeong-Hun;Yun, Hye-Jeong;Yoon, Yo-Han;Yoo, Soon-Young;Ryu, Kyoung-Yul;Yun, Jong-Chul;Kim, Byung-Seok
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.169-175
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    • 2012
  • Five kinds of selective media, such as mannitol salt agar (MSA), Baird-Parker agar (BPA), Baird-Parker supplemented with rabbit plasma fibrinogen (BPA+RPF), CHROMagar Staphylococcus aureus (CSA), and Petrifilm Staph Express count system (Petrifilm), were compared to recommend the optimum selective media for isolation of Staphylococcus aureus from agricultural products. Seventy four target and non target bacteria were inoculated on five selective media to analyze sensitivity and specificity. In the recovery test of injured S. aureus cells, S. aureus was exposed to acid (1% lactic acid for 10 min), heat ($60^{\circ}C$ for 90s), and cold ($-20^{\circ}C$ for 1h) conditions. And artificially contaminated agricultural products (iceberg lettuce, green pepper, and cherry tomato) was enumerated on five selective media. The sensitivity of BPA+RPF, CSA, Petrifilm, MSA, and BPA were 100%, 100%, 100%, 90.5%, 90.5%, respectively. In addition, the specificity of BPA+RPF, CSA, MSA, BPA and Petrifilm were 100%, 100%, 84.6%, 75.0%, 67.3%, respectively. However, no difference among five selective media was observed in recovery on injured S. aureus cell and enumeration from agricultural products. This results suggest that BPA+RPF and CSA are the optimum media for detection of S. aureus from agricultural products.

Microbial Differentiation and its Biochemical Bases (미생물의 분화와 그 생화학적 기구)

  • 김종협
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.101-106
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    • 1973
  • The microwave of 2450 MHz, generated by a household cooking oven, was evaluated for its applicability to melt various rehydrated media and to remove dissolved oxygen from tubed media for anaerobic culture. The effect on the sterilization of E. coli in selective media was also evaluated. The following results were obtained. 10 The microwave oven was useful in saving time for melting media and in eliminating heat and combustion gas from the laboratory, which were inevitable by-products in the conventional flame method. 2) Dissolved oxygen could be removed without boiling over by exposing the tubes of anaerobic culture medium after putting them in a wire basket in a beaker with water. 30 The count of E. coli during the melting of MacConkey and EMB agar were similar to those treated with open flame. The microwave treatment was not considered a possible mean to replace autoclaving even in these selective media.

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Comparison of Bifidobacteria Selective Media for the Detection of Bifidobacteria in Korean Commercial Fermented Milk Products

  • Kim, Eung-Ryool;Cho, Young-Hee;Kim, Yong-Hee;Park, Soon-Ok;Woo, Gun-Jo;Chun, Ho-Nam
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.154-162
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to compare the efficacy and selectivity of TOS and BS media for enumeration of bifidobacteria in commercial fermented milk products. First, bifidobacteria was isolated from 20 fermented milk products, and all isolated bifidobacteria were identified by genomic technology as Bifidobacterium lactis. The two media significantly differed from each other with regard to the recovery of B. lactis, that is, the recovery of this organism was as much as 6 logs lower on BS medium than on TOS. When the concentration of BS solution (mixture of paromomycin sulfate, neomycin, sodium propionate, and lithium chloride) used in BS medium was reduced to 50% (BS50), a relatively high percentage recovery of bifidobacteria from pure cultures was achieved. Susceptibility tests to antibiotics and tests for selective agents for the isolated bifidobacteria and lactic acid bacteria were conducted. The BS solution inhibited some lactic acid bacteria and Bifidobacterium species, while mupirocin (MU) suppressed the growth of all tested lactic acid bacteria but not Bifidobacterium. As compared with BS50 medium, TOS with or without MU showed good bifidobacteria recovery and readily distinguishable colonies; in particular, TOS supplemented with MU had a high selectivity for bifidobacteria. In conclusion, all results suggested that TOS medium with or without MU was found to be suitable for selective enumeration of bifidobacteria from mixed cultures in fermented milk, and better in that capacity than BS medium.

Performance of Self-Manufactured Ion Selective Microelectrode (ISME) for Continuous Monitoring of Ammonia and Nitrate Ions

  • Byun, Im-Gyu
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.21 no.12
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    • pp.1449-1454
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    • 2012
  • The ion selective microelectrodes (ISME) have been applied to observe the continuous profiles of NO3-N and NH4-N in bulk solutions or biofilms. In order to evaluate the performance and applicability of ion concentration measuring system, the characteristics, such as slope of calibration curve, detection limit and potentiometric selectivity coefficient were investigated. The slopes of calibration curve showed high degree of correspondence for each target ion concentrations. And the detection limits of nitrate and ammonia ion selective microelectrode were 10-4.7 M and 10-4.4 M, respectively. These ion selective microelectrodes were proved that their own performance could be maintained for 16 days after making. NO3-N and NH4-N selective microelectrodes were also adapted to detect the continuous ion profiles of cilia media packed MLE (Modified Ludzack-Ettinger) process. And the monitored nitrate and ammonia ion profiles with the ion selective microelectrode were stable and well corresponded to the results with conventional ion chromatograph. However, the electric potential was unstable until 8 hr because of the unknown noise. The tip shape and performance of the ion selective microelectrode was stably kept over 2 days continuous monitoring.

Selective colonization and removal of senescent flowers of zucchini squash by Trichoderma hrzianum YC459, a biocontrol agent for gray mold, Botrytis cinerea

  • Kim, Geun-Gon;Chung, Young-Ryun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Plant Pathology Conference
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    • pp.90.2-91
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    • 2003
  • In commercial greenhouses, senescent flower petals or flowers of vegetables such as tomato, strawberry, hot pepper and zucchini squash were blighted to be removed from fruits within five days after spraying of Trichoderma harzianum YC459 (TORY), a biocontrol agent for the gray mold rot of vegetables caused by B. cinerea The mechanism for selective colonization of senescent floral tissues by T. harzianum YC459 was elucidated using fresh and senescent (Hays and 14days after flowering, respectively) floral tissues of zucchini squash (Cucurbita moschata Duchesne). The spores of T. hrzianum YC459 were produced more on agar and liquid culture media supplemented with 5% dry powder of senescent floral tissues than fresh tissues during 15days. Mycelial growth was also much better in the media with senescent tissues than with fresh tissues. Enzyme activities of amylase, polygalacturonase and cellulase in the liquid media which might be involved in the colonization of tissues by T. harzianum YC459 were compared. The activities of three enzymes were much higher in the media with senescent floral tissues than with fresh floral tissues reaching to the maximum during 9 to 12days of incubation. Based on the results, the removal of senescent floral tissues, a possible inoculum source of the pathogen, may be another mechanism for biocontrol of gray mold rot of vegetables by T. harzianum YC459.

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Development of Modified Selective Media to Differentiate Cryptococcus Species Complex and its Serotypes using Natural Materials

  • Park, Gyu-Nam;Kim, Hye-Ran;An, Dong-Jun;Chae, Hee-Sun;Chang, Kyung-Soo
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.64-72
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    • 2017
  • The formation of brown colonies due to phenol oxidase activity on classic agar media containing natural material extracts of Helianthus annuus or on medium containing L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine has been used to identify Cryptococcus species complex. In this study, various natural materials were used to develop a modified medium and to identify five major serotypes of Cryptococcus species complex. Serotypes A, D, and A/D were pigmented on medium using Perilla frutescens var. japonica Hara (PerJ agar) after a three-day incubation. Serotypes B and C were pigmented on PerJ agar after four- and five-day incubations, respectively. Growth time and pigmentation of the five serotypes occurred more rapidly on PerJ agar than on the other media. In addition, colony morphology, size, and pigmentation were specific by serotype. In conclusion, PerJ agar should be used in clinic settings to identify Cryptococcus species complex and its serotypes rapidly.

A Comparison of three Enrichment Media for Isolating Salmonella (Salmonella균(菌) 분리용(分離用) 증균배지(增菌培地)의 비교실험(比較實驗))

  • Kim, Yong-Ja;Lee, Seung-Yun;Park, Kee-Deuk;Min, Chang-Hong
    • The Journal of the Korean Society for Microbiology
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.33-48
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    • 1976
  • The practical significance of using a selective enrichment procedure for detecion and enumeration of salmonella is well recognized. There are still various selective enrichment media has been communly used. Early years selenite broth was recomnended as an enrichment media for the isolating of salmonella. Hajna introduced a modified tetrathionate broth and demonstrated the greater efficiency to compare with the previous enrichment media. Raj also described that the new medium called dulcitol selenite enrichment and has been found to be very satisfactory, especially general implication in food poisoning. Authors tried to compare these 3 enrichment media for isolating salmonella. 1. When salmonella strains were inoculated $1{\sim}10^6$ cells per tube to these 3 enrichment media, mostly similar results were obtained between selenite broth and DS broth. In these 2 enrichment broth were showed $10^7/ml-10^8/ml$ cells of all tested salmonella strains. But in the case of TT broth it was found that the growth was $10^3/ml{\sim}10^4/ml$ cells for tested strain. 2. When E. coli, Proteus, Citrobacter were inoculate $10{\sim}10^6$ cells per tube to these 3 enrichment media. It was suggested that DS broth was showed more inhibitory action than that of selenite broth. TT broth showed high inhibition to these 3 organisms tested. 3. It was generally known that the incubation time is influenced to the frequency of salmonella detection. For this tendency, DS broth and selenite broth were showed similar results within 24 hrs to 48hrs incubation to the test. But DS broth showed more inhibitory action to E. coli and Proteus than that of selenite broth. 4. When $1{\sim}10$ cells were inoculated(per tube) to these 3 enrichment media, DS broth was found to be more sensitive than that of selenite broth.

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