• 제목/요약/키워드: selenium

검색결과 674건 처리시간 0.079초

셀레늄 급여원에 따른 한우 채끝육의 육질 특성 (Effect of Selenium Sources on Meat Quality of Hanwoo Steers)

  • 박범영;조수현;성필남;하경희;이성훈;황인호;김동훈;김완영;이종문;안종남
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • 제48권4호
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    • pp.603-610
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    • 2006
  • 거세 한우에 셀레늄 급여원으로 무기셀레늄(sodium selenite, Sigma), 유기셀레늄(효모, 미국 Sel-Plex)군, 유기셀레늄 강화버섯을 생산하고 폐기되는 셀레늄이 다량 함유되어 있는 폐배지(Se-SMC; Se-spent mushroom compost)를 사료내 셀레늄 농도가 0.9 ppm 수준이 되도록 조절하여 처리구별 한우거세우 각각 5두를 배치하여 4개월간 급여하고 도축하여 채끝육의 육질을 비교한 결과는 다음과 같다. 가열감량은 무기셀레늄 급여구가 가장 높았고, 대조구가 유의적으로 가장 낮은 결과를 보였다(P<0.05). 전단력가는 처리구간 유의적인 차이를 보이지 않았으나, pH는 무기셀레늄 급여구가 대조구, Se-SMC 급여구보다 유의적으로 낮았다(P<0.05). 보수력과 일반조성분(수분, 단백질, 지방) 함량 및 관능검사 결과는 처리구간 통계적인 유의차는 보이지 않았다(P>0.05). 소도체 육량등급별 출현율을 비교한 결과 육량 A등급 출현율은 유기셀레늄 급여구가 가장 높았고, 그 다음으로는 Se-SMC 급여구로 나타났다. 육질등급 출현율을 비교한 결과 1+등급 출현율에서 Se-SMC 급여구가 가장 높았고, 그 다음으로는 무기 셀레늄급여구이였고, 대조구와 유기셀레늄 급여구는 가장 낮았다. 이상의 결과로 볼 때, 셀레늄 급여원은 일반조성분, 보수성, 연도에는 영향을 미치지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 무기셀레늄 급여구는 가열감량이 높고 pH가 낮아 다른 처리구에 비하여 육질이 좋지 않았다.

Selemium Intake in Breast-fed Infants during Course of Lactation

  • Kim, Eul-Sang;Keum, Hae-Kyoung;Yuzo Tamari
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • 제1권2호
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    • pp.230-233
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    • 1996
  • The purposes of this study was to investigate selenium content of human milk and selenium intake of breast-fed infants at each period of lactation longitudinally. The human milk intake in breast-fed infants was measured by test weighing method from 20 lactating mothers at 1,2 and 3 months postpartum. Selenium content in the milks was determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry with hydride generation after wet digestion of samples. Selenium intake in breast-fed infants was calculated by multiplying human milk intakes by selenium contents. The milk intakes were 640, 726 and 715g/day at 1,2 and 3 months postpartum. The selenium contents in human milk were characterized by a pattern of slight decline with advancing stage of lactation;13.1, 11.5 and 9.8$\mu\textrm{g}$/L at 1,2 and 3 months during lactation. There was a large individual variation at any stage of this study. The mean dietary selenium intakes in breast-fed infants were 8.38, 8.32 and 6.97$\mu\textrm{g}$/day at 1,2 and 3 months postpartum, respectively. The mean daily intakes on a body weight basis were gradually decreased during the course of lactation.

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한국인과 한국산 식품 중 세레니움 함량분포 (Distribution of Selenium Contents in Human Blood and Foods Produced in Korea)

  • 오상환;조무연
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • 제16권3호
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    • pp.185-192
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    • 1983
  • 한국인과 한국산 가축의 selenium 영양상태를 파악하기 위하여 남한의 selenium 분포조사를 실시한 결과 전국 45개 지역 토양중 selenium 함량은 0.03 내지 0.24 ppm이였으며 중앙 동북 고산지대는 0.14-0.24 ppm으로 높았고 서해안 그리고 남해안은 0.03-0.06 ppm으로 비교적 낮았다. 전국 42개 지역에서 채취한 목초 (억새, 크로바 )는 0.036 ppm (0.02-0.13ppm )을 함유하고 있으며 콩, 보리, 쌀은 0.047, 0.033 그리고 0.033 ppm selenium을 각각 함유하고 있었다. 전국 23개 도시에 거주하는 204명의 사람에서 채취한 혈액에는 평균 $0.16\;{\pm}\;0.06{\mu}g/m1$ $(0.05-0.35{\mu}g/ml)$ selenium 함량을 갖었고 glutathione peroxidase 활성도는 평균 $13.0\;{\pm}\;1.7\;EU/mg$ homoglobin이었다. 남한에서 생산되는 곡류와 채소류에는 0.02 내지 0.04 ppm의 selenium을 함유하고 육류인 쇠고기, 돼지고기에는 $0.11\;{\pm}\;0.05$$0.14\;{\pm}\;0.03\;ppm$을 그리고 참치, 조기, 숭어, 마른멸치등에는 $0.50\;{\pm}\;0.02,\;0.42\;{\pm}\;0.09,\;0.20\;{\pm}\;0.02$ 그리고 $0.55\;{\pm}\;0.04\;ppm$ selenium을 각각 함유하고 있었다. 국민 1인당 하루 selenium 섭취량은 $42.3\;{\mu}g$이며 이중 71 %는 주로 곡류와 채소에서 충당하고 있다.

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Effects of selenium-rich yeast supplementation on the plasma progesterone levels of postpartum dairy cows

  • Kamada, Hachiro
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • 제30권3호
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    • pp.347-354
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    • 2017
  • Objective: The effects of the pre- and postpartum supplementation of cows with Se on their plasma P4 concentrations after calving were investigated. Methods: Thirty-four Holstein cows were used to investigate the effects of dietary selenium supplementation on the postpartum recovery of the luteal function in cows. Selenium-rich yeast (containing 300 ppm selenium) was mixed with total mixed ration fed to 17 pregnant cows from 30 days before they were due to calve (10 g yeast daily) to 100 days after calving (20 g yeast daily). The control cows (n = 17) were fed the same amount of ordinary yeast. The cows' plasma progesterone concentrations were determined every two days using an enzyme immunoassay after calving. Results: Feed intake (total digestive nutrient, crude protein), milk production, body weight and the biochemical properties of blood plasma did not differ between the two groups; however, the plasma selenium concentrations of the supplemented animals were significantly greater than those of the controls at and after calving. The postpartum plasma progesterone concentrations of the selenium-yeast-supplemented group increased earlier than those of the control group. Moreover, during the estrus cycle after the 3rd ovulation or ovulation with estrus between 60 to 80 days after calving, the selenium-supplemented cows exhibited greater progesterone concentrations than the control cows. Conclusion: Selenium supplementation promotes the postpartum progesterone production of cows.

Effects of Dietary Iodine and Selenium on the Activities of Blood Lymphocytes in Laying Hens

  • Song, Zhigang;Guo, Yuming;Yuan, Jianmin
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • 제19권5호
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    • pp.713-719
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    • 2006
  • The effect of dietary iodine and selenium supplementation, alone or in combination, on peripheral blood lymphocyte function was determined in laying hens. Eight-hundred-and-sixty-four New-Loman laying hens were randomly allotted into 12 dietary treatments with different inclusion levels of iodine (0, 0.1 and 0.2 mg/kg), selenium (0, 0.05, 0.1 and 0.2 mg/kg) or their combinations for 24 weeks. The lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation index, concanavalin A (ConA) stimulation index, peroxide enzyme activity and phagocytosis to neutral red particles were tested. There were significant differences in LPS stimulation index, ConA stimulation index, peroxide enzyme activity and phagocytosis to neutral red particles in different iodine or selenium supplementation levels (p<0.05). The highest iodine and selenium supplementation both resulted in highest LPS-/ConA-stimulation indices (p<0.05). However, when iodine was lower than 0.2 mg/kg, the additional effect of different levels of selenium did not always result in significant differences in these indices. The results indicated that iodine and selenium may affect immunity in laying hens and, when the iodine level in the laying hen is lower than 0.2 mg/kg, a selenium allowance higher than 0.1 mg/kg may be necessary to improve immunity.

셀레늄이 연폭로 백서에 미치는 영향에 관한 실험적 연구 (An Experimental Study on the Selenium Effects in Lead-exposed Rats)

  • 이상태;이한우
    • 한국환경보건학회지
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    • 제15권2호
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    • pp.85-95
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    • 1989
  • An experimental study on the selenium effects on toxicity of lead (4ppm intraperitoneal injection) in adult male rats of Spragne-Dawley strain was performed. This study was carried out to reveal the selenium effects concerning treatment and prevention of lead intoxication and differences of the selenium effects according to the administration method between oral and subcutanous. The changes of body weight, liver and kidney weight per body weight, hemoglobin values, hematocrit values, TBA values in serum, and $\delta$-ALAD activity in blood were determined. The results were as follows 1. There were no significant differences among groups about the change of body weight. 2. In the liver weight per body weight, the group of Pb administration after the oral administration of selenium was significantly high, different from the group of Pb administration alone (p < 0.05). 3. There .were no significant differences among groups about the kidney weight per body weight. 4. On the hemoglobin values, the group of Pb administration with selenium was significantly high,different from the group of Pb administration alone (p < 0.05). 5. There were no significant differences among groups about the hematocrit values. 6. On TBA values in serum, all the selenium treated groups were significantly low different from the group of Pb administration alone (p < 0.01). 7. On $\delta$-ALAD activity, all selenium treated groups were significantly high different from the group of Pb adminsitration alone (p < 0.01). Considering from the results of this experiment, selenium seems to reduce Pb toxicity and preventive administration of selenium seems to be also effective. And the difference of selenium effect according to the administration method between oral and subcutaneous could not be found.

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Effects of selenium on the survival and invasion of trophoblasts

  • Na, Jee Yoon;Seok, Jin;Park, Sohae;Kim, Jung Seok;Kim, Gi Jin
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • 제45권1호
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    • pp.10-16
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    • 2018
  • Objective: Placental oxidative stress is known to be a factor that contributes to pregnancy failure. The aim of this study was to determine whether selenium could induce antioxidant gene expression and regulate invasive activity and mitochondrial activity in trophoblasts, which are a major cell type of the placenta. Methods: To understand the effects of selenium on trophoblast cells exposed to hypoxia, the viability and invasive activity of trophoblasts were analyzed. The expression of antioxidant enzymes was assessed by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. In addition, the effects of selenium treatment on mitochondrial activity were evaluated in terms of adenosine triphosphate production, mitochondrial membrane potential, and reactive oxygen species levels. Results: Selenium showed positive effects on the viability and migration activity of trophoblast cells when exposed to hypoxia. Interestingly, the increased heme oxygenase 1 expression under hypoxic conditions was decreased by selenium treatment, whereas superoxide dismutase expression was increased in trophoblast cells by selenium treatment for 72 hours, regardless of hypoxia. Selenium-treated trophoblast cells showed increased mitochondrial membrane potential and decreased reactive oxygen species levels under hypoxic conditions for 72 hours. Conclusion: These results will be used as basic data for understanding the mechanism of how trophoblast cells respond to oxidative stress and how selenium promotes the upregulation of related genes and improves the survival rate and invasive ability of trophoblasts through regulating mitochondrial activity. These results suggest that selenium may be used in reproductive medicine for purposes including infertility treatment.

비타민E와 셀렌이 흰쥐의 혈청(血淸) 및 간장(肝臟)중의 지질성분(脂質成分)에 미치는 영향(影禦) (Effect of Vitamin E and Selenium on the Lipid Composition in Serum and Liver of Rats)

  • 김선영;조수열
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • 제14권1호
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    • pp.33-38
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    • 1985
  • 지질(脂質)의 항산화제(抗酸化制)인 vitamin E와 selenium이 백서(白鼠)의 혈청(血淸) 및 간(肝)의 지질성분(脂質成分)에 미치는 영향(影響)을 조사(調査)하고 이를 서로 비교(比較)하기 위하여 본(本) 실험(實驗)에서는 vitamin E와 selenium이 결핍(缺乏)한 기본식이(基本食餌)에 dl-${\alpha}$-tocopheryl acetate 200 mg 과 sodium selenite 0.5 ppm 을 rkr(各) 군(群)에 따라 급여(給與)하고 6주간(週間) 사육(飼育)한 후(後) 백서(白鼠)의 체중증가량(體重增加量), 사료효율(飼料效率), 각종(各種) 장기(臟器) 중량(重量), 혈청(血淸) 및 간(肝)의 지질성분(脂質成分)을 측정(測定), 고안(考案)한 결과(結果) 다음과 같았다. 1. 체중증가량(體重增加量)과 사료효율(飼料效率)은 vitamin E나 selenium을 공급(供給)한 군(群)이 결핍(缺乏)한 군(群)보다 높았고 함께 공급(供給)한 군(群)이 가장 높았다. 2. 각종(各種) 장기(臟器)의 중량(重量)에서 신장(腎臟), 심장(心臟), 폐장(肺臟)은 실험군간(實驗群間)에 별다른 차이(差異)가 없었고 간장(肝臟)의 중량(重量)은 vitamin E나 selenium을 공급(供給)함에 따라 감소(減少)하였고 간장(肝臟)의 중량(重量)은 vitamin E의 공급(供給)에 의해 유의(有意)하게 감소(減少)하였다. 3. 혈청(血淸)중의 total lipid량(量)은 유의성(有意性)이 없으며 vitamin E의 공급(供給)에 의해 cholesterol량(量)은 감소(減少)하였고 triglyceride와 free fatty acid의 함량(含量)은 증가(增加)하였으나 selenium의 공급(供給)은 아무런 변화(變化)가 없었다. 4. 간장(肝臟)중의 crude lipid, cholesterol, triglyceride 및 free fatty acide의 함량(含量)은 vitamin E나 selenium의 공급(供給)에 으ㅢ해 유의(有意)하게 감소(減少)하였다. 5. 간장(肝臟)중의 지방산(脂肪酸) 조성(組成)은 포화지방산(飽和脂肪酸)과 oleic acid의 경우 유의성(有意性)이 없었고 oleic acid은 대체로 높은 비율(比率)이었으며 linoleic acid은 selenium공급(供給)에 의해, arachidonic acid은 vitamin E나 selenium의 공급(供給)에 의해 유의(有意)하게 감소(減少)하였다.

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가토(家兎)에서 nitrite에 의한 methemoglobinemia에 미치는 selenium의 영향(影響) (Protective influence of selenium on nitrite-induced methemoglobinemia in rabbits)

  • 김진상;한정희;김기수
    • 대한수의학회지
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    • 제31권1호
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    • pp.41-47
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    • 1991
  • The protective of influences of sodium selenitc ($Na_2SeO_3$) against the methemoglobinemia with sodium nitrite were investigated on hemoglobin, methemoglobin, glutathione peroxidase and NADH-methemoglobin reductase activity in rabbits which were given 0,1,3 and 9ppm sodium selenite of drinking water for a week. Dietary selenium did not alter total hemoglobin in the blood of rabbits. Selenium was found to decrease nitrite-induced methemoglobin in a dose-dependent manner. The glutathione peroxidase activity was also increased by selenium in all the experimental groups. However, the NADH-methemoglobin reductase activity by selenite did not show significant differences as concerns the methemoglobinemia. These results showed that selenium could inhibit nitrite-induced methemoglobinemia. Its influence of inhibition is suggested that the effect of the reduction of methemoglobin was greatly stimulated by glutathione peroxidase activity.

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Se 태양전지(太陽電池)의 고효율화(高效率化)에 관한 연구(硏究) (High-Efficiency ITO/Se Solar Cells)

  • 김태성
    • 태양에너지
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    • 제7권2호
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    • pp.7-13
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    • 1987
  • Indium-Tin-Oxide (ITO)/Selenium heterojunction solar cells which fabricated by vacuum deposition technique and annealing process has been investigated. Prior to the Selenium deposition, a thin tellurium layer (about $10{\AA}$) was deposited onto the ITO layers to provide a sufficient mechanical bond between the Oxide and Selenium layers. The amorphous Selenium layer was deposited onto the Te-ITO layers, and then the crystallization of the amorphous Selenium was carried out using a hot plate at about $180^{\circ}C$ for 4 min. Efficient Selenium solar cells with conversion efficiency as high as 4.52% under AM1 condition has been fabricated in polycrystalline Selenium layer ($6{\mu}m$). The optimum data in manufacturing Se solar cell was listed in table.

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