• 제목/요약/키워드: selenium

검색결과 674건 처리시간 0.06초

에탄올 중독된 흰주위 간조직 중 지질대사에 미치는 셀렌과 메티오닌의 영향 (Effect of Selenium and Methionine on Hepatic Lipid Metabolism in Ethanol Treated Rats)

  • 이미경
    • 한국식품영양학회지
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    • 제12권1호
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    • pp.33-38
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    • 1999
  • This study was conducted to investigate the synergic effect of dietary selenium and methionine levels on hepatic lipid metabolism in ethanol treated rats. Sprague-Dawley male rats were fed diets containing three levels of methionine(0,3 and 9g/kg diet) with or without selenium(0.45mg/kg diet). Ethanol was administered with 25%(v/v) ethanol orally at the same time once a day in ethanol group and isocalori sucrose was administered to the control group. The rate were sacrificed after 5 and 10 weeks of feeding period. Glutathione content was decreased by ethanol treatment and significantly increased in proportion to level of dietary methionine and was higher in selenium deficiency group than that of selenium admin-istration group. Lipid peroxide content was significantly increased in deficiency of both methionine and selenium(LMet-Se+EtOH) group. Total lipid triglyceride and cholesteol contents in liver were increas-ed and phospholipid content was decreased in ethanol treated group and ethanol treatment accelerated those increment and decrement in methionine deficiency(LMt) group and excessive methionine admin-istration(HMet)group.

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Production of selenium peptide from yeast

  • 김영옥;김은기
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국생물공학회 2002년도 생물공학의 동향 (X)
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    • pp.208-210
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    • 2002
  • Baker's yeast was cultured with $Na_2SeO_3$. Selenium compounds in yeast were extracted and analyzed by size exclusion chromatography. Selenium was broadly distributed in the fraction of protein. For the inhibition test of MMP-l induction, selenium containing compounds was fractioned by ultrafiltration

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흰쥐 장기내 카드뮴 독성에 대한 셀레늄이 방어효과에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Protective Effects of Selenium Against Cadmium Toxicity in Mice)

  • 이종섭;박홍주;박경옥
    • 한국환경보건학회지
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    • 제21권3호
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    • pp.28-37
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    • 1995
  • This study is performed to find out the effects of selenium against cadmium toxicity. The experimental mice were divided into 6 gruops such as control group, cadmium alone treatment group, selenium treatment groups and two simultaneous treatment groups of selenium and cadmium. Mice were given intraperitoneal administration with two dosage of sodium selenite such as 1.0 mg/kg, 2.5 mg/kg body weight and cadmium chloride was administered 3.0 mg/kg body weight. After giving the challenge dose, the concentration of cadmium and metallothionein and histopathological change of liver and kidney were determined. The results were summarized as follows on 1. The simultaneously administration of selenium and cadmium significantly more decreased cadmium concentration in kidney and iiver tissues compared to the administration of cadmium only(P<0.05). 2. The simultaneously administration of selenium and cadmium more increased metallothionein concentration compared to administration of cadmium only. 3. The simultaneously administration of selenium and cadmium more decreased cadmium concentration in urine compared to the administration of cadmium only. 4. When liver and kidney tissues were observed with optical microscope, no obvious changes were visible in those tissues.

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제주도 암말의 혈청 selenium과 α-tocopherol 농도에 관하여 (Serum selenium and α-tocopherol concentration in Cheju mares)

  • 한방근;한호재;김종보;고민수;마쯔모도 히로시
    • 대한수의학회지
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    • 제36권1호
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 1996
  • Clinical findings of white muscle disease or dystrophia were reported in Hokkaido horses from 1960. This disease was caused by selenium and $\alpha$-tocopherol deficiency. Therefore, this study were conducted to measure serum selenium and $\alpha$-tocopherol levels in Cheju island horses using feedstuffs containing volcanic ashes. The results were as follows : 1. The mean values of serum total selenium and $\alpha$-tocophcrol were $91.90{\pm}49.18ppb$(13.20ppb-193.80ppb) and $0.345{\pm}0.253mg/dl$(0.056mg/dl-1.159mg/dl) in female respectively. There were no significant relation between serum total selenium and $\alpha$-tocopherol levels. 2. 22%(15 of 68) of the horse examined showed selenium levels below 50ppb. 11.8%(8 of 68) showed $\alpha$-tocopherol levels lower than 0.10mg/dl. These results could be useful to diagnose of white muscle disease of Cheju island foals and quality control of feedstuffs of pregnant mares.

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$\alpha$-Tocopherol과 Selenium이 웅돈의 정액성상에 미치는 효과 (Effects of $\alpha$ -Tocopherol and Selenium on the Boar Semen Characteristics)

  • 김광현;강만종;문승주
    • 한국가축번식학회지
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    • 제25권2호
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    • pp.113-118
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    • 2001
  • 본 연구는 $\alpha$-tocopherol과 selenium 첨가급여가 웅돈의 정액성상에 미치는 효과를 검토하였다. $\alpha$-tocopherol과 selenium 첨가급여가 웅돈의 정액량, 정자농도, 정자의 운동성, 기형정자율 그리고 수소이온농도(pH)에 미치는 영향을 조사한 결과 정액량과 수소이온농도는 처리간에 유의차가 없었으며(P<0.05) 정자의 농도, 총정자수, 정자의 운동성은 첨가구가 대조구에 비하여 유의적으로 높았으며 기형정자율은 유의적으로 낮았다(P<0.05). 한편, 정자 저장기간별 정자의 운동성은 대조구에 비하여 처리구에서 유의적으로 높은 정자운동성을 보였다(P<0.05). 이러한 결과는 $\alpha$-tocopherol 과 selenium 의 사료내 첨가 급여는 웅돈정액성상에 영향을 미치는 것으로 사료된다.

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반신욕 중 셀레늄 섭취가 백혈구와 HSP70 발현에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of Supplementary Selenium on Leukocytes and HSP70 Expression after Half-Body Immersion)

  • 신영오;한민규;이정범;엄병헌
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • 제44권5호
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    • pp.378-383
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    • 2011
  • This study examined the effect of supplementary selenium on leukocytes and heat shock protein (HSP) 70 expression in serum during half-body immersion. The subjects were male college tennis athletes. All subjects participated in two repeated experiments with a 1 week interval. During the 30 min intermittent half-body immersion, subjects were given 500 mL of water with or without selenium (100 ${\mu}g$). Blood samples were taken from the antecubital vein, and differential counts were made. Serum HSP70 protein was analyzed using a commercial ELISA kit. After half-body immersion, leukocytes and lymphocytes increased significantly but neutrophils decreased significantly in both trials (with or without selenium). Selenium supplementation, compared with placebo, decreased levels of leukocytes, neutrophils, and monocytes, but not lymphocytes, to the resting level or below 60 min after immersion. Only lymphocytes continued to increase in both trials during the recovery period. Serum HSP70 protein level did not change after immersion, but it decreased 60 min after immersion with the administration of selenium. In conclusion, supplementary selenium reduced the systemic immune response and serum HSP70 protein accumulation after half-body immersion.

Digital Radiography용 amorphous selenium 시편의 누설전류에 관한 연구 (The Study of Dark Current of Amorphous Selenium Plate for Digital Radiography Applications)

  • 강영수;강원석;정성훈;박성광;남상희
    • 대한의용생체공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 대한의용생체공학회 1998년도 추계학술대회
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    • pp.293-294
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    • 1998
  • In this paper, the electric properties of amorphous selenium specimen has been investigated. Amorphous selenium was thermally evaporated on the glass plate which had been deposited onto the interface by aluminium as an electrode. On the surface of the amorphous selenium, the aluminium electrode was deposited again in order to make an unit cell for dark current measurement. The dark current was measured while applying the bias voltage across the selenium layer in the range of 0V-2500 Volts. The leakage property of the amorphous selenium was significantly low at even high voltage range so it has good advantage as a X-ray receptor for digital radiography. For further study, the C-V curves measurement according to thicker amorphous selenium layer.

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Curative Effect of Selenium Against Indomethacin-Induced Gastric Ulcers in Rats

  • Kim, Jeong-Hwan;Kim, Byung-Woo;Kwon, Hyun-Ju;Nam, Soo-Wan
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • 제21권4호
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    • pp.400-404
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    • 2011
  • Indomethacin is a nonsteroid anti-inflammatory agent that is known to induce severe gastric mucosal lesions. In this study, we investigated the effect of selenium on gastric mucosal lesions in rats. To confirm the curative effect of selenium against indomethacin-induced gastric ulcers, gastric ulcers were induced by oral administration of 25 mg/kg indomethacin, and then different doses (10, 50, and 100 ${\mu}g$/kg of body weight) of selenium or vehicle were treated by oral gavage for 3 days. Oral administration of indomethacin clearly increased the gastric ulcer area in the stomach, whereas selenium applied for 3 days significantly decreased the gastric ulcer area in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, selenium markedly reduced the increase of lipid peroxidation induced by indomethacin in the gastric mucosa and increased activities of radical scavenging enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase in a dose-dependent manner. These results reveal that selenium can heal indomethacin-induced gastric ulcers through elimination of the lipid peroxides and activation of radical scavenging enzymes.

The Investigation of a Novel Indicator System for Trace Determination and Speciation of Selenium in Natural Water Samples by Kinetic Spectrophotometric Detection

  • Gurkan, Ramazan;Ulusoy, Halil Ibrahim
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • 제31권7호
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    • pp.1907-1914
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    • 2010
  • A novel catalytic kinetic method is proposed for the determination of Se(IV), Se(VI) and total inorganic selenium in water based on the catalytic effect of Se(IV) on the reduction of bromate by p-nitrophenylhydrazine at pH 3.0. The generated bromine, $Br_2$ or $Cl_2$ plus $Br_2$ in 0.1 M NaCl (or NaBr) environment efficiently decolorized Calmagite and the reaction was monitored spectrophotometrically at 523 nm as a function of time. In this indicator reaction, bromide acted as an activator for the catalysis of selenium (IV) and a reducing agent for selenium (VI) at pH 3.0, which allowed the determination of total selenium. The fixed time method was adopted for the determination and speciation of inorganic selenium. Under the optimum conditions, the calibration graph are linear in the range 1 - 35 ${\mu}gL^{-1}$ of Se(IV) for the fixed time method at $25^{\circ}C$. The detection limit based on statistical $3S_{blank}$/m-criterion was 0.215 ${\mu}gL^{-1}$ for the fixed time method (7 min). All of the variables that affect the sensitivity at 523 nm were investigated, and the optimum conditions were established. The interference effect of various cations and anions on the Se (IV) determination was also studied. The selectivity of the selenium determination was greatly improved with the use of the strongly cation exchange resin such as Amberlite IR120 plus. The proposed kinetic method was validated statistically and through recovery studies in natural water samples. The RSDs for ten replicate measurements of 5, 15 and 25 ${\mu}gL^{-1}$ of Se(IV) and Se(VI) was changed between 2.1 - 4.85%. Analyses of a certified standard reference material (NIST SRM 1643e) for selenium using the fixed-time method showed that the proposed kinetic method has good accuracy. Se(IV), Se(VI) and total inorganic selenium in environmental water samples have been successfully determined by this method after selective reduction of Se(VI) to Se(IV).

Selenium이 adriamycin에 의해서 유발되는 랫드 신장병변에 미치는 영향 (The effect of selenium on renal lesions induced by adriamycin in rats)

  • 박은성;이준섭
    • 대한수의학회지
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    • 제37권1호
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    • pp.41-57
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    • 1997
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of selenium on the adriamycininduced renal lesions in male Sprague Dawley rats. A total of 60 Sprague-Dawley male rats were divided into 2 control groups(C1: saline, C2: selenium) and 2 treatment groups(T1: adriamycin, T2: adriamycin+selenium). The rats of the C1 and T1 groups were given normal saline(0.15ml/rat), the rats of the C2 and T2 groups were given sodium selenite(0.5mg/kg) intraperitoneally three days a week for 4 weeks. The treatment groups were dosed intraperitoneally with adriamycin(2mg/kg/day) five days at the second week. Animals were sacrificed at the 1st week, 2nd week and 3rd week after dosing with adriamycin. The morphologic abnormalities of the glomeruli and tubules in the kidney of male rats were examined histopathologically and electron microscopically.The results obtained were as follows : The mean body weight of adriamycin dosed group was significantly decreased as compared with that of control group at 4th week(p<0.05). In adriamycin and selenium dosed group, the mean body weight was decreased until the end of 2nd week but gradually increased from 3rd to 4th week. The histopathological findings of the renal corpuscle in adriamycin dosed group were parietal epithelial cell proliferation, vacuolization of glomerulus, and thickened basement membrane of the parietal epithelium. Proximal convoluted tubules were significantly dilated and the lumens were filled with renal cast. These lesions were generally not very significant in the rats given adriamycin and selenium. The electron microscopical findings of the renal glomerulus in the adriamycin dosed group were focal loss and fusion of the pedicels of the podocyte, and some vacuoles in the cytoplasm of the podocytes. There were numerous cytoplasmic vacuoles in the proximal and distal convoluted tubular cells. However, these ultrastructural changes were not significantly observed in the renal tubules of the rats of adriamycin and selenium dosed group. These results suggest that selenium may act as an inhibitor of the renal lesions induced by adriamycin in male rats.

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