• 제목/요약/키워드: selenium

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효모 유래 셀레늄 펩타이드의 인간 섬유아세포에 대한 UVB 보호효과 (UVB Protective Effect of Yeast Originated Selenium Peptide on Fibroblast)

  • 이향복;이정옥;호앙구엔;윤선아;엄지민;이유리;문형인;정진호;김은기
    • KSBB Journal
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    • 제24권5호
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    • pp.463-468
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    • 2009
  • 셀레늄 함유 펩타이드 (셀레늄 펩타이드)는 무기 셀레늄이 포함된 배지에서 효모를 배양하여 효모의 자가분해에 의해 만들었다. 효모 배양에 의해 만들어진 셀레늄 펩타이드는 GPx 유사활성을 보였으며, UVB 조사가 된 인간 섬유아세포에 대하여 세포 보호효과를 나타냈다. 셀레늄 나이트레이트는 $10^{-9}$ 몰 농도에서 낮은 세포독성을 보인반면 셀레늄 펩타이드는 최소의 독성만을 보였다. 또한 셀레늄 펩타이드는 인간 섬유아세포의 성장과 procollagen type I을 증가시킨 반면 MMP-1의 감소를 가져왔다. 연구결과 셀레늄 펩타이드가 무독성의 항산화제로서의 가능성을 보여주었다.

Lack of Association between Fingernail Selenium and Thyroid Cancer Risk: A Case-Control Study in French Polynesia

  • Ren, Yan;Kitahara, Cari Meinhold;de Gonzalez, Amy Berrington;Clero, Enora;Brindel, Pauline;Maillard, Stephane;Cote, Suzanne;Dewailly, Eric;Rachedi, Frederique;Boissin, Jean-Louis;Sebbag, Joseph;Shan, Larrys;Bost-Bezeaud, Frederique;Petitdidier, Patrick;Xhaard, Constance;Rubino, Carole;de Vathaire, Florent
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • 제15권13호
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    • pp.5187-5194
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    • 2014
  • Background: Numerous studies have suggested that selenium deficiency may be associated with an increased risk for several types of cancer, but few have focused on thyroid cancer. Materials and Methods: We examined the association between post-diagnostic fingernail selenium levels and differentiated thyroid cancer risk in a French Polynesian matched case-control study. Conditional logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Results: The median selenium concentration among controls was $0.76{\mu}g/g$. Significantly, we found no association between fingernail selenium levels and thyroid cancer risk after conditioning on year of birth and sex and additionally adjusting for date of birth (highest versus lowest quartile: odds-ratio=1.12, 95% confidence interval: 0.66-1.90; p-trend=0.30). After additional adjustment for other covariates, this association remained non-significant (p-trend=0.60). When restricting the analysis to thyroid cancer of 10 mm or more, selenium in nails was non-significantly positively linked to thyroid cancer risk (p-trend=0.09). Although no significant interaction was evidenced between iodine in nails and selenium in nails effect (p=0.70), a non-significant (p-trend =0.10) positive association between selenium and thyroid cancer risk was seen in patients with less than 3 ppm of iodine in nails. The highest fingernail selenium concentration in French Polynesia was in the Marquises Islands ($M=0.87{\mu}g/g$) and in the Tuamotu-Gambier Archipelago ($M=0.86{\mu}g/g$). Conclusions: Our results do not support, among individuals with sufficient levels of selenium, that greater long-term exposure to selenium may reduce thyroid cancer risk. Because these findings are based on post-diagnostic measures, studies with prediagnostic selenium are needed for corroboration.

Review of Selenium and Prostate Cancer Prevention

  • Yang, Lei;Pascal, Mouracade;Wu, Xiao-Hou
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • 제14권4호
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    • pp.2181-2184
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    • 2013
  • Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy in men in the United States. Surgery or radiation are sometimes unsatisfactory treatments because of the complications such as incontinence or erectile dysfunction. Selenium was found to be effective to preven prostate cancer in the Nutritional Prevention of Cancer Trial (NPC), which motivated two other clinical trials: the Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT) and a Phase III trial of selenium to prevent prostate cancer in men with high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia. However, these two trials failed to confirm the results of the NPC trial and indicated that the selenium may not be preventive of prostate cancer. In this article we review the three clinical trials and discuss some different points which might be potential factors underlying variation in results obtained.

Cathodic Stripping Voltammetry법에 의한 식물체 중 극미량 셀렌의 분석 (Determination of Traces of Selenium in Plant Materials by Cathodic Stripping Voltammetry)

  • 문동철;홍성화;박만기;김중기;이광우
    • 약학회지
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    • 제29권3호
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    • pp.144-151
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    • 1985
  • Cathodic stripping voltammetric determination of traces of selenium in plant samples was studied. Stripping peak of selenium (IV) from Cu-Se intermettalic deposit in acidic media containing copper (II) ion is specific, highly sensitive and well defined, is successfully used for the quantitative determination of selenuin down to the level of 1ng/ml. Sample is burnt in a calorimeter bomb under the oxygen pressure of 40atm. and the selenium is absorbed in 0.1M NaOH. After the solution is filtrated, concentrated and acidified with HCl, then passed through a column of cation exchange resin in the $H^{+}$ form(Dowex 50X-8). The column eluate is analyzed for selenium by differential pulse cathodic stripping voltammetric method. Analytical results of selenium for NBS SMR is well agreement with the certified values. Results are given for a series of plant materials.

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Efficacy of Selenium on Silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) Cocoon Characters

  • Smitha S.;Kumar K. Anil;Rao, A. Vijaya Bhaskara
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • 제13권2호
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    • pp.119-122
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    • 2006
  • As the Selenium is known to be growth promoter in sheep and cattle, the efficacy of selenium has been tested in silkworm Bombyx mori L. The V instar larvae were fed with lethal and sub-lethal doses of selenium treated leaves. The larvae fed with lethal dose showed a significant decrease in growth and Cocoon commercial characters. The treatment with sub lethal dose exhibited a significant increase in the growth of the silkworm. Correspondingly, the cocoon commercial characters on exposure to the lethal dose showed significant decrease and sub lethal dose showed a significant increase. In the light of similar findings reported earlier in other cocoon crops and vertebrates, it can be inferred that selenium at lower doses acts as a growth stimulator, resulting in the higher yield of cocoon crop.

Effects of Packaging Methods on the Shelf Life of Selenium-Supplemented Chicken Meat during Refrigerated Storage

  • Rhee, Min-Suk;Ryu, Youn-Chul;Kim, Byoung-Chul
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • 제15권3호
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    • pp.431-436
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    • 2006
  • Effects of vacuum packaging and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) on shelf life of selenium-supplemented chicken meat during refrigerated storage were examined. Body weight and feed efficiency were unaffected by dietary selenium level. Dietary treatments and packaging methods had no significant effects on level of microbial growth, lightness, and metmyoglobin content. MAP decreased purge loss (10.9-34.5%) and lipid oxidation (15.2-15.9%) more efficiently than vacuum packaging. Broiler chicks supplemented with ${\alpha}$-tocopherol or ${\alpha}$-tocopherol + selenium had similar TBA values. Dietary supplementation of 4 and 8 ppm selenium reduced lipid oxidation, and this effect was less significant in MAP breast meat.

Selenium 첨가 고지방식이가 흰쥐의 조직 인지질에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Selenium-added Hight Fat Diets on Phospholipid in Tissues of Rats)

  • 성완제;김송전;이용억
    • 한국응용과학기술학회지
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    • 제5권2호
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    • pp.17-28
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    • 1988
  • This experiment is carried out to study alteration of phospholipid compoent in liver, kidney, testis, and brain tissues of male rats which are fed selenium added high fat diets for 7 weeks. The phospholipids of these tissues are analyzed by TLC method. The results are as follows. 1. The growth rate and food intake levels are not affected by selenium-added high fat diets. 2. The levels of total cholesterol, total lipid and TBA are lower in selenium-added diets than selenium free diets 3. The total phospholipid levels of each tissue are kidney > brain > testis > liver and the levels of phospholipid component are Le>Sph>Ce>LLe for kidney and liver, Le>Sph>LLe>Ce for testis and brain.

셀레늄의 영양생화학 (Nutritional Biochemistry of Selenium)

  • 최용순;죤 에드워드 헤스케스
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • 제35권5호
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    • pp.661-670
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    • 2006
  • Selenium (Se) obtained from dietary sources including cereals, grains and vegetables is an essential micronutrient for normal function of the body. Plants convert Se into selenomethionine and incorporate it into proteins in place of methionine, while higher animals synthesize selenoproteins containing selenocysteine. Excessive Se in the body is methylated stepwise to methylated selenium metabolites from selenide. Both inorganic and organic forms of selenium can be the nutritional sources in human, and they are transformed to selenide and then the amino acid selenocysteine attached to a specific $tRNA^{ser(sec)}$. The selenocysteine (Sec) is incorporated into selenoprotein sequences by the UGA codon. The decoding of UGA as Sec requires specific mechanisms because UGA is normally read as a stop codon: cis-acting sequences in the mRNA (the selenocysteine insertion sequence, SECIS, within the 3'untranslated region) and trans -acting factors dedicated to Sec incorporation are required for incorporation of Sec during translation of selenoprotein mRNAs. Approximately 25 selenoproteins have been identified in mammals. Several of these, including glutathione peroxidases, thioredoxin reductases and selenoprotein P, have been purified or cloned, allowing further characterization of their biological function. The antioxidant properties of selenoproteins help prevent cellular damage from free radicals which may contribute to the development of chronic disease such as cancer and heart disease. Other selenoproteins have important roles in regulation of thyroid function and play a role in the immune system. Daily selenium iatake was reported to be $42.0{\pm}16.9{\mu}g/day$ in Korean adult women. This review focuses on the metabolism and biological functions of selenium, and the nutritional status of selenium in the Korean population.

Guinea pig에서 alcohol과 paraquat에 의한 간독성에 미치는 selenium의 방어 효과 (Protective effects of selenium on alcohol and/or paraquat-induced hepatotoxicity in guinea pigs)

  • 박상철;강형섭;이호일;김진상
    • 대한수의학회지
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    • 제36권2호
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    • pp.313-325
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    • 1996
  • Experiments were undertaken to examine the ability of selenium to protect against alcohol and/or paraquat-induced hepatotoxicity and to examine the additive effect between alcohol and paraquat. Protective effect against hepatotoxic functions was measured in serum from alcohol(15% v/v), paraquat(200ppm), alcohol and paraquat, and combination of sodium selenite(4ppm) in drinking water-fed guinea pigs ad libitum for 4 weeks. A total of 68 healthy 7-weeks-old male animals were assigned at random to 8 treatment groups(9~13 animals/group). Body and liver weight losses, and high serum concentrations in aspartate aminotransferase(AST), alanine aminotransferase(ALT, in only paraquat group), $\gamma$-glutamyltranspeptidase($\gamma$-GTP), cholesterol(Cho), creatinine, blood urea nitrogen(BUN), total bilirubin(TB), direct bilirubin(DB), total protein(TP), albumin and globulin as well as low values in alkaline phosphatase(ALP) and glucose were produced in a groups of alcohol or paraquat-fed. These values were not potentiated in a group given the combination of alcohol plus paraquat. Morphological changes in the liver were also observed in the alcohol or paraquat-fed group. Lipid droplet and cell swelling in the hepatocytes were observed in alcohol-fed guinea pig, especially Mallory's hyaline arounded hepatic vein. In the paraquat-fed guinea pig, lipid droplet, pyknosis and karyolysis were observed. When alcohol or paraquat was combined with selenium-fed, hyperplasia of Kupffer cell in liver were observed. However, the mean ALT, $\gamma$-GTP, Cho, BUN, TB, TP, albumin and globulin values were lower in groups given the combination of alcohol and/or paraquat plus selenium, compared with groups given alcohol and/or paraquat. Also, the ratio of liver weight to body weight and ALP values(exception of paraquat plus selenium group) were increased by selenium. These results suggest that an adequate selenium confers marked protection against alcohol and paraquat-induced hepatotoxicity.

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CLA와 selenium의 투여가 닭의 체구성과 혈중 콜레스테롤 수준에 미치는 영향 (Effects of conjugated linoleic acid and selenium on body composition and serum cholesterol concentration in broiler chickens)

  • 전호진;김진영;임좌진;이수한;이병한;정순욱;박희명;정병현
    • 대한수의학회지
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    • 제45권3호
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    • pp.429-438
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to examine whether conjugated linoleic acid and selenium supplementation in broiler chicken diets would be effective, enhance indices of immune status and body weight, and modulate serum lipid concentration. Forty Hyline brown chickens, 1 weeks of age, were divided into 5 groups of 8 chickens. Chickens were fed the experimental diets supplemented with 1% CLA (conjugated linoleic acid; Group 1), 1% CLA + selenium (Group 2), 1% safflower-seed-oil as LA (Group 3), 1% safflower-seed-oil as LA + selenium (Group 4) or nothing (Control) for 4 weeks. After 4 weeks, serum, liver, spleen and abdominal fat were taken. Measurement of total immunoglobulin were executed using sandwich ELISA. Weight ratio of liver to body showed that the group fed with CLA were significantly higher than the group fed with CLA + selenium. Weight ratios of spleen and fat to body showed no significantly differences. In concentrations of serum total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol, the group fed with CLA showed significantly higher values than that fed with CLA + selenium. In concentrations of serum triglyceride and LDL-cholesterol there were no significantly differences between the treatment groups. In conclusion, supplementation of CLA with selenium protected hepatomegaly and reduced level of serum total cholesterol and HDL-cholestererol in chickens.