• Title, Summary, Keyword: self-care

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Factors Affecting the Self Care Behavior of Korean High School Students (고등학생의 자가간호행위 영향요인)

  • Yoon, Young-Mi;Ha, Na-Sun;Choi, Jung
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.196-202
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors affecting Self Care Behavior in Korean high school students. Method: Data were collected from November 9 to December 28, 2003. The participants in this study were 293 students(134 boys, 159 girls), recruited from two High School located in Seoul. Data collection was conducted through the use of Questionnaire that was modified by the investigator. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson Correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression. The SPSS win 10.0 program was used. Results: The mean of total item score the Self Care Behaviors scales was 3.37, which was slightly low. There was a significant correlation between Self Care Behavior, Hope, Social Support, and Self Care Agency(γ= .30 ~ .65, p<.001). Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that Self Care Agency was a predictor of Self Care Behavior and accounted for 28% of the variance. Self Care Agency account for 31% of the variance in Self Care Behavior in the high school girls. Self Care Agency and Hope accounted for 27% of the variance in Self Care Behavior in High school boys. Conclusion: Self Care Agency accounted for variance in Self Care Behavior in these high school students. Therefore it is necessary to develop nursing interventions to increase Self Care Agency in high school students in order to increase the Self Care Behavior.

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Knowledge, Self Efficacy and Self Care Behavior Regarding Foot Care among Elderly Diabetes Mellitus Patients (노인 당뇨병 환자가 지각한 발 관리의 지식, 자기효능감 및 자가간호 행위와의 관계)

  • Yang, Nam-Young
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.413-422
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was to identify the relationship between knowledge, self efficacy, and self care behavior regarding foot care among elderly diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. Methods: The subjects consisted of 146 elderly with DM. The data collected from February to October 2008 were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The mean scores of knowledge ($13.21{\pm}1.99$), self efficacy ($2.23{\pm}0.54$), and self care behavior ($2.29{\pm}0.51$) regarding foot care were moderate. The level of knowledge was significantly different according to education about DM (p = .012) and drinking (p = .007). Self efficacy was significantly different according to gender (p = .019), educational level (p = .014), spouse (p = .048), disease period (p = .000), admission of DM (p = .000), complication of DM (p = .001), education of DM (p = .023). Self care behavior was significantly different according to educational state (p = .003), disease period (p = .039), and other disease (p = .000). Significant correlations were found between knowledge and self care behavior (p = .001), self efficacy and self care behavior (p = .000), knowledge and self efficacy(p=.012). Knowledge and self efficacy were a predictor of self care behavior (18.2%). Conclusion: These findings indicate that perceived knowledge and self efficacy may be necessities to improve self care behavior regarding foot care among elderly DM patients. The above mentioned results will be reflected in developing patient educational programs.

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Self-Care in Elders with Dementia: A Concept Analysis

  • Yeom Hye-A
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.34 no.8
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    • pp.1402-1408
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the concept of self-care in elders with dementia through a review of nursing literature and to provide more understanding of the definition and perspectives of the concept of self-care notion in elders with dementia. Methods: The technique developed by Walker and Avant was used as a guide in analyzing the concept of self-care. Results: Attributes of self-care in dementia may include a single or group of actions needed for sustaining life, a personal effort to maintain functional independence while minimizing other's assistance, an outcome behavior from the person's interaction with inter-personal and/or contextual environment, and a functional ability that may decline in parallel to cognitive impairment. Antecedents of self-care in dementia may include at least presence of a certain degree of cognitive appraisal for the self-care needs, self-willingness for the self-care action, spatial and visual orientation, cultural pre-conception of the self-care behavior, presence of environmental context/equipment available for self-care, and sufficient time available. The consequences may include sustaining of life, feel of satisfaction, achieving independence, extended life expectancy, increased self-confidence, decreased caregiver distress and/or burden, savings in health care costs. Discussion: Defining attributes and antecedents and consequences of self-care in dementia identified in this study provided empirical ground of a middle-range theory of self-care for a clinical population with dementia and generated possible hypotheses to be tested in future studies.

A Study about Self-care for Hypertensives in Rural area (일부 농촌지역 고혈압 환자의 자가간호 수행요인 연구)

  • Park, Young-Im
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.45-60
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    • 1997
  • Essential hypertension is a typical chronic disease requiring adequate and continuous management. Many studies supported that self-care was the essential factor to promote the wellbeing of hypertensives and self-efficacy increased healthy, behavior. The comprehensive self-regulation program was conducted as a nursing intervention on the promotion self-care performance for hypertensives in company. And this self-regulation program was recommended to apply for hypertensives in rural area. The purpose of this study is to identify the general characteristics affecting self-care and interrelationship among the factors including self-care, self-efficacy, HLOC, perceived benefits, barriers and family support. 40 subjects were interviewed from Dec. 1996 to Jan. 1997 and the data was analyzed by the SPSS PC+ program with t-test and multiple correlation to determine the variables affecting the self-care behavior. The results were as follows: 1) Level of self-care was significant difference according to sex(t= -2.27, p=.0l9). religion (t=1.57, p=.055) and smoking habit (t=4.42, P=.000). Perceived self-efficacy was more significantly high among the non-smoking group (t=3.25, P=.000) and female group (t=-2.534, p=.0l3). 2) There were significant positive correlation among the variables: self-care and self-efficacy (r=.5460, p=.000), external-LOC and self-care(r=.2548, p=.056), external-LOC and self-efficacy(r =. 2901, p=.035), self-efficacy and perceived benefits (r=3307, p=.019). And there were significant negative correlation between self-care and barriers (r=-.5438, p=. 000), self-efficacy and barriers (r= - .4153, p=.004). From the above results, it can be concluded that the self-care is more required in male hypertensives and self-efficacy is one of the important factors to increase healthy behavior in cluding self-care. Thus self-regulation program can be recommended in the management of the hypertensives in community settings.

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Factors Influencing Quality of Life in Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients Registered at Public Health Center (일개 시 보건소에 등록한 제2형 당뇨병 대상자의 삶의 질 영향요인)

  • Ryu, Soon-Hang;Park, Yeon-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.679-688
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    • 2002
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among self-care, self-care agency, self-efficacy, and quality of life in type II diabetic patients registered at a public health center. Method: The study subjects were 128 type II diabetic patients who were living in G city. The data were collected from March 2001 to February 2002. The instruments used for this study were the self-care scale developed by Jeung(1997) and designed by Park (1984) based on the original scale, the self-care agency scale developed by So (1992), the self-efficacy scale developed by a Jeung (1997) and designed by Paek (1996) based on the original scale, and the quality of life scale developed by Ro (1988). The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: 1. The relationships among self-care, self-care agency, self-efficacy, and quality of life were significant. Self-care was significantly related to self-care agency (r=.609. p<.01), self-efficacy (r=.763. p<.01), and quality of life (r=.493. p<.01). 2. The stepwise multiple regression analysis was performed to identify factors influencing quality of life of the subjects. The most powerful predictor was self-care agency (48.4%). The combination of self-care, complication status, age, education level, and self-efficacy accounted for 88.7% of the variance of quality of life in type II diabetic patients. Conclusion: The results suggest that self-care, self-care agency, self-efficacy, and quality of life are important variables for development of nursing intervention programs for patients with diabetes.

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Self-Efficacy as a Predictor of Self-Care in Persons with Diabetes Mellitus: Meta-Analysis

  • Lee, Hyang-Yeon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.1087-1102
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    • 1999
  • Diabetes mellitus, a universal and prevalent chronic disease, is projected to be one of the most formidable worldwide health problems in the 21st century. For those living with diabetes, there is a need for self-care skills to manage a complex medical regimen. Self-efficacy which refers to one's belief in his/her capability to monitor and perform the daily activities required to manage diabetes has be found to be related to self-care. The concept of self-efficacy comes from social cognitive theory which maintains that cognitive mechanism mediate the performance of behavior. The literature cites several research studies which show a strong relationship between self-efficacy and self-care behavior. Meta-analysis is a technique that enables systematic review and quantitative integration of the results from multiple primary studies that are relevant to a particular research question. Therefore, this study was done using meta-analysis to quantitatively integrate the results of independent research studies to obtain numerical estimates of the overall effect of a self-efficacy with diabetic patient on self-care behaviors. The research proceeded in three stages : 1) literature search and retrieval of studies in which self-efficacy was related to self-care, 2) coding, and 3) calculation of mean effect size and data analysis. Seventeen studies which met the research criteria included study population of adults with diabetes, measures of self-care and measures of self-efficacy as a predictive variable. Computation of effect size was done on DSTAT which is a statistical computer program specifically designed for meta-analysis. To determine the effect of self-efficacy on self-care practice homogeneity tests were conducted. Pooled effect size estimates, to determine the best subvariable for composite variables, metabolic control variables and component of self-efficacy and self-care, indicated that the effect of self-efficacy composite on self-care composite was moderate to large. The weighted mean effect size of self-efficacy composite and self-care composite were +.76 and the confidence interval was from +.66 to +.86 with the number of subjects being 1,545. The total for this meta-analysis result showed that the weighted mean effect sizes ranged from +.70 to +1.81 which indicates a large effect. But since reliabilities of the instruments in the primary studies were low or not stated, caution must be applied in unconditionally accepting the results from these effect sizes. Meta-analysis is a useful took for clarifying the status of knowledge development and guiding decision making about future research and this study confirmed that there is a relationship between self-efficacy and self-care in patients with diabetes. It, thus, provides support for nurses to promote self-efficacy in their patients. While most of the studies included in this meta-analysis used social cognitive theory as a framework for the study, some studies use Fishbein & Ajzen's attitude model as a model for active self-care. Future research is needed to more fully define the concept of self-care and to determine what it is that makes patients feel competent in their self-care activities. The results of this study showed that self-efficacy can promote self-care. Future research is needed with experimental design to determine nursing interventions that will increase self-efficacy.

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The Relations between Self-esteem, Self-care and Life Satisfaction in the Home-dwelling Elderly (재가노인의 자아존중감, 자가간호와 생활만족도간의 관계)

  • Kim, Bong-Im
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.415-423
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The present study was conducted to identify the relations between self-esteem. self-care and life satisfaction in the home-dwelling elderly. Methods: The subjects were 106 persons aged over 65 in J city. Data were collected from April to June 2005 by a questionnaire survey. The instruments used in this study are the self-esteem scale developed by Rosenberg(1965), the self-care scale by Hwang (2000) and the life-satisfaction scale by Choi (1986). Data were analyzed through t-test, ANOVA. least significant difference, Pearson's correlation coefficient and stepwise regression analysis using SPSS-Win 10.0. Results: Self-esteem and self-care were in a positive correlation with each other (r=.464, p=.000). Self-care and life-satisfaction showed a significant correlation with each other (r=.222 p=.031), and a significant correlation was found between self-esteem and life-satisfaction (r=.506, p=.000). The most significant predictors influencing life-satisfaction were self-esteem, self-care and perceived health condition, and the three factors accounted for 47.7% of variance in life satisfaction in the home-dwelling elderly. Conclusion: These results suggest that self-esteem, self-care and life-satisfaction can be important factors the quality of life of the elderly in long-term care. Therefore nurses can plan nursing interventions to promote self-esteem, self-care and life satisfaction of the home-dwelling elderly.

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The Comparison of Self-leadership and Self-care in Primigravida and Multigravida (초임부와 경임부의 자기리더십과 자가간호 비교)

  • Park, Myeung-Hee
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.97-110
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study investigates the degree of self-leadership and self-care in primigravida and multigravida. Method: For this study, the questionnaires were given to 90 primigravida, 95 multigravida who visit woman hospital in Taegu and collected during the period from 16th February to 26th March, 2004. Data were analyzed by SPSS Wins. Result: The degree of self-leadership and self-care in primigravida was higher than multigravida. The comparison of self-leadership and self-care by the demographic characteristics between primigravida and multigravida were as follows; there was statistically significant difference according to education in self-leadership; age, education, religion, occupation, economic status and type of family in thought self-leadership; age, religion and occupation in self-care. The comparison of self-leadership and self-care by the obstetric characteristics between primigravida and multigravida were as follows; there was statistically significant difference according to frequency of abortion in self-leadership, self-management and natural reward; frequency of abortion, period of pregnancy and attending of childbirth education in thought self-leadership; frequency of abortion and period of pregnancy in self-care. Conclusion: Primigravida in self-leadership and self-care would have higher than those of multigravida. Further study needs to be done to identify in primigravida and multigravida. Also it should be developed self-leadership promoting programs for multigravida.

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A Study on the Correlation between Self-efficacy and Self-care in Hemodialysis Patients (혈액투석환자의 자기효능감과 자가간호에 관한 연구)

  • 송미령;김매자;이명은;이인범;서미례
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.563-575
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between self-efficacy and self-care of hemodialysis patients. The subjects consisted of 140 hemodialysis patients who underwent hemodialysis at 2 university hospitals. The data were collected by questionnaires and chart review. The questinnaire used the self-efficacy tool developed by Kim Ju Hyune(1995) and the self-care tool developed by literature review and indepth open openended questions to 10 patients. Also, the questionnaire included physiologic data which collected through review of the patients' charts. The statistical analysis was used the SPSS program for frequency, mean, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation. The results were as follows : 1. The mean score for general self-efficacy of hemodialysis patients was 3.103(1-4point) and there were significant differences according to percieved health. The mean score for specific self-efficacy of hemodialysis patients was 3.113 (1-4point) and there were significant differencies according to percieved health, side effects and complications which related hemodialysis. 2. The mean score for self-care of hemodialysis patients was 3.822(1-5point) and there were significant differencies according to marital status and economic level. 3. The relationship between general self-efficacy and self-care was a positive correlation(P=.000). The relationship between specific self-efficacy and self-care was a positive correlation(P=.000). In conclusion, this study revealed the level of self-efficacy and self-care, and the positive correlation between self-efficacy and self-care in hemodialysis patients. Therefore, intervention is needed to promote self-efficacy for self-care of hemodialysis patients. Considering the vulnerable self-care area same as checking blood pressure and weight, fluid restriction, social adjustment, exercise and rest, luther studies should develop self-efficacy promoting programs for self-care of hemodialysis patients.

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Influencing Factors on Self-care in the Elderly with Essential Hypertension (노인본태성고혈압 환자의 자가간호에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Jeon, Hae-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.66-75
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate influencing factors on self-care in the elderly with essential hypertension. Method: The research instruments included the Self-Care Scale, the Knowledge Scale Related to Hypertension, the Self-Efficacy Scale and the Family-Support Scale. Results: The self-care was significantly associated with knowledge (r=.510, p=.000), self-efficacy (r=.708, p=.000), and family support (r=.403, p=.000). The major factors that affected subjects' self-care were knowledge and self-efficacy which explained 58.7% of self-care. Conclusion: Hypertension knowledge and self-efficacy are important factors for nursing interventions in caring for elderly patients with hypertension. It is needed to develop nursing programs for elderly patients with hypertension and to provide nursing interventions to improve knowledge and self-efficacy and, thereby, improving the self-care of elderly patients with hypertension.

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