• Title/Summary/Keyword: self-differentiation

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The Effects of Intergenerational Transmission of Self-Differentiation on Psychological Adjustment of College Student (자기분화의 세대간 전이가 대학생의 심리적 적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Ha, Sang-Hee;Chung, Hye-Jeong
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.46 no.7
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    • pp.95-108
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    • 2008
  • The major purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of intergenerational transmission of self-differentiation on psychological adjustment of college students. Specifically, the present study endeavored to test the causal model focusing on the effect of the father's and the mother's self-differentiation on college student's psychological adjustment through the student's self-differentiation. The data were collected from 254 male and 293 female college students and their parents by using self-administered questionnaire method. The casual model was tested through structural equation model by using AMOS 7.0 program. The results showed that mother's and father's self-differentiation had direct and indirect effect on student's psychological adjustment. The results showed that both mother's and father's self-differentiation had direct effect on son's self-differentiation level, which directly influenced his psychological adjustment. The test of structural equation model also revealed that daughter's self-differentiation level was positively influenced only by mother's self-differentiation, while father's self-differentiation did not influenced female student's self-differentiation. Both male and female student's psychological adjustment was directly influenced by his or her self-differentiation level.

Relationship of Vertical versus Horizontal Individualism and Collectivism with Self-differentiation among Korean College Students

  • Chung, Hye-Jeong
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.47-59
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    • 2009
  • This study investigates the relationship of self-differentiation with individualism and collectivism among college students. Special focus was on whether distinctions between vertical and horizontal individualism and collectivism were more useful in examining the relationship with self-differentiation. The results reveal that different aspects of individualism and collectivism were differently related to self-differentiation, indicating that self-differentiation was negatively associated with all aspects of collectivism and with vertical individualism, but positively with horizontal individualism. This study proved that four distinct constructs were more useful in explaining the effects on self-differentiation. The implications of the findings are discussed for clinicians and future research.

The Mediating Effects of Couples Communication on the Relations between Self-Differentiation and Marital Satisfaction among Married Women (기혼여성의 자아분화가 결혼만족에 미치는 영향: 부부의사소통의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hyang Soon;Kim, Soon Duck;Goo, Myoung Yi
    • Journal of Family Resource Management and Policy Review
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.159-176
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    • 2014
  • This study examined the mediating effects of couple communication on self-differentiation and marital satisfaction among married women. The ANOVA, correlation and the multiple regression analysis were used to figure out the relationships and the mediating effects of those variables. The results revealed that self-differentiation was significantly related to marital satisfaction. Also, couple communication was revealed to be a partial and full mediator between self-differentiation and marital satisfaction. The results were as follows. First, there were differences in couple communication and marital satisfaction. Marital satisfaction showed differences according to socio-economic variables such as educational level, occupation, family income, and the years of married life. Educational level and family income made differences in couple's communication. However, socio-economic variables did not make any difference with regard to self-differentiation. Second, there was a significant correlation among all sub-factors for self-differentiation, whole self-differentiation, married couples' communication, and marital satisfaction. Third, the result shows that the mediating effect of couple communication between self-differentiation and marital satisfaction. Couple communication completely mediated the relationship between cognitive vs. emotional function, family projection, emotional cutoff, and marital satisfaction. It also partially mediated the relationship between family regression and marital satisfaction. In addition, there was a tendency to partially mediate the relationship between general self-differentiation and marital satisfaction. The results suggested that self-differentiation and couples communication should be considered together when explaining marital satisfaction among married women. Also, the results implied the importance of the increased self-differentiation and the better couple communication in women's marital satisfaction. Finally, this research suggested the necessity of counseling services to enhance the self-differentiation as well as couple communication programs for the marital satisfaction of women.

Family system types, Self-Differentiation and Psychological well-being of Adolesecnt (가족체계유형 및 자아분화와 청소년 후기 자녀의 심리적 안녕)

  • 이천숙
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.101-113
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate family system types, self-differentiation and psychological well-being of adolescent. The subjects were 248 male and 241 female students selected from 3 universities' freshmen to seniors. The instruments of measurement were the FACES Ⅲ, Self-Differentiation Scale and Well-Being and Life Satisfaction Scale. SAS program was used for data analysis, and the data analysis, and the data were verified by frequency, one-way ANOVA and multiple Regression. The main results of this study were summarized as follows: 1. There was a significant difference in psychological well-being of adolescent according to family system types. Adolescents of balanced families had the most psychological well-being. 2. There was a significant difference in self-differentiation of adolescent according to family system types. Adolescents of balanced families had the most self-differentiation. 3. There was a significant difference in psychological well-being of adolescent according to self-differentiation. The more th degree of self-differentiation is high, the more the psychological well-being is high. 4. The self-differentiation is the most significant factor of influence on psychological well-being of adolescent.

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A Study on Relationships among University Students' Self-differentiation, Self-esteem and Mental Health : Focused on Depression and Anxiety (대학생의 자아분화, 자아존중감과 정신건강간의 관계 - 우울, 불안을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Sang Ok;Jeon, Young Ja
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.539-558
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to examine relationships among university students' self-differentiation, self-esteem and mental health. The subjects were 400 students of four universities in Busan and Gyungnam area. A questionnaire survey was done. The results of this study are as follows : First, the levels of university students' self-differentiation and self-esteem were high. Second, university students' self-differentiation and self-esteem were correlated positively. Third, the levels of university students' depression and anxiety were relatively low. It showed that the subjects' mental health of this study were not bad. Fourth, depression had no significant difference by gender. However, female students had higher anxiety than male students had. Fifth, university students' self-differentiation and self-esteem had negative correlation with depression and anxiety, and self-esteem played a role of mediating variable between self-differentiation and mental health. Sixth, family projection, family regression and self integration of self-differentiation had indirect influence upon the students' mental health through self-esteem, while cognitive-emotional function had direct influence upon mental health and had indirect influence upon mental health through self-esteem as well. In this study, university students' self-differentiation and self-esteem were found to be important variables having influence upon mental health, and self-differentiation had indirect influence upon mental health through self-esteem. Counselling intervention strategies should be established considering self-differentiation and self-esteem of the students who complained about their maladjusted emotion and human relation problems at schools. Also, programs enhancing self-differentiation and self-esteem of university students should be developed and the execution of these programs will be needed to help the university students who experienced mental health problems such as depression, anxiety and so on.

The Study of the Effect of Self-Differentiation Degree on Stress Level and Stress Coping Strategies in College Students (대학생의 자아분화 정도가 스트레스 수준 및 대처방식에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Bae, Ok-Hyun;Hong, Sang-Ook
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to study how college students cope with their stress and how the level of their self-differentiation affects degrees of stress and stress-coping strategies. The questionnaires were handed to 497 college students at Y university in Gyeongbuk Province and the data were analyzed in terms of Cronbach's ${\alpha}$-coefficient, frequency and percentage, t-test, and regression analysis by using the SPSS statistical package. The results of this study were as follows: 1. For stress level, degree of self-differentiation and stress coping strategies of the college students, the average scores were 3.56, 2.53 and 3.49, respectively in 5-point Likert Scale, indicating that the students possess the above-average score for the degree of self-differentiation and stress-coping strategies and the below-average score for stress levels. 2. From examination of difference verification of stress levels based on the degree of self-differentiation and effect of degree of self-differentiation on stress levels, it was found that the higher is the degree of self-differentiation the lower is the stress level. 3. From examination of difference verification of stress-coping strategies according to the degree of self-differentiation and effect of degree of self-differentiation levels on stress coping strategies, we found that the students of higher degree of self-differentiation exercise the more active stress coping strategies. These results show that the degree of students' self-differentiation is a significant variable that influences their stress levels and stress control methods. It is thought that students' self-differentiation functions to minimize their stress and to actively cope with their stressful situation and that a high degree of self-differentiation is a significant mediator variable that is beneficial to students' mental health. It follows from the above observations that while college students in this study seem to possess good degrees of self-differentiation and stress coping capabilities and low stress levels they need to seek for the ways to improve their degree of self-differentiation by seeing into themselves and relationships with others around them. Parents, schools and consultation agencies are required to take an active hand to educate and encourage them to cope with their stress positively.

Relationships among Attachment with Parents, Self-Differentiation and Fear of Intimacy among College Students (대학생이 지각한 부모애착과 자기분화 및 친밀한 관계에 대한 두려움)

  • Na, Bo-Young;Chung, Hye-Jeong
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.155-168
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships of parental attachment and self-differentiation with fear of intimacy perceived by college students. The data of the study were collected through self-administered questionnaire method with 187 male and 159 female college students. The major results of this research were as follows. First, there were significant differences in the level of attachment with parents according to parent's marital statue, living standard, and father's education level. Second, there were significant differences in the level of self-differentiation across sex, age, parent's marital statue, living standard, and parental's education level. Third, the level of attachment with parents was positively correlated with self-differentiation, indicating that the greater the level of attachment with parents, the higher the degree of self-differentiation. Fourth, fear of intimacy was negatively associated with parental attachment and self-differentiation, showing that the greater the degree of fear of intimacy, the lower the lever of attachment with parents and self-differentiation. Finally, multiple regression analysis result reported that emotional cutoff among the four self-differentiation subscales was the most powerful variable predicting the fear of intimacy. The results were shortly discussed in terms of some implications for education and counseling with college students.

Self-Differentiation, Stress Level and Stress Coping Strategies of Nursing Students (간호학생의 자아분화 정도와 스트레스 수준 및 스트레스 대처방식에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Chung-Youb
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.238-247
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between nurslng students' self-differentiation, their stress level and stress coping strategies. And following research questions were established. First, what is the difference of the stress level depending on the self-differentiation? Second, what is the difference of stress coping strategies in accordance with the self-differentiation? Participants for this study were 159 students selected from the 1st grades of G University, located in Incheon Metropolitan city. SPSS 10.0 statistic program was taken for drawing its frequency, percentage, average and standard deviation. And t-test, F-test, correlation and multiple regression were conducted. The results are summarized as follows: 1. The mean score for the level of self- differentiation, level of stress, level of stress coping strategies were 3.59, 2.50, 3.35. 2. The relationship between self-differentiation and stress level revealed a negative significant correlation 3. The relationship between self-differentiation and stress coping strategies revealed a no significant correlation. 4. The relationship between stress level and stress coping strategies revealed a no significant correlation. Conclusion: The results of investigating the variation differences depending on stress level, self-differentiation, and stress coping strategies were revealed self-differentiation and stress coping strategies explained stress level by 28.6%.

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The relationship between mother's self-differentiation and early adjustment of the infant daycare centers - Focusing on the mediating effect of child-rearing attitude - (어머니의 자기분화와 영아의 어린이집 초기적응과의 관계 - 양육태도의 매개효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Hea, Young-Sun;Lee, Ju-Lie
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.183-194
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    • 2010
  • This study investigates the relationship between a mother's self-differentiation and the rearing reviews focused on the mediating effect for the early adjustment of 1 to 2 years old at a nursery. First, the results based on the difference between the child-rearing attitudes of the level of self-differentiation show significance in the affectional-autonomic attitude in the top quarter of the total level of self-differentiation. Second, the level of the self-differentiation depends on the early adjustment results from the significant differences in the sub-elements; except for the emotional fusion that results in the higher the level of mother's self-differentiation that leads to higher early adjustment. Third, the impact of affectional-autonomic and affectional-controlling attitude reflected the positive influence of the entire early adjustment based on the effect of the child-rearing attitude. Finally, the results on whether the mothers' parenting attitudes influences the self-differentiation and the transition of the infant would mediate the early adjustment-relationship as shown in the mediating effect of parenting attitudes. Each type of mediation effect showed an affectional-autonomic and affectional-controlling attitude. In this study, the mother's self-differentiation and the infant nursery process shows the early adjustment associated with variables, the mother's level of self-differentiation, and the parenting attitude that effects the early adjustment that examined the mediation effect in the relations of self-differentiation and the early adjustment of child-rearing attitudes.

A Study on Self-differentiation, Marital Conflict and Marital Satisfaction among Couples' (부부의 자아분화 수준에 따른 부부갈등과 결혼만족도에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Young-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.259-272
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of couples' self-differentiation by marital satisfaction according to couple's gender. The participants of the present study were 728 couples who lived in Chonbuk province. The data were collected by self-administered questionnaire method. Self-differentiation scale was consisted of such factors as emotional reactivity, I-position, emotional cut-off and fusion with others. The results of this research were as follows: First, there was significant difference in the level of total self-differentiation between husbands and wives. Second, there was significant difference in the levels of marital conflict and of marital satisfaction to levels of self differentiation. Third, self differentiation in both husbands and wives had an direct effect on marital satisfaction and stability through marital conflict. Fourth, marital conflict in both husbands and wives had a direct effect on marital satisfaction.