• Title, Summary, Keyword: sensory property

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Physicochemical Property and Antioxidative Activity of Hot-Water Extracts from Enzyme Hydrolysate of Astragalus membranaceus (황기 효소분해물 열수추출액의 이화학적 특성 및 항산화 활성)

  • Kwon, Sang-Chul;Choi, Goo-Hee;Hwang, Jong-Hyun;Lee, Kyung-Haeng
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.406-413
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    • 2010
  • To enhance the yield and bioactivity of hot-water extract from herbal medicine, Astragalus membranaceus was hydrolyzed with carbohydrases, such as ClariSEB and Fungamyl. After hot-water extracts were prepared from each hydrolysate (HW-C/F), physicochemical property, antioxidant activity and sensory property were evaluated. The solid content ($^{\circ}Brix$) of HW-C/F was higher than hot-water extract from A. membranaceus no treated enzyme (control). Although pH of HW-C/F was lower than that of the control, the acidity was higher. Lightness of Hunter's color values was increased in HW-C/F whereas redness and yellowness were decreased. The contents of reducing sugar, flavonoid and polyphenol of HW-C/F were higher than the control but the content of ascorbic acid was not different from control. The inhibitory activity of HW-C/F against lipid peroxidation was slightly higher than control, but DPPH radical scavenging, ABTS reducing, metal chelating activities were significantly increased by HW-C/F. The sensory evaluation also revealed that the sensory panelists preferred HW-C/F to that of control. Therefore, hydrolysis by carbohydrases for preparation of hot-water extract from A. membranaceus is one of the good methods to improve antioxidative activity and sensory property of hot-water extract.

Effects of Calcium on Textural and Sensory Properties of Ramyon (칼슘의 첨가에 따른 라면의 조직감과 관능적 특성)

  • 정재홍
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.252-257
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    • 1999
  • In an attempt to evaluate the effects of calcium on paste or gelatinization properties by amylograph and mixing properties by farinograph of wheat flour and on viscosity property cooking quality textural and sensory properties of Ramyon were examined. The contents of calcium used were from 1.0% to 3.0% based on flour weight. The viscosity property of wheat flour with calcium was increased the initial past-ing temperature but the amylograph peak viscosity were decreased in vice versa. The farinograph absorp-tion stability and breakdown were increased by calcium. The shear extrusion force and hardness of Ram-yon manufactured with calcium were shown much higher value than those of control. At cooking quality examination of Ramyon manufactured with calcium weight of cooked Ramyon was increased by volume was decreased. Extraction amounts of Ramyon manufactured with calcium during cooking were much smaller than those of control. These changes will provided many advantages in the preparation of Ram-yon. The I2 reaction value of Ramyon manufactured with calcium and control were shown to almost same values. Sensory properties of cooked Ramyon which was manufactured with calcium showed quite acceptable. Based on the cooking and sensory evaluation test addition of 0.3% calcim to wheat flour may be suitable for processing Ramyon.

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Physical and Sensory Properties of Rice Gruels and Cakes Containing Different Levels of Ginkgo Nut Powder (은행 분말을 첨가한 죽 및 떡의 물리적 및 관능적 특성)

  • Kim, Jung-Mi;Suh, Dong-Soon;Kim, Young-Suk;Kim, Kwang-Ok
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.410-415
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    • 2004
  • Effects of ginkgo nut powder content on physical and sensory properties, and consumer acceptability of ginkgo nut gruel and cake were examined. In ginkgo nut gruel, greenness and consistency decreased, and sensory color intensity and ginkgo nut flavor increased with increasing ginkgo nut powder content. Consumer acceptability test indicated ginkgo nut powder : rice flour ratio at 4 : 6 had the highest overall and flavor acceptabilities. In ginkgo nut rice cakes, as ginkgo nut powder content increased, greenness, adhesiveness, sensory hardness, and cohesiveness of mass decreased, while sensory color intensity, ginkgo nut flavor, and chalkiness increased. Ginkgo nut cake with ginkgo nut powder : rice flour ratio at 16 : 84 had highest overall acceptability.

Wort Fermentation by Leuconostoc citreum Originated from Kimchi and Sensory Properties of Fermented Wort

  • Delgerzaya, Purev;Shin, Jin-Yeong;Kim, Kwang-Ok;Park, Jin-Byung
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.1083-1090
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    • 2009
  • Fermentation of wort was investigated with an ultimate goal to develop a fermented beverage rich in prebiotics and functional ingredients as well as desirable in flavors. Wort was fermented with Leuconostoc citreum HJ-P4 originated from kimchi and subjected to sensory descriptive analysis. L. citreum HJ-P4 produced various organic acids (e.g., lactic acid, acetic acid) as well as functional sugars (e.g., mannitol, panose) during wort fermentation. The concentration and ratio of lactic acid and acetic acid were significantly influenced by roasting conditions of malts used for wort preparation and aeration conditions during fermentation. The concentration of mannitol and panose varied depending on the sucrose content of wort and aeration conditions. Sensory characteristics of the fermented worts were clearly differentiated according to the roasting conditions of malts used for wort preparation and aeration conditions during fermentation. These results indicate that metabolite concentration of fermented wort and its sensory properties can be manipulated with roasting conditions of malts and fermentation conditions.

Sensory Evaluation of Kimchi using Two Ethnic Groups (두 인종간의 김치의 관능특성 차이)

  • Yoon, Hee-Nam;Um, Ki-Won
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.755-758
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    • 1991
  • Kimchi was investigated with regard to the sensory properties depending on ethnic group and processing conditions, and to the relationship between its sensory attributes. Sensory panel scores of American in sourness, pungency and crunchiness were significantly higher than those of Korean. The opposite result was performed in sweetness. There were no significant differences between American and Korean in sensory properties of saltiness, hardness and toughness. Salt content in brine was significantly related to saltiness of kimchi at p<0.001. Sensory panel scores of saltiness in kimchi made with 10, 15 and 20% salt solution appeared to be 4.5, 5.8 and 7.1, respectively. Mean values of toughness were 5.7 at 3 days of aging and 4.5 at 10 days. There were no relationship among sensory properties between taste attributes and textural terms of kimchi.

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Physiochemical Characteristics and Sensory Evaluation of Mulberry Fruit Beverages for Rural Food Process (산지가공 오디음료의 이화학적 특성 및 관능평가)

  • Yang, Hyang-Sook;Rho, Jeong-Ok
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.246-254
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    • 2012
  • The principal objectives of this study were to analyze the physiochemical properties of four mulberry fruit beverages (MFBs) and develop descriptive analysis procedures for evaluation of their sensory characteristics. Soluble solid, free sugar, pH, acidity, chromaticity, flavonoid, and anthocyanin of MFBs were determined. All MFB samples showed significantly different physicochemical properties ($p$<0.01). Ten highly trained panelists identified the following 11 sensory attributes in the MFBs and defined the terminology for each attribute : turbidity, chromaticity for appearance characteristics, berry, grass, fermented, sweet, astringent, and sour for flavor characteristics, and throat hit, refreshing, and astringent for textural characteristics. There were significant differences in the 10 sensory attributes among the MFB samples ($p$<0.001). In color, the value of MFB3 was significantly higher than those of others ($p$<0.05). In taste and overall acceptance, the values of MFB2 were significantly higher than those of others ($p$<0.01, $p$<0.001). Descriptive terminology of the developed MFBs could explain the sensory attributes of the samples according to this result. Based on this, proper analysis and sensory evaluation techniques could be applied to other fruit beverages to establish their physiochemical characteristic and descriptive sensory attributes.

Effect of Japanese Apricot(Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc.) Flesh on Baking Properties of White Breads (매실 과육 첨가가 제빵 적성에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong, Kyung-Hyun;Park, Shin-In
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.506-514
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    • 2003
  • The effects of Japanese apricot(Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc.) flesh on baking properties of white breads were investigated by evaluation of specific loaf volume, pH, acidity, rheological property, color and sensory quality. Bread was processed by adding 4.7%, 9.4%, 14.1% and 18.8% of Japanese apricot flesh to basic formulation. The compositions of Japanese apricot flesh were 88.19% moisture, 0.45% crude ash, 4.10% dietary fiber, 4.04% citric acid and 0.41% total sugars. The specific loaf volume of the breads was decreased from 3.274mL/g to 1.857mL/g as Japanese apricot flesh contents increased from 0% to 18.8%. The pH of the breads decreased but the acidity of those increased as the percentage of Japanese apricot flesh to wheat flour increased. Lightness(L value) of the breads decreased by the addition of Japanese apricot flesh, while yellowness(b value) and redness(a value) increased. Texture measurement showed that springiness, cohesiveness and resilience decreased with increase of Japanese apricot flesh contents. While, hardness, gumminess and chewiness were the lowest in the bread with 9.4% Japanese apricot flesh, and increased in the bread with 4.7%, 14.1% and 18.8% Japanese apricot flesh contents. In sensory evaluation, the highest sensory scores for flavor, taste, aftertaste and overall acceptability were obtained when Japanese apricot flesh content was 4.7%, and softness and chewiness was the best when 9.4% of Japanese apricot flesh was added. The moisture content of the breads containing Japanese apricot flesh was higher than that of the control to add no flesh during storage at $25^{\circ}C$. Based on physical, rheological and sensory evaluation, addition of 4.7{\sim}9.4% Japanese apricot flesh suggested to be acceptable for processing bread.

Characteristics of Noodle Added with Chestnuts Flour (밤가루 복합분 국수의 제면 특성)

  • 박규동
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.339-343
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    • 1997
  • To investigate the possibility of making noodle with Chestnuts flour(C.F), it was mixed with wheat flour by the ratio of 70%. Making characteristics of noodle was studied in terms of the viscosity property, cooking quality test, color measurement and sensory evaluation. The viscosity property of noodles with 10~20% C.F was almost same value as control. In the cooking quality test, noodles with 10~30% C.F was almost same value as control in weight, volume and absorbance of cooked noodle. Color difference($\Delta$E) between noodles with C.F was not significantly different from control in color, only noodle with 10% C.F was same as control in texture by sensory evaluation test. Based on the cooking and sensory evaluation test, addition of 30% C.F to wheat flour may be suitable for making noodle.

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Application of Multivariate Statistics for Characterization of Sensory Properties in Pre-cooked Foods (다변수 통계법을 이용한 조리식품의 관능특성 연구)

  • Yoon, Hee-Nam
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.711-716
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    • 1991
  • Various multivariate statistics were applied to determine the relationships between sensory properties of 9 pre-cooked foods. Twelve sensory terms were selected to differentiate the food samples in stepwise discriminant analysis. Three factors accounted for 61.9% of total variation of 12 sensory attributes detected. Factor I was highly related to the qualitative sensory terms, while factor II to the quantitative ones. The principal component plot made it possible to define the relationships between sensory properties and food samples. In cluster analysis using average linkage and Ward's method, nine pre-cooked foods were classified into three clusters in terms of their sensorial similarities.

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Quality Characteristics of Yackwa Prepared by Different Amounts of Egg White (난백의 첨가수준에 따른 약과의 품질특성)

  • 윤숙자
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.81-86
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    • 2002
  • Yackwa was prepared by the addition of different amounts of egg white, and the samples were analyzed by texture profile analysis, Hunter's colorimetry and sensory evaluation during 5 days of storage. Tn texture profile analysis, the hardness, gumminess and chewiness of Yackwa were increased in all the samples during storage and the texture parameters were increased by increasing egg white level. No significant difference was observed in the lightness, redness and yellowness (p〉0.05), but Hunter's color values were slightly increased during storage in all the samples. In sensory evaluation, no significant difference was observed among the samples during storage except the increase of crispiness and overall acceptance by the addition of egg white. The results showed that Yackwa prepared with 10 g of egg white/(100 g of other ingredients ---약과재료 얼마당 10g 첨가인지 명확히 해야 함) had an acceptable sensory quality.