• Title, Summary, Keyword: sensory property

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Sensory Quality of Rice-Wheat Bread (쌀가루 혼합빵의 관능적 품질)

  • 조숙자;정은희
    • Korean Journal of Rural Living Science
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.91-97
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    • 1995
  • The sensory quality and the baking property of blonds containing 10-50% of rice flour with wheat flour were analysed by QDA. As sensory characteristics, color, air cell size, air cell distribution, flavor, softness, chewiness and overall quality were evaluated. Bread could be made successfully even using up to 50% rice flour. The color, flavor, softness and chewiness were increased in rice-wheat bread especially using 10∼30% of rice flour, but in case of using 40∼50% of rice flour those characteristics were not significantly different from those of wheat bread. The size of air cell in 10∼30% rice-wheat bread was not significantly different but in 40∼50% rice-wheat bread it was increased. The distribution of air cell was more even in 10∼30% rice-wheat bread than in wheat bread, but not in 40∼50% rice-wheat bread. The overall quality of rice-wheat bread was shown to be better in 10∼30% rice-wheat bread than in wheat bread.

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Optimization of Preparation Conditions and Analysis of Food Components for Chicken Head Soup Base (닭머리 육수 제조 조건의 최적화 및 성분 분석)

  • Choi, Sung-Eun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.468-477
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    • 2011
  • Optimum preparation conditions for chicken head soup base were determined in terms of the effects of amount of chicken head and cooking time using response surface methodology based on sensory properties. Sensory properties that were evaluated were yellowness, turbidity, bloody, chicken-brothy, organ meat-like, and fat-like flavor. All values of sensory characteristics increased remarkably with an increase in the amount of chicken head and cooking time. The optimum amount of chicken head and cooking time were determined to be 1800 g and 150 minutes, respectively. Chicken head soup base had less fat, free amino acids, nucleotides, and its derivatives, but had significantly more cholesterol, sodium, and iron than whole chicken soup base. In flavor compound analysis, the amount of hexanal of the chicken head soup base, which is related to fat rancidity flavor, was 11-fold higher than that of the whole chicken soup base.

The Texture and Descriptive Sensory Characteristics of a Korean Rice Cake(Karedduk) with Added Emulsifier (유화제 첨가 떡의 텍스처와 관능적 묘사 특성)

  • Kim, Sang-Sook;Chung, Hae-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.427-432
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    • 2007
  • The texture and descriptive sensory characteristics of a Korean rice cake(Karedduk) with added emulsifier were investigated after 2 and 24 hrs of storage at $5^{\circ}C$. The emulsifier, SP, was added at 0, 0.1, 0.5 and 1% levels to the dry rice flour. In the amylogram, the peak viscosity(P), hot paste viscosity(H) and cold paste viscosity(C) of the rice flour with added emulsifier were higher than those of the control. The texture property analysis by a Texture Analyzer revealed that the springiness, cohesiveness and adhesiveness of the Korean rice cake(Karedduk) with added emulsifier were similar to those of the control, while chewiness, gumminess and hardness were lower compared to the control. Also, the hardness by sensory characteristics was significantly different as compared to the control. Lastly, adding emulsifier to the Korean rice cake(Karedduk) was effective at retarding retrogradation.

Preparation of Yogurt Added with Green Tea and Mugwort Tea and Quality Characteristics (녹차와 쑥차를 첨가한 요구르트이 제조와 품질 특성)

  • 방병호;박홍현
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.854-859
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    • 2000
  • A functional yogurt was prepared from whole milk (12%) and skim milk (2%) added with green tea and mugwort tea at 3$0^{\circ}C$ for 24 hors. The yogurt product were evaluated for acid production (pH, titratable acidity), number of viable cell, viscosity, sensory property and quality-keeping property. Addition of green tea and mugwort tea remarkably accelerated acid production of yogurt. After 24 hrs incubation, titratabel acidity of green tea and mugwort tea yogurt was 1.46% and 1.62%, respectively and was higher than that (1.30%) of yogurt made with only milk. The propagation of lactic acid bacteria was not stimulated by green tea and mugwort tea and then the number of viable cell in normal (milk) yogurt green tea yogurt and mugwort tea yogurt groups, after 24 hrs incubation, was about 7.2$\times$$10^{8}$, 7.1$\times$$10^{8}$ and 7.0$\times$$10^{8}$/mL, respectively, Viscosity of green tea yogurt was slightly lower than that of milk yogurt (1,840 cps) and viscosity of mugwort tea yogurt was slightly higher than that of mild yogurt. The overall sensory score of green tea yogurt was the best of tested yogurt. When yogurt with green tea and mugwort tea was kept at 5$^{\circ}C$ for 15 days, its quality-keeping property was relatively good.

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Development of Mechanized System Model for the Production of Winter Cereal Wrap Silage in the Fallow Paddy Field(4) - Storage property and quality analysis of winter cereal wrap silage - (답리작 맥류 랩-사일리지의 기계화 시스템 모델 개발(4) - 답리작 맥류 랩-사일리지의 저장특성 및 품질평가 -)

  • 김혁주;박경규;하유신;홍동혁
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.293-300
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    • 2004
  • In order to solve the shortage of roughage supply for dairy farm in Korea, the mechanized model system for the production of winter cereal wrap silage in the fellow paddy field was developed in the previous studies. In this study, storage properties after long term storing of the winter cereal wrap silage were investigated. Also, the qualities of the wrap silage which was stored during 4 months were evaluated by sensory testings, analyzing chemical properties(moisture content, pH and organic acids) and investigating the increase of feeding value. The result of this study were summarized as follows; 1. After 300 hours storage, the acid level of the silage decreased slowly to 4.6 -4.8 pH. Also, the temperature was stabilized around 27-28$^{\circ}C$. The silage having below 5.0 pH is a desirable level for the most of good silage. 2. According to the sensory test and chemical property analyzation it was evaluated as the first class silage like a com silage. 3. Also, when the wrap silage are fed to the cattle, the cattle produced milk more 25% than that of conventional feed. 4. As an overall conclusion, winter cereal wrap silage in the fallow paddy field cm be one of the major roughage source in replacement of com and other conventional silage to dairy cattle in Korea.

Evaluation for speech signal based on human sense and signal quality

  • Mekada, Yoshito;Hasegawa, Hiroshi;Kumagai, Takeshi;Kasuga, Masao
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Broadcast Engineers Conference
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    • pp.13-18
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    • 1997
  • Each reproducing speech signal has each particular signal property, because of the processing of encoding and decoding for communications through various media. In this paper, we examine the correlation between speech signal quality and sensory pleasure for the sensory improvement of that signal. In experiments, we evaluate the quality of speech signals through various media by psychological auditory test and physical features of these signals.

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Sensory and Chemical Characteristics of Worts Fermented by Leuconostoc citreum and Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Consumer Acceptability with Added Flavorings

  • Shin, Jin-Yeong;Delgerzaya, Purev;Lim, Yong-Bin;Park, Jin-Byung;Kim, Kwang-Ok
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.1109-1117
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to examine the chemical and sensory characteristics of fermented worts and consumer acceptability according to added flavorings. The worts were fermented by yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) following fermentation by lactic acid bacteria (Leuconostoc citreum) at different aeration conditions. Chemical and sensory descriptive analyses were conducted to examine the effects of the fermentation conditions. The consumer acceptability of the worts with added flavorings was also examined. Organic acids, functional sugars, and ethanol were produced by L. citreum and S. cerevisiae, respectively. Ethanol concentrations ranged from 10 to 25 g/L depending on the fermentation conditions. The sensory characteristics of the fermented worts were clearly differentiated by the fermentation conditions. Yeast fermentation resulted in high intensities for certain sensory attributes such as 'alcohol', 'fermented barley', 'fermented white grape', and 'grassy'. Consumer acceptability changed with different levels of sugar and lemon flavoring, and the optimum levels were determined as 14.08% sugar and 0.98% lemon flavoring. Under these conditions, it was shown that a relatively acceptable fermented wort beverage containing functional materials can be produced.

Optimization of Sensory Properties in Preparation of Canned Oyster Mushroom (느타리버섯 통조림 제조에 있어서 관능적 특성의 최적화)

  • 이기동;권중호;김진구;김현구
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.443-449
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    • 1997
  • Four-dimensional response surface methodology was applied to determine the optimum preparation conditions and to monitor sensory qualities of canned oyster mushroom during preparation. The optimum preparation conditions predicted for each corresponding sensory parameter of canned oyster mushroom were 181.29 g of oyster mushroom 205.36 ml of solution and 6.49min of roasting time for color, 214.01g, 195.79ml and 5.07min for appearance, 227.71g, 224.26ml and 6.50min for flavor, 250.30g, 183.63ml and 17.32min for taste, 211.59g, 178.21ml and 17.79min for mouth-feel, 249,.02g, 188.79ml and 17.80min for overall palatability of canned oyster mushroom, respectively. The optimum conditions, which satisfied with all sensory properties of canned oyster mushroom, were 240g, 200ml and 17min for content of oyster mushroom, content of solution and roasting time, respectively. Sensory scored predicted at the optimum conditions were in good agreement with experimental ones.

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Effects of Thawing Temperature on the Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Frozen Pre-Rigor Beef Muscle

  • Lee, Eui-Soo;Jeon, Jong-Youn;Yu, Long-Hao;Choi, Ji-Hun;Han, Doo-Jeong;Choi, Yun-Sang;Kim, Cheon-Jei
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.626-631
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    • 2007
  • Pre-rigor bovine sternomandibularis muscles were frozen at 3 hr postmortem thawed at various temperatures (18, 2, and $-2^{\circ}C$), and then meat quality and sensory properties were compared with those in chilled muscle (control). The meat thawed at $18^{\circ}C$ had lower ultimate pH, water holding capacity, and sensory scores and higher muscle shortening, thaw drip loss, and shear values than those of the other samples. The samples thawed at $-2^{\circ}C$ had significantly lower muscle shortening and higher sensory scores in tenderness and juiciness than those thawed at 18 and $2^{\circ}C$. Muscle shortening, pH, WHC, shear values, and sensory properties were not significantly different between control and sample thawed at $-2^{\circ}C$. By holding at $-2^{\circ}C$, thaw shortening was prevented and tender meat comparable to the chilled meat was obtained. These results indicate that thaw shortening can be largely eliminated if the frozen pre-rigor muscle is thawed at $-2^{\circ}C$.

The Effect of the Characteristics of Fabrics and Subjective Sensory Images on the Off-line and On-line Preferences of Women's Suit Fabrics

  • Kim, Hee-Sook;Na, Mi-Hee
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.105-115
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    • 2012
  • This research investigated the influences of structural characteristics such as fabrics, mechanical properties, and subjective sensory images on the off-line and on-line preferences to women's spring/summer suits fabrics to extract the most effective factor towards preference as well as analyze the preferential off-line and on-line differences to predict the exact texture image on-line. Objective evaluations were done for the measurement of the mechanical properties of fabrics using Kawabata's Evaluation System and subjective evaluations were done with 109 female subjects who value the off-line and on-line sensory image of suit fabrics. For statistical analysis, factor analysis, cluster analysis, t-test, ANOVA, and regression were used. The results were as follows. The preference scores on-line were generally higher than those off-line. For the structural characteristics of fabrics, differences of thickness were observed according to preference clusters, and the preference increased as thickness was lowered off-line and on-line. For mechanical properties, WC influenced off-line and on-line preferences. Fabrics with low compression energy were preferred; however, the effect of SMD was observed off-line only. In subjective sensory images, the 'smoothness' image influenced off-line and on-line preferences the most. All sensory images influenced the off-line preferences; however, the effects of 'flexibility' and 'weight' were not shown on-line.