• Title, Summary, Keyword: sensory property

Search Result 415, Processing Time 0.04 seconds

Quality Characteristics of Sulgidduk with Adenophora remotiflora Powder (모시대 분말을 첨가한 설기떡의 품질 특성)

  • Jung, Jung-Suk;Shin, Seung-Mee;Kim, Ae-Jung
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.23 no.2
    • /
    • pp.147-153
    • /
    • 2010
  • Sulgidduk samples containing 1, 2, and 4% Adenophora remotiflora powder and a control were examined for moisture content, gelatinization property, color, textural characteristics, and sensory qualities to determine the optimal ratio of Adenophora remotiflora powder in the formulation. The highest viscosity, lowest viscosity, final viscosity, setback and breakdown decreased as the contents of Adenophora remotiflora powder increased in the gelatinization property of flour blends of rice cake made with Adenophora remotiflora powder. The water content of rice cake with Adenophora remotiflora powder was 40.54~41.30% and there was no significant difference between samples with Adenophora remotiflora powder. L values indicating brightness were highest in the control group and all of the a values displayed green color indicating that they were negative. The b values were lowest in the control group and the values increased as the level of Adenophora remotiflora powder increased. Evaluation of the mechanical characteristics of rice cake with Adenophora remotiflora powder, hardness, cohesion, adhesion and chewiness were all higher in the control group and as its contents were rich, such properties were reduced. In addition, there was no significant difference between adhesion and chewiness. Adhesion and elasticity were low in the control group and as its contents were rich, such properties increased. The results of the sensory test revealed that the, control group containing 1% Adenophora remotiflora powder had the highest color, flavor, taste and overall preference.

Effect of the Addition of Schisandra chinensis Powder on the Physico-chemical Characteristics of Sausage

  • Jin, S.K.;Park, J.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.26 no.12
    • /
    • pp.1753-1761
    • /
    • 2013
  • The individual and interactive effects of Schisandra chinensis powder (SCP) and sodium nitrite additions on color, pH, water holding capacity, residual nitrite, 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), volatile basic nitrogen, texture properties, fatty acids, amino acids and sensory evaluation of cooked pork sausages were investigated after 20 d of storage at $4^{\circ}C$. The powders (0, 0.5 and 1.0%) were added to sausages either alone or in combination with nitrite (0 and 100 ppm). SCP added-sausages showed lower $L^*$ (lightness) and W (whiteness) values, and higher $b^*$ (yellowness) values than sausage containing no nitrite, and exhibited the highest $a^*$ values at a 0.5% addition (p<0.05). Residual nitrite and TBARS values were found to be significantly reduced as the addition levels of SCP increased (p<0.05). As the addition of SCP increased, the sausage showed gradually decreased brittleness, cohesiveness, springiness, gumminess and chewiness, while adhesiveness increased. Polyunsaturated fatty acid, n-6 and n-6/n-3 fatty acid ratio concentrations were significantly higher in sausages containing SCP (p<0.05). The addition of SCP to sausage significantly (p<0.05) increased the ammonia content (by 0.5% SCP) and aromatic amino acid concentrations (by 1.0% SCP) (p<0.05). Inclusion of SCP in sausage meat resulted in a significant deterioration in quality characteristics of flavor, springiness, juiciness and overall acceptability (p<0.05). As expected, the observed changes in $a^*$, W, pH, shear force, texture property, TBARS, fatty acid, amino acid and sensory score of sausages, depended on the rate of addition of nitrite (p<0.05). These results suggest that SCP addition is not an effective way of improving the sensory evaluation of sausages, but may beneficially affect TBARS, nitrite scavenging activity, fatty acid and amino acid content in pork sausages.

Effects of Sex and Breed on Meat Quality and Sensory Properties in Three-way Crossbred Pigs Sired by Duroc or by a Synthetic Breed Based on a Korean Native Breed

  • Kim, Yong Min;Choi, Tae Jeong;Cho, Kyu Ho;Cho, Eun Seok;Lee, Jung Jae;Chung, Hak Jae;Baek, Sun Young;Jeong, Yong Dae
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.38 no.3
    • /
    • pp.544-553
    • /
    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to determine the effects of breed and sex on meat quality and sensory properties of the loin in three-way crossbred pigs: $Landrace{\times}Yorkshire{\times}Duroc$ (LYD) and $Landrace{\times}Yorkshire{\times}Woori$ (LYW) black pig synthesized by Korean native breed. Carcass traits did not differ by breed. Carcass weight and backfat thickness were higher in castrates than in gilts (p<0.01). LYW showed significant high values in fat content, cooking loss, and water-holding capacity (WHC) than LYD (p<0.05). Redness and yellowness of the meat were higher in LYW than in LYD (p<0.01). Further, LYW had lower pH and shear force than LYD (p<0.001). Significant high scores in color and flavor were obtained in LYW or gilts compared to LYD or castrates by sensory panel, respectively (p<0.05). However, other sensory traits did not differ by breed or sex. Capric acid (C10:0) was higher in LYD than LYW (p<0.001). However, stearic acid (C18:0) and saturated fatty acid (SFA) contents were higher in LYW than LYD (p<0.05). Eicosenoic acid (C20:2) and the n6/n3 ratio were higher in gilts than in castrates, whereas SFA content was higher in castrates than in gilts. These results suggest that certain physicochemical qualities of meat and sensory properties are improved in LYW compared to LYD. This study could provide basic data on meat quality of crossbred pigs with Woori black pig as a terminal sire.

Physicochemical Properties and Sensory Evaluation for Grading of Satsuma Mandarin Produced in Cheju (품질규격화를 위한 온주밀감의 물리화학적 및 관능적 특성평가)

  • 고정삼;고경수;임자훈
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.7 no.1
    • /
    • pp.44-50
    • /
    • 2000
  • Physicochemical properties and sensory evaluation of Satsuma mandarin produced in Cheju were investigated . Fruit index(width/Length), soluble solids and acid content of Citrus unshiu marc. var. miyagawa(miyagawa) and C. unshiu marc. var.(okitsu) harvested at 1st December were 1.16 and 1.23, 12.12 and 12.01, 0.97 and 1.09, respectively. and the fruit of miyagawa was showed somewhat round in shape, compared to ikitsu. the taste of miyagawa seemed to be better than okitsu. However, compared to miyagawa, peel thickness was thinner, flesh ratio was higher, and firmness was higher as 0.502kg-force in kitsu. Nevertheless there were some differences among panelist groups in sensory evaluation , middle size of citrus fruits were favorable to most panelists, but except very small or very large size of fruits, there were not so much differences in okitsu. The panelists referred to somewhat flat-shaped fruits from that sensory evaluation score was increased to 1.3 in fruit index. nevertheless there were not so much differences in full-colored fruits, the citrus peel color of reddish yellow was more favorable than greenish or pale yellow color. the score was increased more linearly according to citrusfruit produced in optimum ciltivation area, and was prefered to thinner in peel thickness , Correlation between soluble solids, acid content , Brix/acid ratio and flesh ratio with sensory evaluation score were not showed significantly, it was different to with citrus juice. This data obtained in this experiments are supposed to be applied to the quality evaluation of Satsuma mandarin produced in Cheju .

  • PDF

Preparation of Yogurt Added with Aloe vera and Its Quality Characteristics (Aloe vera가 첨가된 요구르트의 제조와 그 품질 특성)

  • 신용서;이갑상;이정성;이철호
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.254-260
    • /
    • 1995
  • Yogurt base were prepared from milk added with skim milk powder or Aloe vera powder and femented with lactic acid bacteria(the single or mixed strain of Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus). The yogurt product were evaluated for acid production(pH, titratable acidity), number of viable cell, viscosity, sensory property and quality-keeping property. The composition of organic acid were also analyzed by HPLC. Addition of Aloe vera remarkably accelerated acid production, and titratable acidity of Aloe vera yogurts(1.293∼1.407%) after 24 hours incubation was higher than that of yogurts added with only skim milk powder(9.98∼1.110%). Yogurt fermented with the mixed strain of L. bulgaricus and Sc. thermophilus was more acidic than that of single strains. The propagation of lactic acid bacteria was stimulated by Aloe vera and the number of viable cell after 24 hours incubation were above 9.87log CFU/ml. Viscosity of Aloe vera yogurt(3,860∼4,300CPS) was higher than that of yogurt with only skim milk powder(2,402∼2,604CPS). The overall sensory score of Aloe vera yogurt femented by mixed strain was the best of tested yogurt. When yogurt with Aloe vera was kept at 5℃ for 15 day, it's quality-keeping property was relatively good. The major organic acid of Aloe vera yogurt was lactic acid and lactic acid content of yogurt increased by addition of Aloe vera powder. The citric acid content decreased wtih fermentation and malonic acid, pyroglutaric acid and α-ketoglutaric acid were analyzed out a little.

  • PDF

Effects of Freeze Drying Protectant on Quality of Lactic Acid Bacteria Fermented Food Prepared from Milk or Egg White Powder (냉동건조보호제가 우유 또는 난백분말로 만든 젖산균발효식품의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Ko, Young-Tae;Kang, Jung-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.32 no.4
    • /
    • pp.881-888
    • /
    • 2000
  • Lactic acid bacteria(LAB) fermented food was prepared with milk or egg white powder(EWP) and added with freeze drying protectant(FDP). 0.2% of Tween 80 or 1% of ascorbate was added to milk sample and 3% of raffinose or 1% of ascorbate was added to EWP sample. Effects of FDP on sensory property, volatile aroma compounds and physical property of LAB fermented food were investigated. In case of non-freeze dried samples, sensory properties of milk sample with ascorbate were slightly better than those of reference sample(milk), while sensory properties of EWP sample or EWP sample with FDP were slightly inferior to reference sample. Sensory properties of all of the freeze dried/reconstituted samples were not different. Sensory properties of milk sample with ascorbate were reduced by freeze drying/reconstitution, while those of sample with ascorbate were not changed. Although all of the volatile aroma compounds were reduced by freeze drying, the residual ratio was slightly different between milk samples and EWP samples. Difference in volatile aroma compounds between milk samples and EWP samples before freeze drying was relatively large, while difference between two sample groups after freeze drying/reconstitution was relatively small. Rheological properties of milk samples were markedly changed by freeze drying/reconstitution, while those of EWP samples were changed slightly.

  • PDF

Study on Rheological and Sensory Properties of Cooked Rices -I. Changes in Flavor and Appearance of Cooked Rices during Storge- (쌀 품종에 따른 쌀밥의 물리적 및 관능적 특성 연구 -I. 저장중 쌀밥의 풍미 및 겉모양의 변화-)

  • Kim, Chong-Kun;Hwang, Jeen-Sun;Kim, Woo-Jung
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.30 no.2
    • /
    • pp.109-117
    • /
    • 1987
  • Three rice varieties of Akibare (japonica), Milyang 30 (indica) and Taebaeg (indica) were investiated for sensory and physical qualities of cooked rices during storage at the temperature range of $4^{\circ}C$ and $70^{\circ}C$ for 25 hours. The qualities studied were sensory attributes of odor, taste and appearance which were evaluated by multiple comparison method. The other properties were size of rice granule and separation Property of individual cooked rices in water. The sensory results showed that all of the descriptions except moldy odor and oily taste were scored higher values for cooked rices of Akibare than those values of Milyang 30 and Taebaeg. It was found that storage of cooked rices at various temperatures resulted a significant decrease in most of sensory qualities except moldy odor and oily taste which were rather increased. The quality change was more affected at storage at low temperature, particularly at $4^{\circ}C$, than at higher temperatures. The property of individual separation of cooked rices in water for freshly cooked rices showed that Akibare was separated 44.4% after 1 minute shaking while Milyang 30 and Taebaeg had the higher separation value of 53.1%, and 51.0%, respectively. This characteristic was noticeably reduced after 3 hours storage and then steady increased during further storage. It was also found that the separation percent was generality increased as the storage temperature increased from $4^{\circ}$ to $70^{\circ}C$.

  • PDF

Effect of Dietary Conjugated Linoleic Acid on Texture and Sensory Characteristics of Pork (Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) 급여가 돈육의 조직적.관능적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • 이정일;최진성;박준철;문홍길;김영화;박종대;주선태;박구부
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.21 no.4
    • /
    • pp.349-357
    • /
    • 2001
  • The effects of dietary conjugated linoleic aicd on pork quality was investigated using sixty four pigs. CLA was synthesized by alkaline isomerization method with corn oil. Pigs were devided into 4 treatment groups(16 pigs/group) arid subjected to one of four treatment diets(0, 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3% CLA diets) for 2 weeks before slaughter. Pork loin and belly were collected from the animals(105∼110kg body weight) slaughtering at the commercial slaughter house. Pork loin and belly meat were aerobic packaged and then stored during 2. 5. 8. 11 and 13 days at 4$\^{C}$ refrigerator. Samples were analysed for meat color, texture and sensory characteristics. There were no diference in meat color(L*, a*, b*), texture and sensory property among control and CLA treatment (s), and no changes as the storage period passed. This results mean that feeding CLA to pork doesn't change the meat color and texture of the pork what consumers consider when they buy some meat. Especially, feeding CLA to pork didn't transform sensory property of the pork. We considered these result as no problem in the pig fed with CLA.

  • PDF

Consumer's Sensory Evaluation and Needs of Interior Fabrics for Seat Cover (시트커버용 인테리어 직물의 감성평가와 소비자 요구도)

  • Kim, Jeong-Hwa;Lee, Sun-Young;Lee, Jung-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.749-756
    • /
    • 2009
  • Keeping abreast with the latest consumer's trends, industries are focusing on sensibility aspects of products to meet consumer's needs. The car(?) seat cover fabrics are more closely related to human senses than anything else. This study attempted to investigate which seat cover fabric can give good feeling to consumers and to analyze their characteristics. Twelve kinds of jacquard fabric used for seat cover were selected. The Kawabata Evaluation System was used to measure the mechanical properties of 12 jacquard fabrics, and tactile sensibility(TS), and preference(P) determined by subjective evaluation of 160 participants were also utilized. The stepwise regression analysis was made to select the most significant mechanical properties, and some models for predicting tactile sensibility and preference was developed. The results are briefly summarized as follows: the most important parameter to choose seat cover fabric is a "hygienic property" and the other parameters are 'materials with color fastness', 'compressive property', 'color', 'antibacterial property', 'easy-care property'. The LogSMD, LogB, LC, EM were selected as significant mechanical properties affecting tactile sensibility. Also, the LC, LogB, LogSMD, LogWC, LogMMD were selected as significant mechanical properties affecting preference.

Effects of Added Corn Starches on Sensory Characteristics of Acorn Mooks(Starch Gels) (옥수수 전분을 혼합한 도토리묵의 관능적 특성)

  • Park, Sang-Ok;Kim, Kwang-Ok
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.20 no.4
    • /
    • pp.613-617
    • /
    • 1988
  • This study was undertaken to observe the effects of partial replacement of acorn starch with dent, cross-linked, or acid modified corn starches, and of refrigeration on sensory characteristics of acorn mooks(starch gels). Triangle test was used to determine if there were noticeable differences among the monks. In order to find the source of differences, various sensory properties of the monks were evaluated with quantitative descriptive analysis on unstructured scale. The results indicated that added corn starches affected significantly most of the sensory characteristics evaluated. Control acorn monks had greater intensities in color, clarity, bend property, firmness and cohesiveness. Monks containing cross-liked corn starch were more similar to control than the other mixed starch monks, fresh or refrigerated.

  • PDF