• 제목/요약/키워드: sequestration

검색결과 485건 처리시간 0.32초

폐분획없는 폐동맥의 하행대동맥 기시이상 1례 보고 (Anomalous Systemic Arterial Supply to the Lung without Sequestration A Cases Report)

  • 김요한
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • 제18권1호
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    • pp.104-110
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    • 1985
  • The anomalous systemic arterial supply to the lung without sequestration is an uncommon congenital anomaly characterized by the presence of a part of lung tissue which supplied by an aberrant artery from the aorta or its branch and normal communication with the normal bronchial tree, and it was reported by Huber in 1777 first. It differs from bronchopulmonary sequestration in having normal bronchial communication from the remainder lung and normal lung histology. We experienced a case of anomalous systemic arterial supply to the lung without sequestration, which was confirmed preoperatively. The patient was 16 year old male and came to us with complaints of mild fever and profuse sputum with coughing. Chest film showed a ring-like soft tissue shadow in Rt. middle lung field. Aortogram revealed an aberrant artery originated from abdominal aorta at 12th thoracic vertebral level and supplying a part of Rt. lower lobe of lung. At. the time of operation, an aberrant systemic artery which originated from the abdominal aorta supplying the Rt. lower lobe was noted, and the bronchial communications were normal. After division and ligation of the aberrant artery, Rt. lower lobectomy was performed The postoperative courses were uneventful and the patient was discharged with good condition.

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선천성 낭성 폐질환의 수술적 치료 (Surgical Treatment of Congenital Cystic Lung Disease)

  • 이상권
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • 제27권11호
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    • pp.930-937
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    • 1994
  • Pulmonary sequestration, congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation[CCAM], infantile lobar emphysema[ILE], and bronchogenic cysts are four congenital lesions that show abnormal cystic areas within the lung field in early life. They share similar embryologic and clinical characteristics, Therefore they are sometimes difficult to make differential diagnosis each other, and all require surgical treatment. From 1984 to 1993, 20 patients underwent surgical corrections under these diagnostic categories[10 bronchogenic cyst, 4 pulmonary sequestration, 4 CCAM, and 2 ILE] in the department of thoracic & cardiovascular surgery, Inje University, Pusan Paik Hospital. There were 9 females and 11 males, Ages ranged from 26 days after birth to 69 years. Among them 5 cases of bronchogenic cyst were found out incidentally, but remained all 15 cases were noted as symptomatic cases. Recurrent pulmonary infections, respiratory distress and cough with cystic lesions in chest film were the main characteristics of them. Computed tomography and aortography were available for diagnostic conformation. For all the cases surgical resection were performed: 1 pneumonectomy, 2 bilobectomy, 9 lobectomy, 7 cyst resection and 1 mass[extralobar pulmonary sequestration] resection. All surgical treatments were well tolerated with no physical limitation. There was no operative mortality, and only one postoperative complication[empyema thoracis]. All patients were followed up ranging from 4 months to 9 years. A clinical awareness of these related lesions is important for prompt diagnosis and effective surgical treatment.

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공유결합으로 다공성 막에 고정화된 효소에 의한 이산화탄소 포집 (Carbon Dioxide Sequestration of Enzyme Covalently Immobilized on Porous Membrane)

  • 박진원
    • KSBB Journal
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    • 제28권4호
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    • pp.225-229
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    • 2013
  • Bovine Carbonic anhydrase (BCA) was immobilized on a submicro-porous membrane through covalent immobilization. The immobilization was conducted on the porous membrane surface with the treatment of polyethyleneimine, glutaraldehyde, and the anhydrase, in sequence. The immobilization was confirmed using X-ray photon spectrometer. The pH values of carbon-dioxide saturated solution with buffer were monitored with respect to time to calculate the catalytic activities of hydration of carbon-dioxide for free and immobilized CA. The catalytic rate constant values for free CA, immobilized CA on polystyrene nanoparticles, and immobilized CA on a porous cellulose acetate membrane were 0.79, 0.67, and 0.56 $s^{-1}$, respectively. Reusability was studied up to 10 cycles of $CO_2$ sequestration. The activity for the CA immobilized on the membrane was kept to 95% after 10 cycles, and comparable to the CA on the nanoparticles. The stabilities for heat and storage were also investigated for the three cases. The results suggested that the CA immobilized the membrane had the least loss rate of the activity compared to the others. From this study, the porous membrane was feasible as a carrier for the CA immobilization in hydration and sequestration of carbon-dioxide.

선천성 심장질환을 가진 영아에서 발견된 폐 격리증을 동반하지 않은 폐의 이상 체 동맥 기시 1례 (Anomalous systemic arterial supply to lung without sequestration in an infant who has congenital heart disease : a case report)

  • 장연우;최덕영
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • 제49권8호
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    • pp.895-897
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    • 2006
  • 폐 격리증이 없는 정상적인 폐에 체 혈관이 이상 기시하는 것은 매우 드문 질환이다. 저자들은 반복적인 하기도 감염을 보이는 영아에서 선천성 심장질환의 상태가 본 하기도 감염을 나타낼 정도로 심하지 않음을 이상히 여겨 컴퓨터 단층 촬영을 시행하였다. 그 결과 폐 격리증이 없는 폐의 이상 체 동맥 기시가 우측 폐하 엽에 존재함과 동시에 우측 하엽 폐동맥이 없는 사실을 확인하게 되었다. 어린 나이에 이 같은 선천성 질환의 조합은 이전에 보고 된 바가 없는 매우 드문 질환으로 생각된다.

이산화탄소 해양격리 심해주입시스템의 초기설계 (Preliminary Design of a Deep-sea Injection System for Carbon Dioxide Ocean Sequestration)

  • 최종수;홍섭;김형우;여태경
    • 한국해양공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국해양공학회 2006년 창립20주년기념 정기학술대회 및 국제워크샵
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    • pp.265-268
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    • 2006
  • The preliminary design of a deep-sea injection system for carbon dioxide ocean sequestration is performed. Common functional requirements for a deep-sea injection system of mid-depth type and lake type are determined, Liquid transport system, liquid storage system and liquid injection system are conceptually determined for the functional requirements. For liquid injection system, the control of flow rate and temperature of liquid $CO_2$ in the injection pipe is needed in the view of internal flow. The function of depressing VIV(Vortex Induced Vibration) is also required in the view of dynamic stability of the injection pipe. A case study is performed for $CO_2$ sequestration capacity of 10 million tons per year. In this study, the total number of injection ships, the flow rate of liquid $CO_2$ and the configuration of a injection pipe are designed. The static structural analysis of the injection pipe is also performed. Finally the preliminary design of a deep-sea injection system is proposed.

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토양탄소격리를 위한 바이오차 (Biochar for soil carbon sequestration)

  • 우승한
    • 청정기술
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    • 제19권3호
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    • pp.201-211
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    • 2013
  • 바이오차는 바이오매스를 이용하여 산소가 없는 환경에서 열분해할 때 만들어지는 탄소함량이 높은 고체 물질이다. 바이오차의 탄소격리, 재생 에너지, 폐기물 관리, 농업 생산성 개선, 환경복원 관점에서의 중요한 기능으로 인해 최근에 크게 주목을 받고 있다. 바이오차는 토양에서 수천 년간 안정적으로 보존될 수 있기 때문에, 결국에는 분해될 수 밖에 없어 탄소중립이라 불리는 바이오매스 에너지와는 달리 탄소 네가티브의 특징을 가지고 있다. 게다가 바이오차를 토양에 적용하면 바이오차의 높은 pH와 물 및 영양분의 우수한 보유능으로 인해 농업 생산성이 크게 개선될 수 있다. 본 논문은 바이오차의 탄소격리 원리와 물리화학적 특징, 농업 및 환경에의 적용과 관련된 최근의 연구 동향을 총설하여 기술하고자 한다.

CCS (Carbon Capture & Sequestration) 기술·경제성 평가 분석 (Development of Techno-Economic Evaluation Model for CCS (Carbon Capture & Sequestration))

  • 이지현;곽노상;이동욱;심재구;이정현
    • 한국기후변화학회지
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    • 제7권2호
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    • pp.111-120
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    • 2016
  • In this study, Techno-economic evaluation model for carbon capture & sequestration (CCS) technologies are reviewed. Based on a key parameters of Korea's electricity market, performance data of 10 MW-scale post-combustion $CO_2$ capture pilot plant in Boryong station, the cost of $CO_2$ avoided was evaluated followed by international guideline suggested by IEA CCS costing methods task force. The result showed that Korea's Electricity cost including CAPEX & OPEX of reference power plant is relatively low compared to OECD nations which lead to a lower CCS cost ($33USD\;t/CO_2$). And future work using newly evaluated CAPEX & OPEX data of power plant with/without CCS is recommended.

논토양에서 퇴비시용 및 경운이 토양탄소 축적과 안정화에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Compost and Tillage on Soil Carbon Sequestration and Stability in Paddy Soil)

  • 홍창오;강점순;신현무;조재환;서정민
    • 한국환경과학회지
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    • 제22권11호
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    • pp.1509-1517
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    • 2013
  • So far, most studies associated with soil carbon sequestration have been focused on long term aspect. However, information regarding soil carbon sequestration in short term aspect is limited. This study was conducted to determine changes of soil organic carbon content and stability of carbon in response to compost application rate and tillage management during rice growing season(150 days) in short term aspect. Under pot experiment condition, compost was mixed with an arable soil at rates corresponding to 0, 6, 12, and 24 Mg/ha. To determine effect of tillage on soil carbon sequestration, till and no-till treatments were set up in soils amended with application rate of 12 Mg/ha. Compost application and tillage management did not significantly affect soil organic carbon(SOC) content in soil at harvest time. Bulk density of soil was not changed significantly with compost application and tillage management. These might result from short duration of experiment. While hot water extractable organic carbon(HWEOC) content decreased with compost application, humic substances(HS) increased. Below ground biomass of rice increased with application of compost and till operation. From the above results, continuos application of compost and reduce tillage might improve increase in soil organic carbon content and stability of carbon in long term aspect.

Changing C-N Interactions in the Forest Floor under Chronic N Deposition: Implications for Forest C Sequestration

  • Park, Ji-Hyung
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • 제31권3호
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    • pp.167-176
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    • 2008
  • Atmospheric N deposition has far-reaching impacts on forest ecosystems, including on-site impacts such as soil acidification, fertilization, and nutrient imbalances, and off-site environmental impacts such as nitrate leaching and nitrous oxide emission. Although chronic N deposition has been believed to lead to forest N saturation, recent evidence suggests that N retention capacity, particularly in the forest floor, can be surprisingly high even under high N deposition. This review aims to provide an overview of N retention processes in the forest floor and the implications of changing C-N interactions for C sequestration. The fate of available N in forest soils has been explained by the competitive balance between tree roots, soil heterotrophs, and nitrifiers. However, high rates of N retention have been observed in numerous N addition experiments without noticeable increases in tree growth and soil respiration. Alternative hypotheses have been proposed to explain the gap between the input and loss of N in N-enriched, C-limited systems, including abiotic immobilization and mycorrhizal assimilation, both of which do not require additional C sources to incorporate N in soil N pools. Different fates of N in the forest floor have different implications for C sequestration. N-induced tree growth can enhance C accumulation in tree biomass as observed across temperate regions. C loss from forests can amount to or outweigh C gain in N-saturated, declining forests, while another type of 'C-N decoupling' can have positive or neutral effects on soil C sequestration through hampered organic matter decomposition or abiotic N immobilization, respectively.

마제상폐를 보이는 양측성 엽내형 폐격리증의 외과적 치료 -폐격리증치료에 대한 새로운 제안- (Bilateral Intralobar Pulmonary Sequestration with Horseshoe Lung A near suggestion about the treatment of pulmonary sequestration)

  • 박종빈;김용희
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • 제30권2호
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    • pp.226-230
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    • 1997
  • 본 증례는 잦은 상기도 감염을 보였던 마제상폐를 동반한 양측성 엽내형 폐격리증의 성공적 치료에 대한 보고이다. 단순 흉부X-선상 양측 폐하엽 에 폐렴정 경화와 침윤을 보였으며 흉부전산화단층촬영상 폐격리증에 합당한 다발성 낭성병변을 보였다. 대동맥조영술에서 횡격막 상부에서 시작되어 양측 격리 폐로 유입되는 2개의 기 형체동맥을 관찰할 수 있었다. 좌측 개흉술을 통하여 좌측과 우측의 격리폐로 유입되는 체동맥을 결찰후 분리하고 좌하엽의 폐엽절제술을 시행한 다음 마제상폐의 협소부를 분리절 제후 우측 격리폐는 남겨두었다. 환자는 수술후 10일째 퇴원하였으며 잔류 우측 곁리폐의 합병증이나 증상없이 추적관찰중이다. 수술후 5개월깨 시행한 흉부전산화단층촬영상 남겨두었던 잔류 우측 격 리폐 는 자연 소실되었음을 관찰할수 있었다 본 증례로 보아 합병증이 없는 엽내형 격리폐에서 폐엽절제술 을 시행하지 않고 기형체동맥을 결찰분리만하는 새로운 치료방법을 제안해 보는 바이다.

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