• Title, Summary, Keyword: serology

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Comparison of Histopathology, Serology and PCR for the Diagnosis of Malignant Catarrhal Fever (Malignant Catarrhal Fever의 병리조직학적 진단과 혈청학적 진단 및 PCR 진단법의 비교)

  • Kim, Ok-jin;Crawford, Timothy B.
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.471-476
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    • 2003
  • Malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) is a systemic disease of ruminants caused by ovine herpesvirus 2 (OvHV-2). OvHV-2 is a gamma herpesvirus, which induces frequent latent infection and often difficult to detect its antigens and even specific nucleic acids because of its low viral copies in the infected tissues. Histopathology, serology and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were compared for the diagnosis of MCF using 10 bison infected with OvHV-2. Histopathological diagnosis was performed using the criteria which was based upon the pathognomic lesions. Serological diagnosis was conducted using its serum with competitive ELISA for the detection of antibodies of OvHV-2. Also, the nest PCR was performed with peripheral blood leukocytes for the detection of OvHV-2-specific DNAs. Primers 556 and 775 were used for the primary amplification, and primers 556 and 555 were used for the secondary amplification. As the results, positive cases were 6 by histopahology, 9 by serology and 10 by PCR. As comparing with other diagnostic methods, PCR was found to be more sensitive than histopathology and serology. The recent development of molecular diagnostic assays has provided powerful tools for investigating how viruses survive in nature. Development of PCR specific for viruses has dramatically improved the accuracy of diagnosis of viruses in clinically infected animals. Furthermore, amplification of viral genomic material by nest PCR represents the most sensitive method for the detection of viruses and might be detected successfully even though very low viral DNA copies. So, it could be used as the first choice for the detection of viral DNAs with low copies such as the status of latent infection. However, it has also some limitation of application like as false negative results by PCR inhibitors and false positive results by contamination. The results of this study suggest that the use of molecular biological methods like PCR may increase the accuracy for the diagnosis of infectious diseases. However, in diagnostic laboratory, it is recommended that PCR assay must be conducted with other diagnostic methods for more reliable diagnosis.

Studies on the Blood Protein Polymorphisms of Deer: Cervus nippon, Cervus unicolor (녹(鹿)의 혈청단백(血淸蛋白)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Lim, Young-jae;Song, Yung-yi;Suzuki, Shozo;Thanaka, Kazue;Amano, Takashi;Kurosawa, Yaetsu;Katsumata, Makoto
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 1985
  • 한국(韓國), 대만(臺灣), 일본(日本)에서 사육(飼育)하고 있는 꽃사슴(Cervus nippon) 129두(頭)와 물사슴(Cervus unicolor) 7두(頭)에서 hemoglobin, transferrin, albumin carbonic anhydrase, slow-${\alpha}_2$ 및 amylase형(型)을 전기영동(電氣泳動)에 의(依)하여 분석(分析)한 결과(結果) 다음과 같은 결론(結論)을 얻었다. 1. cellulose acetate에 의(依)한 전기영동(電氣泳動)이 starch gel에 의(依)한 전기영동(電氣泳動)보다 hemoglobin형(型) 분리(分離)에 있어서 더 간편하며 시간이 적게 걸리고, 선명(鮮明)할 뿐만 아니라 영구보존(永久保存)이 가능(可能)하다. 2. 꽃사슴의 hemoglobin형(型)은 $Hb^F$, $Hb^{FS}$, $Hb^S$형(型)으로 분리(分離)되었으나 물사슴에 있어서는 전부(全部) $Hb^F$형(型)으로 나타났다. 3. hemoglobin ${\beta}$ chain은 4가지형(型) 즉 ${\beta}$-1, ${\beta}$-2, ${\beta}$-3 및 ${\beta}$-4로 분리(分離)되었다. 4. hemoglobin ${\alpha}$ chain은 ${\alpha}_1$${\alpha}_1{\alpha}_2$형(型)으로 분리(分離)되었다. 5. slow-${\alpha}_2$형(型)은 A형(型)과 AB형(型)으로 분리(分離)되었으며, 꽃사슴에 있어서는 AB형(型)이 12% 출현(出現)하였으나 물사슴에서는 전부(全部) A형(型)으로 AB형(型)은 없었다. 6. albumin형(型)에서는 F형(型)과 S형(型)으로 분리(分離)되었으며 꽃사슴은 전부(全部) F형(型)이였고, 물사슴은 전부(全部) S형(型)이였다. 7. transferrin형(型), carbonic anhydrase형(型) 및 amylase형(型)은 전부(全部) 각각(各各) 1종류(種類)의 형(型)이였다.

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Molecular Analysis of HLA-C Using Polymerase Chain Reaction-Sequence Specific Primers

  • Lee, Kyung-Ok;Hong, Sung-Hoi;Kim, Min-Jung;Park, Taek-Kyu;Kim, Yoon-Jung;Lee, Kyu-Pum
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.26-32
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    • 1997
  • Of all HLA class I molecules, HLA-C gene products are most poorly understood because they express at a low level on the cell surface compared to HLA-A and -B. In order to identify serologically detectable and undetectable HLA-C antigens, we have established a DNA-based tissue typing method for the HLA-C locus by PCR-SSP (polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primers). Genomic DNA prepared from Iymphoblastoid 21 B-cell lines and 120 Korean individuals by proteinase K digestion and pheno/chloroform extractions have been typed by PCR-SSP (23 primer mixes were used). The PCR-SSP results of control cell lines were discrepant from serology in 1 case among 21 cases: Cw6 which was negative by serology but positive by PCR-SSP (cell line: MANIKA). Twenty four HLA-Cw "blank" antigens among fifty Korean individuals were completely determined by PCR-SSP DNA typing. HLA-Cw*0101 (15.3%), Cw*1401 (12.3%) and Cw*0701 (11.7%) alleles were frequently found in 120 Korean individual samples. In conclusion. the high level of discrimination for HLA-C alleles may prove useful and informative in the study of transplant survival, and identify the importance of allelic differences, not readily detectable by serology, on host and donor compatibility.

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SEROLOGY

  • Lee, Seung-U
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.9 no.9
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    • pp.527-529
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    • 1971
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An Alternative Method for a Rapid Urease Test Using Back-table Gastric Mucosal Biopsies from Gastrectomy Specimen for Making the Diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori Infection in Patients with Gastric Cancer (위암 환자의 헬리코박터 파이로리 감염 진단에 있어서 위절제술 직후 생검된 위점막 조직을 이용한 신속 요소 분해 효소 검사법 도입의 의의)

  • Kim, Sin-Ill;Jin, Sung-Ho;Lee, Jae-Hwan;Min, Jae-Seok;Bang, Ho-Yoon;Lee, Jong-Inn
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.172-176
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The rapid urease test is a rapid and reliable method for diagnosing Helicobacter pylori infection. However it requires gastric mucosal biopsies during endoscopy, and the test is not covered by national health insurance for patients with gastric cancer. So, we introduced an alternative method for a rapid urease test using back-table gastric mucosal biopsies from gastrectomy specimen. Materials and Methods: Ninety gastric cancer patients underwent an anti H. pylori IgG ELISA test and gastrectomy. Just after gastrectomy, two gastric mucosal biopsies from the prepyloric antrum and lower body of the gastrectomy specimen were taken from the back table in the operative room, and these were fixed immediately with the rapid urease test kit, and the color change was monitored for up to 24 hours. In this study, H. pylori infection was defined as positive when the serology or rapid urease test showed positive results. Results: The positive rate of the rapid urease test and serology was 91.1% and 77.8%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of the rapid urease test and serology were 94.3 and 80.5%, 100 and 100%, 100 and 100%, and 37.5 and 15%, respectively. The accuracy of the rapid urease test was higher than that of serology (94.4 vs. 81.1%, respectively). The rapid urease test showed a higher rate of detecting H. pylori infection than that of serology (McNemar's test, P=0.019). Conclusion: The result of the rapid urease test using back-table gastric mucosal biopsies from a gastrectomy specimen is comparable to the reference data of the conventional rapid urease test using gastric mucosal endoscopic biopsies. Therefore, it can be an alternative diagnostic method for H. pylori infection.

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Helicobader pylori Infection: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Therapy

  • Crespo, Antonio;Suh, Byungse
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.485-498
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    • 2001
  • Helicobacter pylori is one of the most commonly encountered human pathogens. It has been shown to be closely associated with peptic ulcer disease (PUD), gastric adenocarcinoma, and the gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) that may lead to gastric lymphoma. The current diagnostic methods include histology, microbiological culture, classic serology unease activity detection, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and stool antigen detection. Its treatment modality options are multiple; however, a triple regimen consisting of a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), and two antibiotics for 10 to 14 days is preferred. Drug resistance is a growing problem in this organism and new therapeutic options are currently limited .

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A Case of Spondylodiscitis with Spinal Epidural Abscess Due to Brucella

  • Kim, Dae-Hyun;Cho, Young-Dae
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.37-40
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    • 2008
  • Brucellosis, a zoonosis with worldwide distribution, is a systemic infection caused by facultative intracellular bacteria of the genus Brucella, which can involve multiple organs and tissues. We report an uncommon case of spondylodiscitis with epidural abscess due to Brucella in a male stockbreeder. Diagnosis was based on clinical history, and supported by Brucella serology and magnetic resonance imaging. Clinical and radiological improvement were observed with a combined antimicrobial therapy of doxycycline, rifampicin, and gentamycin.

Comparison of diagnostic methods for detection of Brucella species in dog blood samples (개 혈액 재료에서의 Brucella 검출을 위한 진단방법의 비교)

  • Kwon, Soon-Oh;Lam, Truong Quang;Her, Moon;Ahn, Dong-Chun;Park, Sang-Hee;Park, Mi-Yeoun;Lee, Young-Ju;Hahn, Tae-Wook
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.335-341
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    • 2009
  • Canine brucellosis produce abortions and infertility in dogs and is currently diagnosed by serological methods such as rapid slide agglutination test with 2-mercaptoethanol (2-ME RSAT) and immunochromatographic assay (ICA). Bacterial isolation is considered gold standard for Brucella diagnosis and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is an alternative method to bacterial isolation. A total of 36 whole blood samples were collected from dogs reared in area of Chuncheon and were subjected to serology (2-ME RSAT and ICA for B. canis, Rose Bengal test and C-ELISA for B. abortus), blood culture and 3 types of PCRs (BSCP31, 16s rRNA, and OMP-2). All blood samples were negative by serology and blood cultures. The BCSP31 and the OMP-2 PCR detected 5 samples were positive whereas the 16S rRNA PCR detected all samples were negative as serological methods and blood culture did. From the results observed in the present study, we conclude that 16S rRNA PCR could be used for direct PCR for canine blood samples.