• Title, Summary, Keyword: shape control

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A Fuzzy Shape Control Method for the Stainless Steel at the Cold Rolling Process (스테인리스 냉연공정에서 퍼지 형상제어)

  • Hur, Yone-Gi
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.15 no.10
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    • pp.1062-1070
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    • 2009
  • The strip shape for the stainless steel process has made an issue of the strip quality, and hence the shape control method is developed at the Sendzimir rolling mill (ZRM). ZRM is a stainless cold rolling mill and has actuators for the shape control. They are first intermediate rolls and top crown rolls, which are controlled horizontally and vertically, respectively. The shape control of the stainless steel rolling process has difficulty in obtaining the symmetrical shape. The objective of the shape control is to minimize the shape deviation and to maintain stable state, which keeps symmetrical shape pattern in the lateral direction. The method of the shape recognition employs a least squares method and neural network. The shape deviation is the difference between the target shape and actual shape and is controlled by the fuzzy shape control. The fuzzy shape control using operator's informative knowledge is proposed in this paper. The experiments are carried out online for various stainless materials and sizes. The productivity of the rolling process has increased from 9.0 to 9.4 tons per hour.

Development of PC Based Shape Control System In Cold Rolling Mill

  • Park, Yeong-Bok;Lee, Gyu-Taek
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.57.1-57
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    • 2002
  • $\textbullet$ This system executes the algorithm that makes the various types of shape to the flat shape. $\textbullet$ In old system, we could not develop and test the new shape control algorithms $\textbullet$ We developed the PC based cold mill shape control system. $\textbullet$ It can be added on the new shape control algorithm and is cost-effective and maintained easily. $\textbullet$ The shape control system consists of the shape controller, the MMI system and the Shape data sewer.

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Automatic Control for Strip Shape At Stainless Cold Rolling Process (스테인레스 냉간 압연 강판의 폭 방향 형상의 자동 제어)

  • 허윤기
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.180-180
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    • 2000
  • The shape of cold strip for the stainless process has been become issue in quality recently, and hence POSCO (Pohang Iron & Steel Co., Ltd) developed an automatic control system for strip shape in the sendzimir mill. The strip shape is measured by an outward measuring roll and is controlled by As_U roll and first intermediate roll. As_U roll consists of 8 saddles, which are controlled vertically. The fist intermediate rolls, which are controlled horizontally, consist of two pairs of rolls up and down. A developed shape control system is applied to real plant by using fuzzy logic and neural network method to control actuators; As_U roll and first intermediate roll. This system composes mainly of three parts as a real-time system, input to output conditioner board, and man-machine interface. The actual shape is recognized by neural network and converted into symmetric shape. The fuzzy controller, based on the shape from neural network and sensor, controls positions of the As_U roll and first intermediate roll. This paper verifies the shape controller performance. The experiments are made on line for the sendzimir mill. The shape control performance shows very efficient for the target tracking, shape symmetry, and fluctuation of shape.

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Precision Shape Control in Plate Rolling (후판압연에서의 고정도 형상제어기술)

  • 서재형;정병완;홍헌호
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • pp.452-456
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    • 1999
  • Newly constructed plate shape control system, using attached shape measuring instruments and work roll bender, was put in service in No. 2 Plate Mill, POSCO. Recently, customers demand the improvement of flatness and plate crown accuracy. Many competition Plate Mill introducted shape control system, for example, pair cross mill, work roll bender which includes shape measuring instrument and shape control mathematical models, and No. 2 Plate Mill, POSCO introducted work roll bender and shape measuring instruments. This report describes the properties of No. 2 Plate Mill shape control system and work roll bender.

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Development of The New Shape Control Algorithm with The Strip Thickness Decoupling in Hot Strip Mill

  • Dukbum Shin;Kim, Jongcheol;Sangchul Won
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.175.2-175
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    • 2001
  • The strip profile and shape control is one of the most important technologies in Hot Rolling Mill System. Because the unbalance of strip´s shape and wave appearance between stands has a bad effect on Hot Rolling Mill System by making the inferior thickness, strip´s damage and so forth in factories. Many competition Plate Mill introduced shape control system, for example, pair cross-mill, work roll bender, which includes shape measuring instruments and shape control mathematical models. Shape meter, which is equipped for flatness, only does feedback control at the top of coil. And, for crown, we depend on initial setup value and there is no feedback control. Therefore we predict the shape of strip using rolling pressure, bender force and tension of inter-stand in ...

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Shape recognition using Least-Square Method and compensation method

  • Hur, Yone-Gi;Lee, Dae-Kun
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.179.6-179
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    • 2001
  • This paper proposes the recognition method of the strip shape using the Least-Square method and the distinction method of the asymmetric shape and the compensation method upon the shape control values for the stainless steel cold rolling mill. This paper proposes the shape recognition method before control and the compensation method to minimize the fluctuation of the shape deviation and to get symmetric shape. This paper shows on line test results to verify the performance of the control method for the process. The experiments have been performed with respect to various material type, thickness, and strip width. The performance of the proposed method is obtained excellent quality and high productivity as results.

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The Factors Associated with Body Shape Control by Self-Estimated Figure among Female University Students (일부 여대생의 체형 타입과 관련된 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Do-Jeom;Lee, Byul-La;Lee, Eun-Sook
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.646-654
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    • 2006
  • This study was designed to examine body shape control and its related factors, including BMI(body mass index), desire for weight control, satisfaction with body shape, dissatisfaction with specific parts of body shape, starting period of concern about body shape, as well as experience, method, result, counsel, effort, expense and knowledge of body shape control. The survey was completed by 180 female university students in Gyeongsanbukdo through a self-administered questionnaire during September and October of 2006. The subjects were assigned to one of three groups based on self-estimated figure: 47.8% of the students estimated their figure as 'normal', while 38.3% of the students estimated themselves as 'thin' and 13.9% of the students as 'fat'. The results were as fellows. The mean age of the subjects was $19.45{\pm}1.67$ with a height and weight of $161.15{\pm}4.99cm$ and $52.63{\pm}10.78\;kg$, respectively. Their self-estimated figure was significantly related to BMI, desire for weight control, satisfaction, dissatisfaction with a specific part, and experience, counsel and effort in body shape control. This research suggests that students need to know how to properly control body shape in health and beauty.

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Shape Prediction in Eulerian Analysis of Three-Roll-Stand Shape Rolling (Three-Ro II-Stand 형상압연의 오일러리안 해석에서 형상예측)

  • 이용신;나경환
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.328-331
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    • 2001
  • Shape changes of a workpiece in an Eulerian Finite Element analysis for the steady state. three-roll-stand shape rolling are modelled. Although an Eulerian analysis has many advantages for the steady state rolling problems, it necessitates an assumption about the unknown shape of the control volume. In almost all cases. the assumed control volume does not match the final shape and the control volume should be updated. This update can be accomplished by performing a free surface correction. The final shape of a material point, which has a spherical shape at the inlet, can be also predicted by integrating a deformation gradient along a stream line. Analyses of three-roll-stand shape rolling is in detail examined.

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Shape Prediction in Eulerian Analysis of Steady State Shape Rolling (정상상태 형상압연의 오일러리안 해석에서 형상 예측)

  • 이용신
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.10 no.7
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    • pp.579-583
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    • 2001
  • Shape changes of a workpiece in an Eulerian Finite Element analysis for the steady state, three-roll-stand shape rolling are modelled. Although an Eulerian analysis has many advantages for the steady state rolling problems, it necessitates an assumption about the unknown shape of the control volume. In almost all cases, the assumed control volume does not match the final shape and the control volume should be updated. This update can be accomplished by performing a free surface correction. The final shape of a material point, which has a spherical shape at the inlet, can be also predicted by integrating a deformation gradient along a stream line. Analyses of three-roll-stand shape rolling are performed and the results are discussed in detail.

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Development and application of the new ASC system in No.2 cold rolling mill (2 냉연 신형상제어 시스템 개발 및 적용)

  • 박남수;심민석
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1068-1071
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    • 1996
  • Good shape on flat rolled product is necessary to meet today's customer quality requirement. To meet the increasing demand in quality of strip shape from downstream customers, POSCO has replaced the Automatic Shape Control(ASC) system with the existing one that had used noncontact type measuring system at No.2 Cold Rolling Mill, Pohang works in October, 1995. The strip shape is influenced by the profile, roll crown, bending control, skew control system, as well as work roll cooling system. We have used ASC to adjust those factors in Cold Rolling Mill that could get a satisfactory result, almost less than .+-.5 1-unit deviation from the target shape. However, the downstream customer(i.e. Continuos Annealing Line) wants a good shape not only at the moment of exit of roll bite, but after rolling without tension. In this investigation, the difference will be discussed and how deal with this problem.

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