• Title, Summary, Keyword: shear strength

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Shear Mechanism of Steel-Fiber Reinforced High Strength Concrete Beams without Shear Reinforcement (전단 보강이 없는 고강도 섬유보강 철근 콘크리트보의 전단 역학적 거동에 관한 연구)

  • 오정근;이광수;권영호;신성우
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 1990
  • Investigations on the behavior of steel fiber reinforced high strength concrete beams subjected to predominant shear are accomplished to determine their diagonal shear strength including ultimate shear strength. The parameters varied were the volume fraction(Vf) of the fibers, shear span depth ratio(a/d). The test result show that diagonal shear strength and ultimate shear strength are increased siginificantly due to crack arrest mechanism. Predictive equations are suggested for evaluating the diagonal cracking strength and ultimate shear strength of the fiber reinforced high strength concrete beams.

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Shear Strength and Deformability of HSC Shear Walls (고강도 콘크리트 전단벽의 강도와 변형능력)

  • 윤현도;최창식;오영훈;이훈희
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.925-930
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    • 2003
  • Provisions for ACI 318-02 and NZS 3101 pertaining to shear design of shear walls evaluated the applicability of high-strength, concrete shear walls subjected to lateral loads. Results of 73 tests of reinforced concrete shear walls were reviewed. Evaluation of test results conducted in Korea, England, America, Japan, and Australia for low-aspect ratio walls indicates that the nominal unit shear strength($\phi$=1.0) calculated using the provisions of ACI and NZS does not represent the observed shear strength well. Based on the limited database considered in this study, a reasonable lower bound to the shear strength of high-strength concrete shear walls is found to be $\sqrt[0.4]{f_{cu}}$ MPa. Similar to that of normal strength concrete walls, the rate of increase of the measured shear strength with $$\rho$_n/ㆍf_y$ is less than 1.0. Therefore, the rate of increase of shear strength attributable to the web reinforcement in shear walls appears to be overestimated by the modified truss analogy.

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An evolutionary fuzzy modelling approach and comparison of different methods for shear strength prediction of high-strength concrete beams without stirrups

  • Mohammadhassani, Mohammad;Nezamabadi-pour, Hossein;Suhatril, Meldi;shariati, Mahdi
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.785-809
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, an Adaptive nerou-based inference system (ANFIS) is being used for the prediction of shear strength of high strength concrete (HSC) beams without stirrups. The input parameters comprise of tensile reinforcement ratio, concrete compressive strength and shear span to depth ratio. Additionally, 122 experimental datasets were extracted from the literature review on the HSC beams with some comparable cross sectional dimensions and loading conditions. A comparative analysis has been carried out on the predicted shear strength of HSC beams without stirrups via the ANFIS method with those from the CEB-FIP Model Code (1990), AASHTO LRFD 1994 and CSA A23.3 - 94 codes of design. The shear strength prediction with ANFIS is discovered to be superior to CEB-FIP Model Code (1990), AASHTO LRFD 1994 and CSA A23.3 - 94. The predictions obtained from the ANFIS are harmonious with the test results not accounting for the shear span to depth ratio, tensile reinforcement ratio and concrete compressive strength; the data of the average, variance, correlation coefficient and coefficient of variation (CV) of the ratio between the shear strength predicted using the ANFIS method and the real shear strength are 0.995, 0.014, 0.969 and 11.97%, respectively. Taking a look at the CV index, the shear strength prediction shows better in nonlinear iterations such as the ANFIS for shear strength prediction of HSC beams without stirrups.

Shear Strength and Seismic Behavior of the Composite Shear Wall with the Steel Plate Embedded in the RC Wall (철판삽입 합성전단벽의 전단강도와 내진거동)

  • Chun, Young-Soo;Park, Ji-Young;Lee, Jong-Yoon
    • LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.211-221
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    • 2017
  • This study proposed hybrid coupled shear wall in the steel plate insertion method, which is capable of reinforcing the shear strength of the entire wall without increasing wall thickness in the wall-slab apartment buildings. The proposed hybrid coupled shear wall was tested for its effectiveness, shear strength and seismic behavior in experiment. As a test result, the shear strength improvement by the proposed hybrid coupled shear was found effective. Integral-type of steel plate insertion was found more effective than separate-type steel plate insertion. In this case, if the stud enforcement method proposed in this study was used, the shear strength of hybrid coupled shear wall was recommended to calculate using the KBC2016 0709.4.1(3) method. The steel plate inserted in the proposed method was found to have no significant impact on the final fracture behavior and bending strength of hybrid coupled shear wall. The shear strength at the final destruction of the wall was merely about 1/50 of the entire design shear strength. Thus, it is deemed that the wall was over excessively designed regarding the shear force in the existing design method. This finding indicates further study on wall designing to ensure effective and economic designing based on appropriate strength estimation under the destruction mechanism.

Sand-Nonwoven geotextile interfaces shear strength by direct shear and simple shear tests

  • Vieira, Castorina Silva;Lopes, Maria de Lurdes;Caldeira, Laura
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.601-618
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    • 2015
  • Soil-reinforcement interaction mechanism is an important issue in the design of geosynthetic reinforced soil structures. This mechanism depends on the soil properties, reinforcement characteristics and interaction between these two elements (soil and reinforcement). In this work the shear strength of sand/geotextile interfaces were characterized through direct and simple shear tests. The direct shear tests were performed on a conventional direct shear device and on a large scale direct shear apparatus. Unreinforced sand and one layer reinforced sand specimens were characterized trough simple shear tests. The interfaces shear strength achieved with the large scale direct shear device were slightly larger than those obtained with the conventional direct shear apparatus. Notwithstanding the differences between the shear strength characterization through simple shear and direct shear tests, it was concluded that the shear strength of one layer reinforced sand is similar to the sand/geotextile interface direct shear strength.

Influence of net normal stresses on the shear strength of unsaturated residual soils (풍화잔적토의 불포화전단강도에 미치는 순연직응력의 영향)

  • 성상규;이인모
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.139-146
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    • 2002
  • The characteristics and prediction model for the shear strength of unsaturated residual soils was studied. In order to investigate the influence of the net normal stress on the shear strength, unsaturated triaxial tests and SWCC tests were carried out varying the net normal stress, and the experimental data for unsaturated shear strength tests were compared with predicted shear strength envelopes using existing prediction models. It was shown that the soil - water characteristic curve and the shear strength of the unsaturated soil varied with the change of the net normal stress. Therefore, to achieve a truly descriptive shear strength envelope for unsaturated soils, tile effect of the normal stress on the contribution of matric suction to the shear strength has to be taken into consideration. In this paper, a modified prediction model for the unsaturated shear strength was proposed.

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Effect of anchorage and strength of stirrups on shear behavior of high-strength concrete beams

  • Yang, Jun-Mo;Min, Kyung-Hwan;Yoon, Young-Soo
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.407-420
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    • 2012
  • This study investigated possible ways to replace conventional stirrups used on high-strength concrete members with improved reinforcing materials. Headed bar and high-strength steel were chosen to substitute for conventional stirrups, and an experimental comparison between the shear behavior of high-strength concrete large beams reinforced with conventional stirrups and the chosen stirrup substitutes was made. Test results indicated that the headed bar and the high-strength steel led to a significant reserve of shear strength and a good redistribution of shear between stirrups after shear cracking. This is due to the headed bar providing excellent end anchorage and the high-strength steel successfully resisting higher and sudden shear transmission from the concrete to the shear reinforcement. Experimental results presented in this paper were also compared with various prediction models for shear strength of concrete members.

Relationship Between Stiffness And Shear Strength of Normally Consolidated Clays (정규압밀점토의 강성도와 전단강도의 상관관계)

  • Park, Chi-Won;Park, Dong-Sun;Mok, Young-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.402-413
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    • 2006
  • Strength evaluation of soft soils is a formidable task because of difficulties in sampling, specimen preparation and setting in triaxial cells. In undrained triaxial testing, sampling disturbance, verticality of specimen and bedding effect give a great influence on shear strength measurements. In the other hand, shear wave measurements of specimens are less influenced by these factors. In this research, the bender elements were attached top cap and base pedestal of triaxial cell and shear wave velocities were measured. To initiate a methodology to evaluate shear strength indirectly by measuring shear wave velocity, a relationship between shear strength and shear wave velocity was developed with kaolinite specimens consolidated in the laboratory. Undrained shear strength turns out to increase linearly with shear wave velocity. Stress-strain curves can also be predicted with a hyperbolic model and shear wave measurements.

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MACRO-SHEAR BOND STRENGTH AND MICRO-SHEAR BOND STRENGTH OF CEROMER BONDED TO METAL ALLOY AND FIBER REINFORCED COMPOSITE

  • Park Hyung-Yoon;Cho Lee-Ra;Cho Kyung-Mo;Park Chan-Jin
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.654-663
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    • 2004
  • Statement of problem. According to the fracture pattern in several reports, fractures most frequently occur in the interface between the ceromer and the substructure. Purpose. The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the macro shear bond strength and microshear bond strength of a ceromer bonded to a fiber reinforced composite (FRC) as well as metal alloys. Material and methods. Ten of the following substructures, type II gold alloy, Co-Cr alloy, Ni-Cr alloy, and FRC (Vectris) substructures with a 12 mm in diameter, were imbedded in acrylic resin and ground with 400, and 1, 000-grit sandpaper. The metal primer and wetting agent were applied to the sandblasted bonding area of the metal specimens and the FRC specimens, respectively. The ceromer was placed onto a 6 mm diameter and 3 mm height mold in the macro-shear test and 1 mm diameter and 2 mm height mold in the micro-shear test, and then polymerized. The macro- and micro-shear bond strength were measured using a universal testing machine and a micro-shear tester, respectively. The macro- and micro-shear strength were analyzed with ANOVA and a post-hoc Scheffe adjustment ($\alpha$ = .05). The fracture surfaces of the crowns were then examined by scanning electron microscopy to determine the mode of failure. Chi-square test was used to identify the differences in the failure mode. Results. The macro-shear strength and the micro-shear strength differed significantly with the types of substructure (P<.001). Although the ceromer/FRC group showed the highest macroand micro-shear strength, the micro-shear strength was not significantly different from that of the base metal alloy groups. The base metal alloy substructure groups showed the lowest mean macro-shear strength. However, the gold alloy substructure group exhibited the least micro-shear strength. The micro-shear strength was higher than the macro-shear strength excluding the gold alloy substructure group. Adhesive failure was most frequent type of fracture in the ceromer specimens bonded to the gold alloys. Cohesive failure at the ceromer layer was more common in the base metals and FRC substructures. Conclusion. The Vectris substructure had higher shear strength than the other substructures. Although the shear strength of the ceromer bonded to the base metals was lower than that of the gold alloy, the micro-shear strength of the base metals were superior to that of the gold alloy.

An Experimental Study on the Evaluation of Shear Performance of PVA Fiber Reinforced RC Deep Beam with High Strength Headed Rebar

  • Kim, Seunghun;Lee, Kyuseon;Lee, Yongtaeg
    • Architectural research
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.109-115
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    • 2017
  • This study is done to evaluate how existence of shear-span ratio and shear reinforcing bar effects on shear performance from through shear experiment using PVA fiber reinforced ferroconcrete building. Ratio of shear-span was set 1, 1.7, and arrangement of shear reinforcing bar was set with KCI2012 regulation. In result, subject with less shear-span ratio, and shear reinforcing bar with arrangement of bar shows high stiffness. Subjects with high shear-span ratio show large difference depending on existence of shear reinforcing bar. Therefore, theoretical shear strength followed by CEB code underestimates experimental shear strength by 43.9%. Shear strength of the deep beam with headed bars is more affected by the bearing strength of head than the bond strength of bar.