• Title, Summary, Keyword: shoulder types

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Wearing Preference on the Types of Blouse according to Shoulder Angle - Focused on Set-in, Raglan and Kimono Sleeves - (어깨 경사도에 따른 소매 유형별 블라우스의 착의선호도 - 세트인, 래글런, 기모노를 중심으로 -)

  • Shin, Hye-Mi;Lee, Myung-Hee
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.163-170
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    • 2019
  • This study utilized the wearing test of subjects and a preference survey to determine wearing preference on types of blouses according to shoulder angle. The shoulder angles of the subjects were set as average shoulder, slopping shoulder, and square shoulder. The blouse sleeves were set as set-in, raglan, and kimono according to five domestic clothing construction books. A total of 15 blouses were made and tested by different bodices and sleeve types. The wearing test of subjects had the human subjects evaluate the appearance of the subject looking at the mirror while standing as well as evaluated the sensation test while not looking at the mirror. The preference survey was given to 100 females and was conducted using photos with combinations of three types of sleeves and shoulder angles in a survey under the same conditions. The average shoulder showed that set-in with the highest score in the wearing test was also preferred in the preference survey. The slopping shoulder evaluated the highest score in the wearing test by mirror; however, the preference survey showed that raglan was the most preferred choice. The squared shoulder showed that raglan with a high score in the wearing test by mirror was also preferred in the preference survey.

A Study on the Shapes of Women′s Neck and Shoulder in Dressmaking - According to Body Type and Age Group - (의복설계를 위한 성인여성의 頸部 및 肩部의 유형화 II - 체형별.연령층별 변화 분석 -)

  • 김희숙
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.754-770
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    • 2000
  • The definite objects of this study are as follows ; 1. The study presents concrete objects of the shape of adult women's neck and shoulder after comparing and analyzing the features of five age groups ; the former young age, the latter young age, the former middle age, the latter middle age, the latter middle age and the old age. 2. The study presents concrete objects of adult women's neck and shoulder by the body types ; bend-forward type, straight type and lean-back type in order to be examined the body types. The results of this study are as follows ; 1. The shape of neck and shoulder needs the several concrete objects of each types because of the variable factors in size and body types. But the concrete objects of the types referred in five age groups contain all the important factors and enable to design the body suitable clothes. 2. This study shows that generally bend-forward type contains rising shoulder and lean-back type contains drooping shoulder, and straight type contains average value of neck and shoulder. The results of this study developed the body-suitable clothes of bend-forward type, straight type and lean-back type.

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The Characteristics of Adult Male Shoulder Types by according to The Slope (국내 성인 남성의 어깨기울기에 따른 유형 분류)

  • Choi, Eun-Hee;Do, Wol-Hee
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.82-92
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    • 2015
  • This study classified the types of adult male shoulders through criteria which represent the characteristic of male shoulders important to jacket patterns. We selected 39 measurement items to provide information about Size Korea (2010) 3D bodice measurements. Collected data were processed with SPSS 20 for windows. Participants in the study were 1055 adult males, aged 20-60 divided into three age groups of 20-30, 40-50 and 60. Statistical tests (such as descriptive analysis and F-test) analyzed the data and ascertained the differences in ages. In a factor analysis and cluster analysis were conducted for the classification of shoulder type's adult males. The factor analysis indicates 6 factors with 82.4% of total variance. The shoulder types for adult male were divided into 3 groups, flat shoulder (14.1%), normal shoulder (72%), and slope shoulder (13.8%). A total of 19.9% of 20-30 was included in the slope shoulder type, 15.8% of 40-50 was included in the flat shoulder type and 16.1% of 60 was included in the flat shoulder type. This study classified the type of male shoulder through criteria that represent the characteristics of elderly male shoulder to neck base circumference, shoulder angle and shoulder type. The follow-up study will proceed with elderly male neck and various measurement items around the shoulder.

Effects of Closed Chain Exercise on Activities of Shoulder Girdle Muscles in 60's

  • Park, Hye Jin;Oh, Tae Young
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.246-251
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare activities of shoulder girdle muscles according to types of closed chain exercise in the sixties. Methods: The subjects consisted of 15 persons in their sixties. Muscle activity of the pectoralis major, deltoid middle, deltoid posterior, upper trapezius, lower trapezius, and serratus anterior were measured using electromyography according to shape of the support base and angle of shoulder flexion. According to types of closed chain exercises, muscles activities were compared by paired t-test. Significance level to verify statistical significance was .05. SPSS win (ver. 22.0) program was used for statistical analysis. Results: Muscle activities of the pectoralis major, middle deltoid, trapezius lower, and serratus anterior showed significant difference according to types of closed chain exercise (p<0.05). Conclusion: According to types of closed chain exercises of the shoulder girdle, muscle activities of the pectoralis major, deltoid middle, posterior and lower trapezius showed change of muscle activities.

A Study on the Shapes of Women′s Neck and Shoulder in Dressmaking I (의복설계를 위한 성인여성의 經部 및 肩部의 유형화 I)

  • 김희숙
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.668-680
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    • 2000
  • The study presents the general types and individual differences of the shape of the adult women's neck and shoulder in our country. It is based on the average value, the standard deviation, the maximum value, the standard deviation, the maximum value, the minimum value and c.v. measured from the women at the age of 19 through 64. The results of this study are as follows ; 1. The factors by factor analysis are five. The first is the size factors of the neck and shoulder. The second is shape factor of neck. The third is plane view and length factor of the neck. The fourth is the side view factor of the neck and shoulder. The fifth is the shape factor of shoulder. Therefore the shape of the neck and shoulder should be examined in the shape factors as well as in the size factors as well as in the size factors for the designing body-suitable clothes. 2. The factors of the concrete objects are the solid view of neck and shoulder, the cross-sectional view of neck line, side view of neck and shoulder and length of neck. The explainable measuring items for the factors are the difference of the length between lower neck round line and the 4㎝ above neck round line, the length of neck, the angle of inclination between fore neck and back neck, the angle of inclination of the side shoulder, the difference of the height between fore neck point and back neck point, the width of shoulder, the width of chest and the width of back. 3. The concrete objects of the neck and shoulder have five types ; Type Ⅰ is average type, Type Ⅱ is thick short neck and the drooping shoulder type, Type Ⅲ I is slender long neck and lean-back shoulder type, Type Ⅳ is thick and rising shoulder type and Type Ⅴ is slender and drooping shoulder type.

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A Study on the Princess Line by Body Types (Part I) - Focused on Body Types of A & H -

  • Kim, Sook-Jung;Suh, Mi-A
    • The International Journal of Costume Culture
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.182-194
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    • 2001
  • The main purpose is to study lines on different body types and to disguise any imperfections by using diverse princess lines. We separated festers body shapes into specific body types, A, H by applying both the direct and the indirect measurements. Following are the results of the study: 1. nose are the resulting illusion effects when the shoulder width of the princess line was fixed. In case of the armhole princess line, the illusion that the waist intervals were narrow or wide in A-line silhouette. In case the shoulder princess line, when the waist interval was narrow, it appeared to show narrow shoulder in A-line silhouette. While the wide waist interval shows the wide shoulder width in H-line silhouette. It regards body type H in the same light as H-line silhouette when the waist interval is narrow, it appeared to show narrow shoulder width in A-line silhouette. When the waist interval was wide, it appeared to give the narrow shoulder width. 2. When the princess lines waist width was fixed in order to study illusion effects of waist widths. Generally, for body type A, Whether the waist interval princess line is narrow or wide, the princess line is located comparatively wide, in A-line silhouette appeared to show relatively slender waist. For body type H, whether the waist interval is narrow or wide, the princess line us situated comparatively narrow interval, H-line silhouette appeared to show sum waist but the differences are not significant 3. The illusion of the hip were studied by fixating the width of the skirt and varying the locations of princess line and waist widths. For the location of both armhole and shoulder princess line in H and A-line silhouette, the narrow shoulder width and the waist appeared to show narrow hips. mile they are wide appeared to show wide hips. 4. With both waist and skirt width fuel, all two body types showed taller and slender postures when the princess line originated from the shoulder compare to the armhole.

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A Study of Development Sensory Evaluation and Functionality of Clothing with Shoulder Pads (어깨패드 부착 의복의 심미성과 기능성 향상 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Eun-Jung Lee
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.123-132
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    • 2000
  • When adding shoulder pads to clothing, the shoulder pads brings down the quality of armpit area and the width of shoulder area, 1.5㎝ thick non-woven shoulder pads are good for sensory evaluation but do not function as well. Therefore this study has done to come up with a solution to satisfy both sensory evaluation and functionality. The study did was by using laboratory blouses with three different types of shoulder pads, which were two different armpit depths (1.0㎝, 2.0㎝), 3 types of armpit widths (0.5㎝, 1.0㎝, 1.5㎝). The Result are as followed : 1. The sensory evaluation was affected the most by the armpit depths and shoulder lengths. 2. There were two results for the best sensory evaluation, they were the one with a pad of armpit depth of 1.0㎝, armpit width of 1.5㎝, and shoulder width of 1.5㎝. 3. The functionality was affected in an order of movement, armpit width, and shoulder width. 4. The two results for the best functionality were the one with shoulder pads of armpit depth of 1.0㎝, armpit width of 1.5㎝, and shoulder width of 1.5㎝, and the one with armpit depth of 1.0㎝, armpit width 1.5㎝, and shoulder width of 1.5㎝. 5. In conclusion, 1.2㎝ nonwoven shoulder pads on a blouse with a pattern of armpit depth of 1.0㎝, armpit width of 1.5㎝, and shoulder width of 0.5㎝ will satisfy both sensory evaluation and functionality at the same time.

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A Study on the Reaction Somatotype of Shoulder and Neck with Thickness of Shoulder Pad - The Subject of the College Woman - (견, 두부 형태별 Shoulder Pad 두께에 관한 연구 - 여자대학생을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee Eun-Jung;Kim Sun-Ku;Park Jung-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.139-150
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    • 1991
  • The purpose of this study is to do the Somatotype classification according to the type of shoulder-neck and to give the thinkness of shoulder pad according to them. Therefore this study was measurement body size of 201 and the somatotypes were classified as their plumb line. The standard somatotype of this measurement was classified as 9 type according to its angle of shoulder inclination and neck length. Pads which have different thickness (1 cm, 1.5 cm, 2 cm) were attached to the 9 body type and the set-in sleeve blouse and raglan sleeve blouse were made and tring test and sensory test were accomplished. The results of this study were as follows: 1 . Classification of shoulder-neck relationship. Angles of shoulder inclination ($15^{\circ},\;21^{\circ},\;27^{\circ}$), lock lenaths (10 cm, 12.5 cm, 15 cm) were classi- fied as 3 type each and these types were combined as 9 types. II . The result of angle difference of shoulder inclination according to pad thickness. 1) In case of set-in pad. angle is increased $5.75^{\circ}$ per 1 cm of pad thickness. 2) In case of raglan pad. angle is increased $6.45^{\circ}$ per 1 cm of pad thickness. III. The most fit pad thickness to the 9 types. In case of set-in sleeve blouse. 1) High shoulder-long neck, Standard shoulder-long neck Low shoulder-long neck, Stan-dard shoulder·standard neck. Low shoulder-standard neck: 1.5 cm. 2) High shoulder-standard neck, Standard shoulder-short neck, Low shoulder-short neck: 1 cm. 3) High shoulder-short neck: 0 cm(without pad) In case of raglan sleeve blouse. 4) High shoulder-long neck, Standard shoulder-long neck, Low shoulder·long neck, Stan-dard shoulder-standard neck, Low shoulder-standard neck: 1.5 cm. 5) High shoulder-standard neck, Standard shoulder-short neck, Low-shoulder-short neck: 1 cm. 6) High shoulder-short neck: 0 cm(without pad)

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Development of the Basic Bodice Pattern Depending on Shoulder Types -focused on young women in their twenties- (어깨 유형에 따른 길 원형 설계 -20대 여성 중심으로-)

  • 김민진;이정란
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.463-474
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    • 2003
  • In this research, adult women's shoulder types were Classified through direct and indirect measurements to present a judging individual body size according to the type. Also, regression formula by shoulder types were calculated and presented the basic bodice pattern. The results were as follows: 1. The result of factor analysis indicated that 6 factors were extracted through factor analysis and those factors comprised 66.1 to of total variance. 2. By using factor scores, cluster analysis was carried out and subject were classified into 5 clusters. Type 1 was the inclined shoulders, wide shoulders and passive posture. Type 2 was the front type shoulders and active posture. Type 3 was the thick shoulders and back type shoulders. Type 4 was the narrow shoulders. Type f was the drooped shoulders, thin shoulder and sway posture. 3. The body types of individuals were judged by discriminant analysis. 4. After setting 4 items such as the bust girth, posterior waist length, neck base girth and waist girth as representative items and regression formulas were presented. the superiority of the final basic bodice patterns were demonstrated by high approval rate of the subjects who participated in testing.

The effects of different V-sit positions on abdominal muscle activation

  • Seo, Jina;Chung, Yijung
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.201-208
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    • 2020
  • Objective: This study aimed to identify the effects of performing shoulder and hip abduction during the V-sit exercise on abdominal muscle activity. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Thirty healthy adults volunteered for this experiment. The participants randomly performed 6 types of V-sit exercises, including V-sit alone (hip 0°, shoulder 0°), V-sit with hip abduction 0° and shoulder abduction 15°, V-sit with hip abduction 0° and shoulder abduction 30°, V-sit with hip abduction 15° and shoulder abduction 0°, V-sit with shoulder and hip abduction 15°, and V-sit with shoulder abduction 30° and hip abduction 15°. EMG data were recorded from the rectus abdominis (RA), external oblique (EO), and internal oblique (IO) muscles of both sides. All abdominal EMG data during the six types of V-sit exercises were measured for 5 seconds, three times, and recorded for the middle 3 seconds excluding the 1 second at the start and end. Results: V-sit with shoulder abduction 30° resulted in significantly greater muscle activity of both RA, EO compared to shoulder abduction 0°, shoulder abduction 15° (p<0.05) and V-sit with shoulder abduction 15° showed significantly greater muscle activation of the RA compared with shoulder abduction 0° (p<0.05). The muscle activity of both EO and IO in the V-sit with hip abduction 15° was significantly greater than hip abduction 0° in all shoulder conditions (p<0.05). Conclusions: Greater angles of shoulder and hip abduction produced more abdominal muscle activity increases during the V-sit exercises. Shoulder abduction affected the RA, EO muscle activation and hip abduction affected the EO, IO muscle activation. This study showed that shoulder and hip abduction during V-sit exercises enabled effective activation of the trunk muscles.