• Title, Summary, Keyword: sigma-prime radical

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PRIME RADICALS IN ORE EXTENSIONS

  • Han, Jun-Cheol
    • East Asian mathematical journal
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.271-282
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    • 2002
  • Let R be a ring with an endomorphism $\sigma$ and a derivation $\delta$. An ideal I of R is ($\sigma,\;\delta$)-ideal of R if $\sigma(I){\subseteq}I$ and $\delta(I){\subseteq}I$. An ideal P of R is a ($\sigma,\;\delta$)-prime ideal of R if P(${\neq}R$) is a ($\sigma,\;\delta$)-ideal and for ($\sigma,\;\delta$)-ideals I and J of R, $IJ{\subseteq}P$ implies that $I{\subseteq}P$ or $J{\subseteq}P$. An ideal Q of R is ($\sigma,\;\delta$)-semiprime ideal of R if Q is a ($\sigma,\;\delta$)-ideal and for ($\sigma,\;\delta$)-ideal I of R, $I^2{\subseteq}Q$ implies that $I{\subseteq}Q$. The ($\sigma,\;\delta$)-prime radical (resp. prime radical) is defined by the intersection of all ($\sigma,\;\delta$)-prime ideals (resp. prime ideals) of R and is denoted by $P_{(\sigma,\delta)}(R)$(resp. P(R)). In this paper, the following results are obtained: (1) $P_{(\sigma,\delta)}(R)$ is the smallest ($\sigma,\;\delta$)-semiprime ideal of R; (2) For every extended endomorphism $\bar{\sigma}$ of $\sigma$, the $\bar{\sigma}$-prime radical of an Ore extension $P(R[x;\sigma,\delta])$ is equal to $P_{\sigma,\delta}(R)[x;\sigma,\delta]$.

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PRIME RADICALS OF SKEW LAURENT POLYNOMIAL RINGS

  • Han, Jun-Cheol
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.477-484
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    • 2005
  • Let R be a ring with an automorphism 17. An ideal [ of R is ($\sigma$-ideal of R if $\sigma$(I).= I. A proper ideal P of R is ($\sigma$-prime ideal of R if P is a $\sigma$-ideal of R and for $\sigma$-ideals I and J of R, IJ $\subseteq$ P implies that I $\subseteq$ P or J $\subseteq$ P. A proper ideal Q of R is $\sigma$-semiprime ideal of Q if Q is a $\sigma$-ideal and for a $\sigma$-ideal I of R, I$^{2}$ $\subseteq$ Q implies that I $\subseteq$ Q. The $\sigma$-prime radical is defined by the intersection of all $\sigma$-prime ideals of R and is denoted by P$_{(R). In this paper, the following results are obtained: (1) For a principal ideal domain R, P$_{(R) is the smallest $\sigma$-semiprime ideal of R; (2) For any ring R with an automorphism $\sigma$ and for a skew Laurent polynomial ring R[x, x$^{-1}$; $\sigma$], the prime radical of R[x, x$^{-1}$; $\sigma$] is equal to P$_{(R)[x, x$^{-1}$; $\sigma$ ].

PRIME M-IDEALS, M-PRIME SUBMODULES, M-PRIME RADICAL AND M-BAER'S LOWER NILRADICAL OF MODULES

  • Beachy, John A.;Behboodi, Mahmood;Yazdi, Faezeh
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.1271-1290
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    • 2013
  • Let M be a fixed left R-module. For a left R-module X, we introduce the notion of M-prime (resp. M-semiprime) submodule of X such that in the case M=R, it coincides with prime (resp. semiprime) submodule of X. Other concepts encountered in the general theory are M-$m$-system sets, M-$n$-system sets, M-prime radical and M-Baer's lower nilradical of modules. Relationships between these concepts and basic properties are established. In particular, we identify certain submodules of M, called "primeM-ideals", that play a role analogous to that of prime (two-sided) ideals in the ring R. Using this definition, we show that if M satisfies condition H (defined later) and $Hom_R(M,X){\neq}0$ for all modules X in the category ${\sigma}[M]$, then there is a one-to-one correspondence between isomorphism classes of indecomposable M-injective modules in ${\sigma}[M]$ and prime M-ideals of M. Also, we investigate the prime M-ideals, M-prime submodules and M-prime radical of Artinian modules.