• Title, Summary, Keyword: siphon

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A Micro Shunt Valve with Anti-siphon Effect

  • Lee, Sang-Wook;Yoon, Hyeun-Joong;Yang, Sang-Sik
    • KIEE International Transactions on Electrophysics and Applications
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    • v.4C no.1
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    • pp.31-34
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    • 2004
  • This paper presents the fabrication and testing of a two-way pressure regulation micro shunt valve with an anti-siphon effect that can be implanted in hydrocephalus patients. This micro shunt valve consists of a silicone rubber membrane and a valve seat for the opening pressure control as well as the anti-siphon behavior. The two-way pressure regulation and the anti-siphon effect of the micro shunt valve are verified experimentally for various sizes of membranes and valve seats.

Experimental investigation on small scale siphon breaker (소규모 사이펀 차단기에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • Ji, Dae-Yun;Kim, Sung hoon;Lee, Kwon-Yeong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2018
  • In this study, a small-scale siphon breaker experimental facility was designed to examine the validity of the Siphon Breaker Simulation Program (SBSP). To design the experimental facility, the simulation results of the C factor, Chisholm B coefficient, and Undershooting Height (UH) were obtained by SBSP. The major parts of the experimental facility were the upper tank, lower tank, downcomer, and Siphon Breaker Line (SBL). The area of the Upper tank was $0.09-m^2$ with a height of 0.65-m. The height of the downcomer was 1.6-m. Pressure transmitters and an electronic scale were used to obtain the experimental results. The experimental variables were the sizes of Loss of Coolant Accident (LOCA) and SBL. The experimental results were analyzed by UH. The SBSP well predicted the UH with an error of 2.5%. Overall, it is possible to design siphon breakers with various scales using SBSP.

Deadlock Avoidance of DEDS Using Siphon property (Siphon 특성을 이용한 이산사건 시스템의 Deadlock 회피)

  • Kim, Jung-Chul;Kim, Jin-Kwon;Hwang, Hyung-Soo;Kim, Sung-Joong
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.2298-2300
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    • 2003
  • 본 논문은 페트리 네트의 특별한 구조인 siphon의 특성을 이용하여 트랜지션 점화를 제어함으로써 deadlock을 회피하는 방법을 제시한다. 제안한 방법은 페트리 네트에서 상태 방정식을 유도한 후, siphon의 특성을 이용하여 deadlock을 회피할 수 있는 충분 조건을 유도한다. 간단한 FMS의 예를 이용하여 제안한 방법을 사용하면 deadlock이 발생하지 않음을 보인다.

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An Study on Efficiency and Application of Thermal Siphon in the Permafrost (영구동토 지대에서 Thermal Siphon의 효율성 연구)

  • Kang, Jae-Mo;Kim, Hak-Seung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.963-966
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    • 2009
  • A Construction of pipe line foundation and railroad, buildings in a permafrost area requires engineering technology of ground stabilization. In the permafrost area, thermal siphons have been used to stabilize foundation by eliminating the heat of ground to the air. the thermal siphon is a passive heat transfer device that operates by convection through vaporization and condensation. The heat transfer from ground to the air is driven by a temperature difference across the unit. A buried part in ground working as vaporizing function and upper part work as condensing. In this study, buried thermal siphon around the pipe lines laid in the Vladivostok site and measuring temperature variation. It is found that the thermal siphons freezing ground faster and decrease temperature variation in winter season.

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Hydrualic Model Test for Siphon Spillway Capable of Controlling Discharge (유량조절이 가능한 사이펀 여수로 수리모형실험)

  • Jung, Jae-Sang;Jang, Eun-Cheol;Lee, Changhoon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.43-47
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    • 2019
  • In this study, capability of an air slot in a siphon spillway for controlling outflow discharge is investigated through hydraulic experiments. Arc and rectangular shapes of air slot are considered and the open area of air slot can be varied. Complex air-regulated flow occurs inside the the siphon spillway when the air slot is installed on it. The same discharge is measured at the same water level inside the reservoir when the water level rises or falls. Nondimensional discharge through the siphon spillway increases slowly as nondimensional open area of the air slot increases. The hydraulic experiments show that the control of outflow discharge of siphon spillway is possible by controlling the open area of the air slot.

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INVESTIGATION ON EFFECTS OF ENLARGED PIPE RUPTURE SIZE AND AIR PENETRATION TIMING IN REAL-SCALE EXPERIMENT OF SIPHON BREAKER

  • Kang, Soon Ho;Lee, Kwon-Yeong;Lee, Gi Cheol;Kim, Seong Hoon;Chi, Dae Young;Seo, Kyoungwoo;Yoon, Juhyeon;Kim, Moo Hwan;Park, Hyun Sun
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.817-824
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    • 2014
  • To ensure the safety of research reactors, the water level must be maintained above the required height. When a pipe ruptures, the siphon phenomenon causes continuous loss of coolant until the hydraulic head is removed. To protect the reactor core from this kind of accident, a siphon breaker has been suggested as a passive safety device. This study mainly focused on two variables: the size of the pipe rupture and the timing of air entrainment. In this study, the size of the pipe rupture was increased to the guillotine break case. There was a region in which a larger pipe rupture did not need a larger siphon breaker, and the water flow rate was related to the size of the pipe rupture and affected the residual water quantity. The timing of air entrainment was predicted to influence residual water level. However, the residual water level was not affected by the timing of air entrainment. The experimental cases, which showed the characteristic of partical sweep-out mode in the separation of siphon breaking phenomenon [2], showed almost same trend of physical properties.

Development and Application of Siphon Breaker Simulation Program (사이펀 차단기 시뮬레이션 프로그램의 개발 및 활용)

  • Lee, Kwon-Yeong;Kim, Wan-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.346-353
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    • 2016
  • In the design conditions of some research reactors, the siphon phenomenon can cause continuous efflux of water during pipe rupture. A siphon breaker is a safety device that can prevent water efflux effectively. However, the analysis of the siphon breaking is complicated because many variables must be included in the calculation process. For this reason, a simulation program was developed with a user-friendly GUI to analyze the siphon breaking easily. The program was developed by MFC programming using Visual Studio 2012 in Windows 8. After saving the input parameters from a user, the program proceeds with three steps of calculation using fluid mechanics formulas. Bernoulli's equation is used to calculate the velocity, quantity, water level, undershooting, pressure, loss coefficient, and factors related to the two-phase flow. The Chisholm model is used to predict the results from a real-scale experiment. The simulation results are shown in a graph, through which a user can examine the total breaking situation. It is also possible to save all of the resulting data. The program allows a user to easily confirm the status of the siphon breaking and would be helpful in the design of siphon breakers.

Effectiveness of Water-Siphon Test as A Diagnostic Test of Laryngopharyngeal Reflux (인후두역류질환의 진단 방법으로서 Water-Siphon Test의 유용성)

  • Pae, So Young;Park, Hae Sang;Park, Jin Young;Baek, Seung Yon;Jang, Dong Hyuk;Kim, Soo Jin;Kim, So Jeong;Kim, Han Su;Chung, Sung Min
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology, Phoniatrics and Logopedics
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.124-128
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    • 2012
  • Background and Objectives : There are many diagnostic modalities to evaluate laryngopharyngeal reflux. However, ideal diagnostic methods have not been established yet. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of Water-Siphon test as a diagnostic test of laryngopharyngeal reflux. Subjects and Methods : From November 2006 to September 2007, we performed esophagography with Water-Siphon test and questionnaire, physical examination for 227 patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux symptoms. The results of Water-Siphon test were classified according to the degree of reflux, the number of reflux, the retention time and analyzed about the relationship with the reflux symptom index (RSI), reflux finding score (RFS). Results : The degree of reflux was related with pseudosulcus, thick endolaryngeal mucus. The number of reflux was related with thick endolaryngeal mucus. A positive predictive value of Water-Siphon test was 82.7% and sensitivity was 91.5%. Conclusion : Water-Siphon test is a reliable diagnostic test for laryngopharyngeal reflux.

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Analysis of Design Parameters For Shunt Valve and Anti-Siphon Device Used to Treat Patients with Hydrocephalus

  • Lee, Chong-Sun;Jang, Jong-Yun;Suh, Chang-Min
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.1061-1071
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    • 2001
  • The present study investigated design parameters of shunt valves and anti-siphon device used to treat patients with hydrocephalus. The shunt valve controls drainage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) through passive deflection of a thin and small diaphragm. The anti-siphon device(ASD) is optionally connected to the valve to prevent overdrainage when the patients are in the standing position. The major design parameters influencing pressure-flow characteristics of the shunt valve were analyzed using ANSYS structural program. Experiments were performed on the commercially available valves and showed good agreements with the computer simulation. The results of the study indicated that predeflection of the shunt valve diaphragm is an important design parameter to determine the opening pressure of the valve. The predeflection was found to depend on the diaphragm tip height and could be adjusted by the diaphragm thickness and its elastic modulus. The major design parameters of the ASD were found to be the clearance (gap height) between the thin diaphragm and the flow orifice. Besides the gap height, the opening pressure of the ASD could be adjusted by the diaphragm thickness, its elastic modulus, area ratio of the diaphragm to the flow orifice. Based on the numerical simulation which considered the increased subcutaneous pressure introduced by the tissue capsule pressure on the implanted shunt valve system, optimum design parameters were proposed for the ASD.

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Deadlock Analysis and Control of FMS's Using Siphon property (Siphon 특성을 이용한 FMS의 Deadlock 해석과 제어)

  • Kim, Jung-Chul;Kim, Jin-Kwon;Hwang, Hyung-Soo
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.677-682
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    • 2007
  • Concurrent competition for finite resources by multiple parts in flexible manufacturing systems(FMS's) and inappropriate initial marking or net structure of Petri net with share resources results in deadlock. This is an important issue to be addressed in the operation of the systems. Deadlock is a system state so that some working processes can never be finished. Deadlock situation is due to a wrong resource allocation policy. In fact, behind a deadlock problem there is a circular wait situation for a set of resources. Deadlock can disable an entire system and make automated operation impossible. Particularly, an unmanned system cannot recover from such a status and a set of jobs waits indefinitely for never-to-be-released resources. In this paper, we proposed a deadlock prevention method using siphon and trap of Petri net. It is based on potential deadlock which are siphon that eventually became empty. This method prevents the deadlock by the control of transition fire and initial marking in the Petri net. An given example of FMS is shown to illustrate our results with deadlock-free.