• Title, Summary, Keyword: sizing

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A Study on the Size Information Presentation Method of Women's Upper Garment in Internet Shopping Malls for the Improvement of Consumer Satisfaction (소비자 만족도 향상을 위한 인터넷 의류 쇼핑몰의 여성 상의류 사이즈 정보 제시 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Mi Yeon;Hwang, Sun Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.63 no.3
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    • pp.95-109
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    • 2013
  • This thesis was conducted with the purpose of proposing a systematic and comprehensive system for women's upper garment sizes so that the satisfaction level of women purchasing the upper garment products in Internet shopping malls is enhanced. To achieve this, this study first conducted a survey of women from the ages of 18 to 39 and attempted to discover consumer satisfaction levels and preferences of the clothing product sizing system of Internet shopping malls. While keeping track of the global distribution environment, an optimal clothing sizing system for Korean women that fit recent changes in their body shapes was proposed. The results of this study are as follows. First, A result of studying the satisfaction levels and preferences of consumer's purchase experience and the sizing system showed that 48.6% of the total respondents were dissatisfied with the current sizing system. Second, based on the research of the size classification system of domestic and foreign upper garment for women, unlike domestic Internet shopping malls, overseas generally offer several size classifications. Third, results of studies 1 and 2 was used to propose an optimal clothing products sizing system method. Also, the body and product sizes and the measurement methods should be offered together. In summary of all these results, by establishing globally compatible sizing system, consumers are able to recognize their sizes on their own and by doing this, it will lower perceived risk of the consumers at the time of a Internet shopping mall purchase, and this will raise their level of satisfaction while making purchases.

Standardization of Terminology to Boost the Use of 3D Virtual Fitting Program - Analysis of Terminology in Avatar Sizing - (가상착의프로그램의 활성화를 위한 용어 표준화 방안 - 아바타사이징 용어 분석 -)

  • Han, Hyunjung;Jeon, Eunkyung
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.191-203
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    • 2016
  • The 3D virtual fitting system is a new and very efficient system replacing real fitting in apparel industry and on-line shopping. It is a win-win system for both of consumer and manufacturer which not only reduces design and production time but also resolves consumer's complaints by checking the wearing image beforehand. It is a must-have item in the future. The purpose of this study is to analyze sizing menu, terms, and current status and to figure out problems of avatar sizing programs which substitute human bodies in virtual fitting. We chose three existing outstanding programs in domestic and global market, compared and analyzed the program, manual, and terms that are used in avatar sizing, and investigated the strengths, weaknesses, problems of options and terms and finally suggested an alternative terms. The revealed problems are as follows: each program supports various avatars ranging from male to female, from child to adult, and from oriental style to western style. The image of the avatar could be changed through the options for hair style, shoes and accessories. But we found out some problems. The avatar body types are far from actual human body types, avatar sizing menus and item terms are different from program to program, and terms not yet standardized. Cooperative efforts of industry and academy on standardization of sizing menus and terms should be emphasized for the virtual fitting system to be widely used like the other computer graphic programs or word editors.

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A Study of the Apparel Sizing of Children's Wear - An Analysis of the Size Increments Utilized in Children’s Wear Based on an Anthropometric Survey -

  • Kang Yeo-Sun;Choi Hei-Sun;Do Woel-Hee
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.95-110
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this research is to analyze how appropriately the sizing of domestically produced children's wear compares to children's sizes; it is based on an anthropometric survey conducted in 1998. By discovering and understanding discrepancies between the sizing system of children s wear and the real size of children, this study aims to suggest solutions that will lead to increased comfort and more suitable fitting in children's clothes. This research analyzes and compares 'the extent of growth between age groups' with 'the difference in sizing system in use by manufacturers'. The study focused on aged 4 to 12 children, who are usually divided in two groups; primary students and toddlers. In total, seven sizes were selected: bust, waist, and hip (which are girth sizes), and height, back neck to waist (top length), sleeve length, and waist to ankle (slacks length) as representing length. The results of this research are analyzed by basing on the actual increments between the sizes of children's wear in certain basic items rather than sizes themselves because each size quite differed according to companies, items and designs. Significantly, the increase in the sizing was not as great as the average biennial growth rate of children. The consequences are poorer fit and unsuitable representative value for each age group because the actual sizes of children increasingly differ from the sample size. Observing the increments in several sizes, we found that 81.8% of the companies used the certain and equal increases for grading sizes in sleeve length, waist, and bust. In addition, 72.7% of the companies adopted the same increments between sizes in height and hip girth, and 63.6% also chose equal increments in T-shirt length for making smaller or bigger sizes from the sample size. However, sleeve length and pant length were the components that displayed the most varied sizing. Interestingly, the few companies that used different increments between size groups, adopted the change only between one or two size groups, instead of all sizes. In conclusion, this research reveals the unsuitability of the current sizing system and the necessity to increase consumer confidence in the size tags on children's wear by modifying the system to reflect the actual growth of children. The results can also contribute to future study on the development of a new and more accurate sizing system for children's wear.

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Effect of Glue and Alum Mixing Ratio on the Color Variation of Traditional Sizing Hanji (아교포수 방법이 전통한지의 색상 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Yu-Ju;Choi, Tae-Ho
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.153-158
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    • 2019
  • The traditional sizing treatment for the Hanji is performed to give the following functions. Those are to stabilize the paint of the painting, to prevent the paint of painting and moisture from smearing into the painting itself, to prevent the paint of the painting and moisture from passing to the lining paper, and to make the colors of painting match the surrounding.This study analyzed a result of the effect of Hanji sizing characteristic according to glue and alum mixing ratio and applying times, affects to pigments of painting and fastness of Hanji using accelerated aging test. As a result of color measurement of sizing treated Hanji, the concentration of glue and the number of application increased, the brightness and the $L^*$ value decreased but the yellowness index increased.

Development of a Novel System for Measuring Sizing Degree Based on Contact Angle (II) - Reliability and Reproducibility of the New Automatic Measuring System for Contact Angle - (접촉각 측정 원리를 이용한 새로운 사이즈도 측정기 (제2보) -자동 접촉각 측정 시스템의 신뢰성 및 재현성 -)

  • 이찬용;김철환;최경민;박종열;권오철
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.53-58
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    • 2003
  • The newly developed system for measuring a contact angle on a sheet was examined to investigate reliability and reproducibility of the measured results. It was clearly confirmed that the automatic contact angle measuring system was much faster and more reliable way to determine the water resistance of a sheet, comparing with Cobb and Stockigt sizing tests. Cobb test showed less significant results with stringently sized sheets, and Stockigt test exhibited the big deviations by discrepancy of the recognition point of coloring according to different testers in spite of explicit test results. On the other hand, the contact angles measured by the automatic system were reproduced with less deviations, irrespectively of different testers. It was interesting to note that the contact angle might be able to used to predict Cobb and Stockigt sizing degree, based upon the high correlation coefficients of 0.95 and 0.97. Hereafter the automatic system will be upgraded to predict Cobb and stockigt sizing degree through the measurement of contact angle.

A Study on the Pattern Grading for Men's Formal Wear (남성정장 상.하의 그레이딩에 관한 연구)

  • 백경자;유경진;이정란
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.843-852
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to propose a computer-based grading method for men's formal wear according to the sizing systems based on the size and dimension whereby manufactured men's formal wear can be classified. The following procedures were as follows : 1) We surveyed the sizing systems and the computer-grading methods that have been used and presently practiced by the domestic garment industry of the ready-made men's wear. 2) Using the survey data of the domestic men's ready-made clothing industry and that of the National Anthropometric Survey of Korea in 1997, we proposed the new sizing and grading systems of men's formal wear within the framework of the Korean Garment Industry's directions and the data of the domestic men's ready-made clothing industry. 3) The suitability of the new grading systems to the domestic garment industry were put to a wearing teat. The findings were as follows : 1) Survey of the domestic ready-made garment industry showed that each company classified its own manufactured goods according to its own sizing and grading systems. 2) The superiority of the grading system was been demonstrated by a high approval rate of the subjects who participated in the testing.

A Study on Sizing System for the Knit Trainning Wears-females from 15 to 24 years old- (니트츄리닝복의 치수 체계에 관한 연구-만 15~24세 여자를 중심으로-)

  • 문명옥;천태일
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.335-344
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to set up sizing system for knit trainning wears. Sample size was 198 females and their age range was from 15 to 24 years old. The body types for sizing system for knit trainning wears were divided by height and drop values. The results were as follows. 1. The height could be divided into three groups and they covered 97.5%. The Short(152cm) covered 27.8%, the Regular(160cm) 51.0% and the Tall(168cm) 18.7%. 2. The Medium hip(drop value 6) and the Large hip(drop value 12)had the high coverage rate of 45.5% and 46%, and the Small hip(drop value 0) had the low coverage rate of 8.6%. 3. For sizing system for knit trainning wears, the intervals of bust girth and hip girth were 5cm and 4cm. In the same size of bust girth, the intervals of hip high girth and waist girth were 1cm, the intervals of back waist length and sleeve length were 2cm and the interval of slacks length was 4∼5cm according to three height groups.

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A Study on the Junior-High School Girls' Slacks Pattern Grading by Using Apparel CAD System (CAD 시스템을 활용한 여중생의 슬랙스 패턴 그레이딩에 관한 연구)

  • 임지영
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.40 no.11
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2002
  • Nowadays, the use of apparel CAD system is important to the mass production of ready to wear Especially, computer-based grading is the most important process to improve the fitness of clothes and to reduce the time needed to make patterns of several sizes. The purpose of this study was to suggest a standard sizing system for junior-high school girls' lower clothes and to suggest a grading method according to the sizing systems. The subjects were 402 junior-high school girls of 13 to 15 year's-old. The size intervals of waist girth and hip girth were 3㎝ and 4㎝ respectively. The sizing system, which had frequencies more than 4.5%, was classified 8 cases. For regular grading, two types of group were classified into 58-82/61-86/64-90/67-94 and 61-82/64-86/67-90/70-94. Among them, 61-86 and 64-86 size were adopted the basic size for the development of grading. According to the sizing system, hand-made patterns were manufactured. By measure of the each part of the slacks, new grading rule patterns were developed by each size. A new grading rule was different from the Moonwha grading rule. This result will contribute to clothing fitness of consumer and the amount of production.

Mechanism of AKD Sizing Development (AKD의 사이즈 효과 발현기구)

  • Jo, Byoung-Muk;Lee, Don-Sub
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.45-56
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    • 1996
  • Generally, it has been know that AKD develops sizing efficiency by forming the chemical bond with cellulose in neutral paper making. However, there have been many expriments in opposition to this theory. This study was carried out to find whether there is chemical bond between AKD and cellulose or not. Also, it was investigated that how much the reacted AKD forming chemical bond and the unreacted AKD contribute to sizing degree respectively if chemical bond presents, and what caused AKD sized paper to migrate under high temperature. Besides, this work experimented several factors having influences on AKD sizing in paper amking.

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Satisfaction with the Somatotype & Fit of Overweight Women's Ready-to-wear (의복설계를 위한 비만여성의 기성복 만족도)

  • Kim, Hee-Sook
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.64-70
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the somatotype variation & satisfaction with the fit of ready-to-wear for overweight women. For this study, questionnaires were administered to 154 overweight women in Andong & Daegu areas. Employing a sample of 116 data were analyzed by using F-test. And 10 overweight women's brands were analyzed for sizing system of women's ready-to-wear. The results were as follows: In the satisfaction with the somatotype variation of overweight women, length items increased and girth items decreased with aging. At neck, bust, waist, hip and sleeve circumferences, satisfaction with the fit of ready-to-wear decreased with aging. Correlation for somatotype variation & satisfaction with the fit of ready-to-wear was significantly positive. And main sizing system of overweight women' s ready-to-wear brands was size 99 & 105 cm(bust)-90 cm (waist)-110 cm(hip), and its sizing intervals was almost existed in range of 5 cm-7 cm. There were various sizing systems in overweight women's ready-to-wear brands, and it raised a problem of consumer's dissatisfaction.