• Title, Summary, Keyword: sizing

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Low Body Obesity Control with Female University Students -Focusing on Meridian Massage with Aroma Essential Oil- (여대생의 하체 비만관리 -아로마 에센셜 오일을 이용한 경락마사지를 중심으로-)

  • Yun, Un-Jae;Kim, Young-Ran
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.8
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    • pp.360-366
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this research was to study of the lower body obesity control with female university students, particularly has been done meridian message and aroma therapy, The data included in the remainder of this research was gathered from the experimental groups consisted of eighteen female students for tested group and compared group over 8 weeks. By the observation of tested group and compared group, we could see the measurement of thigh and calf sizing down overall, but they still show some differences depend on physical constitutions of each members who has been tested. This meant that the result could be changed by the will and persistent endurance of experimented ones Both of tested group and compared group's body mass index shrinked but still there were some exceptions, this result showed the difference of each participants' willingness as well as the age gap. We could find the reduction of Total Cholesterol, LDL, neutral fat and blood sugar in both tested group and compared group. However in case of HDL the measurement increased which means wrong method of controlling obesity can show some abnormal figures

Mid to Long - Term Results of Meniscal Allograft Transplantation (동종 반월상 연골 이식술 후 중장기 추시 결과)

  • Chun, Churl-Hong;Kweon, Seok-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: We report mid to long - term results of meniscal transplantation and evaluate the important factors for successful outcomes. Materials and Methods: Between December 1999 and September 2002, 25 meniscal transplantations were performed using fresh frozen allograft. The lateral meniscus was transplanted in 19 cases and medial meniscus in 6 cases. The mean age was 34 years (range, 17~50 years) and the mean follow up was 54.8 months (range, 6~85 months). Preoperative measurements were made using a ruler graded in millimeters. Lateral meniscus was fixed by keyhole technique and medial meniscus was fixed by double bone plug technique with suturing the periphery of the meniscal transplant. All patients were evaluated with Knee Assessment Scoring System (KASS), Lysholm knee score, and Tegner activity scale for daily activity. Results: Symptoms improved in all cases. The average KASS score increased from 61.7 preoperatively to 83.8 postoperatively. The average Lysholm knee score increased from 77.7 preoperatively to 87.7 postoperatively (excellent in 3 cases, good in 17 cases, fair 4 cases, poor 1 case). But painful swellings were 3 cases, numbness in 1 case, and granuloma due to non-absorbable suture material in 1 case. Peroneal nerve palsy in 1 case was recovered after 6 weeks postoperatively. Conclusion: Meniscal allograft transplantation after subtotal or total menisectomy can significantly relieve pain and improve function of the knee joint. The exact preoperative sizing and secure fixation are essential for successful outcomes.

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Current Status and Investigation of International Co-operative Research Program-PINC(Program for the Inspection of Nickel Alloy Components) (국제공동연구 PINC(Program for the Inspection of Nickel Alloy Components) 현황 및 고찰)

  • Kim, Kyung-Cho;Kang, Sung-Sik;Song, Kyung-Ho;Chung, Koo-Kap;Chung, Hae-Dong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.153-161
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    • 2009
  • After several PWSCCs were found in Bugey(France), Ringhals(Sweden), Tihange(Belgium), Oconee, Arkansas, Crystal Fever, Davis-Basse, VC Summer(U.S.A.), Thuruga(Japan), USNRC and PNNL started the research on PWSCC, that is, PINC project. The aim of this project is to fabricate and obtain representative NDE mock-ups with flaws to simulate tight PWSCC cracks, to identify and quantitatively assess NDE methods for accurately detecting, sizing and characterizing tight cracks such as PWSCC, to document the range of locations and crack morphologies associated with PWSCC and observed responses and to incorporate findings from other ongoing PWSCC research programs, as appropriate. By participating in PINC project, Korean morphology technique about PWSCC and NDE technique have improved and become similar lever with other advanced country. Therefore, the evaluation technique of integrity for nickel alloy component has been improved by cooperation with university, research institute and industries.

Infection of Clinostomum complanatum (Rudolphi, 1814) in spotted barbel gudgeon (Squalidus multimaculatus Hosoya et Jeon) (자연산 점몰개, Squalidus multimaculatus Hosoya et Jeon의 새인두흡충, Clinostomum complanatum (Rudolphi, 1814) 감염)

  • Park, Myoung-Ae;Seo, Jung-Soo;Jung, Sung-Hee;Choi, Hee-Jung;Jeon, Eun-Ji;Jee, Eo-Young;Lee, Wan-Ok;Woo, Sung-Ho;Lee, Eun-Hye
    • Journal of fish pathology
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.161-166
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    • 2011
  • The metacercariae of Clinostomum complanatum (Rudolphi, 1814) were isolated in the whole body muscle of wild freshwater fish, spotted barbel gudgeon (Squalidus multimaculatus Rosoya et Jeon) from the local river in Yeongdeok, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea. The infected fish with bumpy body surface by "yellow grub" showed erratic swimming behavior and some fish were died. The isolated excysted metacercariae were tongue shaped and 2.85~5.89 mm ${\times}$ 0.8~1.99 mm in size. 1~98 metacercariae were isolated in individual fish and mean infection intensity was 25. All examined adult spotted barbel gudgeon sizing 7 cm in body length were infected. This is the first report of disease outbreak and mortality caused by C. complanatum infection in wild freshwater fish in Korea.

Clinical Application of Radial Head Prosthesis (요골두 치환술의 임상적 적용)

  • Moon, Jun-Gyu
    • Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.140-145
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: Installing a radial head prosthesis has developed into a reliable procedure to replace the native radial head for treating unreconstructible radial head fracture when this is associated with an unstable elbow or forearm. A variety of implants have been developed and these are now commercially available. This article reviews the literature related to the indications, the available implants and the surgical techniques of radial head replacement arthroplasty. Materials and Methods: The main indication for a metallic radial head prosthesis is a comminuted fracture that is not amenable to reconstruction, and particularly if it is associated with complex elbow injuries. Excision of the radial head should be avoided in the presence of combined injured ligaments or interosseous membrane injury. Three different implants are available in Korea, including the bipolar, press fit monopolar and loose fit monopolar radial head prostheses. A primary technical goal of radial head arthroplasty is the insertion of an implant that closely replicates the native radial head. The major pitfall when using a metallic radial head prosthesis is the insertion of a longer implant, which results in overstuffing of the radiocapitellar joint. Results and Conclusion: Satisfactory clinical results can be anticipated when a radial head prosthesis is used for the correct indications and when a systemic approach is undertaken to ensure proper sizing. For the future studies, we need data regarding the long term outcomes and comparison of the various types of prostheses.

The Analysis on the Trend of the Women's Wear Researches - In Consideration of the Apparel Related Journals Publication Listed on the KCI(Korea Citation Index) from 2001 to 2010 - (여성복 관련 연구경향 분석 - 2001~2010년까지 학회지 게재논문 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Se Hee;Park, Gin Ah
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.62 no.8
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of the study was to offer in-depth understanding of the women's wear research trend in South Korea and thus to provide insights from the findings throughout the study to set appropriate directions for further development of women's wear related researches in the clothing and textile study area. The study considered research papers published by the 6 major apparel related journals listed on the KCI(Korea Citation Index) i.e. journals of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles(KSCT), the Korean Society of Costume(KSC), the Costume Culture Association (CCA), the Korean Society of Fashion Business(KSFB), the Korean Home Economics Association (KHEA) and the Korean Society for Clothing Industry(KSCI). A total of 380 research papers that were related with women's wear published from 2001 to 2010 were selected for the study and analyzed in the form of descriptive statistics using the SPSS Software ver. 18.0. The analysis was categorized according to the journals, years and research theme. The research themes were divided into various categories such as, clothing construction, textile science, fashion aesthetics and design, costume history and culture, apparel psychology and fashion marketing. The results derived from the research were: (1) the ratio of the research papers on the women's wear to the total papers published from 2001 to 2010 by the 6 subject journals was 380 to 6,815, i.e. 5.6% of the total papers; (2) journal of KSCT published the most women's wear research papers (N=149, 39.2%) and then the rest in order were the journal of CCA (N=69, 18.2%), the journal of KSC (N=68, 17.9%), the journal of KSFB (N=52, 13.7%), the journal of KHEA (N=39, 10.3%) and the journal of KSCI (N=3, 0.7%); (3) the proportions of the research themes for the women's wear study were in the order of the case study in marketing (N=135, 35.5%), body measurements and sizing systems in clothing construction (N=88, 23.2%), fashion design and aesthetics (N=83, 21.8%), pattern-making (N=63, 16.6%), and color study (N=11, 2.9%) and so on.

RCCA End-Tip Examination by ECT (원자로 제어봉 End-Tip 원주방향균열 와전류검사)

  • Lee, H.J.;Nam, M.W.;Jung, G.J.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.455-463
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    • 1998
  • RCCA(rod cluster control assembly) End-Tip suffers from neutron irradiation and constant vibration due to high-speed internal flow of primary coolant during plant operation. Such operating conditions cause the RCCA end-tip crackings around tile circumferential weldment of the end-tip, and in some cases, the defective end-tips were completly broken loose. However, no reliable inspection techniques for end-tip crackings were developed in the past, although some techniques exist for inspecting RCCA control rod wears. Therefore, NDE group at KEPRI has developed an ECT technique for the detection and the sizing of the end-tip crackings. The technique uses a specially designed surface-riding probe that can detect size of circumferential crackings with an accuracy of ${\pm}5.31%$ RMS error. This paper describes the ECT instrumentation including the ECT probes, calibration bars, as well as technical approaches.

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A New Clock Routing Algorithm for High Performance ICs (고성능 집적회로 설계를 위한 새로운 클락 배선)

  • 유광기;정정화
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics C
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    • v.36C no.11
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    • pp.64-74
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    • 1999
  • A new clock skew optimization for clock routing using link-edge insertion is proposed in this paper. It satisfies the given skew bound and prevent the total wire length from increasing. As the clock skew is the major constraint for high speed synchronous ICs, it must be minimized in order to obtain high performance. But clock skew minimization can increase total wire length, therefore clock routing is performed within the given skew bound which can not induce the malfunction. Clock routing under the specified skew bound can decrease total wire length Not only total wire length and delay time minimization algorithm using merging point relocation method but also clock skew reduction algorithm using link-edge insertion technique between two nodes whose delay difference is large is proposed. The proposed algorithm construct a new clock routing topology which is generalized graph model while previous methods uses only tree-structured routing topology. A new cost function is designed in order to select two nodes which constitute link-edge. Using this cost function, delay difference or clock skew is reduced by connecting two nodes whose delay difference is large and distance difference is short. Furthermore, routing topology construction and wire sizing algorithm is developed to reduce clock delay. The proposed algorithm is implemented in C programming language. From the experimental results, we can get the delay reduction under the given skew bound.

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A Study on the Rroperties of the Dusts from Ferroally Manufacture (합금철제조공정에서 발생되는 분진의 물성)

  • Shin, Kang-Ho;Song, Young-Jun;Hyun, Jong-Yeong;Cho, Young-Keun;Suh, Soon-Il;Park, Charn-Hoon;Cho, Dong-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.9-17
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    • 1999
  • The study investrgated the properti es of lh$\xi$ dust~ from felToalloy manufacture, The chemical composition, composItron material, particle size and shapes of the bulk dust, sized dust and magnetically separated dust were llivestigated. As the result, we s suppose that the dust from HLgh Carbon Fenomauganesc Manufacturing Process is not sufficient as soource material of Mn because of the low Mn conteut (13.5%) aud complicated composition material The dust from Bag Filter of AOD Process is m mainly made up of $0.2~2\mu\textrm{m}$ $Mn_3O_4$ (Hausmatmite) particle in spherical shape and the Mn content is 63.1%. The dust from Cooler of AOD Process is mainly made up of coarse $Ca(OH)_2$ Mn, $Fe_yO_2$ $SiO_2$ and fine $Mn_3O_1$.

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A Study on the Legal and Systemic Aspect of Aviation Accident Investigation Organization -Focusing on the Improvement Method- (항공사고조사기구(航空事故調査機構)에 관한 법적(法的) 제도적(制度的) 고찰(考察) -개선방안(改善方案)을 중심(中心)으로-)

  • Yoo, Kyung-In;Kim, Maeng-Sern
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.109-139
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    • 2004
  • The first successful sustained powered flight by Wright Brothers was further extended to the rapid development of aviation technology, that led to transpacific flights, the invention of supersonic planes, and enabled hundreds of people to travel in the space, in addition to the fact that around 10 people had stepped on the moon, all of which were made possible within the very same century. However, on the back side of this most wondrous human technology, the vulnerableness to the aviation accident has been constantly accompanied with, right from the very beginning stage of the aircraft development. Moreover, the development of future aircraft is being focused on the aircraft performance, the increment of the number of passengers aboard and also its speed. In proportion to these phenomena of mega sizing the aircraft, the development of new technology and the increment of air traffic volume, the number of aviation accident is expected to augment, resulting in the enormous loss of human lives and properties. In order to prevent the disastrous aviation accident as such, it is essential to conduct the accident investigation in a specialized, systematic and scientific manner. In search for the method to attain the effective function of the aviation accident investigation organization, in this study, issues were examined as follows: The full-time Board Members and the establishment of an integrated investigation agency, The systematized security of status as an accident investigator, Inclusion of a human factors specialist in the investigator group organization, liability limit of an accident investigator Stipulation of the definition and the investigation scope of an accident and serious incident, along with the main body of conducting the investigation into the accident involving both civil and public aircraft, in the regulations related to the accident investigation.

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