• Title, Summary, Keyword: slaughter pigs

Search Result 176, Processing Time 0.053 seconds

Disease examination of slaughter pigs from Southern Gyeonggi-do (도축병변을 통한 돼지의 질병감염 조사)

  • Woo, Jong-Tae;Cheong, Yeon-Hee;Kim, Min-Kyoung;Ku, Kyung-Nyer
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.33 no.1
    • /
    • pp.67-74
    • /
    • 2010
  • To reduce an economic loss by swine disease, this study was designed to provide helpful data which are particularly useful for each individual farm. From february to December 2009, a total of 18,173 slaughter pigs (612 herds) were randomly sampled, which were produced just in southern region of Gyeonggi-do. We examined all of them for the slaughter lesions of 8 kind diseases such as swine enzootic pneumonia (SEP), pleuritis (PL), pleuropneumonia (PP), white milk spot in liver (WMS), papular dermitis (PD), pericarditis (PC), ileitis (IL) and peritonitis (PT). Twenty four percentages (4431/18173 pigs) of the examined pigs had no lesions about 8 kind diseases. Among the pigs with lesions, the numbers of the pigs with just one lesion were 7,637(42%), followed by 4,551(25%) pigs with 2 lesions. Average prevalence of pigs were 56.5% (10288/18173 pigs) in SEP, followed by 34% in PL, 12.4% in PP, 10.1% in WMS, 6.1% in PD, 4.7% in PC, 0.1% in IL and PT, respectively. Each prevalence of SEP, PL, PP and PD was higher in spring than in winter, respectively (P<0.01). Among the pigs (n=6,105) with 2 or more than 2 kinds of lesions the top (55.5%) was the pigs with SEP and PL, and the second was 1,179 (19.3%). Swine enzootic pneumonia was considered as one of the more likely risk factors for initiation or/and acceleration of other diseases such as PL, PP, WMS and PD. The lesion of SEP was relatively severe since the pigs with late stage were more (7,277 pigs) than those with early stage.

Survey on Pneumonia of Slaughter Pigs in Youngnam (영남지방 도축돈에 대한 폐렴발생 조사)

  • 조광현;박인화;도재철;장성준;박노찬;권헌일;박덕상
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.19 no.2
    • /
    • pp.126-138
    • /
    • 1996
  • Lungs from 109 slaughter pigs with gross lesions indicating enzootic Pneumonia of pigs(EPP) and 16 grossly normal lungs, all originating from seven different herds, were subjected to microbiological examinations. The microbiological studies were included both bacterial and mycoplasmal culture. From lungs of 125 slaughter pigs, 87.2% pigs were pneumonia lesions alone or complexly Mycoplasma spp., pasteurella multocidu(p. multocida), Streptococcus spp., and Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniue(A. pleuropneumoniae) were detected in 39.4%, 42.2%, 13.8%, and 3.7% of the pneumonic lungs, respectively. P. multocida was the most frequently isolated organism in pneumonic lungs. Mycoplasmas not isolated organism in 33.9% the pneumonic lungs even If [here are gross lessions mycoplasmas. The amounts of pneumonia in lungs with Mycoplasma spp. alone, a concurrence of Mycoplasma spp. and P. multocida, p. multocida alone, a concurrence of P. multocida and A. pleuropneumoniae, and a concurrence of Mycoplasma spp. and A pleurdpneumoniae were 10.1%, 22.7%, 18.7%, 25%, and 30%, respectively These findings indicated that p. multocida might be involved in the pathogenesis of pneumonia in slaughter pigs. Mycoplasma spp. was also, in this study, associated with higher frequency of pneumonia. The frequency of pigs snout lesion grade 0∼5 inclusive were 27.2%, 28%, 19.2%, 16%, 6.4%, and 3.2% from 125 slaughter pigs. 32(25.6%) pigs were positive and 13~30% in the pigs from seven herds were found to be infected with atrophic rhintis (AR). A total of 46 P. multocida strains In pneumonic lungs were further characterized by capsular serotyping and testing for production of dermonecrotic toxin. 42(91.3%) of strains were capsular A and 4(8.7%) were type D. Out of the type A and type D strains, 86% and 75% were toxigenic, respectively.

  • PDF

A Pathologic Study on the Gastric Ulcers of the Pigs (돼지의 위궤양에 관한 병리학적 관찰)

  • Eom Seok-Young;Bak Ung-Bok;Lim Chang-Hyeong
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
    • /
    • v.3 no.2
    • /
    • pp.335-345
    • /
    • 1986
  • A total of 499 stomachs consisted of 393 slaughter and 106 breeding pigs from industrial farm was examined for ulcerative lesions grossly and microscopically. The relationship between the ulcerative lesions and stomach contents was also examined. 1. The majority of stomachs has one or more lesions of ulcerative process, including parakeratosis(64.1%), erosions(10.2%), acute ulcers(2.8%), chronic ulcers(1.4%), and scars(0.8%). 2. The incidence and the degree of the esophagogastric lesions in the breeding pigs were similar to those of the slaughter pigs. But ulcerative lesions of the fundic lesions in the breeding pigs were found to be more remarkable than those of the slaughter pigs. 3. The stomach contents of the pigs having gastric ulcers were mostly fluid in nature, which were dry in the normal stomach. 4. Histologically, muscular hypertrophy, connective tissue hyperplasia and vascularity were shown in the ulcerative lesions of the esophagogastric portion. Thrombosis, necrosis and granulation tissue formation were found frequently.

  • PDF

Control of endemic diseases in breeding pigs by means of slaughter check (Slaughter check에 의한 종돈의 방역관리)

  • Kim, Bong-Hwan;Choo, Ji-Hoon;Cho, Kwang-Hyun;Park, Choi-Kyu;Jung, Byeong-Yeal
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.46 no.1
    • /
    • pp.27-34
    • /
    • 2006
  • This paper describes the slaughter check results of breeding pigs from the Korean Swine Testing Station for the control of endemic diseases. Gross lesions monitored in the present study included those conditions commonly associated with economically significant subclinical herd infections: enzootic pneumonia, pleuropneumonia, pleuritis, atrophic rhinitis, liver white spots, papular dermatitis and ileitis. A total of 128 slaughter pigs were investigated at 4 subsequent tests according to the slaughter check procedures established. The prevalence of enzootic pneumonia, pleuropneumonia and pleuritis in the initial test was 67.9%, 28.6% and 17.9%, respectively. However, these were decreased to 46.7%, 6.7% and 6.7%, respectively, in the last test after implementation of counter measures including clean-up protocols and medication programs (p > 0.05). The mean pneumonic score also significantly decreased from 6.8 in the initial test to 2.8 in the last test. The prevalence of atrophic rhinitis (${\geq}score\;2$) was 32.2% and mean atrophic rhinitis score of 1.1 were recorded. However, no significant improvement of conditions was achieved with the counter measures indicating that atrophic rhinitis was originated from the source herds and lesions developed early in the life. In the initial test, prevalence of liver white spots and papular dermatitis lesions was 21.4% and 25.0%, respectively. These conditions were cleaned by the implementation of parasite control measures with all-in all-out, strict clean-up protocols and proper medications adopted in the present study (liver white spots, p = 0.0124; papular dermatitis lesions, p = 0.0055). The prevalence of ileitis lesions in slaughter pigs from the initial test was 28.6%, it could be gradually reduced by the use of repeated treatments and control measures but the effect was not so significant (p > 0.05). In conclusion, slaughter check procedures were successfully established and applied for the control of endemic diseases in the Korean Swine Testing Station.

An abattoir survey of incidence of pneumonia in slaughter pigs and an investigation of microbiology of affected lungs (도축돈의 폐렴병변 분포조사 및 폐렴병소로부터 호기성균의 분리동정)

  • 김경희;장영술;조민희;김수웅;김영은;김봉환
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.22 no.2
    • /
    • pp.121-128
    • /
    • 1999
  • The present study was conducted to investigate the incidence of pneumonic lesions with special regard to enzootic pneumonia and the microbiology of pneumoic lungs from 544 slaughter pigs during the period from October 1995 to September 1996. The incidence of enzootic pneumonic lesion was 76.3% (41s/s44) and pleurisy was detected from 7.9% of slaughter pigs. Seasonal prevalence of pneumonic lesions in slaughter pigs were in order of prevalence of 82.9% in spring, 76.8% in winter, 74.8% in autumn and 69.0% in summer, respectively. Pasteurella multocida, Streptococcus sp, Str suis, Corynebacterium sp, Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Hemophilus parasuis, and Klebsiella pneumoniae were detected in order of prevalence from 16.9%, 15.9%, 7.5%, 6.0%, 1.4%, 1.0% and 0.5% of 415 pneumonic lungs, respectively. P multocida were susceptible to oxytetracycline, polymyxin-B, streptomycin, and vancomycin, while the majority of them were resistant to amoxicillin, ampicillin, cephalothin, kanamycin, and penicillin-G. Str suis were susceptible to amoxicillin, ampicillin, cephalothin, penicillin-G, although the majority of them were resistant to erythromycin, oxytetracycline, streptomycin, vancomycin. A pleuropneumoniae were susceptible to ampicillin, and cephalothin, but the majority of them were resistant to oxytetracycline.

  • PDF

Transport losses in finisher pigs: impact of transport distance and season of the year

  • Voslarova, Eva;Vecerek, Vladimir;Passantino, Annamaria;Chloupek, Petr;Bedanova, Iveta
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.30 no.1
    • /
    • pp.119-124
    • /
    • 2017
  • Objective: The death of animals during transport for slaughter is a major factor indicating the level of welfare in transported animals. The aim of this study was to assess mortality related to the commercial transport of finisher pigs for slaughter in the Czech Republic. Methods: The inspectors of the State Veterinary Administration of the Czech Republic recorded the numbers of finisher pigs transported to processing plants in the Czech Republic for slaughter and the mortality in these pigs in relation to transport in the period from 2009 to 2014. Results: Our results show that the likelihood of death losses in transported pigs increases with increasing transport distance. The transport-related mortality ranged from 0.049% in pigs transported for distances below 50 km to 0.145% in pigs transported for distances exceeding 300 km. The impact of external air temperature on the transport-related mortality found in our study clearly shows that current transport practices fail to ensure the welfare of pigs transported under other than moderate weather. Particularly cold temperatures below $-2^{\circ}C$ were associated with increased death losses in winter transport. Conclusion: Despite a decreasing trend in the mortality of finisher pigs transported for slaughter in Europe, our study suggests that current transport conditions are not efficient at ensuring the welfare of pigs during transport for longer distances and the protection of pigs against the negative impact of extreme ambient temperatures. Further research should focus on developing practical guidelines to improve the welfare of pigs in transit accordingly.

Effect of Slaughter Weight on the Blood Profile and Pork Qualities of Japan Berkshire (일본버크셔의 도살체중이 혈액성상과 돈육품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee Jae-Ryong;Hur Tae-Young;Seo Kook-Hyun;Nam Ki-Yun;Lee Jin-Woo;Lee Jeong-Ill;Kwack Suk-Joon
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.25 no.4
    • /
    • pp.409-414
    • /
    • 2005
  • The effects of slaughter weight on blood profile and pork qualities of japan berkshires were investigated A total 72 pigs were divided into 3 groups$(125\~130,\;105\~110\;or\;95\~104\;kg)$. At each slaughter weight pigs were conventionally slaughtered and then chilled overnight The carcass characteristics (carcass weight backfat thickness and grades) were determined on those carcass, the muscle longissimus dorsi was removed from each left side at 5th to 13th rib and meat qualities were evaluated. Blood profile including cortisol, creatine phos-phokinase (CPK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), glucose and phosphorus was not significantly (p>0.05) different among all slaughter weight, However, the calcium contents of pigs at $95\~104\;kg$ were significantly (p<0.05) higher than the other weights. The carcass weight and backfat thickness of pigs slaughtered at $125\~130\;kg$ were higher than those of $105\~110\;or\;95\~104\;kg$. The carcass grade of pigs slaughtered at $125\~130\;kg$ were significantly (p<0.05) lower than the other weight. The moisture contents of pigs slaughtered at $125\~130\;kg$ were significantly lower than the other weights, but crude protein contents were significantly (p<0.05) higher, Cooking loss and shear lone values of pigs slaughtered at $95\~104\;kg$ were significantly (p<0.05) lower than the other weight. CIE $a^*\;and\;b^*$ values of pigs slaughtered at $105\~110\;kg$ were significantly higher than the other weights. These results imply that the carcass characteristics (carcass weight and backfat thickness) could be affected by slaughter weight the cooking loss and shear force values of pigs slaughtered at $125\~130\;kg$ resulted in higher than those of $105\~110kg\;or\;95\~104\;kg$.

Biochemical characteristics and capsular serotypes of Streptococcus suis isolated from pneumonic lungs of slaughter pigs (도축돈의 폐렴병소로부터 분리한 Streptococcus suis의 생물화학적 특성 및 협막혈청형)

  • So, Sin-hee;Kim, Bong-hwan;Cho, Gil-jae
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.35 no.2
    • /
    • pp.297-306
    • /
    • 1995
  • The present study was conducted to investigate the incidence of Streptococcus suis infection in the pneumonic lungs of slaughter pigs from December 1992 to April 1994 and to examine the biochemical and cultural properties, the antimicrobial susceptibility and serotype of the isolates. Fifty-six(7.95%) strains of S suis was isolated from 704 pneumonic lungs of slaughter pigs, of which 33 cultures were isolated alone, while remaining 18 were complicated wide Pasteurella multocida. Of the 56 S suis isolates, 18(32.1%) were serotype 2, 5(8.9%) were serotype 1/2, 2 were serotype 1, 1 each for serotype 3 & 5, and the remaining 29 were untypable. The twenty five strains(44.6%) of all isolates produced hyaluronidase while 15 strains(88.3%) of 18 serotype 2 isolates were hyaluronidase producers. All of isolates were highly susceptible to ampicillin, amoxicillin, ceftiofur, cephalothin, ciprofloxacin and penicillin G, although the majority of them were resistant to kanamycin, colistin, erythromycin, oxytetracycline.

  • PDF

Effect of Pig Slaughter Weight on Pork Quality (돼지의 도살체중이 돈육질에 미치는 효과)

  • S. S. Moon;A. M. Mullen;D. J. Troy;H. S. Yang;S. T. Joo;G. B. Park
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.23 no.4
    • /
    • pp.315-320
    • /
    • 2003
  • A total of 240 crossbred(Landrace ${\times}$ Yorkshire ${\times}$ Duroc) pigs were housed from 70 kg live weight and slaughtered at weights of 95, 105, 115 and 125 kg. The left side loins of carcass were obtained at 24 hr postmortem to measure pork quality. There were significant differences(p<0.01) in eye muscle area of pork loins between the slaughter weights of 95 and 105 kg. However, no differences were observed in pork than 105 kg of slaughter weight. Ultimate pH values were decreased with increasing slaughter weight and cooking loss was also reduced(p<0.01) at the heavier weights. Slaughter weights did not affect the shear force and intramuscular fat. However, dry matter(DM) and crude protein(CP) contents of loin were increased, and cooking loss and sarcomere length were decreased with increasing slaughter weight. The lightness(L$^{*}$) and redness(a$^{*}$) of pork loin were increased with increasing slaughter weight. Results suggested that pork quality may be improved when pig slaughter weight is increased from 95 to 125 kg.

Estimation of Growth Curves and Suitable Slaughter Weight of the Liangshan Pig

  • Luo, Jia;Lei, Huaigang;Shen, Linyuan;Yang, Runlin;Pu, Qiang;Zhu, Kangping;Li, Mingzhou;Tang, Guoqing;Li, Xuewei;Zhang, Shunhua;Zhu, Li
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.28 no.9
    • /
    • pp.1252-1258
    • /
    • 2015
  • The Liangshan pig is a traditional Chinese small-sized breed; it has a relatively long feeding period and low meat production ability but superior meat quality. This study utilized three non-linear growth models (Von Bertalanffy, Gompertz, and logistic) to fit the growth curve of Liangshan pigs from an unselected, random-bred pig population and estimate the pigs most suitable slaughter weight. The growth development data at 20 time points of 275 Liangshan pigs (from birth to 250 d) were collected. To analyze the relative gene expression related to development, seven slaughter weight phases (50, 58, 66, 74, 82, 90, and 98 kg) (20 pigs per phase) were examined. We found that the Liangshan pig growth curve fit the typical S-curve well and that their growth turning point was 193.4 days at a weight of 62.5 kg, according to the best fit Von Bertalanffy model based on the goodness of fit criteria. Furthermore, we estimated that the most suitable slaughter weight was 62.5 to 74.9 kg based on the growth curve and the relative expression levels of growth-related genes.