• Title, Summary, Keyword: smartphone

Search Result 2,420, Processing Time 0.037 seconds

Risk Situation Analysis with usage Patterns of Mobile Devices

  • Kim, Jeong-Seok
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
    • /
    • v.23 no.7
    • /
    • pp.39-47
    • /
    • 2018
  • This paper confirms the risk of using smartphone through the analysis of collected usage pattern and proposes the smartphone intervention system in risk situations. In order to check the risk of smartphone usage, we made information collecting application and collected smartphone usage pattern from 11 experiment participants for two months. By analyzing smartphone usage pattern, we confirmed that about 12% of smartphone usage is being used in driving, walking, and on the street. In addition, we analyzed the response rate of smartphone notification in risk situations and confirmed that user responds the smartphone notifications in real-time even in risk situations. Therefore, it is required to present a system that intervenes the use of smartphone in order to protect smartphone users in risk situations. In this paper, we classify risk situations of using smartphone. Also, the proposed smartphone intervention system is designed to periodically detect risk situations. In risk situations, smartphone function can be restricted according to user setting of smartphone. And smartphone can be used normally when safe situation is restored.

Applications of Smartphone Cameras in Agriculture, Environment, and Food: A review

  • Kwon, Ojun;Park, Tusan
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
    • /
    • v.42 no.4
    • /
    • pp.330-338
    • /
    • 2017
  • Purpose: The smartphone is actively being used in many research fields, primarily in medical and diagnostic applications. However, there are cases in which smartphone-based systems have been developed for agriculture, environment, and food applications. The purpose of this review is to summarize the research cases using smartphone cameras in agriculture, environment, and food. Methods: This review introduces seventeen research cases which used smartphone cameras in agriculture, food, water, and soil applications. These were classified as systems involving "smartphone-camera-alone" and "smartphone camera with optical accessories". Results: Detecting food-borne pathogens, analyzing the quality of foods, monitoring water quality and safety, gathering information regarding plant growth or damage, identifying weeds, and measuring soil loss after rain were presented for the smartphone-camera-alone system. Measuring food and water quality and safety, phenotyping seeds, and soil classifications were presented for the smartphone camera with optical accessories. Conclusions: Smartphone cameras were applied in various areas for several purposes. The use of smartphone cameras has advantages regarding high-resolution imaging, manual or auto exposure and focus control, ease of use, portability, image storage, and most importantly, programmability. The studies discussed were achieved by sensitivity improvements of CCDs (charge-coupled devices) and CMOS (complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor) on smartphone cameras and improved computing power of the smartphone, respectively. A smartphone camera-based system can be used with ease, low cost, in near-real-time, and on-site. This review article presents the applications and potential of the smartphone and the smartphone camera used for various purposes in agriculture, environment, and food.

Smartphone Use Patterns of Smartphone-dependent Children

  • Park, Jeong Hye
    • Child Health Nursing Research
    • /
    • v.26 no.1
    • /
    • pp.47-54
    • /
    • 2020
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the smartphone use patterns of smartphone-dependent children. Methods: The study design was a cross-sectional descriptive study. The data were derived from the 2017 survey on smartphone over-dependence conducted by the Ministry of Science and ICT and the National Information Society Agency. The study sample was 595 elementary school students identified as being smartphone-dependent. The data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, the independent t-test, the x2 test, the Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis. Results: The frequency of smartphone use was the factor strongly associated with more severe smartphone dependence in participants. Games were the most commonly used application type among participants, regardless of their degree of dependence. More severe smartphone dependence was associated with greater use of applications such as learning and television/video. Conclusion: As smartphone dependence becomes more severe, children tend to use their smartphones more frequently and to use applications that involve solitary play for the purposes of entertainment and pleasure. The findings suggest that the parents should attentively monitor their children's smartphone use patterns and provide consistent discipline in a way that ensures appropriate smartphone use.

Influence of Smartphone Use on the Personal Relations of College Students in the Metropolitan Area of Kyung-In: Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Smartphone Addiction (스마트폰 사용시간이 경인지역 대학생의 대인관계에 미치는 영향: 스마트폰 중독의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Jong Man
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
    • /
    • v.27 no.3
    • /
    • pp.371-385
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study was carried out to provide basic data for the promotion of the educational and social relations of adult learners and the effective way to use the smartphone. To accomplish this, we studied the influence of the degree of smartphone usage on the educational and social relations of college students in the area of Kyung-In and the mediator effect of smartphone addiction. According to this study, the research results were as follows: Firstly, the degree of smartphone usage did not directly affect family relationships, but highly affected smartphone addiction; smartphone addiction had both a negative effect on family relationships and a negative mediator effect between the degree of smartphone usage and family relationships. Secondly, smartphone addiction negatively affected the relationships with the opposite sex, whereas the degree of smartphone usage did not; however, there was a negative mediator effect between the time of using the smartphone and relations between the sexes. Thirdly, smartphone addiction negatively affected relationship with friends, whereas the degree of smartphone usage did not; there was no mediator effect between the time of using the smartphone and relationship with friends. Fourthly, smartphone addiction negatively affected the relationship with professors, whereas the degree of smartphone usage did not; there was no mediator effect between the time of using the smartphone and relationship with professors. The implications of these results are discussed.

Smartphone Adoption using Smartphone Use and Demographic Characteristics of Elderly

  • Shin, Won-Kyoung;Lee, Dong-Beum;Park, Min-Yong
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
    • /
    • v.31 no.5
    • /
    • pp.695-704
    • /
    • 2012
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate major factors influencing adoption of smartphone to promote its use by older adults. Background: Despite increasing proportion of elderly people and elderly market, the proportion of elderly smartphone user is still relatively small compared to whole smartphone users. Thus, we need to find out major factors influencing adoption of smartphone to increase proportion of elderly smartphone users. Method: Seven major factors were extracted from 36 survey questions using factor analysis. Regression analysis was also applied to determine specific factors affecting intention of use based on user versus non-user of smartphone, age, gender, and educational background. Results: As results of factor analysis and regression analysis, major factors influencing adoption of smartphone for elderly users were significantly different according to gender, age, educational background based on smartphone users or non-users. Conclusion: The result of this study identified major factors influencing adoption of smartphone for the elderly and provided basic information related to adoption of smartphone according to elderly people's characteristics. Consequently, we can expect to reduce the information gap and to improve quality of life for the elderly. Application: The development and marketing strategy could be applied differently based on the factors influencing adoption of smartphone. It is also possible to develop a prediction model for smartphone adoption according to elderly users' characteristics.

Risk Factors for Smartphone Addiction in Korean Adolescents: Smartphone Use Patterns

  • Lee, Hyuk;Kim, Jun Won;Choi, Tae Young
    • Journal of Korean Medical Science
    • /
    • v.32 no.10
    • /
    • pp.1674-1679
    • /
    • 2017
  • With widespread use of the smartphone, clinical evidence for smartphone addiction remains unclear. Against this background, we analyzed the effect of smartphone use patterns on smartphone addiction in Korean adolescents. A total of 370 middle school students participated. The severity of smartphone addiction was measured through clinical interviews and the Korean Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale. As a result, 50 (13.5%) were in the smartphone addiction group and 320 (86.5%) were in the healthy group. To investigate the effect of smartphone use patterns on smartphone addiction, we performed self-report questionnaires that assessed the following items: smartphone functions mostly used, purpose of use, problematic use, and parental attitude regarding smartphone use. For smartphone functions mostly used, the addiction group showed significantly higher scores in "Online chat." For the purpose of use, the addiction group showed significantly higher "habitual use," "pleasure," "communication," "games," "stress relief," "ubiquitous trait," and "not to be left out." For problematic use, the addiction group showed significantly higher scores on "preoccupation," "tolerance," "lack of control," "withdrawal," "mood modification," "conflict," "lies," "excessive use," and "loss of interest." For parental attitude regarding children's smartphone use, the addiction group showed significantly higher scores in "parental punishment." Binary logistic regression analysis indicated that "female," "use for learning," "use for ubiquitous trait," "preoccupation," and "conflict" were significantly correlated with smartphone addiction. This study demonstrated that the risk factors for smartphone addiction were being female, preoccupation, conflict, and use for ubiquitous trait; the protective factor was use for learning. Future studies will be required to reveal the additional clinical evidence of the disease entity for smartphone addiction.

Development and Evaluation of Smartphone Detox Program for University Students

  • Buctot, Danilo B.;Kim, Nami;Park, Kyung Eun
    • International Journal of Contents
    • /
    • v.14 no.4
    • /
    • pp.1-9
    • /
    • 2018
  • This study evaluates the effectiveness of smartphone detox program for smartphone addiction among university students. To reduce the rate of smartphone addiction and its negative effects on physical, mental and social wellness, a six-session program was applied to sixteen participants who voluntarily completed the entire program and responded to pre-post survey. Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale (SAPS) was used for smartphone addiction assessment with Mental Health Scale, Positive Psychological Capital Scale for mental wellness and Self-Management Scale for physical and social wellness. Results received after the program indicated that, smartphone addiction and mental health scores decreased significantly while the average scores of self-management and positive psychological capital increased respectively. Furthermore, the rate of high-risk group decreased, and the participants, affirmed in their self-evaluation report that excessive use of smartphone negatively affects their body, mind and interpersonal relationship. Thus, smartphone detox program is effective in reducing smartphone addiction and improving the students' wellness.

Related Factors of Smartphone Addiction among Preschool Children (학령전기 아동의 스마트폰 중독수준 관련 요인)

  • Jang, Jin-Jue;Jeong, Ihnsook
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.65-81
    • /
    • 2015
  • Objectives: This descriptive study was aimed to investigate the related factors of smartphone addiction among preschool children. Methods: The subject of study was 186 smartphone using mothers with children between 3 to 6 years old in Busan. Data were collected with self-administered questionnaires from July to November, 2013 at nurseries, preschools, and cultural center. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t test, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: 79.6% of children have ever used smartphone and mean smartphone addiction of them were 26.77 based on 60 points. The related factors of smartphone addiction among children were the children's smartphone usage time per day (less than 0.5 hours vs 0.5-0.9 hours (p=0.004), less than 0.5 hours vs more than 1.0 hours (p<0.001), mother's smartphone addiction (p<0.001), and perceived mother's permission level compared to other children's mothers (p=0.004), which 3 factors explained 39% of variance of smartphone addiction of children. Conclusions: Considering the related factors of smartphone addiction among preschool children, mothers should recognize the importance of the their use smartphone and attitude toward smartphone use of children, and take measure to limit children's excessive use of smartphone.

Design and Implementation of a Smartphone Application for Loss Prevention with Precautionary Functions (예방 기능을 갖춘 스마트폰 분실방지 애플리케이션의 설계 및 구현)

  • Koh, Jeong Gook
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
    • /
    • v.17 no.9
    • /
    • pp.1098-1103
    • /
    • 2014
  • Smartphone is very much ingrained into our lives and it has propagated rapidly. With the growing expansion of smartphone, the number of lost smartphones has proliferated all the while. Unlike common personal belongings, smartphone is a high-priced goods and has personal information. In case it gets lost or stolen, it will cause monetary damage as well as secondary damage of personal information leaks. To lesson the damage, diverse applications that prevent the loss of a smartphone have been developed. But existing applications place emphasis on providing countermeasures that tracks the missing smartphones. Therefore, this paper describes the design and implementation of a smartphone application which provides precautionary functions to prevent the loss of a smartphone and countermeasures to track the missing smartphone. The implemented application prevents the loss of a smartphone using satefy zone and movement detection. In the event we lose a smartphone, it helps us recover a lost property using location tracking and remote control functions quickly and efficiently.

A Smartphone Addiction and Disease Prevention System Through the Collection and Analysis of Smartphone Usage Patterns (스마트폰 사용 패턴 수집 및 분석을 통한 스마트폰 중독 및 질병 예방 시스템)

  • Ryu, Myeong-Un;Ryu, Yo-Han;Hyun, WooSeok;Lim, Jiyoung;You, Ilsun;Jeong, Hae-Duck
    • Journal of Internet Computing and Services
    • /
    • v.16 no.3
    • /
    • pp.95-104
    • /
    • 2015
  • In recent years, in accordance with the rapidly increasing number of smartphone users, various social problems have started to occur. Examples of these problems are the overuse of smartphones and bad usage habits of smartphone users that can cause new social problems such as smartphone addiction and other smartphone related diseases. With the aim of preventing these social problems, this paper proposes a new smartphone addiction and disease prevention system. This system was developed by collecting and analyzing smartphone usage patterns. This proposed system analyzes the usage patterns and working hours of smartphone users in real time. If the detected smartphone usage patterns reach a dangerous level, the system will send warning messages to the user. This will enable users to recognize the unhealthy situation in advance by themselves. In addition, this solution could possibly prevent smartphone addiction and other smartphone related illness by preventing overuse and encouraging abstinence from using smartphones to the extent that it becomes harmful to the user.