• Title, Summary, Keyword: social cognition

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The Relationship of Clinical Symptoms with Social Cognition in Children Diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Specific Learning Disorder or Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Sahin, Berkan;Karabekiroglu, Koray;Bozkurt, Abdullah;Usta, Mirac Bans;Aydin, Muazzez;Cobanoglu, Cansu
    • Psychiatry investigation
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.1144-1153
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    • 2018
  • Objective One of the areas of social cognition is Theory of Mind (ToM) is defined as the capacity to interpret, infer and explain mental states underlying the behavior of others. When social cognition studies on neurodevelopmental disorders are examined, it can be seen that this skill has not been studied sufficiently in children with Specific Learning Disorder (SLD). Methods In this study, social cognition skills in children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), SLD or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) evaluated before puberty and compared with controls. To evaluate the ToM skills, the first and second-order false belief tasks, the Hinting Task, the Faux Pas Test and the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Task were used. Results We found that children with neurodevelopmental disorders as ADHD, ASD, and SLD had ToM deficits independent of intelligence and language development. There was a significant correlation between social cognition deficits and problems experienced in many areas such as social communication and interaction, attention, behavior, and learning. Conclusion Social cognition is an important area of impairment in SLD and there is a strong relationship between clinical symptoms and impaired functionality.

The Impact of Social Network Service, Trust and Cognition on Customer Loyalty in Internet Shopping

  • Sun, Han-Gil
    • Journal of Information Management
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.211-234
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    • 2011
  • The development of information technology improves the globalization of the world economy. This change was able to expand the cyber space, and the online community known as the cyber community is made within the existing offline community. From the cyber community's activity, the concept of social network services created, and recently developed social computing. Social computing is the current situation and the next step in the online community. Currently, most CIOs are using social computing for workplace empowerment. As online transactions become more active, the strategy to increase customer loyalty in Internet shopping is an effective tool to increase profit for the company, and as a method to maintain competitive. With the growth of electronic commerce, through insurance of customer loyalty on the Internet, a company can establish a long-term relationship with customers, so for this, it is important to have reliable relationship with customers. Also, through advertisement and commercial information, the cognition of Internet shopping looks can be effective in retaining customers. In this study, it explores how social computing and trust and cognition of Internet shopping are effective in maintaining customer loyalty. As the result of study, the trust and cognition of Internet shopping are significantly effective on customer loyalty, but the sense of social computing. Still, social computing has not matured enough to be as effective in retaining customer loyalty. However, it does indicate that social computing has significantly increased the trust and cognition in Internet shopping. In this study, as the concepts of the social network service and social computing are applied in Internet shopping, which are actively discussed by scholars, it is expected that the basis of the study could improve and present the idea of social shopping.

The Effects of Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy Improving Social Cognition on the Self efficacy, Relationship Function and Social Skills for Chronic Schizophrenia (사회인지증진을 위한 인지행동집단치료가 만성조현병 환자의 자기효능감, 대인관계기능, 사회생활기술에 미치는 효과)

  • Hyun, Mi Yeul
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.186-195
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of cognitive behavioral group therapy improving social cognition on the self efficacy, relationship function and social skills for chronic schizophrenia. Methods: This study employed a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Fifty-two participants were selected from patients with chronic schizophrenia, and they divided into an experimental group(26) and control group(26). Cognitive behavioral group therapy was used as the experimental treatment from March to May. Therapy was administered once a week over 10-weeks. Results: The results showed that compared to the control group, experimental group improved on relationship function and social skills and showed better self-reported self efficacy. Conclusion: These results indicated that the cognitive behavioral group therapy improving social cognition is an effective nursing intervention to increase the levels of self efficacy, relationship function and social skills.

Study on the Constitutional Composition of the Formative Factor for Cognition and Thought Process in the Cognition of Man in the Yin Yang Twenty-Five Type Man of the Young Chu (영추 음양이십오인편 지인법에 나타난 인식과 사고방식의 형성요인에 대한 체질구성론적인 고찰)

  • Kim Gyeong Cheol
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.1237-1241
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    • 2004
  • The Study on the constitutional composition of the formative factor for cognition and thought process in the cognition of man in the Yin Yang twenty-five type man of the Young Chu makes up the deficiency of economic-social factor begining with the influence of environment. The constitutional composition of the formative factor for cognition and thought process in the cognition of man the Yin Yang twenty-five type man of the Young Chu are interpretated the Yin type man -preponderance characteristic. The Chinese social delineation in the Yin Yang twenty-five type man of the Young possess the characteristic of the Yin type man - preponderance.

A Study on the Meaning of 'Social Construction' in Mathematics Education (사회적 구성'의 수학교육적 의미에 관한 고찰)

  • 홍진곤
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.329-339
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    • 2002
  • This study analyzes the epistemological meaning of‘social construction’in mathematical instruction. The perspective that consider the cognition of mathematical concept as a social construction is explained by a cyclic scheme of an academic context and a school context. Both of the contexts require a public procedure, social conversation. However, there is a considerable difference that in the academic context it is Lakatos' ‘logic of mathematical discovery’In the school context, it is Vygotsky's‘instructional and learning interaction’. In the situation of mathematics education, the‘society’which has an influence on learner's cognition does not only mean‘collective members’, but‘form of life’which is constituted by the activity with purposes, language, discourse, etc. Teachers have to play a central role that guide and coordinate the educational process involving interactions with learners in this context. We can get useful suggestions to mathematics education through this consideration of the social contexts and levels to form didactical situations of mathematics.

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Mother's Attributions and Control Behavior for Child's Misbehavior of Moral Norm and Prosocial Behavior (아동의 도덕규범과 친사회적 문제행동 상황에서 어머니의 아동역량 판단, 귀인 및 통제)

  • 신양재;유안진
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.101-116
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    • 2000
  • This study integrated mother's control behavior of child's misbehavior within social domain analysis and the framework of attributional models of social cognition. The purpose of this study was to identify, compare and contrast maternal attributions and control responses according to child's age and domains of social behavior, and to investigate that mother's social cognition factors(authoritarian attitude and self competence perception) influence material inference and responses for their child's acts. Then this study was to find out whether mother's attribution would mediate their socialization techniques. For empirical research, 654 mothers with 5.6 year old and 8.9 year old children as subjects answered the structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed by frequencies, t-test, oneway ANOVA, and multiple regression. The major findings were as follows: First, according to child's two domains of misbehavior, there were differences in mothers'attribution and control behavior. Also mothers regarded older child's behavior as more dispositional cause and as more deserving of punishment than younger child's. Second, mother's authoritarian altitude of parenting, self-competence perception, and educational level were significantly related to mother's judgment. Third, the more authoritarian attitude mothers had, the more dispositional factor of children they attributed. And the lower self-competence mothers perceived. the more internal factor of child they attributed. Finally, maternal attributions and control responses are interrelated. When they attributed their children's misdeeds to internal dispositions, they respond with more stronger control behavior. The results suggested maternal social cognition mediate socialization behavior.

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A Study on the influence of journalist's Role-Cognition and Role-Orientation Upon Real Reportage attitude -Focus in editors of National Newspaper (사실적 보도태도에 미치는 기자의 역할인식과 역할지향의 영향력 연구 - 중앙일간지 편집기자를 중심으로)

  • Kang, Hyun Jig
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.9
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    • pp.101-109
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of mediator effect related to role-orientation of traditional newspaper editors in terms of role-cognition and role-orientation in aspects of real reportage attitude by classifying the newspaper editor's role-cognition with social stability, reform, check, on the other hand, role-orientation with reporter's intention, intention of actual fact, and reader's intention. The results were as follows: In terms of reporter's intention the research showed the fact that reporter's intentions was influenced by the role cognition of social stability and at the same time, it also made to reduce the attitude of real reportage. Compared with intention of actual fact and reader's intention, the intention of actual fact could be only influenced by the social stability, but it could not give any effectiveness to the attitude of real reportage, furthermore, the research showed the fact that reader's intention aroused some mediator effects which newspaper editor's role cognition gave rise to the attitude of real reportage much more strongly.

A study on the difference in the safety culture cognition of host company and subcontractor (주관기업과 협력기업의 안전문화 인식 차이에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Byung-Gil;Yoon, Seok-Joon;Choi, Seo-Yeon;Moon, Kyoung-Whan
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.173-183
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    • 2015
  • The study conducted questionnaire analysis on 607 host company employee and 404 subcontractor employee in order to examine the difference in the safety culture cognition of host company and subcontractor. As a result, host company had higher recognition in all safety culture factors compare to that of subcontractor, and there were bigger gap of cognition in the 'cognition in safety status and culture', 'accident and near-miss', 'immediate superior's concentration degree in safety and health' than that of other cognition factors. Furthermore, team leaders showed the highest cognition in both host company and subcontractor, and employees with above 20 year career had the highest cognition in both host company and subcontractor. There is high relationship between host company and subcontractor in the correlations in safety culture cognition factors. Through this study, we identified the difference in the safety culture cognition factor of host company and subcontractor.

A Study on the Roles of Libraries for Societal Development (사회발전을 위한 도서관의 역할)

  • 박인웅
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.23-39
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    • 2000
  • This paper aims to demonstrate the theory of social cognition which librarianship have an effect on societal development. For these purpose, the stages of societal development is classified into three stages of economic growth, information sharing and self-actualization of individual and objectives of developments are investigated by stages. At last, the theory of social cognition which librarianship contribute to societal development are demonstrated with searching the roels of libraries corresponding to the objectives of development stages.

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Effects of Intervention Using PARO on the Cognition, Emotion, Problem Behavior, and Social Interaction of Elderly People with Dementia

  • Koh, In Soon;Kang, Hee Sun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.300-309
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aims to investigate the effects of intervention using the therapeutic robot, PARO, on the cognition, emotion, problem behavior, and social interaction of elderly people with dementia. Methods: A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. A total of 33 elderly people with dementia living in a nursing home facility participated in the study, with 17 in the experimental group and 16 in the control group. The intervention program with PARO was administered twice a week for 6 weeks, for a total of 12 sessions. Data were collected before and after intervention, using a questionnaire, direct observation, and video recording. Results: There were statistically significant differences in positive emotions and problem behaviors between the groups. The experimental group demonstrated a significant improvement in social interaction. Conclusion: PARO intervention can be utilized as an effective nursing intervention to increase positive emotions and social interaction, as well as decrease problem behaviors, in elderly people with dementia living in nursing home facilities.