• Title, Summary, Keyword: socioeconomic status

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Correlates of Adolescent Achievement Motivation : Socioeconomic Status, Maternal Expectations and Emotional Support, and Adolescent Self-Esteem (청소년의 성취동기와 관련된 변인들 : 가정의 사회경제적 지위, 어머니의 기대 및 정서적 지지와 청소년의 자아존중감)

  • Lee, Woon-Kyung;Doh, Hyun-Sim
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.43-59
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    • 2005
  • A sample of 578 adolescents responded to self-report questionnaires. Results showed that parental education levels and occupation and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status were positively related to maternal expectations. Adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status were related to maternal emotional support and adolescent self-esteem. Adolescent achievement motives were positively related to parental education levels and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status. Maternal expectations/emotional support and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status were positively related to adolescent achievement motivation. Maternal expectations played a mediating role between parental educational levels and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status and adolescent achievement motives. Maternal emotional support and adolescent self-esteem played mediating roles between adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status and achievement motives.

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The Relevance of Socioeconomic Class Recognition and Subjective Health Status of Injured Workers (산재장애인의 사회경제적 지위 인식과 주관적 건강상태와의 관련성)

  • Choi, Ryoung;Hwang, Byung-Deog
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.131-142
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : This study aimed to examine to relevance of socioeconomic class recognition and subjective health status of injured workers. Methods : We used data collected over 3years by the Panel Study of Worker's Compensation Insurance(PSWCI; 2015). Data was analyzed using the chi-square test and logistic regression using SPSS ver. 22.0 to verify the relevance between the socioeconomic class recognition and general characteristics of injured workers. Results : First, the income groups of first class, second class and third class were analyzed as being of lower socioeconomic class status, and the income group four class and five class was analyzed as being the middle-ower the socioeconomic class status. Second, the better the subjective health status, higher the perception of socioeconomic class status, as analyzed by Model 1 using only the parameters of socioeconomic status recognition and Model 2 and Model 3 using income class and general characteristics. Conclusions : Health and industrial accident policies are needed to improve awareness of socioeconomic class status of injured workers.

Social Stratification and Clothing behavior -A study of housewives in Seoul- (사회계층과 의복행태 -서울 시내 가정주부를 중심으로-)

  • Kim Jeong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.253-260
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    • 1978
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not the clothing behavior of house-wives in Seoul vary depending on their socioeconomic status. The null hypotheses tested in this study were as follows: 1) There are no differences in housewives' attitudes toward the importance of clothing according to their socioeconomic status. 2) There are no differences in housewives' criteria of clothing choice according to their socioeconomic status. 3) There are no differences in housewives' clothing taste according to their socioeconomic status. 4) There are no differences in the pattern of housewives' clothing purchase according to their socioeconomic status. In order to test these null hypotheses, questionnaires on clothing behavior and socioeconomic status were distributed to a sample of 243 purposively selected housewives in Seoul, Korea. The factor analysis, correlation and analysis of variance techniques were employed for the statistical analysis of data. The results indicated that: 1) The attitudes toward the importance of clothing was related to socioeconomic status. 2) The criteria of clothing choice (aesthetics-practicality), clothing taste (individuality-conformity), and the pattern of clothing purchase (a degree of rationality) were not related to socioeconomic status. 3) The criteria of clothing selection was related to housewives' level of education. 4) Clothing taste was related to housewives' age.

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Relationship of Socioeconomic Status and Health Behaviors with Self-rated Health Status (교육·소득상태 및 건강행위가 건강수준에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoon, Byoung-Jun
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.71-85
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: This study was conducted in order to determine how the association between socioeconomic status and health behaviors with self-rated health status among Korean aged 20-64 years. Methods: A nationally representative sample(2,027 men and 2,626 women) from the 2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Surveys was analyzed. To estimate the odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals, logistic regression was conducted. Results: The study shows that socioeconomic status was related with self-rated health status. that was, lower education and income led to a significant increase in poor health status. The odds ratio of self-rated health status after controlling for age was 2.83(95% CI, 1.60-5.00) for men, 2.32(95% CI, 1.15-3.46) for women among those with the lowest-educated group compared to the highest-educated group. When household income was considered, the odds ratio of self-rated health for men was 3.50(95% CI, 2.11-5.79) and 2.21(95% CI, 1.53-3.20) for women among those in the lowest-income group compared to the highest-income group. Health behaviors had little effect on the relationship between socioeconomic status and self-rated health status. Conclusions: This study found that there existed socioeconomic differences in poor health status in Korean. The effect of education was stronger than that of income for both men and women.

The Relationship among Socioeconomic Status, Health Behavior, and Self-Rated Health Status in Employees: Gender Difference (근로자의 사회경제적 지위와 건강행태, 주관적 건강수준의 관련성: 남녀 차이를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jin-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.57-67
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    • 2011
  • Objectives: This study gathered basic information for the development of a health promotion policy for employees and the selection of participants for health education by identifying the impact of socioeconomic status and health behavior on the health status of males and females. Methods: The 2008 National Health Nutrition and Examination Survey data were used to examine relationships between socioeconomic status, health behaviors, and health status of male and female employees. For the analysis, the $X^2$ test and logistic regression were used. Results: Heath behaviors had a very slight impact of the association between socioeconomic status and health status among male and female employees. And patterns of health inequality had the gender difference. Conclusions: When developing a health promotion policy for employees, and selecting health education subjects, it is necessary to consider both socioeconomic status and gender.

Socioeconomic Status and Number of Children Among Korean Women: The Healthy Twin Study

  • Kim, Jinseob;Sung, Joohon
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.50-60
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    • 2013
  • Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate whether the birth rate is associated with socioeconomic status in the women of the Republic of Korea, where the birth rate is rapidly decreasing. Methods: This study included 732 females from the Healthy Twin Study, a family-twin cohort. The participants were classified into 3 socioeconomic groups according to their average income, education, and occupation. The association between socioeconomic status and number of children was assessed using gamma regression analysis with a generalized linear mixed model, adjusting for the age group, smoking/alcohol status, and family relationships. Results: The group with the highest education level had significantly fewer children compared with the group with the lowest education level (p=0.004). However, no significant associations were found according to household income level. The non-manual labor group had significantly fewer children compared with those working as homemakers (p=0.008). Conclusions: This study aimed to explain the causal relationship between socioeconomic status and number of children. Associations between some socioeconomic status and number of children were found in Korea.

The Relations of Socioeconomic Status to Health Status, Health Behaviors in the Elderly (노인들의 사회경제적 수준과 건강수준, 건강행태와의 관계)

  • Lee, Sok-Goo;Jeon, So-Youn
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.154-162
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    • 2005
  • Objectives: To analyze the relationships of socioeconomic status(SES) to health status and health behaviors in the elderly. Methods: Data were obtained from self-administered questionnaire of 4,587 persons, older than 65 years, living in a community. We measured the sociodemographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, health status (subjective health status, acute disease, admission experience, dental state, chronic disease etc.), activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), and mini-mental state examination-Korean (MMSEK). Binary and multinominal logistic regression analyses were employed to analyze factors affecting on the socioeconomic status of the elderly. Results: With regard to the SES and health status, those with a low SES had poorer subjective health states and lower satisfaction about their physical health. Also, acute disease experiences, admission rates and tooth deciduation rates were higher in those of low SES. In the view of physical and cognitive functions, the ADL, IADL and MMSE-K scores were also lower in those of low SES. However, with regard to health behaviors, lower smoking and alcohol drinking rates were found in the low SES group, and a similar trend was shown with regular physical exercise, eating breakfast, and regular physical health check-up. From these findings, we surmise that those with low SES have a poorer health condition and less money to spend on health, therefore, they can not smoke or drink alcohol, exercise and or have a physical health check-up. Conclusion: This study suggests that socioeconomic status plays an important role in health behaviors and status of the elderly. Low socioeconomic status bring about unhealthy behavior and poor health status in the elderly. Therefore, more specific target oriented(esp. low SES persons) health promotion activities for the elderly are very important to improve not only their health status, but their health inequity also.

Activities of Daily Living, Depression, and Self-rated Health and Related Factors in Korean Elderly: Focused on Socioeconomic Status and Family Support (노인의 일상생활수행능력, 우울 및 주관적 건강상태와 영향요인: 사회경제적 상태와 가족지지를 중심으로)

  • Oh, Seieun;Ko, Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.140-149
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify activities of daily living, depression and self-rated health and related factors for Korean Elderly. Methods: Data from the survey for the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging in 2010 were used. The data were analyzed using frequencies, weighted proportions, and hierarchical multiple logistic regression. Results: Significant difference was observed in health status induced by socioeconomic status between men and women, but not among age groups. Socioeconomic status was strongly associated with self-rated health among male and female elders. Being unschooled and low net family asset were significantly related with dependency in activities of daily living and depressive symptoms among men. Only low net family asset was significantly related with depressive symptoms among women. Family support provides a slight decrease to the negative relationship between socioeconomic status and health status, especially depressive symptoms. Conclusion: This study suggests that interventions to reduce health inequalities should target elderly with lower socioeconomic status and with poor family support, using a gender-specific approach.

Socioeconomic Inequity in Self-Rated Health Status and Contribution of Health Behavioral Factors in Korea (한국인의 사회경제적 불평등에 따른 주관적 건강수준의 차이와 건강행태 기여요인 분석)

  • Kim, Min-Kyung;Chung, Woo-Jin;Lim, Seung-Ji;Yoon, Soo-Jin;Lee, Ja-Kyoung;Kim, Eun-Kyung;Ko, Lan-Ju
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.50-61
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: The study is investigated socioeconomic variations in self-rated health status and contribution of health behavioral factors in Korea. Methods: A nationally representative sample (2,800 men and 3,230 women aged 20-64 years) from the 2005 Korea National Health and Nutrition Surveys was analyzed using logistic regression. Results: Self-rated health was lower among lower socioeconomic groups compared with higher socioeconomic groups, with gender being irrelevant. This association was attenuated when health behavioral and socio-demographic factors were adjusted. When each health behavioral factor was considered separately, mediators such as smoking in men, and stress or exercise in women explained a large part of the decreased socioeconomic health inequalities. Conclusions: In Korea, subjective health inequalities arise from different socioeconomic status, but this difference is decreased by health behavioral factors. Therefore, socioeconomic inequity in self-rated health status can be corrected more effectively by promotional health behaviors.

Associations of Demographic and Socioeconomic Factors with Stage at Diagnosis of Breast Cancer

  • Mohaghegh, Pegah;Yavari, Parvin;Akbari, Mohammad Esmail;Abadi, Alireza;Ahmadi, Farzane
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.1627-1631
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    • 2015
  • Background: Stage at diagnosis is one of the most important prognostic factors of breast cancer survival. Because in the breast cancer case this may vary with socioeconomic characteristics, this study was performed to recognize the relationship between demographic and socioeconomic factors with stage at diagnosis in Iran. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive study conducted on 526 patients suffering from breast cancer and registered in Cancer Research Center of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences from 2008 to 2013. A reliable and valid questionnaire about family levels of socioeconomic status filled in by interviewing the patients via phone. For analyzing the data, Multinomial logistic regression, Kendal tau-b correlation coefficient and Contingency Coefficient tests were executed by SPSS22. Economic status, educational attainment of patient and household head and/or a combination of these were considered as parameters for socioeconomic status. First, the relationship between stage at diagnosis and demographic and socioeconomic status was assessed in univariate analysis then these relationships assessed in two different models of multinomial logistic regression. Results: The mean age of the patients was 48.3 (SD=11.4). According to the results of this study, there were significant relationships between stage at diagnosis of breast cancer with patient education (p=0.011), living place (p=0.044) and combined socioeconomic status (p=0.024). These relationships persisted in multiple multinomial logistic regressions. Other variables, however, had no significant correlation. Conclusions: Patient education, combined socioeconomic status and living place are important variables in stage at diagnosis of breast cancer in Iranian women. Interventions have to be applied with the aim of raising women's accessibility to diagnostic and medical facilities and also awareness in order to reducing delay in referring. In addition, covering breast cancer screening services by insurance is recommended.