• 제목/요약/키워드: solid substrate fermentation

검색결과 8건 처리시간 0.162초

A Study on the Reduction of Gossypol Levels by Mixed Culture Solid Substrate Fermentation of Cottonseed Meal

  • Zhang, Wenju;Xu, Zirong;Sun, Jianyi;Yang, Xia
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.1314-1321
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    • 2006
  • The objective of this work was to study the effect of mixed culture solid substrate fermentation of C. tropicalis ZD-3 with A. niger ZD-8 on detoxification of cottonseed meal (CSM), and to investigate the effect of fermentation period, proportion of CSM in substrate, sodium carbonate, minerals and heat treatment on the reduction of free gossypol levels during mixed culture solid substrate fermentation of CSM. Experiment 1: Three groups of disinfected CSM substrate were incubated for 48 h after inoculation with either of the fungi C. tropicalis ZD-3, A. niger ZD-8 or mixed culture (C. tropicalis ZD-3 with A. niger ZD-8). One non-inoculated group was used as the control. Levels of initial and final free gossypol (FG), CP and in vitro CP digestibility were assayed. The results indicated that mixed culture fermentation was far more effective than single strain fermentation, which not only had higher detoxification rate, but also had higher CP content and in vitro digestibility. Experiment 2: CSM substrates were treated according to experimental variables including fermentation period, proportion of CSM in substrate, sodium carbonate, minerals and heat treatment, Then, the treated CSM substrates were inoculated with mixed culture (C. tropicalis ZD-3 with A. niger ZD-8) and incubated at $30^{\circ}C$ for 36 h in a 95% relative humidity chamber. After fermentation ended, FG and CP content of fermented CSM substrate was assayed. The results showed that the appropriate fermentation period was 36 h, and the optimal proportion of CSM in substrate was 70%. Addition of sodium carbonate to CSM substrate was beneficial for fermentative detoxification. Heat treatment could facilitate fermentative detoxification, and supplementation with minerals was instrumental in reducing gossypol levels during mixed culture solid substrate fermentation of CSM.

표고버섯의 고체배양에 의한 단백 다당류 생산 (Production of Protein-bound Polysaccharides by Solid-substrate Fementation of Lentinus edodes)

  • 박경숙
    • 한국식품영양학회지
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.667-672
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    • 1998
  • The possibility of solid-substrate fermentation of Lentinus edoes for the productin of protein-boud polysaccharides (PBP) was studied. Zeolite and orchid-pot soil were used as solid materials for the culture because of the desirable physical properties. Sucrose and starch were good carbon sources for the production of PBP by the solid-substrate fermentatin of L. edodes. Among the nitrogen source, bactosoyton was very effective for the PBP production. The optimum pH for solid-substrate fementation for the production of PBP was at pH of 5.5. The PBP production reached to 5∼5.5mg per 100g solid-substrate.

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고체발효에서 반응표면분석법을 이용한 구연산 생산 최적화 (Response Surface Optimization of Fermentation Parameters for Citric Acid Production in Solid Substrate Fermentation)

  • 김진우
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.50 no.5
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    • pp.879-884
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    • 2012
  • 본 실험에서는 Aspergillus niger NRRL 567의 고체배양을 이용한 구연산 생산 시, 물리/화학적 발효 조건인 배양 온도, 배지 pH, 접종 농도 및 수분 함량이 구연산 생산에 미치는 영향을 단일변수(one-factor-at-a-time)와 반응표면 분석법(surface response methodology)을 이용하여 순차적 최적화를 수행하였다. 단일변수 최적화의 경우, A. niger에 의한 구연산 생산은 물리/화학적 발효 조건에 의해 영향을 받으며, 발효 온도 $30^{\circ}C$, 영양 배지 pH 7.1, 수분 함량 75%와 접종 농도 $4.0{\times}10^6$ spores/ml에서 최대 구연산 생산인 98.2 g/kg DPM (dry peat moss)을 보였다. 단일변수 최적화에 근거하여 반응표면 분석법을 도입하여 2차 최적화를 수행했을 경우, 배지 pH와 수분 함량이 구연산 생산에 유의한 영향을 주었으며 온도 $26.5^{\circ}C$, 영양 배지 pH 9.9, 수분 함량 75.1%와 접종 농도 $6.0{\times}10^6$ spores/ml에서 최대 구연산 생산인 118.8 g/kg DPM가 얻어졌다. 이는 최적화 이전의 대조군에 비해 구연산 생산이 1.6배 증가한 결과이다.

Aspergillus niger NRRL 567을 이용한 고체배양에서 완충용액이 구연산 생산에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Buffers on Citric Acid Production by Aspergillus niger NRRL 567 in Solid Substrate Fermentation)

  • 김진우
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.50 no.5
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    • pp.874-878
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    • 2012
  • 곰팡이균을 이용한 구연산 생산에 있어 액체배양의 초기 pH는 구연산 생산에 유의한 영향을 미친다고 알려져 있다. 본 연구에서는 고체배양에서 Aspergillus niger를 이용한 구연산 생산에 여러 pH의 완충용액이 구연산 생산에 미치는 영향을 밝혀 최적의 완충용액을 찾고자 연구하였다. 실험에 적용된 여러가지 완충용액은 구연산 생산에 영향을 미치며 높은 초기 pH 조건에서 구연산 생산성이 우수한 것으로 나타났다. 여러가지 완충용액 중, phosphate (pH 8.6) 완충용액과 carbonate 완충용액(pH 10.0)이 고체발효에서 구연산 생산에 가장 적합함을 알 수 있었다. Carbonate 완충용액(pH 10.0)을 사용하여 고체배지의 초기 pH를 6.8으로 하였을 경우, 최대 구연산 생산인 564.3 g/kg solid substrate 얻을 수 있었다. 또한, 염기 또는 산을 사용하여 고체 배지의 초기 pH를 4.42로 조정한 배지에 비해 phophate 완충용액을 사용한 pH 4.48의 고체배지에서 구연산 생산성이 1.5배 증가함을 알 수 있었다. 이는 완충용액의 사용이 구연산 생산에 의한 배지의 산성화를 방지해 세포성장과 생산성을 높였다고 결론지을 수 있다.

Solid Substrate and Submerged Culture Fermentation of Sugar Cane Bagasse for the Production of cellulase and Reducing Sugars by a Local Isolate, Aspergillus terreus SUK-1

  • Wan Mohtar, Yusoff;Massadeh, Muhannad Illayan;Kader, Jalil
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.770-775
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    • 2000
  • Several process parameters were studied to ascertain the effect on degradation of sugar cane bagasse in relation to the production of cellulase enzyme and reducing sugars by Solid Substrate Fermentation (SSF) and Submerged Culture Fermentation (SCF) of Aspergillus terreus SUK-1. The effect of air-flow rate (0-1.3 v/v/m), of different ratios of substrate weight to liquid volume (1:6, 1:10, 1:20, and 1:30 w/v, g/ml), scale-up effect (10, 20, and 100 times of 1:10 ration, w/v) and the effect of temperature (30, 40, 50, and $60^{\circ}C$) in SSF were studied. Air-flow rate of 1.0 v/v/m gave the highest enzyme activity (FPase 0.25 IU/ml, CMCase 1.24 IU/ml) and reducing sugars concentration (0.72 mg/ml). Experiment using 1:10 ratio (w/v) was found to support maximum cellulase activity (FPase 0.58 IU/ml, CMCase 1.97 IU/ml) and reducing sugar concentration (1.23 mg/ml). Scaling-up the ratio of 1:10(w/v) by a factor of 20 gave the highest cellulase activity (FPase 0.71 IU/ml, CMCase 2.25 IU/ml) and reducing sugar concentration (3.67 mg/ml). The optimum temperature for cellulase activity and reducing sugar production was $50^{\circ}C$(FPase 0.792 IU/ml, CMCase 2.25 IU/ml and 3.85 mg/ml for reducing sugar concentration). For SCF, the activity of cellulase enzyme and reducing sugar concentration was found to be lower than that obtained for SSF. The highest cellulase activity obtained in SCF was 50% lower than the highest cellulase activity in SSF, while for reducing sugar concentration, the highest concentration obtained in SCF was 90% lower than that obtained in SSF.

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농부산물을 이용한 고체발효에서 발효조건이 목질계 분해 효소 생산에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Fermentation Parameters on Cellulolytic Enzyme Production under Solid Substrate Fermentation)

  • 김진우
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.52 no.3
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    • pp.302-306
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    • 2014
  • 목질계 분해효소 활성 증대를 위해 밀짚을 이용한 고체발효에서 주요 발효인자의 최적화를 수행하였다. Trichoderma reesei와 Aspergillus niger를 이용한 혼합배양에서 고체발효에 주요한 영향을 미친다고 알려진 배양온도, pH, 수분함량과 고체기질 크기를 순차적 최적화를 진행하였다. 실험에 적용 된 인자 모두 목질계 분해효소 활성에 유의한 효과를 주었으며, 발효온도 $40^{\circ}C$, pH 7, 수분함량 75%와 고체기질 크기 0.25~0.5 mm가 목질계 분해효소 생산을 위한 최적 조건임을 알 수 있었다. 최적조건 하에서 밀짚을 이용한 고체발효를 수행하였을 때, 효소활성 기준 cellulase 10.3 IU, endoglucanase 100.3 IU, ${\beta}$-glucosidase 22.9 IU와 xylanase 2261.7 IU/g dry material을 배양 96시간에 확인할 수 있었다. 본 결과는 기존 효소활성 대비 각각 72.6, 48.7, 55.2와 51.9% 증가한 수치로 혼합배양과 순차적 최적화를 적용하여 효과적인 목질계 분해효소 활성 증대가 가능함을 확인하였다.

구름버섯의 고체발효에 의한 단백다당류 생산 (Production of protein-bound polysaccharides by solid-state fermentation of Coriolus versicolor)

  • 박경숙;박신;정인창;하효철;김선희;이재성
    • 한국균학회지
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.184-189
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    • 1994
  • 구름 버섯균(C. versicolor)를 고체배양(solid-substrate culture)하여 단백다당류를 생산하기 위한 각종조건을 검토하였다. 여러가지 고체재료가 이용될 수 있으나 배양 후 단백다당류의 열수추출 과정에서의 부적합성 등의 이유로 인하여 실질적으로 zeolite나 난 재배용 토양이 이용 가능한 천연고체 재료라고 볼 수 있다. Zeolite와 난 재배용 토양을 이용한 고체발효에서 단백다당류 생산에 미치는 탄소원의 영향을 검토한 결과 glucose, sucrose 및 starch에서 단백다당류 생산량이 높게 나타났으며, 질소원중에서는 bactosoytone과 peptone이 고체발효에 의한 단백다당류 생산에 가장 적합한 질소원으로 확인되었다. 단백다당류 생산을 위한 고체발효에서 최적 pH범위는 5-6이었고, 고체재료 100 g당 조단백다당류 생산량이 5-6 mg에 이르렀다. 배지조성별 단백다당류의 생산성 시험의 결과 C. versicolor의 최적배지 조성인 CVM에서 최고의 생산성을 보였으며, 종합적으로 균사성장에 적합한 조건에서 단백다당류의 생산성도 높다고 하겠다.

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Evaluation of Multi-microbial Probiotics Produced by Submerged Liquid and Solid Substrate Fermentation Methods in Broilers

  • Shim, Y.H.;Shinde, P.L.;Choi, J.Y.;Kim, J.S.;Seo, D.K.;Pak, J.I.;Chae, B.J.;Kwon, I.K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.521-529
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    • 2010
  • Two experiments were conducted to evaluate multi-microbe submerged liquid (SLF) and solid substrate (SSF) fermented probiotic products in broilers. The SLF and SSF probiotics were comprised of Lactobacillus acidophilus ($1.1{\times}10^9$ and $4{\times}10^8$ cfu/g), Bacillus subtilis ($1.1{\times}10^9$ and $4{\times}10^9$ cfu/g), Saccharomyces cerevisiae ($1.5{\times}10^7$ and $1.0{\times}10^4$ cfu/g) and Aspergillus oryzae ($2.6{\times}10^7$ and $4.3{\times}10^7$ cfu/g), respectively. In Exp. 1, 640 day-old Ross chicks were allotted to 4 treatments, each comprising 4 replicates (40 chicks/replicate). The basal diet was prepared without any antimicrobials (negative control, NC), and 20 mg/kg avilamycin (positive control, PC), 0.3% SLF and 0.3% SSF probiotics were added to the basal diets as treatments. Birds fed PC and SSF diets showed improved (p<0.001) overall weight gain and F/G than birds fed NC and SLF diets; whereas, birds fed SLF diet had better weight gain and F/G than birds fed NC diet. Retention of CP was higher (p<0.05) in birds fed the SSF diet than birds fed PC, SLF and NC diets. Birds fed the SLF diet tended to have higher (p<0.10) cecal total anaerobic bacteria than birds fed PC and NC diets; whereas, lesser cecal coliforms were noticed in birds fed PC, SLF and SSF diets than birds fed the NC diet. In Exp. 2, 640 day-old Ross chicks were randomly allotted to 4 treatments in a $2{\times}2$ factorial arrangement. Each treatment had 4 replicates (40 chicks/replicate). Two different multi-microbe probiotic products (0.3% SLF or SSF) each with two different antibiotics (10 mg/kg colistin, or 20 mg/kg avilamycin) were used as dietary treatments. Birds fed the SSF diet had greater weight gain (p<0.001), better F/G (p<0.05), greater retention of energy (p<0.001) and protein (p<0.05), and lesser cecal Clostridium (d 35) than birds fed SLF diet. Birds fed the colistin-supplemented diet had less (p<0.01) cecal coliforms when compared with birds fed the avilamycin diet. Additionally, birds fed the avilamycin diet had greater energy retention (p<0.05) than birds fed the colistin diet. Thus, the results of this study suggest the multi-microbe probiotic product prepared by a solid substrate fermentation method to be superior to the probiotic product prepared by submerged liquid fermentation; moreover, feeding of probiotics with different antibiotics did not elicit any interaction effect between probiotic and antibiotic.